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Sudo installation instructions
==============================
Sudo uses a `configure' script to probe the capabilities and type
of the system in question. In this release, `configure' takes many
more options than it did before. Please read this document fully
before configuring and building sudo. You may also wish to read the
file INSTALL.configure which explains more about the `configure' script.
System requirements
===================
To build sudo from the source distribution you need a POSIX-compliant
operating system (any modern version of BSD, Linux or Unix should work),
an ANSI/ISO C compiler that supports the "long long" type, variadic
macros (a C99 feature) as well as the ar, make and ranlib utilities.
If you wish to modify the parser then you will need flex version
2.5.2 or later and either bison or byacc (sudo comes with a
pre-generated parser). You'll also have to run configure with the
--with-devel option or pass DEVEL=1 to make. You can get flex from
http://flex.sourceforge.net/. You can get GNU bison from
ftp://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/bison/ or any GNU mirror.
Simple sudo installation
========================
For most systems and configurations it is possible simply to:
0) If you are upgrading from a previous version of sudo
please read the info in the doc/UPGRADE file before proceeding.
1) Read the `OS dependent notes' section for any particular
"gotchas" relating to your operating system.
2) `cd' to the source or build directory and type `./configure'
to generate a Makefile and config.h file suitable for building
sudo. Before you actually run configure you should read the
`Available configure options' section to see if there are
any special options you may want or need.
4) Type `make' to compile sudo. If you are building sudo
in a separate build tree (apart from the sudo source) GNU
make will probably be required. If `configure' did its job
properly (and you have a supported configuration) there won't
be any problems. If this doesn't work, take a look at the
doc/TROUBLESHOOTING file for tips on what might have gone
wrong. Please mail us if you have a fix or if you are unable
to come up with a fix (address at EOF).
5) Type `make install' (as root) to install sudo, visudo, the
man pages, and a skeleton sudoers file. Note that the install
will not overwrite an existing sudoers file. You can also
install various pieces the package via the install-binaries,
install-doc, and install-sudoers make targets.
6) Edit the sudoers file with `visudo' as necessary for your
site. You will probably want to refer the example sudoers
file and sudoers man page included with the sudo package.
7) If you want to use syslogd(8) to do the logging, you'll need
to update your /etc/syslog.conf file. See the example syslog.conf
file included in the distribution for an example.
Available configure options
===========================
This section describes flags accepted by the sudo's `configure' script.
Defaults are listed in brackets after the description.
Configuration:
--cache-file=FILE
Cache test results in FILE
--config-cache, -C
Alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'
--help, -h
Print the usage/help info
--no-create, -n
Do not create output files
--quiet, --silent, -q
Do not print `checking...' messages
--srcdir=DIR
Find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']
Directory and file names:
--prefix=PREFIX
Install architecture-independent files in PREFIX. [/usr/local]
--exec-prefix=EPREFIX
Install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX.
This includes the executables and plugins. [same as PREFIX]
--bindir=DIR
Install `sudo', `sudoedit' and `sudoreplay' in DIR. [EPREFIX/bin]
--sbindir=DIR
Install `visudo' in DIR. [EPREFIX/sbin]
--libexecdir=DIR
Install plugins and helper programs in DIR/sudo [PREFIX/libexec/sudo]
--sysconfdir=DIR
Look for `sudo.conf' and `sudoers' files in DIR. [/etc]
--includedir=DIR
Install sudo_plugin.h include file in DIR [PREFIX/include]
--datarootdir=DIR
Root directory for platform-independent data files [PREFIX/share]
--localedir=DIR
Install sudo and sudoers locale files in DIR [DATAROOTDIR/locale]
--mandir=DIR
Install man pages in DIR [PREFIX/man]
--docdir=DIR
Install other sudo documentation in DIR [DATAROOTDIR/doc/sudo]
--with-exampledir=DIR
Install sudo example files in DIR [DATAROOTDIR/doc/sudo/examples]
--with-plugindir=DIR
The directory that sudo looks in to find the policy and I/O
logging plugins. Defaults to the LIBEXEC/sudo.
