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/**********************************************************************
dln.c -
$Author$
$Date$
created at: Tue Jan 18 17:05:06 JST 1994
Copyright (C) 1993-2003 Yukihiro Matsumoto
**********************************************************************/
#include "ruby.h"
#include "dln.h"
#ifdef HAVE_STDLIB_H
# include <stdlib.h>
#endif
#ifdef __CHECKER__
#undef HAVE_DLOPEN
#undef USE_DLN_A_OUT
#undef USE_DLN_DLOPEN
#endif
#ifdef USE_DLN_A_OUT
char *dln_argv0;
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_ALLOCA_H)
#include <alloca.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_STRING_H
# include <string.h>
#else
# include <strings.h>
#endif
#ifndef xmalloc
void *xmalloc();
void *xcalloc();
void *xrealloc();
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(__VMS)
#include "missing/file.h"
#endif
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#ifndef S_ISDIR
# define S_ISDIR(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H
# include <sys/param.h>
#endif
#ifndef MAXPATHLEN
# define MAXPATHLEN 1024
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
# include <unistd.h>
#endif
#ifndef _WIN32
char *getenv();
#endif
#if defined(__VMS)
#pragma builtins
#include <dlfcn.h>
#endif
#ifdef __MACOS__
# include <TextUtils.h>
# include <CodeFragments.h>
# include <Aliases.h>
# include "macruby_private.h"
#endif
#if defined(__APPLE__) && defined(__MACH__) /* Mac OS X */
# if defined(HAVE_DLOPEN)
/* Mac OS X with dlopen (10.3 or later) */
# define MACOSX_DLOPEN
# else
# define MACOSX_DYLD
# endif
#endif
#ifdef __BEOS__
# include <image.h>
#endif
#ifndef NO_DLN_LOAD
#if defined(HAVE_DLOPEN) && !defined(USE_DLN_A_OUT) && !defined(_AIX) && !defined(MACOSX_DYLD) && !defined(_UNICOSMP)
/* dynamic load with dlopen() */
# define USE_DLN_DLOPEN
#endif
#ifndef FUNCNAME_PATTERN
# if defined(__hp9000s300) || (defined(__NetBSD__) && !defined(__ELF__)) || defined(__BORLANDC__) || (defined(__FreeBSD__) && !defined(__ELF__)) || (defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(__ELF__)) || defined(NeXT) || defined(__WATCOMC__) || defined(MACOSX_DYLD)
# define FUNCNAME_PATTERN "_Init_%s"
# else
# define FUNCNAME_PATTERN "Init_%s"
# endif
#endif
static int
init_funcname_len(buf, file)
char **buf;
const char *file;
{
char *p;
const char *slash;
int len;
/* Load the file as an object one */
for (slash = file-1; *file; file++) /* Find position of last '/' */
#ifdef __MACOS__
if (*file == ':') slash = file;
#else
if (*file == '/') slash = file;
#endif
len = strlen(FUNCNAME_PATTERN) + strlen(slash + 1);
*buf = xmalloc(len);
snprintf(*buf, len, FUNCNAME_PATTERN, slash + 1);
for (p = *buf; *p; p++) { /* Delete suffix if it exists */
if (*p == '.') {
*p = '\0'; break;
}
}
return p - *buf;
}
#define init_funcname(buf, file) do {\
int len = init_funcname_len(buf, file);\
char *tmp = ALLOCA_N(char, len+1);\
if (!tmp) {\
free(*buf);\
rb_memerror();\
}\
strcpy(tmp, *buf);\
free(*buf);\
*buf = tmp;\
} while (0)
#ifdef USE_DLN_A_OUT
#ifndef LIBC_NAME
# define LIBC_NAME "libc.a"
#endif
#ifndef DLN_DEFAULT_LIB_PATH
# define DLN_DEFAULT_LIB_PATH "/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib:."
#endif
#include <errno.h>
static int dln_errno;
#define DLN_ENOEXEC ENOEXEC /* Exec format error */
#define DLN_ECONFL 1201 /* Symbol name conflict */
#define DLN_ENOINIT 1202 /* No initializer given */
#define DLN_EUNDEF 1203 /* Undefine symbol remains */
#define DLN_ENOTLIB 1204 /* Not a library file */
#define DLN_EBADLIB 1205 /* Malformed library file */
#define DLN_EINIT 1206 /* Not initialized */
static int dln_init_p = 0;
#include <ar.h>
#include <a.out.h>
#ifndef N_COMM
# define N_COMM 0x12
#endif
#ifndef N_MAGIC
# define N_MAGIC(x) (x).a_magic
#endif
#define INVALID_OBJECT(h) (N_MAGIC(h) != OMAGIC)
#include "util.h"
#include "st.h"
static st_table *sym_tbl;
static st_table *undef_tbl;
static int load_lib();
static int
load_header(fd, hdrp, disp)
int fd;
struct exec *hdrp;
long disp;
{
int size;
lseek(fd, disp, 0);
size = read(fd, hdrp, sizeof(struct exec));
if (size == -1) {
dln_errno = errno;
return -1;
}
if (size != sizeof(struct exec) || N_BADMAG(*hdrp)) {
dln_errno = DLN_ENOEXEC;
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
#if defined(sequent)
#define RELOC_SYMBOL(r) ((r)->r_symbolnum)
#define RELOC_MEMORY_SUB_P(r) ((r)->r_bsr)
#define RELOC_PCREL_P(r) ((r)->r_pcrel || (r)->r_bsr)
#define RELOC_TARGET_SIZE(r) ((r)->r_length)
#endif
/* Default macros */
#ifndef RELOC_ADDRESS
#define RELOC_ADDRESS(r) ((r)->r_address)
#define RELOC_EXTERN_P(r) ((r)->r_extern)
