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# This module allows you to easily cache all responses from the backend - thus
# speeding up the I18n aspects of your application quite a bit.
#
# To enable caching you can simply include the Cache module to the Simple
# backend - or whatever other backend you are using:
#
# I18n::Backend::Simple.send(:include, I18n::Backend::Cache)
#
# You will also need to set a cache store implementation that you want to use:
#
# I18n.cache_store = ActiveSupport::Cache.lookup_store(:memory_store)
#
# You can use any cache implementation you want that provides the same API as
# ActiveSupport::Cache (only the methods #fetch and #write are being used).
#
# The cache_key implementation assumes that you only pass values to
# I18n.translate that return a valid key from #hash (see
# http://www.ruby-doc.org/core/classes/Object.html#M000337).
#
# If you use a lambda as a default value in your translation like this:
#
# I18n.t(:"date.order", :default => lambda {[:month, :day, :year]})
#
# Then you will always have a cache miss, because each time this method
# is called the lambda will have a different hash value. If you know
# the result of the lambda is a constant as in the example above, then
# to cache this you can make the lambda a constant, like this:
#
# DEFAULT_DATE_ORDER = lambda {[:month, :day, :year]}
# ...
# I18n.t(:"date.order", :default => DEFAULT_DATE_ORDER)
#
# If the lambda may result in different values for each call then consider
# also using the Memoize backend.
#
module I18n
class << self
@@cache_store = nil
@@cache_namespace = nil
def cache_store
@@cache_store
end
def cache_store=(store)
@@cache_store = store
end
def cache_namespace
@@cache_namespace
end
def cache_namespace=(namespace)
@@cache_namespace = namespace
end
def perform_caching?
!cache_store.nil?
end
end
module Backend
# TODO Should the cache be cleared if new translations are stored?
module Cache
def translate(locale, key, options = {})
I18n.perform_caching? ? fetch(cache_key(locale, key, options)) { super } : super
end
protected
def fetch(cache_key, &block)
result = fetch_storing_missing_translation_exception(cache_key, &block)
raise result if result.is_a?(Exception)
result = result.dup if result.frozen? rescue result
result
end
def fetch_storing_missing_translation_exception(cache_key, &block)
fetch_ignoring_procs(cache_key, &block)
rescue MissingTranslationData => exception
I18n.cache_store.write(cache_key, exception)
exception
end
def fetch_ignoring_procs(cache_key, &block)
I18n.cache_store.read(cache_key) || yield.tap do |result|
I18n.cache_store.write(cache_key, result) unless result.is_a?(Proc)
end
end
def cache_key(locale, key, options)
# This assumes that only simple, native Ruby values are passed to I18n.translate.
"i18n/#{I18n.cache_namespace}/#{locale}/#{key.hash}/#{USE_INSPECT_HASH ? options.inspect.hash : options.hash}"
end
private
# In Ruby < 1.9 the following is true: { :foo => 1, :bar => 2 }.hash == { :foo => 2, :bar => 1 }.hash
# Therefore we must use the hash of the inspect string instead to avoid cache key colisions.
USE_INSPECT_HASH = RUBY_VERSION <= "1.9"
end
end
end
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