--with-rundir=DIR
The directory to be used for sudo-specific files that do
not survive a system reboot. This is typically where the
time stamp directory is located. By default, configure
will choose from the following list:
/run/sudo /var/run/sudo, /var/db/sudo, /var/lib/sudo,
/var/adm/sudo, /usr/adm/sudo
This directory should be cleared when the system reboots.
On systems that lack /run or /var/run, the default rundir and
vardir may be the same. In this case, only the ts directory
inside the rundir needs to be cleared at boot time.
--with-vardir=DIR
The directory to be used for sudo-specific files that survive
a system reboot. This is typically where the lecture status
directory is stored. By default, configure will choose
from the following list:
/var/db/sudo, /var/lib/sudo, /var/adm/sudo, /usr/adm/sudo
This directory should *not* be cleared when the system boots.
--with-tzdir=DIR
The directory to the system's time zone data files. This
is only used when sanitizing the TZ environment variable
to allow for fully-qualified paths in TZ. By default,
configure will look for an existing "zoneinfo" directory
in the following locations:
/usr/share /usr/share/lib /usr/lib /etc
If no zoneinfo directory is found, the TZ variable may not
contain a fully-qualified path.
Compilation options:
--disable-hardening
Disable the use of compiler/linker exploit mitigation options
which are enabled by default. This includes compiling with
_FORTIFY_SOURCE defined to 2, building with -fstack-protector
and linking with -zrelro, where supported.
--enable-asan
Enable the use of AddressSanitizer if supported by the
compiler. This can help detect common problems such as
buffer overflows and user after free bugs as well as behavior
undefined by the C standard. For more information see
https://github.com/google/sanitizers/wiki/AddressSanitizer
The following compiler flag is used: -fsanitize=address,undefined
This option should only be used for testing and not in a
production environment. Due to AddressSanitizer's unchecked
use of environment variables, it is trivial to exploit a
setuid root executable such as sudo.
--enable-pie
Build sudo and related programs as as a position independent
executables (PIE). This improves the effectiveness of address
space layout randomization (ASLR) on systems that support it.
Sudo will create PIE binaries by default on Linux systems.
--disable-pie
Disable the creation of position independent executables (PIE),
even if the compiler creates PIE binaries by default. This
option may be needed on some Linux systems where PIE binaries
are not fully supported.
--disable-poll
Use select() instead of poll() in the event loop. By default,
sudo will use poll() on systems that support it. Some systems
have a broken poll() implementation and need to use select instead.
On Mac OS X, select() is always used since its poll() doesn't
support devices.
--disable-rpath
By default, configure will use -Rpath in addition to -Lpath
when passing library paths to the loader. This option will
disable the use of -Rpath.
--disable-shared
Disable dynamic shared object support. By default, sudo
is built with a plugin API capable of loading arbitrary
policy and I/O logging plugins. If the --disable-shared
option is specified, this support is disabled and the default
sudoers policy and I/O plugins are embedded in the sudo
binary itself. This will also disable the noexec option
as it too relies on dynamic shared object support.
--disable-shared-libutil
Disable the use of the dynamic libsudo_util library. By
default, sudo, the sudoers plugin and the associated sudo
utilities are linked against a shared version of libsudo_util.
If the --disable-shared-libutil option is specified, a
static version of the libsudo_util library will be used
instead. This option may only be used in conjunction with
the --enable-static-sudoers option.
--enable-static-sudoers
By default, the sudoers plugin is built and installed as a
dynamic shared object. When the --enable-static-sudoers
option is specified, the sudoers plugin is compiled directly
into the sudo binary. Unlike --disable-shared, this does
not prevent other plugins from being used and the noexec
option will continue to function.
--enable-tmpfiles.d=DIR
Set the directory to be used when installing the sudo
tmpfiles.d file. This is used to create (or clear) the
sudo time stamp directory on operating systems that use
systemd. If this option is not specified, configure will
use the /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d directory if the file
/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/systemd.conf exists.
--enable-zlib[=location]
Enable the use of the zlib compress library when storing
I/O log files. If specified, location is the base directory
containing the zlib include and lib directories. The special
values "system", "builtin", "shared" and "static" can be
used to indicate that the system version of zlib should be
used or that the version of zlib shipped with sudo should
be used instead. If "static" is specified, sudo will
statically link the builtin zlib and not install it. If
this option is not specified, configure will use the system
zlib if it is present, falling back on the sudo version.