#define RELOC_SYMBOL(r) ((r)->r_symbolnum)
#define RELOC_MEMORY_SUB_P(r) 0
#define RELOC_PCREL_P(r) ((r)->r_pcrel)
#define RELOC_TARGET_SIZE(r) ((r)->r_length)
#endif
#if defined(sun) && defined(sparc)
/* Sparc (Sun 4) macros */
# undef relocation_info
# define relocation_info reloc_info_sparc
# define R_RIGHTSHIFT(r) (reloc_r_rightshift[(r)->r_type])
# define R_BITSIZE(r) (reloc_r_bitsize[(r)->r_type])
# define R_LENGTH(r) (reloc_r_length[(r)->r_type])
static int reloc_r_rightshift[] = {
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 10, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
};
static int reloc_r_bitsize[] = {
8, 16, 32, 8, 16, 32, 30, 22, 22, 22, 13, 10, 32, 32, 16,
};
static int reloc_r_length[] = {
0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,
};
# define R_PCREL(r) \
((r)->r_type >= RELOC_DISP8 && (r)->r_type <= RELOC_WDISP22)
# define R_SYMBOL(r) ((r)->r_index)
#endif
#if defined(sequent)
#define R_SYMBOL(r) ((r)->r_symbolnum)
#define R_MEMORY_SUB(r) ((r)->r_bsr)
#define R_PCREL(r) ((r)->r_pcrel || (r)->r_bsr)
#define R_LENGTH(r) ((r)->r_length)
#endif
#ifndef R_SYMBOL
# define R_SYMBOL(r) ((r)->r_symbolnum)
# define R_MEMORY_SUB(r) 0
# define R_PCREL(r) ((r)->r_pcrel)
# define R_LENGTH(r) ((r)->r_length)
#endif
static struct relocation_info *
load_reloc(fd, hdrp, disp)
int fd;
struct exec *hdrp;
long disp;
{
struct relocation_info *reloc;
int size;
lseek(fd, disp + N_TXTOFF(*hdrp) + hdrp->a_text + hdrp->a_data, 0);
size = hdrp->a_trsize + hdrp->a_drsize;
reloc = (struct relocation_info*)xmalloc(size);
if (reloc == NULL) {
dln_errno = errno;
return NULL;
}
if (read(fd, reloc, size) != size) {
dln_errno = errno;
free(reloc);
return NULL;
}
return reloc;
}
static struct nlist *
load_sym(fd, hdrp, disp)
int fd;
struct exec *hdrp;
long disp;
{
struct nlist * buffer;
struct nlist * sym;
struct nlist * end;
long displ;
int size;
lseek(fd, N_SYMOFF(*hdrp) + hdrp->a_syms + disp, 0);
if (read(fd, &size, sizeof(int)) != sizeof(int)) {
goto err_noexec;
}
buffer = (struct nlist*)xmalloc(hdrp->a_syms + size);
if (buffer == NULL) {
dln_errno = errno;
return NULL;
}
lseek(fd, disp + N_SYMOFF(*hdrp), 0);
if (read(fd, buffer, hdrp->a_syms + size) != hdrp->a_syms + size) {
free(buffer);
goto err_noexec;
}
sym = buffer;
end = sym + hdrp->a_syms / sizeof(struct nlist);
displ = (long)buffer + (long)(hdrp->a_syms);
while (sym < end) {
sym->n_un.n_name = (char*)sym->n_un.n_strx + displ;
sym++;
}
return buffer;
err_noexec:
dln_errno = DLN_ENOEXEC;
return NULL;
}
static st_table *
sym_hash(hdrp, syms)
struct exec *hdrp;
struct nlist *syms;
{
st_table *tbl;
struct nlist *sym = syms;
struct nlist *end = syms + (hdrp->a_syms / sizeof(struct nlist));
tbl = st_init_strtable();
if (tbl == NULL) {
dln_errno = errno;
return NULL;
}
while (sym < end) {
st_insert(tbl, sym->n_un.n_name, sym);
sym++;
}
return tbl;
}
static int
dln_init(prog)
const char *prog;
{
char *file;
int fd;
struct exec hdr;
struct nlist *syms;
if (dln_init_p == 1) return 0;
file = dln_find_exe(prog, NULL);
if (file == NULL || (fd = open(file, O_RDONLY)) < 0) {
dln_errno = errno;
return -1;
}
if (load_header(fd, &hdr, 0) == -1) return -1;
syms = load_sym(fd, &hdr, 0);
if (syms == NULL) {
close(fd);
return -1;
}
sym_tbl = sym_hash(&hdr, syms);
if (sym_tbl == NULL) { /* file may be start with #! */
char c = '\0';
char buf[MAXPATHLEN];
char *p;
free(syms);
lseek(fd, 0L, 0);
if (read(fd, &c, 1) == -1) {
dln_errno = errno;
return -1;
}
if (c != '#') goto err_noexec;
if (read(fd, &c, 1) == -1) {
dln_errno = errno;
return -1;
}
if (c != '!') goto err_noexec;
p = buf;
/* skip forwarding spaces */
while (read(fd, &c, 1) == 1) {
if (c == '\n') goto err_noexec;
if (c != '\t' && c != ' ') {
*p++ = c;
break;
}
}
/* read in command name */
while (read(fd, p, 1) == 1) {
if (*p == '\n' || *p == '\t' || *p == ' ') break;
p++;
if (p-buf >= MAXPATHLEN) {
dln_errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
return -1;
}
}
*p = '\0';
return dln_init(buf);
}
dln_init_p = 1;
undef_tbl = st_init_strtable();
close(fd);
return 0;
err_noexec:
close(fd);
dln_errno = DLN_ENOEXEC;
return -1;
}
static long
load_text_data(fd, hdrp, bss, disp)
int fd;
struct exec *hdrp;
int bss;
long disp;
{
int size;
unsigned char* addr;
lseek(fd, disp + N_TXTOFF(*hdrp), 0);
size = hdrp->a_text + hdrp->a_data;
if (bss == -1) size += hdrp->a_bss;
else if (bss > 1) size += bss;
addr = (unsigned char*)xmalloc(size);
if (addr == NULL) {
dln_errno = errno;
return 0;
}
if (read(fd, addr, size) != size) {
dln_errno = errno;
free(addr);
return 0;
}
if (bss == -1) {
