Skip to content

swihart/lasagnar

master
Switch branches/tags
Code

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
R
 
 
 
 
man
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

lasagnar: Lasagna plots R package

Bruce Swihart
November 5, 2014

[1] The original paper: Lasagna Plots: A Saucy Alternative to Spaghetti Plots

[2] The follow-up paper for SAS code: Lasagna Plots Made in Different (Statistical) Ovens

There is an appendix for [1] that has some R code, but no one likes it. At the time the only option for supplemental materials was to put R code into a PDF, thus introducing a hurdle for easy usage. This repo on github has been long overdue. This repo is an R-package, and can be installed and ready to go with a few lines in R.

#Quick start!:

library(devtools)                                                                                                                                
install_github("swihart/lasagnar")                                                               
library(fields)
library(lasagnar)   
library(ggplot2)
library(reshape2)
library(RColorBrewer)
library(colorspace)  
## get me a matrix with rownames:
mat <- matrix(1:100, nrow=10, ncol=10, byrow=TRUE)[sample(1:10),]
rownames(mat) <- letters[1:nrow(mat)]

lasagna(mat)

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-1

Note: Windows machines will need to install Rtools. All machines will need to have run install.packages("devtools") at the R prompt once.

#Base and ggplot2 implementation:

## the matrix containing data for Figure 02a
H.mat <- matrix(NA, nrow=4, ncol=6)
H.mat[1, 1:6] = 100*c(2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2)
H.mat[2, 1:6] = 100*c(2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 1)
H.mat[3, 1:6] = 100*c(2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3)
H.mat[4, 1:6] = 100*c(3, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3)
## set rownames with ids
rownames(H.mat)<-c("P1","T1","P2","T2")
## set colnames with time / location / column index:
colnames(H.mat)<-seq(ncol(H.mat))
## name your dimensions
names(dimnames(H.mat))<-c('Subject','Time')
## print out to see it!
H.mat
##        Time
## Subject   1   2   3   4   5   6
##      P1 200 100 100 100 100 200
##      T1 200 200 200 300 200 100
##      P2 200 200 100 100 100 300
##      T2 300 300 200 100 200 300
## Fiddle with the margins:
par(mai = c(.34,.39,.34,.09))

## base:
lasagna(H.mat)

plot of chunk partystarted

## ggplot:
gglasagna(H.mat)

plot of chunk partystarted

## Choose a palette
palette <- brewer.pal(4, "PuOr")[-2]

lasagna(H.mat, col=palette)

plot of chunk partystarted

gglasagna(H.mat, col=palette)

plot of chunk partystarted

## Legends:
lasagna(H.mat, col=palette, legend=TRUE)

plot of chunk partystarted

gglasagna(H.mat, col=palette, legend=TRUE)

plot of chunk partystarted

## however, you may want lasagna_plain() and customize the plot how you wish
## with axes statements, etc:

## variables to specify the scalar CEX multiplier for title, labels, and axis:
fig02.main <- 1.75
fig02.lab <- 1.75
fig02.axis <- 1.75

## 
## Base:
##
## initial lasagna_plain() call followed by may title() and axis() calls:
lasagna_plain(H.mat,
        col=palette,
        axes=F,
        xlab = "",
        ylab = "", cex.lab=fig02.lab, tck=0, mgp=c(0,0,0))
box()
title("(A)  Initial Lasagna Plot", adj=0)
axis(1, seq(0,1,1/5), 1:6, cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
axis(2, seq(0,1,1/3), rev(c("P1","T1","P2","T2")),las=1,
     cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.2,0))
## next two axis() calls add grid-lines:
axis(1,
     c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") 
axis(2,
     c(1/6,3/6,5/6),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") 

plot of chunk partystarted

##
## ggplot2:  There is currently no gglasagna_plain(), but below is the ggplot code
##
##library(ggplot2)
##library(reshape2)
H.df<-melt(H.mat)

## EDIT to nograpes answer:
## reorder the factor that is Subject by setting levels to the reverse order of rownames 
H.df$Subject <- factor(H.df$Subject, levels = rev(rownames(H.mat))) 


# If you want those exact colours the author used:
col<-palette[match(ordered(H.df$value),levels(ordered(H.df$value)))]
ggplot(H.df,aes(x=Time,y=Subject,fill=col)) + 
  geom_tile(colour='black') + scale_fill_identity() +
  ## add title: 
  ggtitle("(A)  Initial Lasagna Plot")+
  ## adjust size and title position:
  theme(axis.text=element_text(size=30),
        axis.title=element_text(size=14,face="bold"),
        plot.title = element_text(hjust = 0))+
  ## get all the breaks:
  scale_x_discrete(breaks=1:6) +
  ## and for some reason need this line to zoom:
  coord_cartesian(xlim=c(.49,6.51))

plot of chunk partystarted

#Four sorting functions: wr(), er(), wc(), ec().

  • wr() sorts within-row: if the values being displayed are discrete, use wr.disc(); continuous use wr.cont(). lasagna_plain(wr.disc(H.mat)) generates a within-row sorted H.mat where the smallest value (and corresponding color) is left-most; to control this use the colorSeq option: lasagna_plain(wr.disc(H.mat), colorSeq=c(300,100,200)) (see code chunk below for full code; axes, etc.):

Visualizing a within-row sort can be done with the following:

## quick and dirty within-row sort viz:
lasagna(wr.disc(H.mat),col=palette, main="(B)  Within-row sorting of (A): Orange Left-most")

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-2

However, the axes might need more customization. In that case, consider using lasagna_plain() (code is below):

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-3

And here is an example of sorting dark-purple first (code below): plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-4

Code for orange-first within-row sort (default call to wr.disc() because orange is coded to lowest value):