--with-incpath=DIR
Adds the specified directory (or directories) to CPPFLAGS
so configure and the compiler will look there for include
files. Multiple directories may be specified as long as
they are space separated.
E.g. --with-incpath="/usr/local/include /opt/include"
--with-libpath=DIR
Adds the specified directory (or directories) to LDFLAGS
so configure and the compiler will look there for libraries.
Multiple directories may be specified as with --with-incpath.
--with-libraries=LIBRARY
Adds the specified library (or libraries) to SUDO_LIBS and
and VISUDO_LIBS so sudo will link against them. If the
library doesn't start with `-l' or end in `.a' or `.o' a
`-l' will be pre-pended to it. Multiple libraries may be
specified as long as they are space separated.
--with-libtool=PATH
By default, sudo will use the included version of libtool
to build shared libraries. The --with-libtool option can
be used to specify a different version of libtool to use.
The special values "system" and "builtin" can be used in
place of a path to denote the default system libtool (obtained
via the user's PATH) and the default libtool that comes
with sudo.
Optional features:
--disable-root-mailer
By default sudo will run the mailer as root when tattling
on a user so as to prevent that user from killing the mailer.
With this option, sudo will run the mailer as the invoking
user which some people consider to be safer.
--enable-nls[=location]
Enable natural language support using the gettext() family
of functions. If specified, location is the base directory
containing the libintl include and lib directories. If
this option is not specified, configure will look for the
gettext() family of functions in the standard C library
first, then check for a standalone libintl (linking with
libiconv as needed).
--disable-nls
Disable natural language support. By default, sudo will
use the gettext() family of functions, if available, to
implement messages in the invoking user's native language.
Note that translations do not exist for all languages.
--with-ldap[=DIR]
Enable LDAP support. If specified, DIR is the base directory
containing the LDAP include and lib directories. Please see
README.LDAP for more information.
--with-ldap-conf-file=PATH
Path to LDAP configuration file. If specified, sudo reads
this file instead of /etc/ldap.conf to locate the LDAP server.
--with-ldap-secret-file=PATH
Path to LDAP secret password file. If specified, sudo uses
this file instead of /etc/ldap.secret to read the secret password
when rootbinddn is specified in the ldap config file.
--disable-sasl
Disable SASL authentication for LDAP. By default, sudo
will compile in support for SASL authentication if the
ldap_sasl_interactive_bind_s() function is present in the
LDAP libraries.
--with-logincap
This adds support for login classes specified in /etc/login.conf.
It is enabled by default on BSD/OS, Darwin, FreeBSD, OpenBSD and
NetBSD (where available). By default, a login class is not applied
unless the 'use_loginclass' option is defined in sudoers or the user
specifies a class on the command line.
--with-interfaces=no, --without-interfaces
This option keeps sudo from trying to glean the ip address
from each attached Ethernet interface. It is only useful
on a machine where sudo's interface reading support does
not work, which may be the case on some SysV-based OS's
using STREAMS.
--with-noexec[=PATH]
Enable support for the "noexec" functionality which prevents
a dynamically-linked program being run by sudo from executing
another program (think shell escapes). Please see the
"PREVENTING SHELL ESCAPES" section in the sudoers man page
for details. If specified, PATH should be a fully qualified
path name, e.g. /usr/local/libexec/sudo/sudo_noexec.so. If PATH
is "no", noexec support will not be compiled in. The default
is to compile noexec support if libtool supports building
shared objects on your OS.
--with-selinux
Enable support for role based access control (RBAC) on
systems that support SELinux.
--with-sssd
Enable support for using the System Security Services Daemon
(SSSD) as a sudoers data source. For more information on
SSD, see http://fedorahosted.org/sssd/
--with-sssd-conf=PATH
Specify the path to the SSSD configuration file, if different
from the default value of /etc/sssd/sssd.conf.
--with-sssd-lib=PATH
Specify the path to the SSSD shared library, which is loaded
at run-time.