memset(addr + hdrp->a_text + hdrp->a_data, 0, hdrp->a_bss);
}
else if (bss > 0) {
memset(addr + hdrp->a_text + hdrp->a_data, 0, bss);
}
return (long)addr;
}
static int
undef_print(key, value)
char *key, *value;
{
fprintf(stderr, " %s\n", key);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static void
dln_print_undef()
{
fprintf(stderr, " Undefined symbols:\n");
st_foreach(undef_tbl, undef_print, NULL);
}
static void
dln_undefined()
{
if (undef_tbl->num_entries > 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "dln: Calling undefined function\n");
dln_print_undef();
rb_exit(1);
}
}
struct undef {
char *name;
struct relocation_info reloc;
long base;
char *addr;
union {
char c;
short s;
long l;
} u;
};
static st_table *reloc_tbl = NULL;
static void
link_undef(name, base, reloc)
const char *name;
long base;
struct relocation_info *reloc;
{
static int u_no = 0;
struct undef *obj;
char *addr = (char*)(reloc->r_address + base);
obj = (struct undef*)xmalloc(sizeof(struct undef));
obj->name = strdup(name);
obj->reloc = *reloc;
obj->base = base;
switch (R_LENGTH(reloc)) {
case 0: /* byte */
obj->u.c = *addr;
break;
case 1: /* word */
obj->u.s = *(short*)addr;
break;
case 2: /* long */
obj->u.l = *(long*)addr;
break;
}
if (reloc_tbl == NULL) {
reloc_tbl = st_init_numtable();
}
st_insert(reloc_tbl, u_no++, obj);
}
struct reloc_arg {
const char *name;
long value;
};
static int
reloc_undef(no, undef, arg)
int no;
struct undef *undef;
struct reloc_arg *arg;
{
int datum;
char *address;
#if defined(sun) && defined(sparc)
unsigned int mask = 0;
#endif
if (strcmp(arg->name, undef->name) != 0) return ST_CONTINUE;
address = (char*)(undef->base + undef->reloc.r_address);
datum = arg->value;
if (R_PCREL(&(undef->reloc))) datum -= undef->base;
#if defined(sun) && defined(sparc)
datum += undef->reloc.r_addend;
datum >>= R_RIGHTSHIFT(&(undef->reloc));
mask = (1 << R_BITSIZE(&(undef->reloc))) - 1;
mask |= mask -1;
datum &= mask;
switch (R_LENGTH(&(undef->reloc))) {
case 0:
*address = undef->u.c;
*address &= ~mask;
*address |= datum;
break;
case 1:
*(short *)address = undef->u.s;
*(short *)address &= ~mask;
*(short *)address |= datum;
break;
case 2:
*(long *)address = undef->u.l;
*(long *)address &= ~mask;
*(long *)address |= datum;
break;
}
#else
switch (R_LENGTH(&(undef->reloc))) {
case 0: /* byte */
if (R_MEMORY_SUB(&(undef->reloc)))
*address = datum - *address;
else *address = undef->u.c + datum;
break;
case 1: /* word */
if (R_MEMORY_SUB(&(undef->reloc)))
*(short*)address = datum - *(short*)address;
else *(short*)address = undef->u.s + datum;
break;
case 2: /* long */
if (R_MEMORY_SUB(&(undef->reloc)))
*(long*)address = datum - *(long*)address;
else *(long*)address = undef->u.l + datum;
break;
}
#endif
free(undef->name);
free(undef);
return ST_DELETE;
}
static void
unlink_undef(name, value)
const char *name;
long value;
{
struct reloc_arg arg;
arg.name = name;
arg.value = value;
st_foreach(reloc_tbl, reloc_undef, &arg);
}
#ifdef N_INDR
struct indr_data {
char *name0, *name1;
};
static int
reloc_repl(no, undef, data)
int no;
struct undef *undef;
struct indr_data *data;
{
if (strcmp(data->name0, undef->name) == 0) {
free(undef->name);
undef->name = strdup(data->name1);
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
#endif
static int
load_1(fd, disp, need_init)
int fd;
long disp;
const char *need_init;
{
static const char *libc = LIBC_NAME;
struct exec hdr;
struct relocation_info *reloc = NULL;
long block = 0;
long new_common = 0; /* Length of new common */
struct nlist *syms = NULL;
struct nlist *sym;
struct nlist *end;
int init_p = 0;
if (load_header(fd, &hdr, disp) == -1) return -1;
if (INVALID_OBJECT(hdr)) {
dln_errno = DLN_ENOEXEC;
return -1;
}
reloc = load_reloc(fd, &hdr, disp);
if (reloc == NULL) return -1;
syms = load_sym(fd, &hdr, disp);
if (syms == NULL) {
free(reloc);
return -1;
}
sym = syms;
end = syms + (hdr.a_syms / sizeof(struct nlist));
while (sym < end) {
struct nlist *old_sym;
int value = sym->n_value;
#ifdef N_INDR
if (sym->n_type == (N_INDR | N_EXT)) {
char *key = sym->n_un.n_name;
if (st_lookup(sym_tbl, sym[1].n_un.n_name, &old_sym)) {
if (st_delete(undef_tbl, (st_data_t*)&key, NULL)) {
unlink_undef(key, old_sym->n_value);
free(key);
}
}
else {
struct indr_data data;
data.name0 = sym->n_un.n_name;
data.name1 = sym[1].n_un.n_name;
st_foreach(reloc_tbl, reloc_repl, &data);
st_insert(undef_tbl, strdup(sym[1].n_un.n_name), NULL);
if (st_delete(undef_tbl, (st_data_t*)&key, NULL)) {
free(key);
}
}
sym += 2;
continue;
}
#endif
if (sym->n_type == (N_UNDF | N_EXT)) {
if (st_lookup(sym_tbl, sym->n_un.n_name, &old_sym) == 0) {
