High definition PHP structures with JSON-schema based validation
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Swaggest JSON-schema implementation for PHP

Build Status Scrutinizer Code Quality Code Climate Code Coverage

High definition PHP structures with JSON-schema based validation.

Supported schemas:

Installation

composer require swaggest/json-schema

Usage

Structure definition can be done either with json-schema or with PHP class extending Swaggest\JsonSchema\Structure\ClassStructure

Validating JSON data against given schema

Define your json-schema

$schemaJson = <<<'JSON'
{
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
        "id": {
            "type": "integer"
        },
        "name": {
            "type": "string"
        },
        "orders": {
            "type": "array",
            "items": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/order"
            }
        }
    },
    "required":["id"],
    "definitions": {
        "order": {
            "type": "object",
            "properties": {
                "id": {
                    "type": "integer"
                },
                "price": {
                    "type": "number"
                },
                "updated": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "format": "date-time"
                }
            },
            "required":["id"]
        }
    }
}
JSON;

Load it

$schema = Schema::import(json_decode($schemaJson));

Validate data

$schema->in(json_decode(<<<'JSON'
{
    "id": 1,
    "name":"John Doe",
    "orders":[
        {
            "id":1
        },
        {
            "price":1.0
        }
    ]
}
JSON
)); // Exception: Required property missing: id at #->properties:orders->items[1]->#/definitions/order

You can also call Schema::import on string uri to schema json data.

$schema = Schema::import('http://localhost:1234/my_schema.json');

Or with boolean argument.

$schema = Schema::import(true); // permissive schema, always validates
$schema = Schema::import(false); // restrictive schema, always invalidates

Understanding error cause

With complex schemas it may be hard to find out what's wrong with your data. Exception message can look like:

No valid results for oneOf {
 0: Enum failed, enum: ["a"], data: "f" at #->properties:root->patternProperties[^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$]:zoo->oneOf[0]
 1: Enum failed, enum: ["b"], data: "f" at #->properties:root->patternProperties[^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$]:zoo->oneOf[1]
 2: No valid results for anyOf {
   0: Enum failed, enum: ["c"], data: "f" at #->properties:root->patternProperties[^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$]:zoo->oneOf[2]->$ref[#/cde]->anyOf[0]
   1: Enum failed, enum: ["d"], data: "f" at #->properties:root->patternProperties[^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$]:zoo->oneOf[2]->$ref[#/cde]->anyOf[1]
   2: Enum failed, enum: ["e"], data: "f" at #->properties:root->patternProperties[^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$]:zoo->oneOf[2]->$ref[#/cde]->anyOf[2]
 } at #->properties:root->patternProperties[^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$]:zoo->oneOf[2]->$ref[#/cde]
} at #->properties:root->patternProperties[^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$]:zoo

For ambiguous schemas defined with oneOf/anyOf message is indented multi-line string.

Processing path is a combination of schema and data pointers. You can use InvalidValue->getSchemaPointer() and InvalidValue->getDataPointer() to extract schema/data pointer.

You can build error tree using InvalidValue->inspect().

PHP structured classes with validation

/**
 * @property int $quantity PHPDoc defined dynamic properties will be validated on every set
 */
class User extends ClassStructure
{
    /* Native (public) properties will be validated only on import and export of structure data */

    /** @var int */
    public $id;
    public $name;
    /** @var Order[] */
    public $orders;

    /** @var UserInfo */
    public $info;

    /**
     * @param Properties|static $properties
     * @param Schema $ownerSchema
     */
    public static function setUpProperties($properties, Schema $ownerSchema)
    {
        // You can add custom meta to your schema
        $dbTable = new DbTable;
        $dbTable->tableName = 'users';
        $ownerSchema->addMeta($dbTable);

        // Setup property schemas
        $properties->id = Schema::integer();
        $properties->id->addMeta(new DbId($dbTable)); // You can add meta to property.

