This is the "minimum viable product" Wayland compositor based on wlroots. It aims to implement a Wayland compositor in the fewest lines of code possible, while still supporting a reasonable set of features. Reading this code is the best starting point for anyone looking to build their own Wayland compositor based on wlroots.
TinyWL is disconencted from the main wlroots build system, in order to make it easier to understand the build requirements for your own Wayland compositors. Simply install the dependencies:
You can run TinyWL with
./tinywl. In an existing Wayland or X11 session,
tinywl will open a Wayland or X11 window respectively to act as a virtual
display. You can then open Wayland windows by setting
WAYLAND_DISPLAY to the
value shown in the logs. You can also run
./tinywl from a TTY.
In either case, you will likely want to specify
-s [cmd] to run a command at
startup, such as a terminal emulator. This will be necessary to start any new
programs from within the compositor, as TinyWL does not support any custom
keybindings. TinyWL supports the following keybindings:
Alt+Escape: Terminate the compositor
Alt+F1: Cycle between windows
Notable omissions from TinyWL:
- HiDPI support
- Any kind of configuration, e.g. output layout
- Any protocol other than xdg-shell (e.g. layer-shell, for panels/taskbars/etc; or Xwayland, for proxied X11 windows)
- Optional protocols, e.g. screen capture, primary selection, virtual keyboard, etc. Most of these are plug-and-play with wlroots, but they're omitted for brevity.
- Damage tracking, which tracks which parts of the screen are changing and minimizes redraws accordingly.