old_sym = NULL;
}
if (value) {
if (old_sym) {
sym->n_type = N_EXT | N_COMM;
sym->n_value = old_sym->n_value;
}
else {
int rnd =
value >= sizeof(double) ? sizeof(double) - 1
: value >= sizeof(long) ? sizeof(long) - 1
: sizeof(short) - 1;
sym->n_type = N_COMM;
new_common += rnd;
new_common &= ~(long)rnd;
sym->n_value = new_common;
new_common += value;
}
}
else {
if (old_sym) {
sym->n_type = N_EXT | N_COMM;
sym->n_value = old_sym->n_value;
}
else {
sym->n_value = (long)dln_undefined;
st_insert(undef_tbl, strdup(sym->n_un.n_name), NULL);
}
}
}
sym++;
}
block = load_text_data(fd, &hdr, hdr.a_bss + new_common, disp);
if (block == 0) goto err_exit;
sym = syms;
while (sym < end) {
struct nlist *new_sym;
char *key;
switch (sym->n_type) {
case N_COMM:
sym->n_value += hdr.a_text + hdr.a_data;
case N_TEXT|N_EXT:
case N_DATA|N_EXT:
sym->n_value += block;
if (st_lookup(sym_tbl, sym->n_un.n_name, &new_sym) != 0
&& new_sym->n_value != (long)dln_undefined) {
dln_errno = DLN_ECONFL;
goto err_exit;
}
key = sym->n_un.n_name;
if (st_delete(undef_tbl, (st_data_t*)&key, NULL) != 0) {
unlink_undef(key, sym->n_value);
free(key);
}
new_sym = (struct nlist*)xmalloc(sizeof(struct nlist));
*new_sym = *sym;
new_sym->n_un.n_name = strdup(sym->n_un.n_name);
st_insert(sym_tbl, new_sym->n_un.n_name, new_sym);
break;
case N_TEXT:
case N_DATA:
sym->n_value += block;
break;
}
sym++;
}
/*
* First comes the text-relocation
*/
{
struct relocation_info * rel = reloc;
struct relocation_info * rel_beg = reloc +
(hdr.a_trsize/sizeof(struct relocation_info));
struct relocation_info * rel_end = reloc +
(hdr.a_trsize+hdr.a_drsize)/sizeof(struct relocation_info);
while (rel < rel_end) {
char *address = (char*)(rel->r_address + block);
long datum = 0;
#if defined(sun) && defined(sparc)
unsigned int mask = 0;
#endif
if(rel >= rel_beg)
address += hdr.a_text;
if (rel->r_extern) { /* Look it up in symbol-table */
sym = &(syms[R_SYMBOL(rel)]);
switch (sym->n_type) {
case N_EXT|N_UNDF:
link_undef(sym->n_un.n_name, block, rel);
case N_EXT|N_COMM:
case N_COMM:
datum = sym->n_value;
break;
default:
goto err_exit;
}
} /* end.. look it up */
else { /* is static */
switch (R_SYMBOL(rel)) {
case N_TEXT:
case N_DATA:
datum = block;
break;
case N_BSS:
datum = block + new_common;
break;
case N_ABS:
break;
}
} /* end .. is static */
if (R_PCREL(rel)) datum -= block;
#if defined(sun) && defined(sparc)
datum += rel->r_addend;
datum >>= R_RIGHTSHIFT(rel);
mask = (1 << R_BITSIZE(rel)) - 1;
mask |= mask -1;
datum &= mask;
switch (R_LENGTH(rel)) {
case 0:
*address &= ~mask;
*address |= datum;
break;
case 1:
*(short *)address &= ~mask;
*(short *)address |= datum;
break;
case 2:
*(long *)address &= ~mask;
*(long *)address |= datum;
break;
}
#else
switch (R_LENGTH(rel)) {
case 0: /* byte */
if (datum < -128 || datum > 127) goto err_exit;
*address += datum;
break;
case 1: /* word */
*(short *)address += datum;
break;
case 2: /* long */
*(long *)address += datum;
break;
}
#endif
rel++;
}
}
if (need_init) {
int len;
char **libs_to_be_linked = 0;
char *buf;
if (undef_tbl->num_entries > 0) {
if (load_lib(libc) == -1) goto err_exit;
}
init_funcname(&buf, need_init);
len = strlen(buf);
for (sym = syms; sym<end; sym++) {
char *name = sym->n_un.n_name;
if (name[0] == '_' && sym->n_value >= block) {
if (strcmp(name+1, "dln_libs_to_be_linked") == 0) {
libs_to_be_linked = (char**)sym->n_value;
}
else if (strcmp(name+1, buf) == 0) {
init_p = 1;
((int (*)())sym->n_value)();
}
}
}
if (libs_to_be_linked && undef_tbl->num_entries > 0) {
while (*libs_to_be_linked) {
load_lib(*libs_to_be_linked);
libs_to_be_linked++;
}
}
}
free(reloc);
free(syms);
if (need_init) {
if (init_p == 0) {
dln_errno = DLN_ENOINIT;
return -1;
}
if (undef_tbl->num_entries > 0) {
if (load_lib(libc) == -1) goto err_exit;
if (undef_tbl->num_entries > 0) {
dln_errno = DLN_EUNDEF;
return -1;
}
}
}
return 0;
err_exit:
if (syms) free(syms);
if (reloc) free(reloc);
if (block) free((char*)block);
return -1;
}
static int target_offset;
static int
search_undef(key, value, lib_tbl)
const char *key;
int value;
st_table *lib_tbl;
{
long offset;
if (st_lookup(lib_tbl, key, &offset) == 0) return ST_CONTINUE;
target_offset = offset;
return ST_STOP;
}
struct symdef {
int rb_str_index;
int lib_offset;
};
char *dln_librrb_ary_path = DLN_DEFAULT_LIB_PATH;
static int
load_lib(lib)
const char *lib;
{
char *path, *file;
char armagic[SARMAG];
int fd, size;
struct ar_hdr ahdr;
st_table *lib_tbl = NULL;
int *data, nsym;
struct symdef *base;
char *name_base;
if (dln_init_p == 0) {
dln_errno = DLN_ENOINIT;
return -1;
}
