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SymPy Gamma

SymPy Gamma is a simple web application based on Google App Engine that executes and displays the results of SymPy expressions as well as additional related computations, in a fashion similar to that of Wolfram|Alpha. For instance, entering an integer will display prime factors, digits in the base-10 expansion, and a factorization diagram. Entering a function will give its docstring; in general, entering an arbitrary expression will provide the derivative, integral, series expansion, plot, and roots.

Google App Engine has intrinsic 30 second request handling limit, so each evaluation request is a subject to this limit. There are also other limits related to memory consumption, output size, etc. (see Google App Engine documentation for details). Each result is evaluated in a separate request, so (for instance) an integral that takes too long will not prevent the other information from loading.


Clone sympy_gamma repository:

$ git clone git://
$ cd sympy_gamma

Development Server

To setup the development environment and run the app locally, you need docker and docker-compose:

Now you are ready to run development web server:

$ docker-compose up

This will build and run the image for app and datastore emulator.

This will spin up a local server that runs on port 8080. Open a web browser and go to http://localhost:8080. You should see GUI of SymPy Gamma

Note: Make sure to set DEBUG = True in for serving staticfiles locally.

Deploying to GAE

Travis-CI is used to deploy automatically to the official server via Github Releases. Go to and click on create a release and name the release as version-NN where NN is the release version. After this travis will automatically release the version NN.

To upload the application manually, you need to do a few things. First, tag the current commit with the App Engine application version (this is not necessary unless you are deploying to the official server):

$ git tag -a version-42

Then install the Google Cloud SDK for your OS from here:

This will let you use the "gcloud" CLI. After this configure the CLI to access the google cloud console for the project:

$ gcloud init

Assuming that sympy_gamma works properly (also across different mainstream web browsers), you can upload your changes to Google App Engine, replacing the <TAGGED_VERSION> with actual version we tagged with:

$ gcloud app deploy --project sympy-gamma-hrd --no-promote --version <TAGGED_VERSION>

This requires admin privileges to If you don't have access to this App Engine application, but want to test it, see the instructions in the Testing on the App Engine section below.

Finally, go to, where NN is the version you just uploaded, and make sure that it works. If it does, go to the Versions section of the sympy_gamma dashboard, and set this as the new default version. If there are any issues, you can roll back to the previous version from this same screen.

Creating Deployment Credentials

Travis-CI deploys the application using service account credentials. To create a service account for deployment with suitable permissions, follow these steps:

These are stored encrypted in the client-secret.json.enc file in the repository, and are generated using the Travis command-line tools (client-secret.json is the credentials file for the service account created int the step above)

travis encrypt-file client-secret.json --add

This also adds the encrypted keys in travis environment variables, which you can check from here: in the "Environment Variables" section.

Testing on the App Engine

It's usually a good idea to test big changes on the App Engine itself before deploying, as local environment can only simulate the App Engine. Currently, there is no testing server set up as there is for SymPy Live. However, you can set up your own testing server (it's free, though it requires a cell phone to set up).

Either way, to test, you will need to edit the Project ID in the deploy command mentioned above with your Project ID and the version you want to deploy to:

gcloud app deploy --project <your-project-name> --no-promote --version <TAGGED_VERSION>

If you have a test app online, remember to update it every time you update a pull request, so that others can easily review your work, without even having to use

Branch builds are automatically deployed by Travis to https://<BRANCH-NAME> Note that the pull request has to be from a branch on this repository, as forks do not have access to the key to deploy to the app engine.

Development notes

Make sure SymPy Gamma works in major mainstream web browsers. This includes Chrome, Firefox, Safari and Internet Explorer. Be extra cautious about trailing commas in JavaScript object and arrays. IE doesn't allow them, so you have to remove them, if any were introduced. Also test on mobile browsers, such as Safari for iOS and Chrome for Android, on both smartphones and tablets; Gamma has layouts for phones, tablets, and desktop browsers. The viewport emulation built into the developer tools of desktop browsers can help with this testing, but there may be differences that need to be checked with an actual device. (In Google Chrome, for instance, open up the developer console, click the gear icon in the lower right, then select Overrides.)

Running Tests

To run tests you need to spinup the container as mentioned above via docker-compose and run the following command:

$ docker-compose exec app nosetests app/test -vv
$ docker-compose exec app casperjs test app/test

Updating SymPy

Update the version in requirements.txt file.

Original info

Originally realized by Ondřej Čertík (a core SymPy developer) as an online Python notebook and Wolfram|Alpha clone for the Google App Engine that would showcase SymPy. The notebook was eventually removed in favor of using SymPy Live.