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[
{
"year": 1903,
"name": "Marie Skłodowska Curie",
"country": "Poland and France",
"category": "Physics",
"note": "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"
},
{
"year": 1905,
"name": "Bertha von Suttner",
"country": "Austria–Hungary",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau, Bern, Switzerland; Author of Lay Down Your Arms."
},
{
"year": 1909,
"name": "Selma Lagerlöf",
"country": "Sweden",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"
},
{
"year": 1911,
"name": "Marie Skłodowska Curie",
"country": "Poland and France",
"category": "Chemistry",
"note": "for her discovery of radium and polonium"
},
{
"year": 1926,
"name": "Grazia Deledda",
"country": "Italy",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"
},
{
"year": 1928,
"name": "Sigrid Undset",
"country": "Norway",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"
},
{
"year": 1931,
"name": "Jane Addams",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "Sociologist; International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom."
},
{
"year": 1935,
"name": "Irène Joliot-Curie",
"country": "France",
"category": "Chemistry",
"note": "for their synthesis of new radioactiveelements"
},
{
"year": 1938,
"name": "Pearl S. Buck",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"
},
{
"year": 1945,
"name": "Gabriela Mistral",
"country": "Chile",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"
},
{
"year": 1946,
"name": "Emily Greene Balch",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom."
},
{
"year": 1947,
"name": "Gerty Theresa Cori",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"
},
{
"year": 1963,
"name": "Maria Goeppert-Mayer",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Physics",
"note": "for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"
},
{
"year": 1964,
"name": "Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin",
"country": "United Kingdom",
"category": "Chemistry",
"note": "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"
},
{
"year": 1966,
"name": "Nelly Sachs",
"country": "Sweden and Germany",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"
},
{
"year": 1976,
"name": "Betty Williams",
"alternate": "Betty_Williams_(Nobel_laureate)",
"country": "United Kingdom",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)"
},
{
"year": 1976,
"name": "Mairead Maguire",
"country": "United Kingdom",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)"
},
{
"year": 1977,
"name": "Rosalyn Sussman Yalow",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"
},
{
"year": 1979,
"name": "Mother Teresa",
"country": "India and Yugoslavia",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "Leader of Missionaries of Charity, Calcutta."
},
{
"year": 1982,
"name": "Alva Myrdal",
"country": "Sweden",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "Former Cabinet Minister; Diplomat; Writer."
},
{
"year": 1983,
"name": "Barbara McClintock",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"
},
{
"year": 1986,
"name": "Rita Levi-Montalcini",
"country": "Italy and United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for their discoveries of growth factors"
},
{
"year": 1988,
"name": "Gertrude B. Elion",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"
},
{
"year": 1991,
"name": "Nadine Gordimer",
"country": "South Africa",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"
},
{
"year": 1991,
"name": "Aung San Suu Kyi",
"country": "Burma",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"
},
{
"year": 1992,
"name": "Rigoberta Menchú",
"country": "Guatemala",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"
},
{
"year": 1993,
"name": "Toni Morrison",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"
},
{
"year": 1995,
"name": "Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard",
"country": "Germany",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"
},
{
"year": 1996,
"name": "Wisława Szymborska",
"country": "Poland",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"
},
{
"year": 1997,
"name": "Jody Williams",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"
},
{
"year": 2003,
"name": "Shirin Ebadi",
"country": "Iran",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"
},
{
"year": 2004,
"name": "Elfriede Jelinek",
"country": "Austria",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"
},
{
"year": 2004,
"name": "Wangari Maathai",
"country": "Kenya",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"
},
{
"year": 2004,
"name": "Linda B. Buck",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"
},
{
"year": 2007,
"name": "Doris Lessing",
"country": "United Kingdom",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"
},
{
"year": 2008,
"name": "Françoise Barré-Sinoussi",
"country": "France",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for their discovery of HIV, human immunodeficiency virus"
},
{
"year": 2009,
"name": "Elizabeth Blackburn",
"country": "Australia and United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
},
{
"year": 2009,
"name": "Carol W. Greider",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
},
{
"year": 2009,
"name": "Ada E. Yonath",
"country": "Israel",
"category": "Chemistry",
"note": "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"
},
{
"year": 2009,
"name": "Herta Müller",
"country": "Germany and Romania",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"
},
{
"year": 2009,
"name": "Elinor Ostrom",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Economics",
"note": "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"
},
{
"year": 2011,
"name": "Ellen Johnson Sirleaf",
"country": "Liberia",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"
},
{
"year": 2011,
"name": "Leymah Gbowee",
"country": "Liberia",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"
},
{
"year": 2011,
"name": "Tawakel Karman",
"country": "Yemen",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"
},
{
"year": 2013,
"name": "Alice Munro",
"country": "Canada",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "master of the contemporary short story"
},
{
"year": 2014,
"name": "May-Britt Moser",
"country": "Norway",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"
},
{
"year": 2014,
"name": "Malala Yousafzai",
"country": "Pakistan and India",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education\"."
},
{
"year": 2015,
"name": "Tu Youyou",
"country": "China",
"category": "Physiology or Medicine",
"note": "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria"
},
{
"year": 2015,
"name": "Svetlana Alexievich",
"country": "Belarus",
"category": "Literature",
"note": "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time"
},
{
"year": 2018,
"name": "Donna Strickland",
"country": "Canada",
"category": "Physics",
"note": "for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses"
},
{
"year": 2018,
"name": "Frances Arnold",
"country": "United States",
"category": "Chemistry",
"note": "for the directed evolution of enzymes"
},
{
"year": 2018,
"name": "Nadia Murad",
"country": "Iraq",
"category": "Peace",
"note": "for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict"
}
]