if (undef_tbl->num_entries == 0) return 0;
dln_errno = DLN_EBADLIB;
if (lib[0] == '-' && lib[1] == 'l') {
long len = strlen(lib) + 4;
char *p = alloca(len);
snprintf(p, len, "lib%s.a", lib+2);
lib = p;
}
/* library search path: */
/* look for environment variable DLN_LIBRARY_PATH first. */
/* then variable dln_librrb_ary_path. */
/* if path is still NULL, use "." for path. */
path = getenv("DLN_LIBRARY_PATH");
if (path == NULL) path = dln_librrb_ary_path;
file = dln_find_file(lib, path);
fd = open(file, O_RDONLY);
if (fd == -1) goto syserr;
size = read(fd, armagic, SARMAG);
if (size == -1) goto syserr;
if (size != SARMAG) {
dln_errno = DLN_ENOTLIB;
goto badlib;
}
size = read(fd, &ahdr, sizeof(ahdr));
if (size == -1) goto syserr;
if (size != sizeof(ahdr) || sscanf(ahdr.ar_size, "%d", &size) != 1) {
goto badlib;
}
if (strncmp(ahdr.ar_name, "__.SYMDEF", 9) == 0) {
/* make hash table from __.SYMDEF */
lib_tbl = st_init_strtable();
data = (int*)xmalloc(size);
if (data == NULL) goto syserr;
size = read(fd, data, size);
nsym = *data / sizeof(struct symdef);
base = (struct symdef*)(data + 1);
name_base = (char*)(base + nsym) + sizeof(int);
while (nsym > 0) {
char *name = name_base + base->rb_str_index;
st_insert(lib_tbl, name, base->lib_offset + sizeof(ahdr));
nsym--;
base++;
}
for (;;) {
target_offset = -1;
st_foreach(undef_tbl, search_undef, lib_tbl);
if (target_offset == -1) break;
if (load_1(fd, target_offset, 0) == -1) {
st_free_table(lib_tbl);
free(data);
goto badlib;
}
if (undef_tbl->num_entries == 0) break;
}
free(data);
st_free_table(lib_tbl);
}
else {
/* linear library, need to scan (FUTURE) */
for (;;) {
int offset = SARMAG;
int found = 0;
struct exec hdr;
struct nlist *syms, *sym, *end;
while (undef_tbl->num_entries > 0) {
found = 0;
lseek(fd, offset, 0);
size = read(fd, &ahdr, sizeof(ahdr));
if (size == -1) goto syserr;
if (size == 0) break;
if (size != sizeof(ahdr)
|| sscanf(ahdr.ar_size, "%d", &size) != 1) {
goto badlib;
}
offset += sizeof(ahdr);
if (load_header(fd, &hdr, offset) == -1)
goto badlib;
syms = load_sym(fd, &hdr, offset);
if (syms == NULL) goto badlib;
sym = syms;
end = syms + (hdr.a_syms / sizeof(struct nlist));
while (sym < end) {
if (sym->n_type == N_EXT|N_TEXT
&& st_lookup(undef_tbl, sym->n_un.n_name, NULL)) {
break;
}
sym++;
}
if (sym < end) {
found++;
free(syms);
if (load_1(fd, offset, 0) == -1) {
goto badlib;
}
}
offset += size;
if (offset & 1) offset++;
}
if (found) break;
}
}
close(fd);
return 0;
syserr:
dln_errno = errno;
badlib:
if (fd >= 0) close(fd);
return -1;
}
static int
load(file)
const char *file;
{
int fd;
int result;
if (dln_init_p == 0) {
if (dln_init(dln_argv0) == -1) return -1;
}
result = strlen(file);
if (file[result-1] == 'a') {
return load_lib(file);
}
fd = open(file, O_RDONLY);
if (fd == -1) {
dln_errno = errno;
return -1;
}
result = load_1(fd, 0, file);
close(fd);
return result;
}
void*
dln_sym(name)
const char *name;
{
struct nlist *sym;
if (st_lookup(sym_tbl, name, &sym))
return (void*)sym->n_value;
return NULL;
}
#endif /* USE_DLN_A_OUT */
#ifdef USE_DLN_DLOPEN
# if defined(__NetBSD__) && defined(__NetBSD_Version__) && __NetBSD_Version__ < 105000000
# include <nlist.h>
# include <link.h>
# else
# include <dlfcn.h>
# endif
#endif
#ifdef __hpux
#include <errno.h>
#include "dl.h"
#endif
#if defined(_AIX)
#include <ctype.h> /* for isdigit() */
#include <errno.h> /* for global errno */
#include <sys/ldr.h>
#endif
#ifdef NeXT
#if NS_TARGET_MAJOR < 4
#include <mach-o/rld.h>
#else
#include <mach-o/dyld.h>
#ifndef NSLINKMODULE_OPTION_BINDNOW
#define NSLINKMODULE_OPTION_BINDNOW 1
#endif
#endif
#else
#ifdef MACOSX_DYLD
#include <mach-o/dyld.h>
#endif
#endif
#if defined _WIN32 && !defined __CYGWIN__
#include <windows.h>
#endif
#ifdef _WIN32_WCE
#undef FormatMessage
#define FormatMessage FormatMessageA
#undef LoadLibrary
#define LoadLibrary LoadLibraryA
#undef GetProcAddress
#define GetProcAddress GetProcAddressA
#endif
static const char *
dln_strerror()
{
#ifdef USE_DLN_A_OUT
char *strerror();
switch (dln_errno) {
case DLN_ECONFL:
return "Symbol name conflict";
case DLN_ENOINIT:
return "No initializer given";
case DLN_EUNDEF:
return "Unresolved symbols";
case DLN_ENOTLIB:
return "Not a library file";
case DLN_EBADLIB:
return "Malformed library file";
case DLN_EINIT:
return "Not initialized";
default:
return strerror(dln_errno);
}
#endif
#ifdef USE_DLN_DLOPEN
return (char*)dlerror();
#endif
#if defined _WIN32 && !defined __CYGWIN__
static char message[1024];
int error = GetLastError();
char *p = message;
p += sprintf(message, "%d: ", error);
FormatMessage(
FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM | FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
NULL,
error,
MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT),
p,
sizeof message - strlen(message),
NULL);
for (p = message; *p; p++) {
if (*p == '\n' || *p == '\r')
*p = ' ';
}
return message;
#endif
}
#if defined(_AIX) && ! defined(_IA64)
static void
aix_loaderror(const char *pathname)
{
char *message[8], errbuf[1024];
int i,j;
struct errtab {
int errnum;
char *errstr;
} load_errtab[] = {
{L_ERROR_TOOMANY, "too many errors, rest skipped."},
{L_ERROR_NOLIB, "can't load library:"},
{L_ERROR_UNDEF, "can't find symbol in library:"},
{L_ERROR_RLDBAD,
"RLD index out of range or bad relocation type:"},
{L_ERROR_FORMAT, "not a valid, executable xcoff file:"},
{L_ERROR_MEMBER,
"file not an archive or does not contain requested member:"},
{L_ERROR_TYPE, "symbol table mismatch:"},
{L_ERROR_ALIGN, "text alignment in file is wrong."},
{L_ERROR_SYSTEM, "System error:"},
{L_ERROR_ERRNO, NULL}
};
#define LOAD_ERRTAB_LEN (sizeof(load_errtab)/sizeof(load_errtab[0]))
#define ERRBUF_APPEND(s) strncat(errbuf, s, sizeof(errbuf)-strlen(errbuf)-1)
snprintf(errbuf, 1024, "load failed - %s ", pathname);
if (!loadquery(1, &message[0], sizeof(message)))
ERRBUF_APPEND(strerror(errno));
for(i = 0; message[i] && *message[i]; i++) {
int nerr = atoi(message[i]);
for (j=0; j<LOAD_ERRTAB_LEN; j++) {
if (nerr == load_errtab[i].errnum && load_errtab[i].errstr)
ERRBUF_APPEND(load_errtab[i].errstr);
}
while (isdigit(*message[i])) message[i]++;
ERRBUF_APPEND(message[i]);
ERRBUF_APPEND("\n");
}
errbuf[strlen(errbuf)-1] = '\0'; /* trim off last newline */
rb_loaderror(errbuf);
return;
}
#endif
#if defined(__VMS)
#include <starlet.h>
#include <rms.h>
#include <stsdef.h>
#include <unixlib.h>
#include <descrip.h>
#include <lib$routines.h>
static char *vms_filespec;
static int vms_fileact(char *filespec, int type);
static long vms_fisexh(long *sigarr, long *mecarr);
#endif
#endif /* NO_DLN_LOAD */
void*
dln_load(file)
const char *file;
{
#ifdef NO_DLN_LOAD
rb_raise(rb_eLoadError, "this executable file can't load extension libraries");
#else
#if !defined(_AIX) && !defined(NeXT)
const char *error = 0;
#define DLN_ERROR() (error = dln_strerror(), strcpy(ALLOCA_N(char, strlen(error) + 1), error))
#endif
#if defined _WIN32 && !defined __CYGWIN__
HINSTANCE handle;
char winfile[MAXPATHLEN];
void (*init_fct)();
char *buf;
if (strlen(file) >= MAXPATHLEN) rb_loaderror("filename too long");
/* Load the file as an object one */
init_funcname(&buf, file);
strcpy(winfile, file);
/* Load file */
if ((handle = LoadLibrary(winfile)) == NULL) {
error = dln_strerror();
goto failed;
}
if ((init_fct = (void(*)())GetProcAddress(handle, buf)) == NULL) {
rb_loaderror("%s - %s\n%s", dln_strerror(), buf, file);
}
/* Call the init code */
(*init_fct)();
return handle;
#else
#ifdef USE_DLN_A_OUT
if (load(file) == -1) {
error = dln_strerror();
goto failed;
}
return 0;
#else
char *buf;
/* Load the file as an object one */
init_funcname(&buf, file);
#ifdef USE_DLN_DLOPEN
#define DLN_DEFINED
{
void *handle;
void (*init_fct)();
#ifndef RTLD_LAZY
# define RTLD_LAZY 1
#endif
#ifdef __INTERIX
# undef RTLD_GLOBAL
#endif
#ifndef RTLD_GLOBAL
# define RTLD_GLOBAL 0
#endif
/* Load file */
if ((handle = (void*)dlopen(file, RTLD_LAZY|RTLD_GLOBAL)) == NULL) {
error = dln_strerror();
goto failed;
}
init_fct = (void(*)())dlsym(handle, buf);
if (init_fct == NULL) {
error = DLN_ERROR();
dlclose(handle);
goto failed;
}
/* Call the init code */
(*init_fct)();
return handle;
}
#endif /* USE_DLN_DLOPEN */
#ifdef __hpux
#define DLN_DEFINED
{
shl_t lib = NULL;
int flags;
void (*init_fct)();
flags = BIND_DEFERRED;
lib = shl_load(file, flags, 0);
if (lib == NULL) {
extern int errno;
rb_loaderror("%s - %s", strerror(errno), file);
}
shl_findsym(&lib, buf, TYPE_PROCEDURE, (void*)&init_fct);
if (init_fct == NULL) {
shl_findsym(&lib, buf, TYPE_UNDEFINED, (void*)&init_fct);
if (init_fct == NULL) {
errno = ENOSYM;
rb_loaderror("%s - %s", strerror(ENOSYM), file);
}
}
(*init_fct)();
return (void*)lib;
}
#endif /* hpux */
#if defined(_AIX) && ! defined(_IA64)
#define DLN_DEFINED
{
void (*init_fct)();
init_fct = (void(*)())load((char*)file, 1, 0);
if (init_fct == NULL) {
aix_loaderror(file);
}
if (loadbind(0, (void*)dln_load, (void*)init_fct) == -1) {
aix_loaderror(file);
}
(*init_fct)();
return (void*)init_fct;
}
#endif /* _AIX */
#if defined(NeXT) || defined(MACOSX_DYLD)
#define DLN_DEFINED
/*----------------------------------------------------
By SHIROYAMA Takayuki Psi@fortune.nest.or.jp
Special Thanks...
