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A generator library for concise, unambiguous and URL-safe UUIDs.
Python
branch: develop

Merge pull request #21 from grantjenks/patch-1

Include `random` in imports from shortuuid.main

README.rst

Description

shortuuid is a simple python library that generates concise, unambiguous, URL-safe UUIDs.

Often, one needs to use non-sequential IDs in places where users will see them, but the IDs must be as concise and easy to use as possible. shortuuid solves this problem by generating uuids using Python's built-in uuid module and then translating them to base57 using lowercase and uppercase letters and digits, and removing similar-looking characters such as l, 1, I, O and 0.

https://travis-ci.org/stochastic-technologies/shortuuid.png

Installation

To install shortuuid you need:

  • Python 2.5 or later in the 2.x line (earlier than 2.5 not tested).

If you have the dependencies, you have multiple options of installation:

Usage

To use shortuuid, just import it in your project like so:

>>> import shortuuid

You can then generate a short UUID:

>>> shortuuid.uuid()
'vytxeTZskVKR7C7WgdSP3d'

If you prefer a version 5 UUID, you can pass a name (DNS or URL) to the call and it will be used as a namespace (uuid.NAMESPACE_DNS or uuid.NAMESPACE_URL) for the resulting UUID:

>>> shortuuid.uuid(name="example.com")
'wpsWLdLt9nscn2jbTD3uxe'
>>> shortuuid.uuid(name="http://example.com")
'c8sh5y9hdSMS6zVnrvf53T'

You can also generate a cryptographically secure random string (using os.urandom(), internally) with:

>>> shortuuid.ShortUUID().random(length=22)
'RaF56o2r58hTKT7AYS9doj'

To see the alphabet that is being used to generate new UUIDs:

>>> shortuuid.get_alphabet()
'23456789ABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijkmnopqrstuvwxyz'

If you want to use your own alphabet to generate UUIDs, use set_alphabet():

>>> shortuuid.set_alphabet("aaaaabcdefgh1230123")
>>> shortuuid.uuid()
'0agee20aa1hehebcagddhedddc0d2chhab3b'

shortuuid will automatically sort and remove duplicates from your alphabet to ensure consistency:

>>> shortuuid.get_alphabet()
'0123abcdefgh'

If the default 22 digits are too long for you, you can get shorter IDs by just truncating the string to the desired length. The IDs won't be universally unique any longer, but the probability of a collision will still be very low.

To serialize existing UUIDs, use encode() and decode():

>>> import uuid ; u = uuid.uuid4() ; u
UUID('6ca4f0f8-2508-4bac-b8f1-5d1e3da2247a')
>>> s = shortuuid.encode(u) ; s
'cu8Eo9RyrUsV4MXEiDZpLM'
>>> shortuuid.decode(s) == u
True
>>> short = s[:7] ; short
'cu8Eo9R'
>>> h = shortuuid.decode(short)
UUID('00000000-0000-0000-0000-00b8c0b9f952')
>>> shortuuid.decode(shortuuid.encode(h)) == h
True

Class-based usage

If you need to have various alphabets per-thread, you can use the ShortUUID class, like so:

>>> su = shortuuid.ShortUUID(alphabet="01345678")
>>> su.uuid()
'034636353306816784480643806546503818874456'
>>> su.get_alphabet()
'01345678'
>>> su.set_alphabet("21345687654123456")
>>> su.get_alphabet()
'12345678'

License

shortuuid is distributed under the BSD license.

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