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<?php
/*
* This file is part of the Symfony package.
*
* (c) Fabien Potencier <fabien@symfony.com>
*
* This code is partially based on the Rack-Cache library by Ryan Tomayko,
* which is released under the MIT license.
* (based on commit 02d2b48d75bcb63cf1c0c7149c077ad256542801)
*
* For the full copyright and license information, please view the LICENSE
* file that was distributed with this source code.
*/
namespace Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache;
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request;
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response;
use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpKernelInterface;
use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\TerminableInterface;
/**
* Cache provides HTTP caching.
*
* @author Fabien Potencier <fabien@symfony.com>
*/
class HttpCache implements HttpKernelInterface, TerminableInterface
{
private $kernel;
private $store;
private $request;
private $surrogate;
private $surrogateCacheStrategy;
private $options = [];
private $traces = [];
/**
* Constructor.
*
* The available options are:
*
* * debug If true, exceptions are thrown when things go wrong. Otherwise, the cache
* will try to carry on and deliver a meaningful response.
*
* * trace_level May be one of 'none', 'short' and 'full'. For 'short', a concise trace of the
* master request will be added as an HTTP header. 'full' will add traces for all
* requests (including ESI subrequests). (default: 'full' if in debug; 'none' otherwise)
*
* * trace_header Header name to use for traces. (default: X-Symfony-Cache)
*
* * default_ttl The number of seconds that a cache entry should be considered
* fresh when no explicit freshness information is provided in
* a response. Explicit Cache-Control or Expires headers
* override this value. (default: 0)
*
* * private_headers Set of request headers that trigger "private" cache-control behavior
* on responses that don't explicitly state whether the response is
* public or private via a Cache-Control directive. (default: Authorization and Cookie)
*
* * allow_reload Specifies whether the client can force a cache reload by including a
* Cache-Control "no-cache" directive in the request. Set it to ``true``
* for compliance with RFC 2616. (default: false)
*
* * allow_revalidate Specifies whether the client can force a cache revalidate by including
* a Cache-Control "max-age=0" directive in the request. Set it to ``true``
* for compliance with RFC 2616. (default: false)
*
* * stale_while_revalidate Specifies the default number of seconds (the granularity is the second as the
* Response TTL precision is a second) during which the cache can immediately return
* a stale response while it revalidates it in the background (default: 2).
* This setting is overridden by the stale-while-revalidate HTTP Cache-Control
* extension (see RFC 5861).
*
* * stale_if_error Specifies the default number of seconds (the granularity is the second) during which
* the cache can serve a stale response when an error is encountered (default: 60).
* This setting is overridden by the stale-if-error HTTP Cache-Control extension
* (see RFC 5861).
*/
public function __construct(HttpKernelInterface $kernel, StoreInterface $store, SurrogateInterface $surrogate = null, array $options = [])
{
$this->store = $store;
$this->kernel = $kernel;
$this->surrogate = $surrogate;
// needed in case there is a fatal error because the backend is too slow to respond
register_shutdown_function([$this->store, 'cleanup']);
$this->options = array_merge([
'debug' => false,
'default_ttl' => 0,
'private_headers' => ['Authorization', 'Cookie'],
'allow_reload' => false,
'allow_revalidate' => false,
'stale_while_revalidate' => 2,
'stale_if_error' => 60,
'trace_level' => 'none',
'trace_header' => 'X-Symfony-Cache',
], $options);
if (!isset($options['trace_level'])) {
$this->options['trace_level'] = $this->options['debug'] ? 'full' : 'none';
}
}
/**
* Gets the current store.
*
* @return StoreInterface A StoreInterface instance
*/
public function getStore()
{
return $this->store;
}
/**
* Returns an array of events that took place during processing of the last request.
*
* @return array An array of events
*/
public function getTraces()
{
return $this->traces;
}
private function addTraces(Response $response)
{
$traceString = null;
if ('full' === $this->options['trace_level']) {
$traceString = $this->getLog();
}
if ('short' === $this->options['trace_level'] && $masterId = array_key_first($this->traces)) {
$traceString = implode('/', $this->traces[$masterId]);
}
if (null !== $traceString) {
$response->headers->add([$this->options['trace_header'] => $traceString]);
}
}
/**
* Returns a log message for the events of the last request processing.
*
* @return string A log message
*/
public function getLog()
{
$log = [];
foreach ($this->traces as $request => $traces) {
$log[] = sprintf('%s: %s', $request, implode(', ', $traces));
}
return implode('; ', $log);
}
/**
* Gets the Request instance associated with the master request.