Yu tomoak-i@is.aist-nara.ac.jp,
Mi hisho@tasihara.nest.or.jp,
sunshine@sunshineco.com,
and... Miss ARAI Akino(^^;)
----------------------------------------------------*/
#if defined(NeXT) && (NS_TARGET_MAJOR < 4)/* NeXTSTEP rld functions */
{
NXStream* s;
unsigned long init_address;
char *object_files[2] = {NULL, NULL};
void (*init_fct)();
object_files[0] = (char*)file;
s = NXOpenFile(2,NX_WRITEONLY);
/* Load object file, if return value ==0 , load failed*/
if(rld_load(s, NULL, object_files, NULL) == 0) {
NXFlush(s);
NXClose(s);
rb_loaderror("Failed to load %.200s", file);
}
/* lookup the initial function */
if(rld_lookup(s, buf, &init_address) == 0) {
NXFlush(s);
NXClose(s);
rb_loaderror("Failed to lookup Init function %.200s", file);
}
NXFlush(s);
NXClose(s);
/* Cannot call *init_address directory, so copy this value to
funtion pointer */
init_fct = (void(*)())init_address;
(*init_fct)();
return (void*)init_address;
}
#else/* OPENSTEP dyld functions */
{
int dyld_result;
NSObjectFileImage obj_file; /* handle, but not use it */
/* "file" is module file name .
"buf" is pointer to initial function name with "_" . */
void (*init_fct)();
dyld_result = NSCreateObjectFileImageFromFile(file, &obj_file);
if (dyld_result != NSObjectFileImageSuccess) {
rb_loaderror("Failed to load %.200s", file);
}
NSLinkModule(obj_file, file, NSLINKMODULE_OPTION_BINDNOW);
/* lookup the initial function */
if(!NSIsSymbolNameDefined(buf)) {
rb_loaderror("Failed to lookup Init function %.200s",file);
}
init_fct = NSAddressOfSymbol(NSLookupAndBindSymbol(buf));
(*init_fct)();
return (void*)init_fct;
}
#endif /* rld or dyld */
#endif
#ifdef __BEOS__
# define DLN_DEFINED
{
status_t err_stat; /* BeOS error status code */
image_id img_id; /* extention module unique id */
void (*init_fct)(); /* initialize function for extention module */
/* load extention module */
img_id = load_add_on(file);
if (img_id <= 0) {
rb_loaderror("Failed to load %.200s", file);
}
/* find symbol for module initialize function. */
/* The Be Book KernelKit Images section described to use
B_SYMBOL_TYPE_TEXT for symbol of function, not
B_SYMBOL_TYPE_CODE. Why ? */
/* strcat(init_fct_symname, "__Fv"); */ /* parameter nothing. */
/* "__Fv" dont need! The Be Book Bug ? */
err_stat = get_image_symbol(img_id, buf,
B_SYMBOL_TYPE_TEXT, (void **)&init_fct);
if (err_stat != B_NO_ERROR) {
char real_name[MAXPATHLEN];
strcpy(real_name, buf);
strcat(real_name, "__Fv");
err_stat = get_image_symbol(img_id, real_name,
B_SYMBOL_TYPE_TEXT, (void **)&init_fct);
}
if ((B_BAD_IMAGE_ID == err_stat) || (B_BAD_INDEX == err_stat)) {
unload_add_on(img_id);
rb_loaderror("Failed to lookup Init function %.200s", file);
}
else if (B_NO_ERROR != err_stat) {
char errmsg[] = "Internal of BeOS version. %.200s (symbol_name = %s)";
unload_add_on(img_id);
rb_loaderror(errmsg, strerror(err_stat), buf);
}
/* call module initialize function. */
(*init_fct)();
return (void*)img_id;
}
#endif /* __BEOS__*/
#ifdef __MACOS__ /* Mac OS 9 or before */
# define DLN_DEFINED
{
OSErr err;
FSSpec libspec;
CFragConnectionID connID;
Ptr mainAddr;
char errMessage[1024];
Boolean isfolder, didsomething;
Str63 fragname;
Ptr symAddr;
CFragSymbolClass class;
void (*init_fct)();
char fullpath[MAXPATHLEN];
strcpy(fullpath, file);
/* resolve any aliases to find the real file */
c2pstr(fullpath);
(void)FSMakeFSSpec(0, 0, fullpath, &libspec);
err = ResolveAliasFile(&libspec, 1, &isfolder, &didsomething);
if (err) {
rb_loaderror("Unresolved Alias - %s", file);
}
/* Load the fragment (or return the connID if it is already loaded */
fragname[0] = 0;
err = GetDiskFragment(&libspec, 0, 0, fragname,
kLoadCFrag, &connID, &mainAddr,
errMessage);
if (err) {
p2cstr(errMessage);
rb_loaderror("%s - %s",errMessage , file);
}
/* Locate the address of the correct init function */
c2pstr(buf);
err = FindSymbol(connID, buf, &symAddr, &class);
if (err) {
rb_loaderror("Unresolved symbols - %s" , file);
}
init_fct = (void (*)())symAddr;
(*init_fct)();
return (void*)init_fct;
}
#endif /* __MACOS__ */
#if defined(__VMS)
#define DLN_DEFINED
{
long status;
void (*init_fct)();
char *fname, *p1, *p2;
$DESCRIPTOR(fname_d, "");
$DESCRIPTOR(image_d, "");
$DESCRIPTOR(buf_d, "");
decc$to_vms(file, vms_fileact, 0, 0);
fname = (char *)__alloca(strlen(file)+1);
strcpy(fname,file);
if (p1 = strrchr(fname,'/'))
fname = p1 + 1;
if (p2 = strrchr(fname,'.'))
