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#ifndef __PExpr_H
#define __PExpr_H
/*
* Copyright (c) 1998-2000 Stephen Williams <steve@icarus.com>
*
* This source code is free software; you can redistribute it
* and/or modify it in source code form under the terms of the GNU
* General Public License as published by the Free Software
* Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
* any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
*/
#ifdef HAVE_CVS_IDENT
#ident "$Id: PExpr.h,v 1.83 2006/06/18 04:15:50 steve Exp $"
#endif
# include <string>
# include <vector>
# include "netlist.h"
# include "verinum.h"
# include "LineInfo.h"
class Design;
class Module;
class NetNet;
class NetExpr;
class NetScope;
/*
* The PExpr class hierarchy supports the description of
* expressions. The parser can generate expression objects from the
* source, possibly reducing things that it knows how to reduce.
*
* The elaborate_net method is used by structural elaboration to build
* up a netlist interpretation of the expression.
*/
class PExpr : public LineInfo {
public:
PExpr();
virtual ~PExpr();
virtual void dump(ostream&) const;
// Procedural elaboration of the expression. The expr_width is
// the width of the context of the expression (i.e. the
// l-value width of an assignment) or -1 if the expression is
// self-determinted. The sys_task_arg flag is true if
// expressions are allowed to be incomplete.
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
int expr_width, bool sys_task_arg) const;
// Elaborate expressions that are the r-value of parameter
// assignments. This elaboration follows the restrictions of
// constant expressions and supports later overriding and
// evaluation of parameters.
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
// This method elaborate the expression as gates, for use in a
// continuous assign or other wholly structural context.
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0 =Link::STRONG,
Link::strength_t drive1 =Link::STRONG)
const;
// This method elaborates the expression as gates, but
// restricted for use as l-values of continuous assignments.
virtual NetNet* elaborate_lnet(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
bool implicit_net_ok =false) const;
// This is similar to elaborate_lnet, except that the
// expression is evaluated to be bi-directional. This is
// useful for arguments to inout ports of module instances and
// ports of tran primitives.
virtual NetNet* elaborate_bi_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope) const;
// Expressions that can be in the l-value of procedural
// assignments can be elaborated with this method. If the
// is_force flag is true, then the set of valid l-value types
// is slightly modified to accomodate the Verilog force
// statement
virtual NetAssign_* elaborate_lval(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
bool is_force) const;
// This attempts to evaluate a constant expression, and return
// a verinum as a result. If the expression cannot be
// evaluated, return 0.
virtual verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
// This method returns true if that expression is the same as
// this expression. This method is used for comparing
// expressions that must be structurally "identical".
virtual bool is_the_same(const PExpr*that) const;
// Return true if this expression is a valid constant
// expression. the Module pointer is needed to find parameter
// identifiers and any other module specific interpretations
// of expressions.
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
private: // not implemented
PExpr(const PExpr&);
PExpr& operator= (const PExpr&);
};
ostream& operator << (ostream&, const PExpr&);
class PEConcat : public PExpr {
public:
PEConcat(const svector<PExpr*>&p, PExpr*r =0);
~PEConcat();
virtual verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual void dump(ostream&) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_lnet(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
bool implicit_net_ok =false) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_bi_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned width,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool sys_task_arg) const;
virtual NetEConcat*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*) const;
virtual NetAssign_* elaborate_lval(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
bool is_force) const;
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
private:
NetNet* elaborate_lnet_common_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
bool implicit_net_ok,
bool bidirectional_flag) const;
private:
svector<PExpr*>parms_;
PExpr*repeat_;
};
/*
* Event expressions are expressions that can be combined with the
* event "or" operator. These include "posedge foo" and similar, and
* also include named events. "edge" events are associated with an
* expression, whereas named events simply have a name, which
* represents an event variable.
*/
class PEEvent : public PExpr {
public:
enum edge_t {ANYEDGE, POSEDGE, NEGEDGE, POSITIVE};
// Use this constructor to create events based on edges or levels.
PEEvent(edge_t t, PExpr*e);
~PEEvent();
edge_t type() const;
PExpr* expr() const;
virtual void dump(ostream&) const;
private:
edge_t type_;
PExpr *expr_;
};
/*
* This holds a floating point constant in the source.
*/
class PEFNumber : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PEFNumber(verireal*vp);
~PEFNumber();
const verireal& value() const;
/* The eval_const method as applied to a floating point number
gets the *integer* value of the number. This accounts for
any rounding that is needed to get the value. */
virtual verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
/* A PEFNumber is a constant, so this returns true. */
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool sys_task_arg) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual void dump(ostream&) const;
private:
verireal*value_;
};
class PEIdent : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PEIdent(const hname_t&s);
~PEIdent();
virtual void dump(ostream&) const;
// Identifiers are allowed (with restrictions) is assign l-values.
virtual NetNet* elaborate_lnet(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
bool implicit_net_ok =false) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_bi_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope) const;
// Identifiers are also allowed as procedural assignment l-values.
virtual NetAssign_* elaborate_lval(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
bool is_force) const;
// Structural r-values are OK.