## within-row
lasagna_plain(wr.disc(H.mat),
        col=palette,
        axes=F,
        xlab = "",
        ylab = "", cex.lab=fig02.lab, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
box()
title("(B)  Within-row sorting of (A): Orange Left-most", adj=0)
## axis(1, seq(0,1,1/5), 1:6, cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.1,0))
axis(1, c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),c("1/6","1/3","1/2","2/3","5/6") , cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
axis(2,
     seq(0,1,1/3),
     rev(c("P1",
           "T1",
           "P2",
           "T2")),
     las=1,
     cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.2,0))
axis(1,
     c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines
axis(2,
     c(1/6,3/6,5/6),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines

Code for dark-purple-first within-row sort (call to wr.disc() with colorSeq because dark-purple is coded to highest value):

## within-row with colorSeq order control:
lasagna_plain(wr.disc(H.mat, colorSeq=c(300,100,200)),
        col=palette,
        axes=F,
        xlab = "",
        ylab = "", cex.lab=fig02.lab, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
box()
title("(B)  Within-row sorting of (A): Dark Purple Left-most", adj=0)
## axis(1, seq(0,1,1/5), 1:6, cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.1,0))
axis(1, c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),c("1/6","1/3","1/2","2/3","5/6") , cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
axis(2,
     seq(0,1,1/3),
     rev(c("P1",
           "T1",
           "P2",
           "T2")),
     las=1,
     cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.2,0))
axis(1,
     c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines
axis(2,
     c(1/6,3/6,5/6),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines
  • er() sorts entire rows, preserving the temporal (columns) information. The default is to sort based on the percentage of occurences of the lowest value, and then the subject with the highest percentage will be the bottom row; the lowest will be the top.

Visualizing an entire-row sort can be done with the following, where orange is the color coded to the lowest value:

## quick and dirty entire-row sort viz:
lasagna(er(H.mat),col=palette, main="(C)  Entire-row sorting of (A)")

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-7

For dark-purple:

## quick and dirty entire-row sort viz:
lasagna(er(H.mat, orderVar=300),col=palette, main="(C)  Entire-row sorting of (A)")

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-8

Also, do not need er() whatsoever. Below we calculate the mean value for each subject and then entire-row sort where the order is based on the subject-specific mean:

## quick and dirty within-row sort viz:
rM = rowMeans(H.mat)
## see the ordering
sort(rM)
##    P1    P2    T1    T2 
## 133.3 166.7 200.0 233.3
## visualize lasagna plot with corresponding ordering
lasagna(H.mat[order(rM),],col=palette, main="(C)  Entire-row sorting of (A)")

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-9

  • wc() sorts within-columns, scrambling the subject-specific nature of the rows but revealing a group-level temporal patterns. As with wr() there is a discrete and continuous implementation wc.disc() and wc.cont().

Visualizing a within-column sort can be done with the following, where orange is the color coded to the lowest value:

## quick and dirty within-column sort viz:
lasagna(wc.disc(H.mat),col=palette, main="(D)  Within-column sorting of (A)")

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-10

For orange (100) on top, dark-purple (300) middle, light-purple (200) on bottom:

## specify colorSeq top to bottom:
lasagna(wc.disc(H.mat, colorSeq=c(100,300,200)),col=palette, main="(D)  Within-column sorting of (A)")

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-11

#Note: in progress below this line. ##Note: in progress below this line. ###Note: in progress below this line.

Something came to my attention while working on er(): no one wants to handle the axes comments themselves ---- rewrite lasagna to include these and do automatic sorting (for instance, if you don't include the axes comments in lasagna, you'll have to do the sorting of the subject ids outside of the er() sorting...I mean, what a mess. )

  • er() sorts entire-row: if the values being displayed are discrete lasagna_plain(er(H.mat)) generates an entire-row sorted H.mat where the smallest value (and corresponding color) is left-most; to control this use the orderVar option: lasagna_plain(wr.disc(H.mat), colorSeq=c(300,100,200)) (see code chunk below for full code; axes, etc.): plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-12

plot of chunk unnamed-chunk-13

## within-row
lasagna_plain(wr.disc(H.mat),
        col=palette,
        axes=F,
        xlab = "",
        ylab = "", cex.lab=fig02.lab, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
box()
title("(B)  Within-row sorting of (A): Orange Left-most", adj=0)
## axis(1, seq(0,1,1/5), 1:6, cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.1,0))
axis(1, c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),c("1/6","1/3","1/2","2/3","5/6") , cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
axis(2,
     seq(0,1,1/3),
     rev(c("P1",
           "T1",
           "P2",
           "T2")),
     las=1,
     cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.2,0))
axis(1,
     c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines
axis(2,
     c(1/6,3/6,5/6),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines
## within-row with colorSeq order control:
lasagna_plain(wr.disc(H.mat, colorSeq=c(300,100,200)),
        col=palette,
        axes=F,
        xlab = "",
        ylab = "", cex.lab=fig02.lab, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
box()
title("(B)  Within-row sorting of (A): Dark Purple Left-most", adj=0)
## axis(1, seq(0,1,1/5), 1:6, cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.1,0))
axis(1, c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),c("1/6","1/3","1/2","2/3","5/6") , cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.50,0))
axis(2,
     seq(0,1,1/3),
     rev(c("P1",
           "T1",
           "P2",
           "T2")),
     las=1,
     cex.axis=fig02.axis, tck=0, mgp=c(0,.2,0))
axis(1,
     c(1/10,3/10,5/10,7/10,9/10),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines
axis(2,
     c(1/6,3/6,5/6),
     lab=NA,
     tck=1,
     lty=1,
     col="black") # grid lines

About

Lasagna plots in base and ggplot graphics in R

Resources

Stars

Watchers

Forks

Releases

No releases published

Packages

No packages published