*p2 = '\0';
fname_d.dsc$w_length = strlen(fname);
fname_d.dsc$a_pointer = fname;
image_d.dsc$w_length = strlen(vms_filespec);
image_d.dsc$a_pointer = vms_filespec;
buf_d.dsc$w_length = strlen(buf);
buf_d.dsc$a_pointer = buf;
lib$establish(vms_fisexh);
status = lib$find_image_symbol (
&fname_d,
&buf_d,
&init_fct,
&image_d);
lib$establish(0);
if (status == RMS$_FNF) {
error = dln_strerror();
goto failed;
} else if (!$VMS_STATUS_SUCCESS(status)) {
error = DLN_ERROR();
goto failed;
}
/* Call the init code */
(*init_fct)();
return 1;
}
#endif /* __VMS */
#ifndef DLN_DEFINED
rb_notimplement();
#endif
#endif /* USE_DLN_A_OUT */
#endif
#if !defined(_AIX) && !defined(NeXT)
failed:
rb_loaderror("%s - %s", error, file);
#endif
#endif /* NO_DLN_LOAD */
return 0; /* dummy return */
}
static char *dln_find_1();
char *
dln_find_exe(fname, path)
const char *fname;
const char *path;
{
if (!path) {
path = getenv(PATH_ENV);
}
if (!path) {
#if defined(MSDOS) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(__human68k__) || defined(__MACOS__)
path = "/usr/local/bin;/usr/ucb;/usr/bin;/bin;.";
#else
path = "/usr/local/bin:/usr/ucb:/usr/bin:/bin:.";
#endif
}
return dln_find_1(fname, path, 1);
}
char *
dln_find_file(fname, path)
const char *fname;
const char *path;
{
#ifndef __MACOS__
if (!path) path = ".";
return dln_find_1(fname, path, 0);
#else
if (!path) path = ".";
return _macruby_path_conv_posix_to_macos(dln_find_1(fname, path, 0));
#endif
}
static char fbuf[MAXPATHLEN];
static char *
dln_find_1(fname, path, exe_flag)
const char *fname;
const char *path;
int exe_flag; /* non 0 if looking for executable. */
{
register const char *dp;
register const char *ep;
register char *bp;
struct stat st;
#ifdef __MACOS__
const char* mac_fullpath;
#endif
if (!fname) return (char *)fname;
if (fname[0] == '/') return (char *)fname;
if (strncmp("./", fname, 2) == 0 || strncmp("../", fname, 3) == 0)
return (char *)fname;
if (exe_flag && strchr(fname, '/')) return (char *)fname;
#ifdef DOSISH
if (fname[0] == '\\') return (char *)fname;
# ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
if (strlen(fname) > 2 && fname[1] == ':') return (char *)fname;
# endif
if (strncmp(".\\", fname, 2) == 0 || strncmp("..\\", fname, 3) == 0)
return (char *)fname;
if (exe_flag && strchr(fname, '\\')) return (char *)fname;
#endif
for (dp = path;; dp = ++ep) {
register int l;
int i;
int fspace;
/* extract a component */
ep = strchr(dp, PATH_SEP[0]);
if (ep == NULL)
ep = dp+strlen(dp);
/* find the length of that component */
l = ep - dp;
bp = fbuf;
fspace = sizeof fbuf - 2;
if (l > 0) {
/*
** If the length of the component is zero length,
** start from the current directory. If the
** component begins with "~", start from the
** user's $HOME environment variable. Otherwise
** take the path literally.
*/
if (*dp == '~' && (l == 1 ||
#if defined(DOSISH)
dp[1] == '\\' ||
#endif
dp[1] == '/')) {
char *home;
home = getenv("HOME");
if (home != NULL) {
i = strlen(home);
if ((fspace -= i) < 0)
goto toolong;
memcpy(bp, home, i);
bp += i;
}
dp++;
l--;
}
if (l > 0) {
if ((fspace -= l) < 0)
goto toolong;
memcpy(bp, dp, l);
bp += l;
}
/* add a "/" between directory and filename */
if (ep[-1] != '/')
*bp++ = '/';
}
/* now append the file name */
i = strlen(fname);
if ((fspace -= i) < 0) {
toolong:
fprintf(stderr, "openpath: pathname too long (ignored)\n");
*bp = '\0';
fprintf(stderr, "\tDirectory \"%s\"\n", fbuf);
fprintf(stderr, "\tFile \"%s\"\n", fname);
goto next;
}
memcpy(bp, fname, i + 1);
#if defined(DOSISH)
if (exe_flag) {
static const char extension[][5] = {
#if defined(MSDOS)
".com", ".exe", ".bat",
#if defined(DJGPP)
".btm", ".sh", ".ksh", ".pl", ".sed",
#endif
#elif defined(__EMX__) || defined(_WIN32)
".exe", ".com", ".cmd", ".bat",
/* end of __EMX__ or _WIN32 */
#else
".r", ".R", ".x", ".X", ".bat", ".BAT",
/* __human68k__ */
#endif
};
int j;
for (j = 0; j < sizeof(extension) / sizeof(extension[0]); j++) {
if (fspace < strlen(extension[j])) {
fprintf(stderr, "openpath: pathname too long (ignored)\n");
fprintf(stderr, "\tDirectory \"%.*s\"\n", (int) (bp - fbuf), fbuf);
fprintf(stderr, "\tFile \"%s%s\"\n", fname, extension[j]);
continue;
}
strcpy(bp + i, extension[j]);
#ifndef __MACOS__
if (stat(fbuf, &st) == 0)
return fbuf;
#else
if (mac_fullpath = _macruby_exist_file_in_libdir_as_posix_name(fbuf))
return mac_fullpath;
#endif
}
goto next;
}
#endif /* MSDOS or _WIN32 or __human68k__ or __EMX__ */
#ifndef __MACOS__
if (stat(fbuf, &st) == 0) {
if (exe_flag == 0) return fbuf;
/* looking for executable */
if (!S_ISDIR(st.st_mode) && eaccess(fbuf, X_OK) == 0)
return fbuf;
}
#else
if (mac_fullpath = _macruby_exist_file_in_libdir_as_posix_name(fbuf)) {
if (exe_flag == 0) return mac_fullpath;
/* looking for executable */
if (stat(mac_fullpath, &st) == 0) {
if (!S_ISDIR(st.st_mode) && eaccess(mac_fullpath, X_OK) == 0)
return mac_fullpath;
}
}
#endif
next:
/* if not, and no other alternatives, life is bleak */
if (*ep == '\0') {
return NULL;
}
/* otherwise try the next component in the search path */
}
}
#if defined(__VMS)
/* action routine for decc$to_vms */
static int vms_fileact(char *filespec, int type)
{
if (vms_filespec)
free(vms_filespec);
vms_filespec = malloc(strlen(filespec)+1);
strcpy(vms_filespec, filespec);
return 1;
}
/* exception handler for LIB$FIND_IMAGE_SYMBOL */
static long vms_fisexh(long *sigarr, long *mecarr)
{
sys$unwind(1, 0);
return 1;
}
#endif /* __VMS */
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