--enable-offensive-insults
Enable potentially offensive sudo insults from the classic
version of sudo.
--enable-pvs-studio
Generate a sample PVS-Studio.cfg file based on the compiler and
platform type. The "pvs-studio" Makefile target can then be
used if PVS-Studio is installed.
Operating system-specific options:
--disable-setreuid
Disable use of the setreuid() function for operating systems
where it is broken. For instance, 4.4BSD has setreuid() that
is not fully functional.
--disable-setresuid
Disable use of the setresuid() function for operating systems
where it is broken (none currently known).
--enable-admin-flag
Enable the creation of an Ubuntu-style admin flag file
the first time sudo is run.
--enable-devsearch=PATH
Set a system-specific search path of directories to look in
for device nodes. Sudo uses this when mapping the process's
tty device number to a device name. The default value is:
/dev/pts:/dev/vt:/dev/term:/dev/zcons:/dev/pty:/dev
--with-bsm-audit
Enable support for sudo BSM audit logs on systems that support it.
This includes recent versions of FreeBSD, Mac OS X and Solaris.
--with-linux-audit
Enable audit support for Linux systems. Audits attempts
to run a command as well as SELinux role changes.
--with-man
Use the "man" macros for manual pages. By default, mdoc versions
of the manuals are installed if supported. This can be used to
override configure's test for "nroff -mdoc" support.
--with-mdoc
Use the "mdoc" macros for manual pages. By default, mdoc versions
of the manuals are installed if supported. This can be used to
override configure's test for "nroff -mdoc" support.
--with-netsvc[=PATH]
Path to netsvc.conf or "no" to disable netsvc.conf support.
If specified, sudo uses this file instead of /etc/netsvc.conf
on AIX systems. If netsvc support is disabled but LDAP is
enabled, sudo will check LDAP first, then the sudoers file.
--with-nsswitch[=PATH]
Path to nsswitch.conf or "no" to disable nsswitch support.
If specified, sudo uses this file instead of /etc/nsswitch.conf.
If nsswitch support is disabled but LDAP is enabled, sudo will
check LDAP first, then the sudoers file.
--with-project
Enable support for Solaris project resource limits.
This option is only available on Solaris 9 and above.
Authentication options:
--with-AFS
Enable AFS support with Kerberos authentication. Should work under
AFS 3.3. If your AFS doesn't have -laudit you should be able to
link without it.
--with-aixauth
Enable support for the AIX general authentication function.
This will use the authentication scheme specified for the
user on the machine. By default, sudo will use either AIX
authentication or PAM depending on the value of the auth_type
setting in the /etc/security/login.cfg file.
--with-bsdauth
Enable support for BSD authentication. This is the default
for BSD/OS and OpenBSD systems that support it.
It is not possible to mix BSD authentication with other
authentication methods (and there really should be no need
to do so). Note that only the newer BSD authentication API
is supported. If you don't have /usr/include/bsd_auth.h
then you cannot use this.
--with-DCE
Enable DCE support for systems without PAM. Known to work on
HP-UX 9.X, 10.X, and 11.0; other systems may require source
code and/or `configure' changes. On systems with PAM support
(such as HP-UX 11.0 and higher, Solaris, FreeBSD and Linux), the
DCE PAM module (usually libpam_dce) should be used instead.
--with-fwtk[=DIR]
Enable TIS Firewall Toolkit (FWTK) 'authsrv' support. If specified,
DIR is the base directory containing the compiled FWTK package
(or at least the library and header files).
--with-kerb5[=DIR]
Enable Kerberos V support. If specified, DIR is the base
directory containing the Kerberos V include and lib dirs.
This uses Kerberos pass phrases for authentication but
does not use the Kerberos cookie scheme. Will not work for
Kerberos V older than version 1.1.
--enable-kerb5-instance=string
By default, the user name is used as the principal name
when authenticating via Kerberos V. If this option is
enabled, the specified instance string will be appended to
the user name (separated by a slash) when creating the
principal name.
--with-solaris-audit
Enable audit support for Solaris 11 and above.