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool sys_task_arg) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
// Elaborate the PEIdent as a port to a module. This method
// only applies to Ident expressions.
NetNet* elaborate_port(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
const hname_t& path() const;
private:
NetAssign_*elaborate_lval_net_part_(Design*, NetScope*, NetNet*) const;
NetAssign_*elaborate_lval_net_idx_up_(Design*, NetScope*, NetNet*) const;
NetAssign_*elaborate_lval_net_idx_do_(Design*, NetScope*, NetNet*) const;
private:
NetExpr*elaborate_expr_param(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
const NetExpr*par,
NetScope*found,
const NetExpr*par_msb,
const NetExpr*par_lsb) const;
NetExpr*elaborate_expr_net(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
NetNet*net,
NetScope*found) const;
NetExpr*elaborate_expr_net_part_(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
NetNet*net,
NetScope*found) const;
NetExpr*elaborate_expr_net_idx_up_(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
NetNet*net,
NetScope*found) const;
NetExpr*elaborate_expr_net_idx_do_(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
NetNet*net,
NetScope*found) const;
NetExpr*elaborate_expr_net_bit_(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
NetNet*net,
NetScope*found) const;
hname_t path_;
public:
// Use these to support part-select operators.
PExpr*msb_;
PExpr*lsb_;
enum { SEL_NONE, SEL_PART, SEL_IDX_UP, SEL_IDX_DO } sel_;
// If this is a reference to a memory/array, this is the index
// expression. If this is a reference to a vector, this is a
// bit select.
std::vector<PExpr*> idx_;
NetNet* elaborate_net_ram_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
NetMemory*mem, unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_bitmux_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
NetNet*sig,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
private:
NetAssign_* elaborate_mem_lval_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
NetMemory*mem) const;
NetNet* elaborate_lnet_common_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
bool implicit_net_ok,
bool bidirectional_flag) const;
NetNet*make_implicit_net_(Design*des, NetScope*scope) const;
bool eval_part_select_(Design*des, NetScope*scope, NetNet*sig,
unsigned&midx, unsigned&lidx) const;
};
class PENumber : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PENumber(verinum*vp);
~PENumber();
const verinum& value() const;
virtual void dump(ostream&) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetEConst*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual NetAssign_* elaborate_lval(Design*des,
NetScope*scope,
bool is_force) const;
virtual verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual bool is_the_same(const PExpr*that) const;
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
private:
verinum*const value_;
};
/*
* This represents a string constant in an expression.
*
* The s parameter to the PEString constructor is a C string that this
* class instance will take for its own. The caller should not delete
* the string, the destructor will do it.
*/
class PEString : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PEString(char*s);
~PEString();
string value() const;
virtual void dump(ostream&) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned width,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetEConst*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool) const;
virtual NetEConst*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
verinum* eval_const(const Design*, NetScope*) const;
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
private:
char*text_;
};
class PEUnary : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PEUnary(char op, PExpr*ex);
~PEUnary();
virtual void dump(ostream&out) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned width,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool sys_task_arg) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
private:
char op_;
PExpr*expr_;
};
class PEBinary : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PEBinary(char op, PExpr*l, PExpr*r);
~PEBinary();
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
virtual void dump(ostream&out) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned width,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetEBinary*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool sys_task_arg) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
private:
char op_;
PExpr*left_;
PExpr*right_;
NetEBinary*elaborate_expr_base_(Design*, NetExpr*lp, NetExpr*rp) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_add_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_bit_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_cmp_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_div_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_mod_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_log_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_mul_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_shift_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned lwidth,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay) const;
};
/*
* This class supports the ternary (?:) operator. The operator takes
* three expressions, the test, the true result and the false result.
*/
class PETernary : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PETernary(PExpr*e, PExpr*t, PExpr*f);
~PETernary();
virtual bool is_constant(Module*) const;
virtual void dump(ostream&out) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned width,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetETernary*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*,
int expr_width, bool sys_task_arg) const;
virtual NetETernary*elaborate_pexpr(Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
virtual verinum* eval_const(const Design*des, NetScope*sc) const;
private:
PExpr*expr_;
PExpr*tru_;
PExpr*fal_;
};
/*
* This class represents a parsed call to a function, including calls
* to system functions. The parameters in the parms list are the
* expressions that are passed as input to the ports of the function.