        $properties->name = Schema::string();

        // You can embed structures to main level with nested schemas
        $properties->info = UserInfo::schema()->nested();

        // You can set default value for property
        $defaultOptions = new UserOptions();
        $defaultOptions->autoLogin = true;
        $defaultOptions->groupName = 'guest';
        // UserOptions::schema() is safe to change as it is protected with lazy cloning
        $properties->options = UserOptions::schema()->setDefault(UserOptions::export($defaultOptions));

        // Dynamic (phpdoc-defined) properties can be used as well
        $properties->quantity = Schema::integer();
        $properties->quantity->minimum = 0;

        // Property can be any complex structure
        $properties->orders = Schema::create();
        $properties->orders->items = Order::schema();

        $ownerSchema->required = array(self::names()->id);
    }
}

class UserInfo extends ClassStructure {
    public $firstName;
    public $lastName;
    public $birthDay;

    /**
     * @param Properties|static $properties
     * @param Schema $ownerSchema
     */
    public static function setUpProperties($properties, Schema $ownerSchema)
    {
        $properties->firstName = Schema::string();
        $properties->lastName = Schema::string();
        $properties->birthDay = Schema::string();
    }
}

class UserOptions extends ClassStructure
{
    public $autoLogin;
    public $groupName;

    /**
     * @param Properties|static $properties
     * @param Schema $ownerSchema
     */
    public static function setUpProperties($properties, Schema $ownerSchema)
    {
        $properties->autoLogin = Schema::boolean();
        $properties->groupName = Schema::string();
    }
}

class Order implements ClassStructureContract
{
    use ClassStructureTrait; // You can use trait if you can't/don't want to extend ClassStructure

    const FANCY_MAPPING = 'fAnCy'; // You can create additional mapping namespace

    public $id;
    public $userId;
    public $dateTime;
    public $price;

    /**
     * @param Properties|static $properties
     * @param Schema $ownerSchema
     */
    public static function setUpProperties($properties, Schema $ownerSchema)
    {
        // Add some meta data to your schema
        $dbMeta = new DbTable();
        $dbMeta->tableName = 'orders';
        $ownerSchema->addMeta($dbMeta);

        // Define properties
        $properties->id = Schema::integer();
        $properties->userId = User::properties()->id; // referencing property of another schema keeps meta
        $properties->dateTime = Schema::string();
        $properties->dateTime->format = Format::DATE_TIME;
        $properties->price = Schema::number();

        $ownerSchema->required[] = self::names()->id;

        // Define default mapping if any
        $ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('date_time', Order::names()->dateTime);

        // Define additional mapping
        $ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('DaTe_TiMe', Order::names()->dateTime, self::FANCY_MAPPING);
        $ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('Id', Order::names()->id, self::FANCY_MAPPING);
        $ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('PrIcE', Order::names()->price, self::FANCY_MAPPING);
    }
}

Validation of dynamic properties is performed on set, this can help to find source of invalid data at cost of some performance drop

$user = new User();
$user->quantity = -1; // Exception: Value more than 0 expected, -1 received

Validation of native properties is performed only on import/export

$user = new User();
$user->quantity = 10;
User::export($user); // Exception: Required property missing: id

Error messages provide a path to invalid data

$user = new User();
$user->id = 1;
$user->name = 'John Doe';

$order = new Order();
$order->dateTime = (new \DateTime())->format(DATE_RFC3339);
$user->orders[] = $order;

User::export($user); // Exception: Required property missing: id at #->properties:orders->items[0]

Nested structures

Nested structures allow you to make composition: flatten several objects in one and separate back.

$user = new User();
$user->id = 1;

$info = new UserInfo();
$info->firstName = 'John';
$info->lastName = 'Doe';
$info->birthDay = '1970-01-01';
$user->info = $info;

$json = <<<JSON
{
    "id": 1,
    "firstName": "John",
    "lastName": "Doe",
    "birthDay": "1970-01-01"
}
JSON;
$exported = User::export($user);
$this->assertSame($json, json_encode($exported, JSON_PRETTY_PRINT));

$imported = User::import(json_decode($json));
$this->assertSame('John', $imported->info->firstName);
$this->assertSame('Doe', $imported->info->lastName);

You can also use \Swaggest\JsonSchema\Structure\Composition to dynamically create schema compositions. This can be helpful to deal with results of database query on joined data.