For older versions of Solaris, use --with-bsm-audit
--with-opie[=DIR]
Enable NRL OPIE OTP (One Time Password) support. If specified,
DIR should contain include and lib directories with opie.h
and libopie.a respectively.
--with-otp-only
This option is now just an alias for --without-passwd.
--with-pam
Enable PAM support. This is on by default for Darwin, FreeBSD,
Linux, Solaris and HP-UX (version 11 and higher).
NOTE: on RedHat Linux and Fedora you *must* have an /etc/pam.d/sudo
file install. You may either use the example pam.conf file included
with sudo or use /etc/pam.d/su as a reference. The pam.conf file
included with sudo may or may not work with other Linux distributions.
On Solaris and HP-UX 11 systems you should check (and understand)
the contents of /etc/pam.conf. Do a "man pam.conf" for more
information and consider using the "debug" option, if available,
with your PAM libraries in /etc/pam.conf to obtain syslog output
for debugging purposes.
--with-pam-login
Enable a specific PAM session when sudo is given the -i option.
This changes the PAM service name when sudo is run with the -i
option from "sudo" to "sudo-i", allowing for a separate pam
configuration for sudo's initial login mode.
--disable-pam-session
Disable sudo's PAM session support. This may be needed on
older PAM implementations or on operating systems where
opening a PAM session changes the utmp or wtmp files. If
PAM session support is disabled, resource limits may not
be updated for the command being run.
--with-passwd=no, --without-passwd
This option excludes authentication via the passwd (or
shadow) file. It should only be used when another, alternative,
authentication scheme is in use.
--with-SecurID[=DIR]
Enable SecurID support. If specified, DIR is directory containing
libaceclnt.a, acexport.h, and sdacmvls.h.
--with-skey[=DIR]
Enable S/Key OTP (One Time Password) support. If specified,
DIR should contain include and lib directories with skey.h
and libskey.a respectively.
--disable-sia
Disable SIA support. This is the "Security Integration
Architecture" on Digital UNIX. If you disable SIA sudo will
use its own authentication routines.
--disable-shadow
Disable shadow password support. Normally, sudo will compile
in shadow password support and use a shadow password if it
exists.
--enable-gss-krb5-ccache-name
Use the gss_krb5_ccache_name() function to set the Kerberos
V credential cache file name. By default, sudo will use
the KRB5CCNAME environment variable to set this. While
gss_krb5_ccache_name() provides a better API to do this it
is not supported by all Kerberos V and SASL combinations.
--enable-gcrypt[=DIR]
Use GNU crypt's SHA-2 message digest functions instead of the
ones bundled with sudo (or in the system's C library).
If specified, DIR should contain the GNU crypt include and
lib directories.
--enable-openssl[=DIR]
Use OpenSSL's TLS and SHA-2 message digest functions.
By default, sudo does not support TLS and will use either its
own SHA-2 functions or the ones in the system's C library.
If specified, DIR should contain the OpenSSL include and
lib directories.
Development options:
--enable-env-debug
Enable debugging of the environment setting functions. This
enables extra checks to make sure the environment does not
become corrupted.
--enable-warnings
Enable compiler warnings when building sudo with gcc or clang.
--enable-werror
Enable the -Werror compiler option when building sudo with
gcc or clang.
--with-devel
Configure development options. This will enable compiler warnings
and set up the Makefile to be able to regenerate the sudoers parser
as well as the manual pages.
--with-efence
Link with the "electric fence" debugging malloc.
Options that set runtime-changeable default values:
--disable-authentication
By default, sudo requires the user to authenticate via a
password or similar means. This options causes sudo to
*not* require authentication. It is possible to turn
authentication back on in sudoers via the PASSWD attribute.
Sudoers option: !authenticate
--disable-env-reset
Disable environment resetting. This sets the default value
of the "env_reset" Defaults option in sudoers to false.
Sudoers option: !env_reset
--disable-path-info
Normally, sudo will tell the user when a command could not be found
in their $PATH. Some sites may wish to disable this as it could
be used to gather information on the location of executables that
the normal user does not have access to. The disadvantage is that
if the executable is simply not in the user's path, sudo will tell
the user that they are not allowed to run it, which can be confusing.
