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Frequently Asked Questions


How to navigate with Redux action

with store.dispatch

import { push } from 'connected-react-router'

store.dispatch(push('/path/to/somewhere'))

with react-redux

import { push } from 'connected-react-router'

// in component render:
<div onClick={() => {

  /** do something before redirection */
  props.push('/home');

}}>login</div>

// connect the action:
export default connect(null, { push })(Component);

in redux thunk

import { push } from 'connected-react-router'

export const login = (username, password) => (dispatch) => {

  /* do something before redirection */

  dispatch(push('/home'))
}

in redux saga

import { push } from 'connected-react-router'
import { put, call } from 'redux-saga/effects'

export function* login(username, password) {

  /* do something before redirection */

  yield put(push('/home'))
}

How to get the current browser location (URL)

The current browser location can be accessed directly from the router state with react-redux's connect. The location object is comprised of pathname, search (query string), and hash.

import { connect } from 'react-redux'

const Child = ({ pathname, search, hash }) => (
  <div>
    Child receives
    <div>
      pathname: {pathname}
    </div>
    <div>
      search: {search}
    </div>
    <div>
      hash: {hash}
    </div>
  </div>
)

const mapStateToProps = state => ({
  pathname: state.router.location.pathname,
  search: state.router.location.search,
  hash: state.router.location.hash,
})

export default connect(mapStateToProps)(Child)

How to set Router props (e.g. basename, initialEntries, etc.)

You can pass props to the create*History functions of your choice (createBrowserHistory, createHashHistory, createMemoryHistory)

import { createBrowserHistory } from 'history'

const history = createBrowserHistory({
  basename: '/prefix/',
})
import { createHashHistory } from 'history'

const history = createHashHistory({
  hashType: 'slash',
  getUserConfirmation: (message, callback) => callback(window.confirm(message))
})
import { createMemoryHistory } from 'history'

const history = createMemoryHistory({
  initialEntries: [ '/one', '/two', { pathname: '/three' } ],
  initialIndex: 1
})

How to hot reload functional components

  1. Save the main app component in its own file.

App.js

import React from 'react'
import { Route, Switch } from 'react-router' /* react-router v4 */
import { ConnectedRouter } from 'connected-react-router'

const App = ({ history }) => ( /* receive history object via props */
  <ConnectedRouter history={history}>
    <div>
      <Switch>
        <Route exact path="/" render={() => (<div>Match</div>)} />
        <Route render={() => (<div>Miss</div>)} />
      </Switch>
    </div>
  </ConnectedRouter>
)

export default App
  1. Wrap the App component with AppContainer from react-hot-loader v3 as a top-level container.

index.js

import React from 'react'
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'
import { Provider } from 'react-redux'
import { AppContainer } from 'react-hot-loader' /* react-hot-loader v3 */
import App from './App'
...
const render = () => { // this function will be reused
  ReactDOM.render(
    <AppContainer> { /* AppContainer for hot reloading v3 */ }
      <Provider store={store}>
        <App history={history} /> { /* pass history object as props */ }
      </Provider>
    </AppContainer>,
    document.getElementById('react-root')
  )
}

render()
  1. Detect change and re-render with hot reload.

index.js

...
if (module.hot) {
  module.hot.accept('./App', () => {
    /* For Webpack 2.x
       Need to disable babel ES2015 modules transformation in .babelrc
       presets: [
         ["es2015", { "modules": false }]
       ]
    */
    render()

    /* For Webpack 1.x
    const NextApp = require('./App').default
    renderWithHotReload(NextApp)
    */
  })
}

Now, when you change any component that App depends on, it will trigger hot reloading without losing redux state. Thanks react-hot-loader v3!

How to hot reload reducers

Detect change and replace with a new root reducer with router state

index.js

...
if (module.hot) {
  module.hot.accept('./reducers', () => {
    /* For Webpack 2.x
       Need to disable babel ES2015 modules transformation in .babelrc
       presets: [
         ["es2015", { "modules": false }]
       ]
    */
    store.replaceReducer(rootReducer(history))

    /* For Webpack 1.x
    const nextRootReducer = require('./reducers').default
    store.replaceReducer(nextRootReducer(history))
    */
  })
}

How to support Immutable.js

  1. Create your root reducer as a function that takes history and returns reducer. Use combineReducers from redux-immutable to return the root reducer.

  2. Import connectRouter from connected-react-router/immutable and add router reducer to root reducer

import { combineReducers } from 'redux-immutable'
import { connectRouter } from 'connected-react-router/immutable'
...
const rootReducer = (history) => combineReducers({
  router: connectRouter(history),
  ...
})
...
  1. Import ConnectedRouter and routerMiddleware from connected-react-router/immutable instead of connected-react-router.
import { ConnectedRouter, routerMiddleware } from 'connected-react-router/immutable'
  1. Create your root reducer with router reducer by passing history to rootReducer function
const store = createStore(
  rootReducer(history),
  initialState,
  ...
)
  1. (Optional) Initialize state with Immutable.Map()
import Immutable from 'immutable'
...
const initialState = Immutable.Map()
...
const store = createStore(
  rootReducer(history),
  initialState,
  ...
)

How to migrate from v4 to v5

It's easy to migrate from v4 to v5.

  1. In your root reducer file, instead of exporting a root reducer, you need to export a function accepting a history object and returning a root reducer with router key. The value of the router key is connectedRouter(history).
  // reducers.js

  import { combineReducers } from 'redux'
+ import { connectRouter } from 'connected-react-router'

- export default combineReducers({
+ export default (history) => combineReducers({
+   router: connectRouter(history),
    ...
  })
  1. In createStore function, change to use the new function creating a root reducer.
  // configureStore.js
  ...
  import { createBrowserHistory } from 'history'
  import { applyMiddleware, compose, createStore } from 'redux'
- import { connectRouter, routerMiddleware } from 'connected-react-router'
+ import { routerMiddleware } from 'connected-react-router'
- import rootReducer from './reducers'
+ import createRootReducer from './reducers'

  const history = createBrowserHistory()

  const store = createStore(
-   connectRouter(history)(rootReducer),
+   createRootReducer(history),
    initialState,
    compose(
      applyMiddleware(
        routerMiddleware(history),
      ),
    ),
  )
  1. For reducers hot reloading, similarly, change to use the new function creating a root reducer.
  // For Webpack 2.x
- store.replaceReducer(connectRouter(history)(rootReducer))
+ store.replaceReducer(createRootReducer(history))

  // For Webpack 1.x
- const nextRootReducer = require('./reducers').default
- store.replaceReducer(connectRouter(history)(nextRootReducer))
+ const nextCreateRootReducer = require('./reducers').default
+ store.replaceReducer(nextCreateRootReducer(history))