A light cache system with Redis for Express
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README.md

express-redis-cache

Build Status dependencies Status

Easily cache pages of your app using Express and Redis. Could be used without Express too.

Install

npm install express-redis-cache

express-redis-cache ships with a CLI utility you can invoke from the console. In order to use it, install express-redis-cache globally (might require super user privileges):

npm install -g express-redis-cache

Upgrade

Read this if you are upgrading from 0.0.8 to 0.1.x,

Usage

Just use it as a middleware in the stack of the route you want to cache.

var app = express();
var cache = require('express-redis-cache')();

// replace
app.get('/',
  function (req, res)  { ... });

// by
app.get('/',
  cache.route(),
  function (req, res)  { ... });

This will check if there is a cache entry for this route. If not. it will cache it and serve the cache next time route is called.

Redis connection info

By default, redis-express-cache connects to Redis using localhost as host and nothing as port (using Redis default port 6379). To use different port or host, declare them when you require express-redis-cache. If your Redis server requires password, use the auth_pass option.

var cache = require('express-redis-cache')({
  host: String, port: Number, auth_pass: REDIS_PASSWORD
  });

You can pass a Redis client as well:

require('express-redis-cache')({ client: require('redis').createClient() })

You can have several clients if you want to serve from more than one Redis server:

var cache = require('express-redis-cache');
var client1 = cache({ host: "...", port: "..." });
var client2 = cache({ host: "...", port: "..." });
...

Redis Unavailability

Should the redis become unavailable, the express-redis-cache object will emit errors but will not crash the app. Express.js requests during this time will be bypass cache and will return fresh data.

Once the redis recovers, the caching will begin working again. See example code in the /example folder.

Name of the cache entry

By default, the cache entry name will be default prefix:name where name's value defaults to req.originalUrl.

app.get('/',
  cache.route(), // cache entry name is `cache.prefix + "/"`
  function (req, res)  { ... });

You can specify a custom name like this:

app.get('/',
  cache.route('home'), // cache entry name is now `cache.prefix + "home"`
  function (req, res)  { ... });

You can also use the object syntax:

app.get('/',
  cache.route({ name: 'home' }), // cache entry name is `cache.prefix + "home"`
  function (req, res)  { ... });

Also, you can use res.express_redis_cache_name to specify the name of the entry such as:

app.get('/user/:userid',

  // middleware to define cache name

  function (req, res, next) {
    // set cache name
    res.express_redis_cache_name = 'user-' + req.params.userid;
    next();
    },

  // cache middleware

  cache.route(),

  // content middleware

  function (req, res) {
    res.render('user');
    }

  );

Conditional caching

You can also use a previous middleware to set whether or not to use the cache by using res.use_express_redis_cache:

app.get('/user',

  // middleware to decide if using cache

  function (req, res, next) {
    // Use only cache if user not signed in
    res.use_express_redis_cache = ! req.signedCookies.user;

    next();
    }.

  cache.route(), // this will be skipped if user is signed in

  function (req, res) {
    res.render('user');
    }
  );

Prefix

All entry names are prepended by a prefix. Prefix is set when calling the Constructor.

// Set default prefix to "test". All entry names will begin by "test:"
var cache = require('express-redis-cache')({ prefix: 'test' });

To know the prefix:

console.log('prefix', cache.prefix);

You can pass a custom prefix when calling route():

app.get('/index.html',
  cache.route('index', { prefix: 'test'  }), // force prefix to be "test", entry name will be "test:index"
  function (req, res)  { ... });

You can also choose not to use prefixes:

app.get('/index.html',
  cache.route({ prefix: false  }), // no prefixing, entry name will be "/index.html"
  function (req, res)  { ... });

Expiration

Unless specified otherwise when calling the Constructor, cache entries don't expire. You can specify a default lifetime when calling the constructor:

// Set default lifetime to 60 seconds for all entries
var cache = require('express-redis-cache')({ expire: 60 });

You can overwrite the default lifetime when calling route():

app.get('/index.html',
  cache.route({ expire: 5000  }), // cache entry will live 5000 seconds
  function (req, res)  { ... });

// You can also use the number sugar syntax
cache.route(5000);
// Or
cache.route('index', 5000);
// Or
cache.route({ prefix: 'test' }, 5000);

You can also provide a hash of status code / expiration values if you for example want to retry much sooner in failure cases (403/404/500/etc). Status ranges can be specified via 4xx/5xx. You must provide a default value (xxx). The most specific rule will be used. For example, if the status code is 200, and there are expirations set for 200, 2xx, and xxx, the expiration for 200 will be used.

app.get('/index.html',
  cache.route({
    expire: {
      200: 5000,
      4xx: 10,
      403: 5000,
      5xx: 10,
      xxx: 1
    }
  }),
  function (req, res)  { ... });

You can also specify

Content Type

You can use express-redis-cache to cache HTML pages, CSS stylesheets, JSON objects, anything really. Content-types are saved along the cache body and are retrieved using res._headers['content-type']. If you want to overwrite that, you can pass a custom type.

