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/*
* mm/mremap.c
*
* (C) Copyright 1996 Linus Torvalds
*
* Address space accounting code <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
* (C) Copyright 2002 Red Hat Inc, All Rights Reserved
*/

#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/shm.h>
#include <linux/ksm.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

#include "internal.h"

static pmd_t *get_old_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;

pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd))
return NULL;

pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud))
return NULL;

pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd))
return NULL;

return pmd;
}

static pmd_t *alloc_new_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;

pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
pud = pud_alloc(mm, pgd, addr);
if (!pud)
return NULL;

pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr);
if (!pmd)
return NULL;

if (!pmd_present(*pmd) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd, addr))
return NULL;

return pmd;
}

static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long old_end,
struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, pmd_t *new_pmd,
unsigned long new_addr)
{
struct address_space *mapping = NULL;
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
pte_t *old_pte, *new_pte, pte;
spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;
unsigned long old_start;

old_start = old_addr;
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(vma->vm_mm,
old_start, old_end);
if (vma->vm_file) {
/*
* Subtle point from Rajesh Venkatasubramanian: before
* moving file-based ptes, we must lock truncate_pagecache
* out, since it might clean the dst vma before the src vma,
* and we propagate stale pages into the dst afterward.
*/
mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
spin_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
if (new_vma->vm_truncate_count &&
new_vma->vm_truncate_count != vma->vm_truncate_count)
new_vma->vm_truncate_count = 0;
}

/*
* We don't have to worry about the ordering of src and dst
* pte locks because exclusive mmap_sem prevents deadlock.
*/
old_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, old_pmd, old_addr, &old_ptl);
  new_pte = pte_offset_map_nested(new_pmd, new_addr);
new_ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, new_pmd);
if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
spin_lock_nested(new_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();

for (; old_addr < old_end; old_pte++, old_addr += PAGE_SIZE,
new_pte++, new_addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
if (pte_none(*old_pte))
continue;
pte = ptep_clear_flush(vma, old_addr, old_pte);
pte = move_pte(pte, new_vma->vm_page_prot, old_addr, new_addr);
set_pte_at(mm, new_addr, new_pte, pte);
}

arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
spin_unlock(new_ptl);
pte_unmap_nested(new_pte - 1);
pte_unmap_unlock(old_pte - 1, old_ptl);
if (mapping)
spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm, old_start, old_end);
}

#define LATENCY_LIMIT (64 * PAGE_SIZE)

unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len)
{
unsigned long extent, next, old_end;
pmd_t *old_pmd, *new_pmd;

old_end = old_addr + len;
flush_cache_range(vma, old_addr, old_end);

for (; old_addr < old_end; old_addr += extent, new_addr += extent) {
cond_resched();
next = (old_addr + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK;
if (next - 1 > old_end)
next = old_end;
extent = next - old_addr;
old_pmd = get_old_pmd(vma->vm_mm, old_addr);
if (!old_pmd)
continue;
new_pmd = alloc_new_pmd(vma->vm_mm, new_addr);
if (!new_pmd)
break;
next = (new_addr + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK;
if (extent > next - new_addr)
extent = next - new_addr;
if (extent > LATENCY_LIMIT)
extent = LATENCY_LIMIT;
move_ptes(vma, old_pmd, old_addr, old_addr + extent,
new_vma, new_pmd, new_addr);
}

return len + old_addr - old_end; /* how much done */
}

static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long old_len,
unsigned long new_len, unsigned long new_addr)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct vm_area_struct *new_vma;
unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
unsigned long new_pgoff;
unsigned long moved_len;
unsigned long excess = 0;
unsigned long hiwater_vm;
int split = 0;
int err;

/*
* We'd prefer to avoid failure later on in do_munmap:
* which may split one vma into three before unmapping.
*/
if (mm->map_count >= sysctl_max_map_count - 3)
return -ENOMEM;

