Simple localization for Preact.
Clone or download
billneff79 Merge pull request #25 from fossabot/master
Add license scan report and status
Latest commit fd2f8b3 Jul 25, 2018

README.md

preact-i18n 🌎 npm travis FOSSA Status

Usage example

Simple localization for Preact.

  • Tiny: about 1.3kb gzipped
  • Supports dictionary and key scopes/namespaces while maintaining a global dictionary
  • Supports nested dictionaries:
    • Wrap your component in a default dictionary and scope key
    • Wrap it again later on (in an app!) to override the defaults
  • Supports pluralization of strings using nested objects.
  • Supports template {{fields}} in definition values
  • Has a companion ESLint plugin to help catch bugs early

Installation

npm install --save preact-i18n

Getting Started

  1. Create a definition. Typically JSON files, we'll call ours fr.json:
{
	"news": {
		"title": "Nouvelles du Monde",
		"totalStories": {
			"none": "Aucun article",
			"one": "Un article",
			"many": "{{count}} articles"
		}
	}
}
  1. Expose the definition to your whole app via <IntlProvider>:
import { IntlProvider } from 'preact-i18n';
import definition from './fr.json';

render(
	<IntlProvider definition={definition}>
		<App />
	</IntlProvider>
);
  1. Use <Text /> to translate string literals:
import { Text } from 'preact-i18n';

// Assume the "stories" prop is a list of news stories.
const App = ({ stories=[] }) => (
	<div class="app">
		<h1>
			{/* Default fallback text example: */}
			<Text id="news.title">World News</Text>
		</h1>
		<footer>
			{/* Pluralization example: */}
			<Text
				id="news.totalStories"
				plural={stories.length}
				fields={{
					count: stories.length
				}}
			/>
		</footer>
	</div>
);

That's it!

Fallback Text

Rendering our example app with an empty definition (or without the Provider) will attempt to use any text contained within <Text>..</Text> as fallback text.

In our example, this would mean rendering without a definition for news.title would produce <h1>World News</h1>.

If we provide a definition that has a title key inside a news object, that value will be rendered instead.

Pluralization and Templating

In our example, <footer> is using <Text> as a convenient way to do pluralization and templating. In our definition, news.totalStories is an Object with pluralization keys. The values in that object will be selected based on an integer plural prop passed to <Text>.

Any definition value (including pluralization values) can contain {{field}} placeholders. These placeholders get replaced with matched keys in an object passed as the fields prop. In our example, the "many" plural form is such a template - it will render "5 articles" when fields={{ count: 5 }}.

The available forms for specifying pluralization values are as follows:

  • "key": { "singular":"apple", "plural":"apples" }
  • "key": { "none":"no apples", "one":"apple", "many":"apples" }
  • "key": ["apples", "apple"]

Taking <Text id="news.totalStories" ..> from our example:

  • <.. plural={0}> renders Aucun article (no articles)
  • <.. plural={1}> renders Un article (one article)
  • <.. plural={2} fields={{ count: 2 }}> renders 2 articles
  • <.. plural={3} fields={{ count: 3 }}> renders 3 articles

In addition to <Text>, withText() and <Localizer> provide ways to translate more than just display text - HTML attributes, component props, arbitrary Strings, etc.

ESLint Plugin

A companion ESLint plugin exists, eslint-plugin-preact-i18n, which has several rules that help spot common issues like un-i18n'd text, misconfigured tags, and missing keys, that are beneficial in spotting defects early and ensuring that your application is properly i18n'd.


API

Table of Contents

IntlProvider

<IntlProvider> is a nestable internationalization definition provider. It exposes an Intl scope & definition into the tree, making them available to descendant components.

Note: When nested, gives precedence to keys higher up the tree! This means lower-level components can set their defaults by wrapping themselves in an <IntlProvider>, but still remain localizable by their parent components.

Parameters

  • props
    • props.scope String? Nest definition under a root key, and set the active scope for the tree (essentially prefixing all <Text /> keys).
    • props.mark Boolean If true, all <Text> elements will be shown with a red/green background indicating whether they have valid Intl keys. (optional, default false)
    • props.definition Object Merge the given definition into the current intl definition, giving the current definition precedence (i.e., only adding keys, acting as defaults) (optional, default {})

Examples

// generally imported from a JSON file:
let definition = {
	foo: 'Le Feux'
};

<IntlProvider scope="weather" definition={definition}>
	<Text key="foo">The Foo</Text>
</IntlProvider>

// This will render the text:
"Le Feux"

Localizer

<Localizer /> is a Compositional Component. It "renders" out any <Text /> values in its child's props.