Sudoers option: path_info
--disable-root-sudo
Don't let root run sudo. This can be used to prevent people from
"chaining" sudo commands to get a root shell by doing something
like "sudo sudo /bin/sh".
Sudoers option: !root_sudo
--disable-zlib
Disable the use of the zlib compress library when storing
I/O log files.
Sudoers option: !compress_io
--enable-log-host
Log the hostname in the log file.
Sudoers option: log_host
--enable-noargs-shell
If sudo is invoked with no arguments it acts as if the "-s" flag had
been given. That is, it runs a shell as root (the shell is determined
by the SHELL environment variable, falling back on the shell listed
in the invoking user's /etc/passwd entry).
Sudoers option: shell_noargs
--enable-shell-sets-home
If sudo is invoked with the "-s" flag the HOME environment variable
will be set to the home directory of the target user (which is root
unless the "-u" option is used). This option effectively makes the
"-s" flag imply "-H".
Sudoers option: set_home
--enable-timestamp-type=TYPE
Set the default time stamp record type. The TYPE may be "global"
(a single record per user), "ppid" (a single record for process
with the same parent process), or "tty" (a separate record for
each login session). The default is "tty".
Sudoers option: timestamp_type
--with-all-insults
Include all the insult sets listed below. You must either specify
--with-insults or enable insults in the sudoers file for this to
have any effect.
--with-askpass=PATH
Set PATH as the "askpass" program to use when no tty is
available. Typically, this is a graphical password prompter,
similar to the one used by ssh. The program must take a
prompt as an argument and print the received password to
the standard output. This value may overridden at run-time
in the sudo.conf file.
--with-badpass-message="BAD PASSWORD MESSAGE"
Message that is displayed if a user enters an incorrect password.
The default is "Sorry, try again." unless insults are turned on.
Sudoers option: badpass_message
--with-badpri=PRIORITY
Determines which syslog priority to log unauthenticated
commands and errors. The following priorities are supported:
alert, crit, debug, emerg, err, info, notice, and warning.
Sudoers option: syslog_badpri
--with-classic-insults
Uses insults from sudo "classic." If you just specify --with-insults
you will get the classic and CSOps insults. This is on by default if
--with-insults is given.
--with-csops-insults
Insults the user with an extra set of insults (some quotes, some
original) from a sysadmin group at CU (CSOps). You must specify
--with-insults as well for this to have any effect. This is on by
default if --with-insults is given.
--with-editor=PATH
Specify the default editor path for use by visudo. This may be a
single path name or a colon-separated list of editors. In the latter
case, visudo will choose the editor that matches the user's SUDO_EDITOR,
VISUAL or EDITOR environment variable, or the first editor in the list
that exists. The default is the path to vi on your system.
Sudoers option: editor
--with-env-editor=no, --without-env-editor
By default, visudo will consult the SUDO_EDITOR, VISUAL and EDITOR
environment variables before falling back on the default editor list
(as specified by --with-editor). visudo is typically run as root so
this option may allow a user with visudo privileges to run arbitrary
commands as root without logging. Some sites may with to disable this
and use a colon-separated list of "safe" editors with the --with-editor
option. visudo will then only use the SUDO_EDITOR, VISUAL or EDITOR
variables if they match a value specified via --with-editor.
Sudoers option: env_editor
--with-exempt=GROUP
Users in the specified group don't need to enter a password when
running sudo. This may be useful for sites that don't want their
"core" sysadmins to have to enter a password but where Jr. sysadmins
need to. You should probably use NOPASSWD in sudoers instead.
Sudoers option: exempt_group
--with-fqdn
Define this if you want to put fully qualified host names in the sudoers
file. Ie: instead of myhost you would use myhost.mydomain.edu. You may
still use the short form if you wish (and even mix the two). Beware
that turning FQDN on requires sudo to make DNS lookups which may make
sudo unusable if your DNS is totally hosed. Also note that you must
use the host's official name as DNS knows it. That is, you may not use
a host alias (CNAME entry) due to performance issues and the fact that
there is no way to get all aliases from DNS.
