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<?php
/*
* This file is part of the Symfony package.
*
* (c) Fabien Potencier <fabien@symfony.com>
*
* For the full copyright and license information, please view the LICENSE
* file that was distributed with this source code.
*/
namespace Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraint;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\ConstraintValidator;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Exception\UnexpectedTypeException;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Exception\UnexpectedValueException;
/**
* Validates a PAN using the LUHN Algorithm.
*
* For a list of example card numbers that are used to test this
* class, please see the LuhnValidatorTest class.
*
* @see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luhn_algorithm
*
* @author Tim Nagel <t.nagel@infinite.net.au>
* @author Greg Knapp http://gregk.me/2011/php-implementation-of-bank-card-luhn-algorithm/
* @author Bernhard Schussek <bschussek@gmail.com>
*/
class LuhnValidator extends ConstraintValidator
{
/**
* Validates a credit card number with the Luhn algorithm.
*
* @param mixed $value
* @param Constraint $constraint
*
* @throws UnexpectedTypeException when the given credit card number is no string
*/
public function validate($value, Constraint $constraint)
{
if (!$constraint instanceof Luhn) {
throw new UnexpectedTypeException($constraint, __NAMESPACE__.'\Luhn');
}
if (null === $value || '' === $value) {
return;
}
// Work with strings only, because long numbers are represented as floats
// internally and don't work with strlen()
if (!\is_string($value) && !(\is_object($value) && method_exists($value, '__toString'))) {
throw new UnexpectedValueException($value, 'string');
}
$value = (string) $value;
if (!ctype_digit($value)) {
$this->context->buildViolation($constraint->message)
->setParameter('{{ value }}', $this->formatValue($value))
->setCode(Luhn::INVALID_CHARACTERS_ERROR)
->addViolation();
return;
}
$checkSum = 0;
$length = \strlen($value);
// Starting with the last digit and walking left, add every second
// digit to the check sum
// e.g. 7 9 9 2 7 3 9 8 7 1 3
// ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
// = 7 + 9 + 7 + 9 + 7 + 3
for ($i = $length - 1; $i >= 0; $i -= 2) {
$checkSum += $value[$i];
}
// Starting with the second last digit and walking left, double every
// second digit and add it to the check sum
// For doubles greater than 9, sum the individual digits
// e.g. 7 9 9 2 7 3 9 8 7 1 3
// ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
// = 1+8 + 4 + 6 + 1+6 + 2
for ($i = $length - 2; $i >= 0; $i -= 2) {
$checkSum += array_sum(str_split($value[$i] * 2));
}
if (0 === $checkSum || 0 !== $checkSum % 10) {
$this->context->buildViolation($constraint->message)
->setParameter('{{ value }}', $this->formatValue($value))
->setCode(Luhn::CHECKSUM_FAILED_ERROR)
->addViolation();
}
}
}
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