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HttpKernel Component

HttpKernel provides the building blocks to create flexible and fast HTTP-based frameworks.

HttpKernelInterface is the core interface of the Symfony2 full-stack framework:

interface HttpKernelInterface
{
    /**
     * Handles a Request to convert it to a Response.
     *
     * @param  Request $request A Request instance
     *
     * @return Response A Response instance
     */
    function handle(Request $request, $type = self::MASTER_REQUEST, $catch = true);
}

It takes a Request as an input and should return a Response as an output. Using this interface makes your code compatible with all frameworks using the Symfony2 components. And this will give you many cool features for free.

Creating a framework based on the Symfony2 components is really easy. Here is a very simple, but fully-featured framework based on the Symfony2 components:

$routes = new RouteCollection();
$routes->add('hello', new Route('/hello', array('_controller' =>
    function (Request $request) {
        return new Response(sprintf("Hello %s", $request->get('name')));
    }
)));

$request = Request::createFromGlobals();

$context = new RequestContext();
$context->fromRequest($request);

$matcher = new UrlMatcher($routes, $context);

$dispatcher = new EventDispatcher();
$dispatcher->addSubscriber(new RouterListener($matcher));

$resolver = new ControllerResolver();

$kernel = new HttpKernel($dispatcher, $resolver);

$kernel->handle($request)->send();

This is all you need to create a flexible framework with the Symfony2 components.

Want to add an HTTP reverse proxy and benefit from HTTP caching and Edge Side Includes?

$kernel = new HttpKernel($dispatcher, $resolver);

$kernel = new HttpCache($kernel, new Store(__DIR__.'/cache'));

Want to functional test this small framework?

$client = new Client($kernel);
$crawler = $client->request('GET', '/hello/Fabien');

$this->assertEquals('Fabien', $crawler->filter('p > span')->text());

Want nice error pages instead of ugly PHP exceptions?

$dispatcher->addSubscriber(new ExceptionListener(function (Request $request) {
    $msg = 'Something went wrong! ('.$request->get('exception')->getMessage().')';

    return new Response($msg, 500);
}));

And that's why the simple looking HttpKernelInterface is so powerful. It gives you access to a lot of cool features, ready to be used out of the box, with no efforts.

Resources

You can run the unit tests with the following command:

phpunit

If you also want to run the unit tests that depend on other Symfony Components, install dev dependencies before running PHPUnit:

php composer.phar install --dev
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