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A sane Google Protocol Buffers library for Ruby
Ruby
tag: v0.2.1

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README.md

Beefcake (A sane Google Protocol Buffers library for Ruby)

It's all about being Buf; ProtoBuf.

Install

$ gem install beefcake

Example

require 'beefcake'

class Variety
  include Beefcake::Message

  # Required
  required :x, :int32, 1
  required :y, :int32, 2

  # Optional
  optional :tag, :string, 3

  # Repeated
  repeated :ary,  :fixed64, 4
  repeated :pary, :fixed64, 5, :packed => true

  # Enums - Simply use a Module (NOTE: defaults are optional)
  module Foonum
    A = 1
    B = 2
  end

  # As per the spec, defaults are only set at the end
  # of decoding a message, not on object creation.
  optional :foo, Foonum, 6, :default => Foonum::B
end

x = Variety.new :x => 1, :y => 2
# or
x = Variety.new
x.x = 1
x.y = 2

Encoding

Any object responding to << can accept encoding

s = ""
x.encode(s)
p [:s, s]
# or (because encode returns the string/stream)
p [:s, x.encode]
# or
open("x.dat") do |f|
  x.encode(f)
end

# decode
encoded = x.encode
decoded = Variety.decode(encoded)
p [:x, decoded]

# decode merge
Variety.decoded(more_data, decoded)

Why?

Ruby deserves and needs first-class ProtoBuf support. Other libs didn't feel very "Ruby" to me and were hard to parse.

Caveats

Currently Beefcake doesn't parse .proto files. This is OK for now. In the simple case, you can create message types by hand; This is Ruby after all.

Example (for the above):

message Variety {
  required int32 x = 1
  required int32 y = 2
  optional string tag = 3

  ...
}

In the near future, a generator would be nice. I welcome anyone willing to work on it to submit patches. The other ruby libs lacked things I would like, such as an optional namespace param rather than installing on (main).

This library was built with EventMachine in mind. Not just blocking-IO.

Dev

Source:

$ git clone git://github.com/bmizerany/beefcake

Testing:

$ gem install turn
$ cd /path/to/beefcake
$ turn

VMs:

Currently Beefcake is tested and working on:

  • Ruby 1.8.6
  • Ruby 1.8.7
  • Ruby 1.9.2
  • JRuby 1.5.6
  • Rubinius edge

Future

Nice to have:

  • .proto -> Ruby generator
  • Groups (would be nice for accessing older protos)

Further Reading

http://code.google.com/apis/protocolbuffers/docs/encoding.html

Thank You

Aman Gupta (tmm1) for help with cross VM support and performance enhancements.

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