Sudoers option: fqdn
--with-goodpri=PRIORITY
Determines which syslog priority to log successfully
authenticated commands. The following priorities are
supported: alert, crit, debug, emerg, err, info, notice,
and warning.
Sudoers option: syslog_goodpri
--with-python-insults
Insults the user with lines from "Monty Python's Flying Circus" when an
incorrect password is entered. You must either specify --with-insults or
enable insults in the sudoers file for this to have any effect.
--with-goons-insults
Insults the user with lines from the "Goon Show" when an incorrect
password is entered. You must either specify --with-insults or
enable insults in the sudoers file for this to have any effect.
--with-hal-insults
Uses 2001-like insults when an incorrect password is entered.
You must either specify --with-insults or enable insults in the
sudoers file for this to have any effect.
--with-ignore-dot
If set, sudo will ignore '.' or '' (current dir) in $PATH.
The $PATH itself is not modified.
Sudoers option: ignore_dot
--with-insults
Define this if you want to be insulted for typing an incorrect password
just like the original sudo(8). This is off by default.
Sudoers option: insults
--with-insults=disabled
Include support for insults but disable them unless explicitly
enabled in sudoers.
Sudoers option: !insults
--with-iologdir[=DIR]
By default, sudo stores I/O log files in either /var/log/sudo-io,
/var/adm/sudo-io, or /usr/log/sudo-io. If this option is
specified, I/O logs will be stored in the indicated directory
instead.
Sudoers option: iolog_dir
--with-lecture=no, --without-lecture
Don't print the lecture the first time a user runs sudo.
Sudoers option: !lecture
--with-logfac=FACILITY
Determines which syslog facility to log to. This requires
a 4.3BSD or later version of syslog. You can still set
this for ancient syslogs but it will have no effect. The
following facilities are supported: authpriv (if your OS
supports it), auth, daemon, user, local0, local1, local2,
local3, local4, local5, local6, and local7.
Sudoers option: syslog
--with-logging=TYPE
How you want to do your logging. You may choose "syslog",
"file", or "both". Setting this to "syslog" is nice because
you can keep all of your sudo logs in one place (see the
example syslog.conf file). The default is "syslog".
Sudoers options: syslog and logfile
--with-loglen=NUMBER
Number of characters per line for the file log. This is only used if
you are to "file" or "both". This value is used to decide when to wrap
lines for nicer log files. The default is 80. Setting this to 0
will disable the wrapping.
Sudoers options: loglinelen
--with-logpath=PATH
Override the default location of the sudo log file and use
"path" instead. By default will use /var/log/sudo.log if
there is a /var/log dir, falling back to /var/adm/sudo.log
or /usr/adm/sudo.log if not.
Sudoers option: logfile
--with-long-otp-prompt
When validating with a One Time Password scheme (S/Key or
OPIE), a two-line prompt is used to make it easier to cut
and paste the challenge to a local window. It's not as
pretty as the default but some people find it more convenient.
Sudoers option: long_otp_prompt
--with-mail-if-no-user=no, --without-mail-if-no-user
Normally, sudo will mail to the "alertmail" user if the user invoking
sudo is not in the sudoers file. This option disables that behavior.
Sudoers option: mail_no_user
--with-mail-if-no-host
Send mail to the "alermail" user if the user exists in the sudoers
file, but is not allowed to run commands on the current host.
Sudoers option: mail_no_host
--with-mail-if-noperms
Send mail to the "alermail" user if the user is allowed to use sudo but
the command they are trying is not listed in their sudoers file entry.
Sudoers option: mail_no_perms
--with-mailsubject="SUBJECT OF MAIL"
Subject of the mail sent to the "mailto" user. The token "%h"
will expand to the hostname of the machine.
Default is "*** SECURITY information for %h ***".
Sudoers option: mailsub
--with-mailto=USER|MAIL_ALIAS
User (or mail alias) that mail from sudo is sent to.
This should go to a sysadmin at your site. The default is "root".
Sudoers option: mailto
--with-passprompt="PASSWORD PROMPT"
Default prompt to use when asking for a password; can be overridden
via the -p option and the SUDO_PROMPT environment variable. Supports
the "%H", "%h", "%U" and "%u" escapes as documented in the sudo
manual page. The default value is "Password:".