/*
* Advise KSM to break any KSM pages in the area to be moved:
* it would be confusing if they were to turn up at the new
* location, where they happen to coincide with different KSM
* pages recently unmapped. But leave vma->vm_flags as it was,
* so KSM can come around to merge on vma and new_vma afterwards.
*/
err = ksm_madvise(vma, old_addr, old_addr + old_len,
MADV_UNMERGEABLE, &vm_flags);
if (err)
return err;

new_pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff + ((old_addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
new_vma = copy_vma(&vma, new_addr, new_len, new_pgoff);
if (!new_vma)
return -ENOMEM;

moved_len = move_page_tables(vma, old_addr, new_vma, new_addr, old_len);
if (moved_len < old_len) {
/*
* On error, move entries back from new area to old,
* which will succeed since page tables still there,
* and then proceed to unmap new area instead of old.
*/
move_page_tables(new_vma, new_addr, vma, old_addr, moved_len);
vma = new_vma;
old_len = new_len;
old_addr = new_addr;
new_addr = -ENOMEM;
}

/* Conceal VM_ACCOUNT so old reservation is not undone */
if (vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_ACCOUNT;
excess = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start - old_len;
if (old_addr > vma->vm_start &&
old_addr + old_len < vma->vm_end)
split = 1;
}

/*
* If we failed to move page tables we still do total_vm increment
* since do_munmap() will decrement it by old_len == new_len.
*
* Since total_vm is about to be raised artificially high for a
* moment, we need to restore high watermark afterwards: if stats
* are taken meanwhile, total_vm and hiwater_vm appear too high.
* If this were a serious issue, we'd add a flag to do_munmap().
*/
hiwater_vm = mm->hiwater_vm;
mm->total_vm += new_len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, vma->vm_file, new_len>>PAGE_SHIFT);

if (do_munmap(mm, old_addr, old_len) < 0) {
/* OOM: unable to split vma, just get accounts right */
vm_unacct_memory(excess >> PAGE_SHIFT);
excess = 0;
}
mm->hiwater_vm = hiwater_vm;

/* Restore VM_ACCOUNT if one or two pieces of vma left */
if (excess) {
vma->vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT;
if (split)
vma->vm_next->vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT;
}

if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
mm->locked_vm += new_len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (new_len > old_len)
mlock_vma_pages_range(new_vma, new_addr + old_len,
new_addr + new_len);
}

return new_addr;
}

static struct vm_area_struct *vma_to_resize(unsigned long addr,
unsigned long old_len, unsigned long new_len, unsigned long *p)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, addr);

if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr)
goto Efault;

if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
goto Einval;

/* We can't remap across vm area boundaries */
if (old_len > vma->vm_end - addr)
goto Efault;

if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP)) {
if (new_len > old_len)
goto Efault;
}

if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
unsigned long locked, lock_limit;
locked = mm->locked_vm << PAGE_SHIFT;
lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
locked += new_len - old_len;
if (locked > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK))
goto Eagain;
}

if (!may_expand_vm(mm, (new_len - old_len) >> PAGE_SHIFT))
goto Enomem;

if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
unsigned long charged = (new_len - old_len) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (security_vm_enough_memory(charged))
goto Efault;
*p = charged;
}

return vma;

Efault: /* very odd choice for most of the cases, but... */
return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
Einval:
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
Enomem:
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
Eagain:
return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN);
}

static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr,
unsigned long old_len, unsigned long new_addr,
unsigned long new_len)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long ret = -EINVAL;
unsigned long charged = 0;
unsigned long map_flags;

if (new_addr & ~PAGE_MASK)
goto out;

if (new_len > TASK_SIZE || new_addr > TASK_SIZE - new_len)
goto out;

/* Check if the location we're moving into overlaps the
* old location at all, and fail if it does.
*/
if ((new_addr <= addr) && (new_addr+new_len) > addr)
goto out;

if ((addr <= new_addr) && (addr+old_len) > new_addr)
goto out;

ret = security_file_mmap(NULL, 0, 0, 0, new_addr, 1);
if (ret)
goto out;

ret = do_munmap(mm, new_addr, new_len);
if (ret)
goto out;

if (old_len >= new_len) {
ret = do_munmap(mm, addr+new_len, old_len - new_len);
if (ret && old_len != new_len)
goto out;
old_len = new_len;
}

vma = vma_to_resize(addr, old_len, new_len, &charged);
if (IS_ERR(vma)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(vma);
goto out;
}

map_flags = MAP_FIXED;
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
map_flags |= MAP_SHARED;

ret = get_unmapped_area(vma->vm_file, new_addr, new_len, vma->vm_pgoff +
((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT),
map_flags);
if (ret & ~PAGE_MASK)
goto out1;

ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr);
if (!(ret & ~PAGE_MASK))
goto out;
out1:
vm_unacct_memory(charged);

out:
return ret;
}

static int vma_expandable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long delta)
{
unsigned long end = vma->vm_end + delta;
if (end < vma->vm_end) /* overflow */
return 0;
if (vma->vm_next && vma->vm_next->vm_start < end) /* intersection */
return 0;
if (get_unmapped_area(NULL, vma->vm_start, end - vma->vm_start,
0, MAP_FIXED) & ~PAGE_MASK)
return 0;
return 1;
}

/*
* Expand (or shrink) an existing mapping, potentially moving it at the
* same time (controlled by the MREMAP_MAYMOVE flag and available VM space)
*
* MREMAP_FIXED option added 5-Dec-1999 by Benjamin LaHaise
* This option implies MREMAP_MAYMOVE.
*/
unsigned long do_mremap(unsigned long addr,
unsigned long old_len, unsigned long new_len,
unsigned long flags, unsigned long new_addr)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long ret = -EINVAL;
unsigned long charged = 0;

if (flags & ~(MREMAP_FIXED | MREMAP_MAYMOVE))
goto out;

if (addr & ~PAGE_MASK)
goto out;

old_len = PAGE_ALIGN(old_len);
new_len = PAGE_ALIGN(new_len);

/*
* We allow a zero old-len as a special case
* for DOS-emu "duplicate shm area" thing. But
* a zero new-len is nonsensical.
*/
if (!new_len)
goto out;

if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED) {
if (flags & MREMAP_MAYMOVE)
ret = mremap_to(addr, old_len, new_addr, new_len);
goto out;
}

/*
* Always allow a shrinking remap: that just unmaps
* the unnecessary pages..
* do_munmap does all the needed commit accounting
*/
if (old_len >= new_len) {
ret = do_munmap(mm, addr+new_len, old_len - new_len);
if (ret && old_len != new_len)
goto out;
ret = addr;
goto out;
}

/*
* Ok, we need to grow..
*/
vma = vma_to_resize(addr, old_len, new_len, &charged);
if (IS_ERR(vma)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(vma);
goto out;
}

/* old_len exactly to the end of the area..
*/
if (old_len == vma->vm_end - addr) {
/* can we just expand the current mapping? */
if (vma_expandable(vma, new_len - old_len)) {
int pages = (new_len - old_len) >> PAGE_SHIFT;

if (vma_adjust(vma, vma->vm_start, addr + new_len,
vma->vm_pgoff, NULL)) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}

mm->total_vm += pages;
vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, vma->vm_file, pages);
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
mm->locked_vm += pages;
mlock_vma_pages_range(vma, addr + old_len,
addr + new_len);
}
ret = addr;
goto out;
}
}

/*
* We weren't able to just expand or shrink the area,
* we need to create a new one and move it..
*/
ret = -ENOMEM;
if (flags & MREMAP_MAYMOVE) {
unsigned long map_flags = 0;
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
map_flags |= MAP_SHARED;

new_addr = get_unmapped_area(vma->vm_file, 0, new_len,
vma->vm_pgoff +
((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT),
map_flags);
if (new_addr & ~PAGE_MASK) {
ret = new_addr;
goto out;
}

ret = security_file_mmap(NULL, 0, 0, 0, new_addr, 1);
if (ret)
goto out;
ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr);
}
out:
if (ret & ~PAGE_MASK)
vm_unacct_memory(charged);
return ret;
}

SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
unsigned long, new_len, unsigned long, flags,
unsigned long, new_addr)
{
unsigned long ret;

down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
ret = do_mremap(addr, old_len, new_len, flags, new_addr);
up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
return ret;
}
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