*
* @return Request A Request instance
*/
public function getRequest()
{
return $this->request;
}
/**
* Gets the Kernel instance.
*
* @return HttpKernelInterface An HttpKernelInterface instance
*/
public function getKernel()
{
return $this->kernel;
}
/**
* Gets the Surrogate instance.
*
* @return SurrogateInterface A Surrogate instance
*
* @throws \LogicException
*/
public function getSurrogate()
{
return $this->surrogate;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function handle(Request $request, int $type = HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST, bool $catch = true)
{
// FIXME: catch exceptions and implement a 500 error page here? -> in Varnish, there is a built-in error page mechanism
if (HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST === $type) {
$this->traces = [];
// Keep a clone of the original request for surrogates so they can access it.
// We must clone here to get a separate instance because the application will modify the request during
// the application flow (we know it always does because we do ourselves by setting REMOTE_ADDR to 127.0.0.1
// and adding the X-Forwarded-For header, see HttpCache::forward()).
$this->request = clone $request;
if (null !== $this->surrogate) {
$this->surrogateCacheStrategy = $this->surrogate->createCacheStrategy();
}
}
$this->traces[$this->getTraceKey($request)] = [];
if (!$request->isMethodSafe()) {
$response = $this->invalidate($request, $catch);
} elseif ($request->headers->has('expect') || !$request->isMethodCacheable()) {
$response = $this->pass($request, $catch);
} elseif ($this->options['allow_reload'] && $request->isNoCache()) {
/*
If allow_reload is configured and the client requests "Cache-Control: no-cache",
reload the cache by fetching a fresh response and caching it (if possible).
*/
$this->record($request, 'reload');
$response = $this->fetch($request, $catch);
} else {
$response = $this->lookup($request, $catch);
}
$this->restoreResponseBody($request, $response);
if (HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST === $type) {
$this->addTraces($response);
}
if (null !== $this->surrogate) {
if (HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST === $type) {
$this->surrogateCacheStrategy->update($response);
} else {
$this->surrogateCacheStrategy->add($response);
}
}
$response->prepare($request);
$response->isNotModified($request);
return $response;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function terminate(Request $request, Response $response)
{
if ($this->getKernel() instanceof TerminableInterface) {
$this->getKernel()->terminate($request, $response);
}
}
/**
* Forwards the Request to the backend without storing the Response in the cache.
*
* @param bool $catch Whether to process exceptions
*
* @return Response A Response instance
*/
protected function pass(Request $request, bool $catch = false)
{
$this->record($request, 'pass');
return $this->forward($request, $catch);
}
/**
* Invalidates non-safe methods (like POST, PUT, and DELETE).
*
* @param bool $catch Whether to process exceptions
*
* @return Response A Response instance
*
* @throws \Exception
*
* @see RFC2616 13.10
*/
protected function invalidate(Request $request, bool $catch = false)
{
$response = $this->pass($request, $catch);
// invalidate only when the response is successful
if ($response->isSuccessful() || $response->isRedirect()) {
try {
$this->store->invalidate($request);
// As per the RFC, invalidate Location and Content-Location URLs if present
foreach (['Location', 'Content-Location'] as $header) {
if ($uri = $response->headers->get($header)) {
$subRequest = Request::create($uri, 'get', [], [], [], $request->server->all());
$this->store->invalidate($subRequest);
}
}
$this->record($request, 'invalidate');
} catch (\Exception $e) {
$this->record($request, 'invalidate-failed');
if ($this->options['debug']) {
throw $e;
}
}
}
return $response;
}
/**
* Lookups a Response from the cache for the given Request.
*
* When a matching cache entry is found and is fresh, it uses it as the
* response without forwarding any request to the backend. When a matching
* cache entry is found but is stale, it attempts to "validate" the entry with
* the backend using conditional GET. When no matching cache entry is found,
* it triggers "miss" processing.
*
* @param bool $catch Whether to process exceptions
*
* @return Response A Response instance
*
* @throws \Exception
*/
protected function lookup(Request $request, bool $catch = false)
{
try {
$entry = $this->store->lookup($request);
} catch (\Exception $e) {
$this->record($request, 'lookup-failed');
if ($this->options['debug']) {
throw $e;
}
return $this->pass($request, $catch);
}
if (null === $entry) {
$this->record($request, 'miss');
return $this->fetch($request, $catch);
}
if (!$this->isFreshEnough($request, $entry)) {
$this->record($request, 'stale');
return $this->validate($request, $entry, $catch);
}
$this->record($request, 'fresh');
$entry->headers->set('Age', $entry->getAge());
return $entry;
}
/**
* Validates that a cache entry is fresh.