$schema = new Composition(UserInfo::schema(), Order::schema());
$json = <<<JSON
{
    "id": 1,
    "firstName": "John",
    "lastName": "Doe",
    "price": 2.66
}
JSON;
$object = $schema->import(json_decode($json));

// Get particular object with `pick` accessor
$info = UserInfo::pick($object);
$order = Order::pick($object);

// Data is imported objects of according classes
$this->assertTrue($order instanceof Order);
$this->assertTrue($info instanceof UserInfo);

$this->assertSame(1, $order->id);
$this->assertSame('John', $info->firstName);
$this->assertSame('Doe', $info->lastName);
$this->assertSame(2.66, $order->price);

Keys mapping

If property names of PHP objects should be different from raw data you can call ->addPropertyMapping on owner schema.

// Define default mapping if any
$ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('date_time', Order::names()->dateTime);

// Define additional mapping
$ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('DaTe_TiMe', Order::names()->dateTime, self::FANCY_MAPPING);
$ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('Id', Order::names()->id, self::FANCY_MAPPING);
$ownerSchema->addPropertyMapping('PrIcE', Order::names()->price, self::FANCY_MAPPING);

It will affect data mapping:

$order = new Order();
$order->id = 1;
$order->dateTime = '2015-10-28T07:28:00Z';
$order->price = 2.2;
$exported = Order::export($order);
$json = <<<JSON
{
    "id": 1,
    "date_time": "2015-10-28T07:28:00Z",
    "price": 2.2
}
JSON;
$this->assertSame($json, json_encode($exported, JSON_PRETTY_PRINT));

$imported = Order::import(json_decode($json));
$this->assertSame('2015-10-28T07:28:00Z', $imported->dateTime);

You can have multiple mapping namespaces, controlling with mapping property of Context

$options = new Context();
$options->mapping = Order::FANCY_MAPPING;

$exported = Order::export($order, $options);
$json = <<<JSON
{
    "Id": 1,
    "DaTe_TiMe": "2015-10-28T07:28:00Z",
    "PrIcE": 2.2
}
JSON;
$this->assertSame($json, json_encode($exported, JSON_PRETTY_PRINT));

$imported = Order::import(json_decode($json), $options);
$this->assertSame('2015-10-28T07:28:00Z', $imported->dateTime);

You can create your own pre-processor implementing Swaggest\JsonSchema\DataPreProcessor.

Meta

Meta is a way to complement Schema with your own data. You can keep and retrieve it.

You can store it.

$dbMeta = new DbTable();
$dbMeta->tableName = 'orders';
$ownerSchema->addMeta($dbMeta);

And get back.

// Retrieving meta
$dbTable = DbTable::get(Order::schema());
$this->assertSame('orders', $dbTable->tableName);

Mapping without validation

If you want to tolerate invalid data or improve mapping performance you can specify skipValidation flag in processing Context

$schema = Schema::object();
$schema->setProperty('one', Schema::integer());
$schema->properties->one->minimum = 5;

$options = new Context();
$options->skipValidation = true;

$res = $schema->in(json_decode('{"one":4}'), $options);
$this->assertSame(4, $res->one);

Overriding mapping classes

If you want to map data to a different class you can register mapping at top level of your importer structure.

class CustomSwaggerSchema extends SwaggerSchema
{
    public static function import($data, Context $options = null)
    {
        if ($options === null) {
            $options = new Context();
        }
        $options->objectItemClassMapping[Schema::className()] = CustomSchema::className();
        return parent::import($data, $options);
    }
}

Or specify it in processing context

$context = new Context();
$context->objectItemClassMapping[Schema::className()] = CustomSchema::className();
$schema = SwaggerSchema::schema()->in(json_decode(
    file_get_contents(__DIR__ . '/../../../../spec/petstore-swagger.json')
), $context);
$this->assertInstanceOf(CustomSchema::className(), $schema->definitions['User']);

Code quality and test coverage

Some code quality best practices are deliberately violated here (see Scrutinizer Code Quality ) to allow best performance at maintenance cost.

Those violations are secured by comprehensive test coverage: