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<?php
/*
* This file is part of the Symfony package.
*
* (c) Fabien Potencier <fabien@symfony.com>
*
* For the full copyright and license information, please view the LICENSE
* file that was distributed with this source code.
*/
namespace Symfony\Component\String\Inflector;
final class EnglishInflector implements InflectorInterface
{
/**
* Map English plural to singular suffixes.
*
* @see http://english-zone.com/spelling/plurals.html
*/
private const PLURAL_MAP = [
// First entry: plural suffix, reversed
// Second entry: length of plural suffix
// Third entry: Whether the suffix may succeed a vocal
// Fourth entry: Whether the suffix may succeed a consonant
// Fifth entry: singular suffix, normal
// bacteria (bacterium), criteria (criterion), phenomena (phenomenon)
['a', 1, true, true, ['on', 'um']],
// nebulae (nebula)
['ea', 2, true, true, 'a'],
// services (service)
['secivres', 8, true, true, 'service'],
// mice (mouse), lice (louse)
['eci', 3, false, true, 'ouse'],
// geese (goose)
['esee', 4, false, true, 'oose'],
// fungi (fungus), alumni (alumnus), syllabi (syllabus), radii (radius)
['i', 1, true, true, 'us'],
// men (man), women (woman)
['nem', 3, true, true, 'man'],
// children (child)
['nerdlihc', 8, true, true, 'child'],
// oxen (ox)
['nexo', 4, false, false, 'ox'],
// indices (index), appendices (appendix), prices (price)
['seci', 4, false, true, ['ex', 'ix', 'ice']],
// selfies (selfie)
['seifles', 7, true, true, 'selfie'],
// movies (movie)
['seivom', 6, true, true, 'movie'],
// feet (foot)
['teef', 4, true, true, 'foot'],
// geese (goose)
['eseeg', 5, true, true, 'goose'],
// teeth (tooth)
['hteet', 5, true, true, 'tooth'],
// news (news)
['swen', 4, true, true, 'news'],
// series (series)
['seires', 6, true, true, 'series'],
// babies (baby)
['sei', 3, false, true, 'y'],
// accesses (access), addresses (address), kisses (kiss)
['sess', 4, true, false, 'ss'],
// analyses (analysis), ellipses (ellipsis), fungi (fungus),
// neuroses (neurosis), theses (thesis), emphases (emphasis),
// oases (oasis), crises (crisis), houses (house), bases (base),
// atlases (atlas)
['ses', 3, true, true, ['s', 'se', 'sis']],
// objectives (objective), alternative (alternatives)
['sevit', 5, true, true, 'tive'],
// drives (drive)
['sevird', 6, false, true, 'drive'],
// lives (life), wives (wife)
['sevi', 4, false, true, 'ife'],
// moves (move)
['sevom', 5, true, true, 'move'],
// hooves (hoof), dwarves (dwarf), elves (elf), leaves (leaf), caves (cave), staves (staff)
['sev', 3, true, true, ['f', 've', 'ff']],
// axes (axis), axes (ax), axes (axe)
['sexa', 4, false, false, ['ax', 'axe', 'axis']],
// indexes (index), matrixes (matrix)
['sex', 3, true, false, 'x'],
// quizzes (quiz)
['sezz', 4, true, false, 'z'],
// bureaus (bureau)
['suae', 4, false, true, 'eau'],
// fees (fee), trees (tree), employees (employee)
['see', 3, true, true, 'ee'],
// edges (edge)
['segd', 4, true, true, 'dge'],
// roses (rose), garages (garage), cassettes (cassette),
// waltzes (waltz), heroes (hero), bushes (bush), arches (arch),
// shoes (shoe)
['se', 2, true, true, ['', 'e']],
// tags (tag)
['s', 1, true, true, ''],
// chateaux (chateau)
['xuae', 4, false, true, 'eau'],
// people (person)
['elpoep', 6, true, true, 'person'],
];
/**
* Map English singular to plural suffixes.
