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A pass extension for managing one-time-password (OTP) tokens.



    pass otp [code] [--clip,-c] pass-name
        Generate an OTP code and optionally put it on the clipboard.
        If put on the clipboard, it will be cleared in 45 seconds.

    pass otp insert [--force,-f] [--echo,-e] [pass-name]
        Prompt for and insert a new OTP key URI. If pass-name is not supplied,
        use the URI label. Optionally, echo the input. Prompt before overwriting
        existing password unless forced. This command accepts input from stdin.

    pass otp append [--force,-f] [--echo,-e] pass-name
        Appends an OTP key URI to an existing password file. Optionally, echo
        the input. Prompt before overwriting an existing URI unless forced. This
        command accepts input from stdin.

    pass otp uri [--clip,-c] [--qrcode,-q] pass-name
        Display the key URI stored in pass-name. Optionally, put it on the
        clipboard, or display a QR code.

    pass otp validate uri
        Test if the given URI is a valid OTP key URI.

More information may be found in the pass-otp(1) man page.


Prompt for an OTP token, hiding input:

$ pass otp insert totp-secret
Enter otpauth:// URI for totp-secret:
Retype otpauth:// URI for totp-secret:

Prompt for an OTP token, echoing input:

$ pass otp insert -e totp-secret
Enter otpauth:// URI for totp-secret: otpauth://totp/totp-secret?secret=AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA&issuer=totp-secret

Pipe an otpauth:// URI into a passfile:

$ pass otp insert totp-secret < totp-secret.txt

Use zbar to decode a QR image or webcam shot into a passfile:

$ zbarimg -q --raw qrcode.png | pass otp insert totp-secret

To use your webcam:

$ zbarcam -q --raw | pass otp insert totp-secret

The same, but appending to an existing passfile:

$ zbarimg -q --raw google-qrcode.png | pass otp append google/

If you have a clipboard management console tool such as wl-clipboard for Wayland installed, you can also select "Copy Image" in your favorite browser and run:

$ wl-paste | zbarimg -q --raw - | pass otp append google/

Generate a 2FA code using this token:

$ pass otp totp-secret

Display a QR code for an OTP token:

$ pass otp uri -q totp-secret
████ ▄▄▄▄▄ ██▄▄ ▀█  ▀  █▀█ ▄▄▄▄▄ ████
████ █   █ █▀▄  █▀▀▄▀▀██ █ █   █ ████
████ █▄▄▄█ █▄▀ █▄▄▄ █▀▀▄ █ █▄▄▄█ ████
████▄▄▄▄▄▄▄█▄▀▄█ ▀ █▄█ ▀▄█▄▄▄▄▄▄▄████
████▄▄▀██▄▄ ▀▄ █▄█▀ ▀▄▀▀▄▀█▀ ▄▀██████
████  ▀▄▀ ▄▀ ▄▀ ▄▄ ▄ ███ ██ █ ███████
████▀▀ ▄▄█▄▄▄▄ █ █ ▀███▀▄▀  ▀▀█  ████
████▀▄▀ ▀ ▄█▀▄██ ▀▀▄██▀█▀▄▀▀  ▀█▀████
████▀ █▀ ▄▄██ █▀▄▄▄   ▄▀ ▄▀ ▀ ▄▀▀████
████ ▄ ▀█ ▄█▄ ▀ ▄██▄▀██▄ ▀▀▀█ ▄▀ ████
████▄█▄▄▄█▄▄ █▄▄ ▀█ █▄█▀ ▄▄▄ █▄█▄████
████ ▄▄▄▄▄ █ ▄▀▀▀▀▄ █▄▄  █▄█ ███▀████
████ █   █ ██▀▄ █▄█ ▀█▀   ▄▄▄█▀▄ ████
████ █▄▄▄█ █▀▄ █  █  ██▄▄▀ ▀▄█ ▄▀████


From git

git clone
cd pass-otp
sudo make install

or, to install in the user dir (following the standard XDG base directory paths):


$ export PASSWORD_STORE_EXTENSIONS_DIR=$XDG_DATA_HOME/password-store/.extensions
$ export BASH_COMPLETION_USER_DIR=$XDG_DATA_HOME/bash-completion/completions

    make install

Arch Linux

pass-otp is available in the [community] repository:

pacman -S pass-otp


pass-otp is available in buster and sid repositories with the package-name pass-extension-otp according to tracker:

apt install pass-extension-otp


pass-otp is available in Fedora 28 and up, under the package name pass-otp according to Fedora Apps.

dnf install pass-otp

Gentoo Linux

emerge app-admin/pass-otp


The following expression builds pass with the pass-otp extension:

with pkgs;
pass.withExtensions (exts: [ exts.pass-otp ])

The above can be installed imperatively via nix-env or ran in a temprorary environment via nix-shell.



brew install pass-otp

sudo port install pass-otp


zypper install pass-otp

Crux Linux

pass-otp in this port

# MK ports collection



  • pass 1.7.0 or later for extension support
  • oathtool or Pass::OTP for generating 2FA codes
  • qrencode for generating QR code images

Build requirements

  • make test
    • pass >= 1.7.0
    • git
    • oathtool
    • expect
    • make (GNU make)
  • make lint
    • shellcheck

Browser Support

passff >= 1.6.0 now supports using pass-otp to fill login forms.

Migrating from pass-otp 0.1

pass-otp has switched to storing OTP tokens in the standard Key Uri Format. You'll need to edit any saved tokens and change them to this format. For example:

$ pass edit totp-secret

Old format:

otp_type: totp
otp_algorithm: sha1
otp_period: 30
otp_digits: 6

New format:


Note that the following default values do not need to be specified in the URI:

parameter default
algorithm sha1
period 30
digits 6

Migrating from Google Authenticator

Warning: This method is provided as a means to transport your TOTP tokens to other devices, disconnected from your single factor authentication part. If you add those secrets into the same basket of eggs, you will be defeating the whole purpose of the multi factor authentication mantra. Please think it through before running this migration.

If you read the warning paragraph above, keep calm and move on with the migration.