*
* The original request is used as a template for a conditional
* GET request with the backend.
*
* @param bool $catch Whether to process exceptions
*
* @return Response A Response instance
*/
protected function validate(Request $request, Response $entry, bool $catch = false)
{
$subRequest = clone $request;
// send no head requests because we want content
if ('HEAD' === $request->getMethod()) {
$subRequest->setMethod('GET');
}
// add our cached last-modified validator
$subRequest->headers->set('if_modified_since', $entry->headers->get('Last-Modified'));
// Add our cached etag validator to the environment.
// We keep the etags from the client to handle the case when the client
// has a different private valid entry which is not cached here.
$cachedEtags = $entry->getEtag() ? [$entry->getEtag()] : [];
$requestEtags = $request->getETags();
if ($etags = array_unique(array_merge($cachedEtags, $requestEtags))) {
$subRequest->headers->set('if_none_match', implode(', ', $etags));
}
$response = $this->forward($subRequest, $catch, $entry);
if (304 == $response->getStatusCode()) {
$this->record($request, 'valid');
// return the response and not the cache entry if the response is valid but not cached
$etag = $response->getEtag();
if ($etag && \in_array($etag, $requestEtags) && !\in_array($etag, $cachedEtags)) {
return $response;
}
$entry = clone $entry;
$entry->headers->remove('Date');
foreach (['Date', 'Expires', 'Cache-Control', 'ETag', 'Last-Modified'] as $name) {
if ($response->headers->has($name)) {
$entry->headers->set($name, $response->headers->get($name));
}
}
$response = $entry;
} else {
$this->record($request, 'invalid');
}
if ($response->isCacheable()) {
$this->store($request, $response);
}
return $response;
}
/**
* Unconditionally fetches a fresh response from the backend and
* stores it in the cache if is cacheable.
*
* @param bool $catch Whether to process exceptions
*
* @return Response A Response instance
*/
protected function fetch(Request $request, bool $catch = false)
{
$subRequest = clone $request;
// send no head requests because we want content
if ('HEAD' === $request->getMethod()) {
$subRequest->setMethod('GET');
}
// avoid that the backend sends no content
$subRequest->headers->remove('if_modified_since');
$subRequest->headers->remove('if_none_match');
$response = $this->forward($subRequest, $catch);
if ($response->isCacheable()) {
$this->store($request, $response);
}
return $response;
}
/**
* Forwards the Request to the backend and returns the Response.
*
* All backend requests (cache passes, fetches, cache validations)
* run through this method.
*
* @param bool $catch Whether to catch exceptions or not
* @param Response|null $entry A Response instance (the stale entry if present, null otherwise)
*
* @return Response A Response instance
*/
protected function forward(Request $request, bool $catch = false, Response $entry = null)
{
if ($this->surrogate) {
$this->surrogate->addSurrogateCapability($request);
}
// always a "master" request (as the real master request can be in cache)
$response = SubRequestHandler::handle($this->kernel, $request, HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST, $catch);
// we don't implement the stale-if-error on Requests, which is nonetheless part of the RFC
if (null !== $entry && \in_array($response->getStatusCode(), [500, 502, 503, 504])) {
if (null === $age = $entry->headers->getCacheControlDirective('stale-if-error')) {
$age = $this->options['stale_if_error'];
}
if (abs($entry->getTtl()) < $age) {
$this->record($request, 'stale-if-error');
return $entry;
}
}
/*
RFC 7231 Sect. 7.1.1.2 says that a server that does not have a reasonably accurate
clock MUST NOT send a "Date" header, although it MUST send one in most other cases
except for 1xx or 5xx responses where it MAY do so.
Anyway, a client that received a message without a "Date" header MUST add it.
*/
if (!$response->headers->has('Date')) {
$response->setDate(\DateTime::createFromFormat('U', time()));
}
$this->processResponseBody($request, $response);
if ($this->isPrivateRequest($request) && !$response->headers->hasCacheControlDirective('public')) {
$response->setPrivate();
} elseif ($this->options['default_ttl'] > 0 && null === $response->getTtl() && !$response->headers->getCacheControlDirective('must-revalidate')) {
$response->setTtl($this->options['default_ttl']);
}
return $response;
}
/**
* Checks whether the cache entry is "fresh enough" to satisfy the Request.