*
* @see http://english-zone.com/spelling/plurals.html
*/
private const SINGULAR_MAP = [
// First entry: singular suffix, reversed
// Second entry: length of singular suffix
// Third entry: Whether the suffix may succeed a vocal
// Fourth entry: Whether the suffix may succeed a consonant
// Fifth entry: plural suffix, normal
// criterion (criteria)
['airetirc', 8, false, false, 'criterion'],
// nebulae (nebula)
['aluben', 6, false, false, 'nebulae'],
// children (child)
['dlihc', 5, true, true, 'children'],
// prices (price)
['eci', 3, false, true, 'ices'],
// services (service)
['ecivres', 7, true, true, 'services'],
// lives (life), wives (wife)
['efi', 3, false, true, 'ives'],
// selfies (selfie)
['eifles', 6, true, true, 'selfies'],
// movies (movie)
['eivom', 5, true, true, 'movies'],
// lice (louse)
['esuol', 5, false, true, 'lice'],
// mice (mouse)
['esuom', 5, false, true, 'mice'],
// geese (goose)
['esoo', 4, false, true, 'eese'],
// houses (house), bases (base)
['es', 2, true, true, 'ses'],
// geese (goose)
['esoog', 5, true, true, 'geese'],
// caves (cave)
['ev', 2, true, true, 'ves'],
// drives (drive)
['evird', 5, false, true, 'drives'],
// objectives (objective), alternative (alternatives)
['evit', 4, true, true, 'tives'],
// moves (move)
['evom', 4, true, true, 'moves'],
// staves (staff)
['ffats', 5, true, true, 'staves'],
// hooves (hoof), dwarves (dwarf), elves (elf), leaves (leaf)
['ff', 2, true, true, 'ffs'],
// hooves (hoof), dwarves (dwarf), elves (elf), leaves (leaf)
['f', 1, true, true, ['fs', 'ves']],
// arches (arch)
['hc', 2, true, true, 'ches'],
// bushes (bush)
['hs', 2, true, true, 'shes'],
// teeth (tooth)
['htoot', 5, true, true, 'teeth'],
// bacteria (bacterium), criteria (criterion), phenomena (phenomenon)
['mu', 2, true, true, 'a'],
// men (man), women (woman)
['nam', 3, true, true, 'men'],
// people (person)
['nosrep', 6, true, true, ['persons', 'people']],
// bacteria (bacterium), criteria (criterion), phenomena (phenomenon)
['noi', 3, true, true, 'ions'],
// coupon (coupons)
['nop', 3, true, true, 'pons'],
// seasons (season), treasons (treason), poisons (poison), lessons (lesson)
['nos', 3, true, true, 'sons'],
// bacteria (bacterium), criteria (criterion), phenomena (phenomenon)
['no', 2, true, true, 'a'],
// echoes (echo)
['ohce', 4, true, true, 'echoes'],
// heroes (hero)
['oreh', 4, true, true, 'heroes'],
// atlases (atlas)
['salta', 5, true, true, 'atlases'],
// irises (iris)
['siri', 4, true, true, 'irises'],
// analyses (analysis), ellipses (ellipsis), neuroses (neurosis)
// theses (thesis), emphases (emphasis), oases (oasis),
// crises (crisis)
['sis', 3, true, true, 'ses'],
// accesses (access), addresses (address), kisses (kiss)
['ss', 2, true, false, 'sses'],
// syllabi (syllabus)
['suballys', 8, true, true, 'syllabi'],
// buses (bus)
['sub', 3, true, true, 'buses'],
// circuses (circus)
['suc', 3, true, true, 'cuses'],
// fungi (fungus), alumni (alumnus), syllabi (syllabus), radii (radius)
['su', 2, true, true, 'i'],
// news (news)
['swen', 4, true, true, 'news'],
// feet (foot)
['toof', 4, true, true, 'feet'],
// chateaux (chateau), bureaus (bureau)
['uae', 3, false, true, ['eaus', 'eaux']],
// oxen (ox)
['xo', 2, false, false, 'oxen'],
// hoaxes (hoax)
['xaoh', 4, true, false, 'hoaxes'],
// indices (index)
['xedni', 5, false, true, ['indicies', 'indexes']],
// boxes (box)
['xo', 2, false, true, 'oxes'],
// indexes (index), matrixes (matrix)
['x', 1, true, false, ['cies', 'xes']],
// appendices (appendix)
['xi', 2, false, true, 'ices'],
// babies (baby)
['y', 1, false, true, 'ies'],
// quizzes (quiz)
['ziuq', 4, true, false, 'quizzes'],
// waltzes (waltz)
['z', 1, true, true, 'zes'],
];
/**
* A list of words which should not be inflected, reversed.