Parameters

  • props Object
    • props.children Object Child components with props to localize.
  • context Object
    • context.intl Object [internal] dictionary and scope info

Examples

<Localizer>
	<input placeholder={<Text id="username.placeholder" />} />
</Localizer>
// produces:
<input placeholder="foo" />
<Localizer>
	<abbr title={<Text id="oss-title">Open Source Software</Text>}>
		<Text id="oss">OSS</Text>
	</abbr>
</Localizer>
// produces:
<abbr title="Open Source Software">OSS</abbr>

MarkupText

<MarkupText> is just like Text but it can also contain html markup in rendered strings. It wraps its contents in a <span> tag.

Parameters

  • props Object props
    • props.id String Key to look up in intl dictionary, within any parent scopes ($scope1.$scope2.$id)
    • props.fields Object Values to inject into template {{fields}} (optional, default {})
    • props.plural Number? Integer "count", used to select plural forms
  • context Object
    • context.intl Object [internal] dictionary and scope info

Examples

// If there is no dictionary in context..
<MarkupText id="foo"><b>The Foo</b></MarkupText>
// ..produces the vnode:
<span><b>The Foo</b></span>
// Given a dictionary and some fields..
<IntlProvider definition={{ foo:'Le Feux <b>{{bar}}</b>' }}>
	<MarkupText id="foo" fields={{ bar: 'BEAR' }}>The Foo</MarkupText>
</IntlProvider>
// ..produces the vnode:
<span>Le Feux <b>BEAR</b></span>
// Within a scope, both `id` and the definition are namespaced..
<IntlProvider scope="weather" definition={{ foo:'Le <a href="http://foo.com">Feux</a>' }}>
	<MarkupText id="foo">The Foo</MarkupText>
</IntlProvider>
// ..produces the vnode:
<span>Le <a href="http://foo.com">Feux</a></span>
// renders nothing if there is no key match and no fallback
<div><MarkupText /></div>
// ..produces the vnode:
<div/>

Text

<Text> renders internationalized text. It attempts to look up translated values from a dictionary in context.

Template strings can contain {{field}} placeholders, which injects values from the fields prop.

When string lookup fails, renders its children as fallback text.

Parameters

  • props Object props
    • props.id String Key to look up in intl dictionary, within any parent scopes ($scope1.$scope2.$id)
    • props.plural Number? Integer "count", used to select plural forms
    • props.fields Object Values to inject into template {{fields}} (optional, default {})
    • props.children
  • context Object
    • context.intl Object [internal] dictionary and scope info

Examples

// If there is no dictionary in context..
<Text id="foo">The Foo</Text>
// ..produces the text:
"The Foo"
// Given a dictionary and some fields..
<IntlProvider definition={{ foo:'Le Feux {{bar}}' }}>
	<Text id="foo" fields={{ bar: 'BEAR' }}>The Foo</Text>
</IntlProvider>
// ..produces the text:
"Le Feux BEAR"
// Within a scope, both `id` and the definition are namespaced..
<IntlProvider scope="weather" definition={{ foo:'Le Feux' }}>
	<Text id="foo">The Foo</Text>
</IntlProvider>
// ..produces the text:
"Le Feux"

withText

@withText() is a Higher Order Component, often used as a decorator.

It wraps a child component and passes it translations based on a mapping to the dictionary & scope in context.

Parameters

Examples

@withText({
	placeholder: 'user.placeholder'
})
class Foo {
	// now the `placeholder` prop is our localized String:
	render({ placeholder }) {
		return <input placeholder={placeholder} />
	}
}
@withText({
	placeholder: <Text id="user.placeholder">fallback text</Text>
})
class Foo {
	render({ placeholder }) {
		return <input placeholder={placeholder} />
	}
}
@withText('user.placeholder')
class Foo {
	// for Strings/Arrays, the last path segment becomes the prop name:
	render({ placeholder }) {
		return <input placeholder={placeholder} />
	}
}
// Works with functional components, too:
const Foo = withText('user.placeholder')( props =>
	<input placeholder={props.placeholder} />
)

intl

Higher-order function that creates an <IntlProvider /> wrapper component for the given component. It takes two forms depending on how many arguments it's given: It can take a functional form like: intl(ComponentToWrap, options)

or it can take an annotation form like:

Parameters

  • Child
  • options Object If there are two arguments, the second argument is Passed as props to <IntlProvider />
    • options.scope Nest definition under a root key, and set the active scope for the tree (essentially prefixing all <Text /> keys).
    • options.definition Merge the given definition into the current intl definition, giving the current definition precedence (i.e., only adding keys, acting as defaults) (optional, default {})

License

FOSSA Status