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Acknowledging authorship

In the academic spirit of collaboration, the source code should be appropriately acknowledged in the resulting scientific disseminations.
You may cite it as follows:

  • [1], for reference to the origins of the EnergyScope project or to the first online version of the calculator
  • [2], for reference to the energyscope MILP modeling framework
  • [3], for reference to this specific release of the model (v1 monthly MILP)

You are welcome to report any bugs related to the code to the following:


This folder contains the first release (v1, monthly MILP) of the EnergyScope (ES) model.
More recent releases are available @ the energyscope project repository:
This version of the model corresponds to the one documented in [3], Chapter 1.
The data used in this version of the model are fully documented in [3], Appendix A.

How to run the model

The model is coded in GLPK, using the open-source solver GLPSOL. To run the model, perform the following 4 steps:

  1. Install GLPK:

a) on Mac OS X (Option 1, recommended): use homebrew

b) on Mac Os X (Option 2)/Linux:

$ cd ~/Downloads
$ tar -xzf glpk-4.63.tar.gz
$ cd glpk-4.63 [or newer version]
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
$ make
$ sudo make install

See if your system recognises it:

$ which glpsol

should reveal:

$ /usr/local/bin/glpsol

Now try:

$ glpsol --help


c) on Windows:

  • Download the source files from:
  • Extract the files in a folder. Depending on your operating system use glpsol.exe from: ./w64 if running on a 64 bit version ./w32 if running on a 64 bit version
  • For facilitating the access to glpsol.exe you can add the full path (depending on your operating system, see below) from the previous point to the system variables PATH
  1. Clone/download the content of this folder
  2. Navigate to that folder via terminal/cmd prompt and execute (check glpsol documentation for more options):

$ glpsol -m ses_main.mod -d ses_main.dat -o ses_main.out (You might need to use 'glspol.exe' on Windows)

  1. Check that the ses_main.out file is correctly generated.

If the command at point (3) did not run, it might be that glpsol is not on your PATH. Two solutions for that:

The model was originally developed in AMPL. Compatible solvers are CPLEX, Gurobi, etc. Running the model in AMPL requires the licences of AMPL and of at least one MILP solver.

[1] V. Codina Gironès, S. Moret, F. Maréchal, D. Favrat (2015). Strategic energy planning for large-scale energy systems: A modelling framework to aid decision-making. Energy, 90(PA1), 173–186.
[2] S. Moret, M. Bierlaire, F. Maréchal (2016). Strategic Energy Planning under Uncertainty: a Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Modeling Framework for Large-Scale Energy Systems.
[3] S. Moret (2017). Strategic Energy Planning under Uncertainty. PhD Thesis n. 7961, EPFL, Switzerland.


energyscope v1.0: MILP monthly energy model as in (Moret, 2017): More recent releases available @ the energyscope project repo:




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