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docs/functions.url.html

url()

Data URI Image Inlining

Stylus is bundled with an optional function named url(), which replaces the literal url() calls (and conditionally inlines them using base64 Data URIs).

Example

The function itself is available via require('stylus').url. It accepts an options object, returning a function that Stylus calls internally when it sees url().

The .define(name, callback) method assigned a JavaScript function that can be called from Stylus source. In this case, since our images are in ./css/images, we can ignore the paths option (by default image lookups are performed relative to the file being rendered). But if desired, this behavior can be altered:

stylus(str)
  .set('filename', __dirname + '/css/test.styl')
  .define('url', stylus.url())
  .render(function(err, css){
    // render it
  });

For example, imagine our images live in ./public/images. We want to use url(images/tobi.png). We could pass paths our public directory, so that it becomes part of the lookup process.

Likewise, if instead we wanted url(tobi.png), we could pass paths: [__dirname + '/public/images'].

stylus(str)
  .set('filename', __dirname + '/css/test.styl')
  .define('url', stylus.url({ paths: [__dirname + '/public'] }))
  .render(function(err, css){
    // render it
  });

utf8 encoding for SVGs

Since base64 encoding an image actually increases the original size, you have the option to use utf8 encoding when inlining SVGs.

There is a bif for this: embedurl:

.embed-with-utf8 {
  background-image: embedurl("circle.svg", "utf8");
}

Would result in utf-encoded inline SVG instead of base64 one.

If you'd like to use the JS define so you could use the paths alongside the utf encoding, you'll need to define it using another name, not url(). This is Due to how url() function is parsed in Stylus: it is impossible now to pass the extra param to it, so you couldn't just call url with the second param to set the encoding. But if you'd define the url with another name:

stylus(str)
  .set('filename', __dirname + '/css/test.styl')
  .define('inline-url', stylus.url({ paths: [__dirname + '/public'] }))
  .render(function(err, css){
    // render it
  });

You could then use inline-url bif just like you can use embedurl, but with an added paths functionality:

.embed-with-utf8-at-path {
  background-image: inline-url("tobi.svg", "utf8");
}

Options

  • limit bytesize limit defaulting to 30Kb (30000), use false to disable the limit
  • paths image resolution path(s)