app.get('/index.html',
  cache.route({ type: 'text/plain'  }), // force entry type to be "text/plain"
  function (req, res)  { ... });

Events

The module emits the following events:

error

You can catch errors by adding a listener:

cache.on('error', function (error) {
  throw new Error('Cache error!');
});

message

express-redis-cache logs some information at runtime. You can access it like this:

cache.on('message', function (message) {
  // ...
});

connected

Emitted when the client is connected (or re-connected) to Redis server

cache.on('connected', function () {
  // ....
});

disconnected

Emitted when the client is disconnected from Redis server. When (and if) it reconnects, it will emit a 'connected' event again

cache.on('disconnected', function () {
  // ....
});

Note You can get the connexion status at any time by getting the property cache.connected which returns a boolean (true = connected, false = disconnected).

deprecated

Warning emitted when stumbled upon a deprecated part of the code

cache.on('deprecated', function (deprecated) {
  console.log('deprecated warning', {
      type: deprecated.type,
      name: deprecated.name,
      substitute: deprecated.substitute,
      file: deprecated.file,
      line: deprecated.line
  });
});

The Entry Model

This is the object synopsis we use to represent a cache entry:

var entry = {
  body:    String // the content of the cache
  touched: Number // last time cache was set (created or updated) as a Unix timestamp
  expire:  Number // the seconds cache entry lives (-1 if does not expire)
  type: String // the content-type
};

The module

The module exposes a function which instantiates a new instance of a class called ExpressRedisCache.

// This
var cache = require('express-redis-cache')({ /* ... */ });
// is the same than
var cache = new (require('express-redis-cache/lib/ExpressRedisCache'))({ /* ... */ });

The constructor

As stated above, call the function exposed by the module to create a new instance of ExpressRedisCache,

var cache = require('express-redis-cache')(/** Object | Undefined */ options);

Where options is an object that has the following properties:

| Option | Type | Default | Description | | ------------- |----------|-------|----------|--------| | host | String | undefined | Redis server host | port | Number | undefined | Redis server port | prefix | String | require('express-redis-cache/package.json').config.prefix | Default prefix (This will be prepended to all entry names) | | expire | Number | undefined | Default life time of entries in seconds | | client | RedisClient | require('redis').createClient({ host: cache.host, port: cache.port }) | A Redis client |

API

The route method is designed to integrate easily with Express. You can also define your own caching logics using the other methos of the API shown below.

get Get cache entries

cache.get(/** Mixed (optional) */ query, /** Function( Error, [Entry] ) */ callback );

To get all cache entries:

cache.get(function (error, entries) {
  if ( error ) throw error;

  entries.forEach(console.log.bind(console));
});

To get a specific entry:

cache.get('home', function (error, entries) {});

To get a specific entry for a given prefix:

cache.get({ name: 'home', prefix: 'test' }, function (error, entries) {});

You can use wildcard:

cache.get('user*', function (error, entries) {});

add Add a new cache entry

cache.add(/** String */ name, /** String */ body, /** Object (optional) **/ options, /** Function( Error, Entry ) */ callback )

Where options is an object that can have the following properties:

  • expire Number (lifetime of entry in seconds)
  • type String (the content-type)

Example:

cache.add('user:info', JSON.stringify({ id: 1, email: 'john@doe.com' }), { expire: 60 * 60 * 24, type: 'json' },
    function (error, added) {});

del Delete a cache entry

cache.del(/** String */ name, /** Function ( Error, Number deletions ) */ callback);

You can use wildcard (*) in name.

size Get cache size for all entries

cache.size(/** Function ( Error, Number bytes ) */);

Command line

We ship with a CLI. You can invoke it like this: express-redis-cache

View cache entries

express-redis-cache ls

Add cache entry

express-redis-cache add $name $body $expire --type $type

Examples

# Cache simple text
express-redis-cache add "test" "This is a test";

# Cache a file
express-redis-cache add "home" "$(cat index.html)";

# Cache a JSON object
express-redis-cache add "user1:location" '{ "lat": 4.7453, "lng": -31.332 }' --type json;

# Cache a text that will expire in one hour
express-redis-cache add "offer" "everything 25% off for the next hour" $(( 60 * 60 ));

Get single cache entry

express-redis-cache get $name
# Example: express-redis-cache get user1:*
# Output:

Delete cache entry

express-redis-cache del $name
# Example: express-redis-cache del user1:*
# Output:

Get total cache size

express-redis-cache size
# Output:

Example Code

Run the example to see how the caching behaves. You can kill the redis-server and the application will respond with non-cached information.

npm install
cd example
node example.js

Test

We use Mocha and Should for the tests. You can invoke tests like this:

npm test

Test environments

You can specify the following environments before running your tests:

export EX_RE_CA_HOST="";
export EX_RE_CA_PORT="";
export EX_RE_CA_PREFIX="";

Contributors


Enjoy!