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# -*- coding: cp1252 -*-
# No part of the content of this file was derived from the works of David Giffin.
##
# <p>Copyright © 2005-2008 Stephen John Machin, Lingfo Pty Ltd</p>
# <p>This module is part of the xlrd package, which is released under a BSD-style licence.</p>
#
# <p>Provides function(s) for dealing with Microsoft Excel ™ dates.</p>
##
# 2008-10-18 SJM Fix bug in xldate_from_date_tuple (affected some years after 2099)
# The conversion from days to (year, month, day) starts with
# an integral "julian day number" aka JDN.
# FWIW, JDN 0 corresponds to noon on Monday November 24 in Gregorian year -4713.
# More importantly:
# Noon on Gregorian 1900-03-01 (day 61 in the 1900-based system) is JDN 2415080.0
# Noon on Gregorian 1904-01-02 (day 1 in the 1904-based system) is JDN 2416482.0
from timemachine import int_floor_div as ifd
_JDN_delta = (2415080 - 61, 2416482 - 1)
assert _JDN_delta[1] - _JDN_delta[0] == 1462
class XLDateError(ValueError): pass
class XLDateNegative(XLDateError): pass
class XLDateAmbiguous(XLDateError): pass
class XLDateTooLarge(XLDateError): pass
class XLDateBadDatemode(XLDateError): pass
class XLDateBadTuple(XLDateError): pass
_XLDAYS_TOO_LARGE = (2958466, 2958466 - 1462) # This is equivalent to 10000-01-01
##
# Convert an Excel number (presumed to represent a date, a datetime or a time) into
# a tuple suitable for feeding to datetime or mx.DateTime constructors.
# @param xldate The Excel number
# @param datemode 0: 1900-based, 1: 1904-based.
# <br>WARNING: when using this function to
# interpret the contents of a workbook, you should pass in the Book.datemode
# attribute of that workbook. Whether
# the workbook has ever been anywhere near a Macintosh is irrelevant.
# @return Gregorian (year, month, day, hour, minute, nearest_second).
# <br>Special case: if 0.0 <= xldate < 1.0, it is assumed to represent a time;
# (0, 0, 0, hour, minute, second) will be returned.
# <br>Note: 1904-01-01 is not regarded as a valid date in the datemode 1 system; its "serial number"
# is zero.
# @throws XLDateNegative xldate < 0.00
# @throws XLDateAmbiguous The 1900 leap-year problem (datemode == 0 and 1.0 <= xldate < 61.0)
# @throws XLDateTooLarge Gregorian year 10000 or later
# @throws XLDateBadDatemode datemode arg is neither 0 nor 1
# @throws XLDateError Covers the 4 specific errors
def xldate_as_tuple(xldate, datemode):
if datemode not in (0, 1):
raise XLDateBadDatemode(datemode)
if xldate == 0.00:
return (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
if xldate < 0.00:
raise XLDateNegative(xldate)
xldays = int(xldate)
frac = xldate - xldays
seconds = int(round(frac * 86400.0))
assert 0 <= seconds <= 86400
if seconds == 86400:
hour = minute = second = 0
xldays += 1
else:
# second = seconds % 60; minutes = seconds // 60
minutes, second = divmod(seconds, 60)
# minute = minutes % 60; hour = minutes // 60
hour, minute = divmod(minutes, 60)
if xldays >= _XLDAYS_TOO_LARGE[datemode]:
raise XLDateTooLarge(xldate)
if xldays == 0:
return (0, 0, 0, hour, minute, second)
if xldays < 61 and datemode == 0:
raise XLDateAmbiguous(xldate)
jdn = xldays + _JDN_delta[datemode]
yreg = (ifd(ifd(jdn * 4 + 274277, 146097) * 3, 4) + jdn + 1363) * 4 + 3
mp = ifd(yreg % 1461, 4) * 535 + 333
d = ifd(mp % 16384, 535) + 1
# mp /= 16384
mp >>= 14
if mp >= 10:
return (ifd(yreg, 1461) - 4715, mp - 9, d, hour, minute, second)
else:
return (ifd(yreg, 1461) - 4716, mp + 3, d, hour, minute, second)
# === conversions from date/time to xl numbers
def _leap(y):
if y % 4: return 0
if y % 100: return 1
if y % 400: return 0
return 1
_days_in_month = (None, 31, 28, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31)
##
# Convert a date tuple (year, month, day) to an Excel date.
# @param year Gregorian year.
# @param month 1 <= month <= 12
# @param day 1 <= day <= last day of that (year, month)
# @param datemode 0: 1900-based, 1: 1904-based.
# @throws XLDateAmbiguous The 1900 leap-year problem (datemode == 0 and 1.0 <= xldate < 61.0)
# @throws XLDateBadDatemode datemode arg is neither 0 nor 1
# @throws XLDateBadTuple (year, month, day) is too early/late or has invalid component(s)
# @throws XLDateError Covers the specific errors
def xldate_from_date_tuple((year, month, day), datemode):
if datemode not in (0, 1):
raise XLDateBadDatemode(datemode)
if year == 0 and month == 0 and day == 0:
return 0.00
if not (1900 <= year <= 9999):
raise XLDateBadTuple("Invalid year: %r" % ((year, month, day),))
if not (1 <= month <= 12):
raise XLDateBadTuple("Invalid month: %r" % ((year, month, day),))
if day < 1 \
or (day > _days_in_month[month] and not(day == 29 and month == 2 and _leap(year))):
raise XLDateBadTuple("Invalid day: %r" % ((year, month, day),))
Yp = year + 4716
M = month
if M <= 2:
Yp = Yp - 1
Mp = M + 9
else:
Mp = M - 3
jdn = ifd(1461 * Yp, 4) + ifd(979 * Mp + 16, 32) + \
day - 1364 - ifd(ifd(Yp + 184, 100) * 3, 4)
xldays = jdn - _JDN_delta[datemode]
if xldays <= 0:
raise XLDateBadTuple("Invalid (year, month, day): %r" % ((year, month, day),))
if xldays < 61 and datemode == 0:
raise XLDateAmbiguous("Before 1900-03-01: %r" % ((year, month, day),))
return float(xldays)
##
# Convert a time tuple (hour, minute, second) to an Excel "date" value (fraction of a day).
# @param hour 0 <= hour < 24
# @param minute 0 <= minute < 60
# @param second 0 <= second < 60
# @throws XLDateBadTuple Out-of-range hour, minute, or second
def xldate_from_time_tuple((hour, minute, second)):
if 0 <= hour < 24 and 0 <= minute < 60 and 0 <= second < 60:
return ((second / 60.0 + minute) / 60.0 + hour) / 24.0
raise XLDateBadTuple("Invalid (hour, minute, second): %r" % ((hour, minute, second),))
##
# Convert a datetime tuple (year, month, day, hour, minute, second) to an Excel date value.
# For more details, refer to other xldate_from_*_tuple functions.
# @param datetime_tuple (year, month, day, hour, minute, second)
# @param datemode 0: 1900-based, 1: 1904-based.
def xldate_from_datetime_tuple(datetime_tuple, datemode):
return (
xldate_from_date_tuple(datetime_tuple[:3], datemode)
+
xldate_from_time_tuple(datetime_tuple[3:])
)
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