*
* @return bool true if the cache entry if fresh enough, false otherwise
*/
protected function isFreshEnough(Request $request, Response $entry)
{
if (!$entry->isFresh()) {
return $this->lock($request, $entry);
}
if ($this->options['allow_revalidate'] && null !== $maxAge = $request->headers->getCacheControlDirective('max-age')) {
return $maxAge > 0 && $maxAge >= $entry->getAge();
}
return true;
}
/**
* Locks a Request during the call to the backend.
*
* @return bool true if the cache entry can be returned even if it is staled, false otherwise
*/
protected function lock(Request $request, Response $entry)
{
// try to acquire a lock to call the backend
$lock = $this->store->lock($request);
if (true === $lock) {
// we have the lock, call the backend
return false;
}
// there is already another process calling the backend
// May we serve a stale response?
if ($this->mayServeStaleWhileRevalidate($entry)) {
$this->record($request, 'stale-while-revalidate');
return true;
}
// wait for the lock to be released
if ($this->waitForLock($request)) {
// replace the current entry with the fresh one
$new = $this->lookup($request);
$entry->headers = $new->headers;
$entry->setContent($new->getContent());
$entry->setStatusCode($new->getStatusCode());
$entry->setProtocolVersion($new->getProtocolVersion());
foreach ($new->headers->getCookies() as $cookie) {
$entry->headers->setCookie($cookie);
}
} else {
// backend is slow as hell, send a 503 response (to avoid the dog pile effect)
$entry->setStatusCode(503);
$entry->setContent('503 Service Unavailable');
$entry->headers->set('Retry-After', 10);
}
return true;
}
/**
* Writes the Response to the cache.
*
* @throws \Exception
*/
protected function store(Request $request, Response $response)
{
try {
$this->store->write($request, $response);
$this->record($request, 'store');
$response->headers->set('Age', $response->getAge());
} catch (\Exception $e) {
$this->record($request, 'store-failed');
if ($this->options['debug']) {
throw $e;
}
}
// now that the response is cached, release the lock
$this->store->unlock($request);
}
/**
* Restores the Response body.
*/
private function restoreResponseBody(Request $request, Response $response)
{
if ($response->headers->has('X-Body-Eval')) {
ob_start();
if ($response->headers->has('X-Body-File')) {
include $response->headers->get('X-Body-File');
} else {
eval('; ?>'.$response->getContent().'<?php ;');
}
$response->setContent(ob_get_clean());
$response->headers->remove('X-Body-Eval');
if (!$response->headers->has('Transfer-Encoding')) {
$response->headers->set('Content-Length', \strlen($response->getContent()));
}
} elseif ($response->headers->has('X-Body-File')) {
// Response does not include possibly dynamic content (ESI, SSI), so we need
// not handle the content for HEAD requests
if (!$request->isMethod('HEAD')) {
$response->setContent(file_get_contents($response->headers->get('X-Body-File')));
}
} else {
return;
}
$response->headers->remove('X-Body-File');
}
protected function processResponseBody(Request $request, Response $response)
{
if (null !== $this->surrogate && $this->surrogate->needsParsing($response)) {
$this->surrogate->process($request, $response);
}
}
/**
* Checks if the Request includes authorization or other sensitive information
* that should cause the Response to be considered private by default.
*/
private function isPrivateRequest(Request $request): bool
{
foreach ($this->options['private_headers'] as $key) {
$key = strtolower(str_replace('HTTP_', '', $key));
if ('cookie' === $key) {
if (\count($request->cookies->all())) {
return true;
}
} elseif ($request->headers->has($key)) {
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
/**
* Records that an event took place.
*/
private function record(Request $request, string $event)
{
$this->traces[$this->getTraceKey($request)][] = $event;
}
/**
* Calculates the key we use in the "trace" array for a given request.
*/
private function getTraceKey(Request $request): string
{
$path = $request->getPathInfo();
if ($qs = $request->getQueryString()) {
$path .= '?'.$qs;
}
return $request->getMethod().' '.$path;
}
/**
* Checks whether the given (cached) response may be served as "stale" when a revalidation
* is currently in progress.
*/
private function mayServeStaleWhileRevalidate(Response $entry): bool
{
$timeout = $entry->headers->getCacheControlDirective('stale-while-revalidate');
if (null === $timeout) {
$timeout = $this->options['stale_while_revalidate'];
}
return abs($entry->getTtl()) < $timeout;
}
/**
* Waits for the store to release a locked entry.
*/
private function waitForLock(Request $request): bool
{
$wait = 0;
while ($this->store->isLocked($request) && $wait < 100) {
usleep(50000);
++$wait;
}
return $wait < 100;
}
}
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