*/
private const UNINFLECTED = [
'',
// data
'atad',
// deer
'reed',
// feedback
'kcabdeef',
// fish
'hsif',
// info
'ofni',
// moose
'esoom',
// series
'seires',
// sheep
'peehs',
// species
'seiceps',
];
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function singularize(string $plural): array
{
$pluralRev = strrev($plural);
$lowerPluralRev = strtolower($pluralRev);
$pluralLength = \strlen($lowerPluralRev);
// Check if the word is one which is not inflected, return early if so
if (\in_array($lowerPluralRev, self::UNINFLECTED, true)) {
return [$plural];
}
// The outer loop iterates over the entries of the plural table
// The inner loop $j iterates over the characters of the plural suffix
// in the plural table to compare them with the characters of the actual
// given plural suffix
foreach (self::PLURAL_MAP as $map) {
$suffix = $map[0];
$suffixLength = $map[1];
$j = 0;
// Compare characters in the plural table and of the suffix of the
// given plural one by one
while ($suffix[$j] === $lowerPluralRev[$j]) {
// Let $j point to the next character
++$j;
// Successfully compared the last character
// Add an entry with the singular suffix to the singular array
if ($j === $suffixLength) {
// Is there any character preceding the suffix in the plural string?
if ($j < $pluralLength) {
$nextIsVocal = false !== strpos('aeiou', $lowerPluralRev[$j]);
if (!$map[2] && $nextIsVocal) {
// suffix may not succeed a vocal but next char is one
break;
}
if (!$map[3] && !$nextIsVocal) {
// suffix may not succeed a consonant but next char is one
break;
}
}
$newBase = substr($plural, 0, $pluralLength - $suffixLength);
$newSuffix = $map[4];
// Check whether the first character in the plural suffix
// is uppercased. If yes, uppercase the first character in
// the singular suffix too
$firstUpper = ctype_upper($pluralRev[$j - 1]);
if (\is_array($newSuffix)) {
$singulars = [];
foreach ($newSuffix as $newSuffixEntry) {
$singulars[] = $newBase.($firstUpper ? ucfirst($newSuffixEntry) : $newSuffixEntry);
}
return $singulars;
}
return [$newBase.($firstUpper ? ucfirst($newSuffix) : $newSuffix)];
}
// Suffix is longer than word
if ($j === $pluralLength) {
break;
}
}
}
// Assume that plural and singular is identical
return [$plural];
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function pluralize(string $singular): array
{
$singularRev = strrev($singular);
$lowerSingularRev = strtolower($singularRev);
$singularLength = \strlen($lowerSingularRev);
// Check if the word is one which is not inflected, return early if so
if (\in_array($lowerSingularRev, self::UNINFLECTED, true)) {
return [$singular];
}
// The outer loop iterates over the entries of the singular table
// The inner loop $j iterates over the characters of the singular suffix
// in the singular table to compare them with the characters of the actual
// given singular suffix
foreach (self::SINGULAR_MAP as $map) {
$suffix = $map[0];
$suffixLength = $map[1];
$j = 0;
// Compare characters in the singular table and of the suffix of the
// given plural one by one
while ($suffix[$j] === $lowerSingularRev[$j]) {
// Let $j point to the next character
++$j;
// Successfully compared the last character
// Add an entry with the plural suffix to the plural array
if ($j === $suffixLength) {
// Is there any character preceding the suffix in the plural string?
if ($j < $singularLength) {
$nextIsVocal = false !== strpos('aeiou', $lowerSingularRev[$j]);
if (!$map[2] && $nextIsVocal) {
// suffix may not succeed a vocal but next char is one
break;
}
if (!$map[3] && !$nextIsVocal) {
// suffix may not succeed a consonant but next char is one
break;
}
}
$newBase = substr($singular, 0, $singularLength - $suffixLength);
$newSuffix = $map[4];
// Check whether the first character in the singular suffix
// is uppercased. If yes, uppercase the first character in
// the singular suffix too
$firstUpper = ctype_upper($singularRev[$j - 1]);
if (\is_array($newSuffix)) {
$plurals = [];
foreach ($newSuffix as $newSuffixEntry) {
$plurals[] = $newBase.($firstUpper ? ucfirst($newSuffixEntry) : $newSuffixEntry);
}
return $plurals;
}
return [$newBase.($firstUpper ? ucfirst($newSuffix) : $newSuffix)];
}
// Suffix is longer than word
if ($j === $singularLength) {
break;
}
}
}
// Assume that plural is singular with a trailing `s`
return [$singular.'s'];
}
}