*/
class PECallFunction : public PExpr {
public:
explicit PECallFunction(const hname_t&n, const svector<PExpr *> &parms);
explicit PECallFunction(const hname_t&n);
~PECallFunction();
virtual void dump(ostream &) const;
virtual NetNet* elaborate_net(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned width,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
virtual NetExpr*elaborate_expr(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
int expr_wid, bool sys_task_arg) const;
private:
hname_t path_;
svector<PExpr *> parms_;
bool check_call_matches_definition_(Design*des, NetScope*dscope) const;
NetExpr* elaborate_sfunc_(Design*des, NetScope*scope) const;
NetNet* elaborate_net_sfunc_(Design*des, NetScope*scope,
unsigned width,
const NetExpr* rise,
const NetExpr* fall,
const NetExpr* decay,
Link::strength_t drive0,
Link::strength_t drive1) const;
};
/*
* $Log: PExpr.h,v $
* Revision 1.83 2006/06/18 04:15:50 steve
* Add support for system functions in continuous assignments.
*
* Revision 1.82 2006/06/02 04:48:49 steve
* Make elaborate_expr methods aware of the width that the context
* requires of it. In the process, fix sizing of the width of unary
* minus is context determined sizes.
*
* Revision 1.81 2006/04/28 04:28:35 steve
* Allow concatenations as arguments to inout ports.
*
* Revision 1.80 2006/04/16 00:54:04 steve
* Cleanup lval part select handling.
*
* Revision 1.79 2006/04/16 00:15:43 steve
* Fix part selects in l-values.
*
* Revision 1.78 2006/03/25 02:36:26 steve
* Get rid of excess PESTring:: prefix within class declaration.
*
* Revision 1.77 2006/02/02 02:43:57 steve
* Allow part selects of memory words in l-values.
*
* Revision 1.76 2006/01/02 05:33:19 steve
* Node delays can be more general expressions in structural contexts.
*
* Revision 1.75 2005/12/07 04:04:23 steve
* Allow constant concat expressions.
*
* Revision 1.74 2005/11/27 17:01:56 steve
* Fix for stubborn compiler.
*
* Revision 1.73 2005/11/27 05:56:20 steve
* Handle bit select of parameter with ranges.
*
* Revision 1.72 2005/11/10 13:28:11 steve
* Reorganize signal part select handling, and add support for
* indexed part selects.
*
* Expand expression constant propagation to eliminate extra
* sums in certain cases.
*
* Revision 1.71 2005/10/04 04:09:25 steve
* Add support for indexed select attached to parameters.
*
* Revision 1.70 2005/08/06 17:58:16 steve
* Implement bi-directional part selects.
*
* Revision 1.69 2005/07/07 16:22:49 steve
* Generalize signals to carry types.
*
* Revision 1.68 2005/01/09 20:16:00 steve
* Use PartSelect/PV and VP to handle part selects through ports.
*
* Revision 1.67 2004/12/29 23:55:43 steve
* Unify elaboration of l-values for all proceedural assignments,
* including assing, cassign and force.
*
* Generate NetConcat devices for gate outputs that feed into a
* vector results. Use this to hande gate arrays. Also let gate
* arrays handle vectors of gates when the outputs allow for it.
*
* Revision 1.66 2004/10/04 01:10:51 steve
* Clean up spurious trailing white space.
*
* Revision 1.65 2003/02/08 19:49:21 steve
* Calculate delay statement delays using elaborated
* expressions instead of pre-elaborated expression
* trees.
*
* Remove the eval_pexpr methods from PExpr.
*
* Revision 1.64 2003/01/30 16:23:07 steve
* Spelling fixes.
*
* Revision 1.63 2002/11/09 19:20:48 steve
* Port expressions for output ports are lnets, not nets.
*
* Revision 1.62 2002/08/12 01:34:58 steve
* conditional ident string using autoconfig.
*
* Revision 1.61 2002/06/04 05:38:43 steve
* Add support for memory words in l-value of
* blocking assignments, and remove the special
* NetAssignMem class.
*
* Revision 1.60 2002/05/23 03:08:51 steve
* Add language support for Verilog-2001 attribute
* syntax. Hook this support into existing $attribute
* handling, and add number and void value types.
*
* Add to the ivl_target API new functions for access
* of complex attributes attached to gates.
*
* Revision 1.59 2002/04/23 03:53:59 steve
* Add support for non-constant bit select.
*
* Revision 1.58 2002/04/14 03:55:25 steve
* Precalculate unary - if possible.
*
* Revision 1.57 2002/04/13 02:33:17 steve
* Detect missing indices to memories (PR#421)
*
* Revision 1.56 2002/03/09 04:02:26 steve
* Constant expressions are not l-values for task ports.
*
* Revision 1.55 2002/03/09 02:10:22 steve
* Add the NetUserFunc netlist node.
*
* Revision 1.54 2001/12/30 21:32:03 steve
* Support elaborate_net for PEString objects.
*
* Revision 1.53 2001/12/03 04:47:14 steve
* Parser and pform use hierarchical names as hname_t
* objects instead of encoded strings.
*
* Revision 1.52 2001/11/08 05:15:50 steve
* Remove string paths from PExpr elaboration.
*
* Revision 1.51 2001/11/07 04:26:46 steve
* elaborate_lnet uses scope instead of string path.
*
* Revision 1.50 2001/11/07 04:01:59 steve
* eval_const uses scope instead of a string path.
*/
#endif
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