Sudoers option: passprompt
--with-password-timeout=NUMBER
Number of minutes before the sudo password prompt times out.
The default is 5, set this to 0 for no password timeout.
Sudoers option: passwd_timeout
--with-passwd-tries=NUMBER
Number of tries a user gets to enter his/her password before sudo logs
the failure and exits. The default is 3.
Sudoers option: passwd_tries
--with-runas-default=USER
The default user to run commands as if the -u flag is not specified
on the command line. This defaults to "root".
Sudoers option: runas_default
--with-secure-path[=PATH]
Path used for every command run from sudo(8). If you don't trust the
people running sudo to have a sane PATH environment variable you may
want to use this. Another use is if you want to have the "root path"
be separate from the "user path." You will need to customize the path
for your site. NOTE: this is not applied to users in the group
specified by --with-exemptgroup. If you do not specify a path,
"/bin:/usr/ucb:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/etc:/etc" is used.
Sudoers option: secure_path
--with-sendmail=PATH
Override configure's guess as to the location of sendmail.
Sudoers option: mailerpath
--with-sendmail=no, --without-sendmail
Do not use sendmail to mail messages to the "mailto" user.
Use only if you don't run sendmail or the equivalent.
Sudoers options: !mailerpath or !mailto
--with-sudoers-mode=MODE
File mode for the sudoers file (octal). Note that if you
wish to NFS-mount the sudoers file this must be group
readable. This value may overridden at run-time in the
sudo.conf file. The default mode is 0440.
--with-sudoers-uid=UID
User id that "owns" the sudoers file. Note that this is
the numeric id, *not* the symbolic name. This value may
overridden at run-time in the sudo.conf file. The default
is 0.
--with-sudoers-gid=GID
Group id that "owns" the sudoers file. Note that this is
the numeric id, *not* the symbolic name. This value may
overridden at run-time in the sudo.conf file. The default
is 0.
--with-timeout=NUMBER
Number of minutes that can elapse before sudo will ask for a passwd
again. The default is 5, set this to 0 to always prompt for a password.
Sudoers option: timestamp_timeout
--with-umask=MASK
Umask to use when running the root command. The default is 0022.
Sudoers option: umask
--with-umask=no, --without-umask
Preserves the umask of the user invoking sudo.
Sudoers option: !umask
--with-umask-override
Use the umask specified in sudoers even if it is less restrictive
than the user's. The default is to use the intersection of the
user's umask and the umask specified in sudoers.
Sudoers option: umask_override
OS dependent notes
==================
HP-UX:
The default C compiler shipped with HP-UX is not an ANSI compiler.
You must use either the HP ANSI C compiler or gcc to build sudo.
Binary packages of gcc are available from http://hpux.connect.org.uk/.
To prevent PAM from overriding the value of umask on HP-UX 11,
you will need to add a line like the following to /etc/pam.conf:
sudo session required libpam_hpsec.so.1 bypass_umask
Linux:
PAM and LDAP headers are not installed by default on most Linux
systems. You will need to install the "pam-dev" (rpm) or
libpam0g-dev (deb) package if /usr/include/security/pam_appl.h
is not present on your system. If you wish to build with LDAP
support you will also need the "openldap-devel" (rpm) or
"libldap2-dev" (deb) package.
Mac OS X:
The pseudo-tty support in the Mac OS X kernel has bugs related
to its handling of the SIGTSTP, SIGTTIN and SIGTTOU signals.
It does not restart reads and writes when those signals are
delivered. This may cause problems for some commands when I/O
logging is enabled. The issue has been reported to Apple and
is bug id #7952709.
Solaris:
You need to have a C compiler in order to build sudo. Since
Solaris does not come with one by default this means that you
either need to either install the Solaris Studio compiler suite,
available for free from www.oracle.com, or install the GNU C
compiler (gcc) which is can be installed via the pkg utility
on Solaris 11 and higher and is distributed on the Solaris
Companion CD for older Solaris releases. You can also download
gcc packages from http://www.opencsw.org/packages/CSWgcc4core/
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