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/*
* CD Graphics Video Decoder
* Copyright (c) 2009 Michael Tison
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "avcodec.h"
#include "bytestream.h"
/**
* @file
* @brief CD Graphics Video Decoder
* @author Michael Tison
* @see http://wiki.multimedia.cx/index.php?title=CD_Graphics
* @see http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/bchafy/cdb/info/cdg
*/
/// default screen sizes
#define CDG_FULL_WIDTH 300
#define CDG_FULL_HEIGHT 216
#define CDG_DISPLAY_WIDTH 294
#define CDG_DISPLAY_HEIGHT 204
#define CDG_BORDER_WIDTH 6
#define CDG_BORDER_HEIGHT 12
/// masks
#define CDG_COMMAND 0x09
#define CDG_MASK 0x3F
/// instruction codes
#define CDG_INST_MEMORY_PRESET 1
#define CDG_INST_BORDER_PRESET 2
#define CDG_INST_TILE_BLOCK 6
#define CDG_INST_SCROLL_PRESET 20
#define CDG_INST_SCROLL_COPY 24
#define CDG_INST_LOAD_PAL_LO 30
#define CDG_INST_LOAD_PAL_HIGH 31
#define CDG_INST_TILE_BLOCK_XOR 38
/// data sizes
#define CDG_PACKET_SIZE 24
#define CDG_DATA_SIZE 16
#define CDG_TILE_HEIGHT 12
#define CDG_TILE_WIDTH 6
#define CDG_MINIMUM_PKT_SIZE 6
#define CDG_MINIMUM_SCROLL_SIZE 3
#define CDG_HEADER_SIZE 8
#define CDG_PALETTE_SIZE 16
typedef struct CDGraphicsContext {
AVFrame frame;
int hscroll;
int vscroll;
} CDGraphicsContext;
static void cdg_init_frame(AVFrame *frame)
{
avcodec_get_frame_defaults(frame);
frame->reference = 3;
frame->buffer_hints = FF_BUFFER_HINTS_VALID |
FF_BUFFER_HINTS_READABLE |
FF_BUFFER_HINTS_PRESERVE |
FF_BUFFER_HINTS_REUSABLE;
}
static av_cold int cdg_decode_init(AVCodecContext *avctx)
{
CDGraphicsContext *cc = avctx->priv_data;
cdg_init_frame(&cc->frame);
avctx->width = CDG_FULL_WIDTH;
avctx->height = CDG_FULL_HEIGHT;
avctx->pix_fmt = PIX_FMT_PAL8;
return 0;
}
static void cdg_border_preset(CDGraphicsContext *cc, uint8_t *data)
{
int y;
int lsize = cc->frame.linesize[0];
uint8_t *buf = cc->frame.data[0];
int color = data[0] & 0x0F;
if (!(data[1] & 0x0F)) {
/// fill the top and bottom borders
memset(buf, color, CDG_BORDER_HEIGHT * lsize);
memset(buf + (CDG_FULL_HEIGHT - CDG_BORDER_HEIGHT) * lsize,
color, CDG_BORDER_HEIGHT * lsize);
/// fill the side borders
for (y = CDG_BORDER_HEIGHT; y < CDG_FULL_HEIGHT - CDG_BORDER_HEIGHT; y++) {
memset(buf + y * lsize, color, CDG_BORDER_WIDTH);
memset(buf + CDG_FULL_WIDTH - CDG_BORDER_WIDTH + y * lsize,
color, CDG_BORDER_WIDTH);
}
}
}
static void cdg_load_palette(CDGraphicsContext *cc, uint8_t *data, int low)
{
uint8_t r, g, b;
uint16_t color;
int i;
int array_offset = low ? 0 : 8;
uint32_t *palette = (uint32_t *) cc->frame.data[1];
for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
color = (data[2 * i] << 6) + (data[2 * i + 1] & 0x3F);
r = ((color >> 8) & 0x000F) * 17;
g = ((color >> 4) & 0x000F) * 17;
b = ((color ) & 0x000F) * 17;
palette[i + array_offset] = 0xFF << 24 | r << 16 | g << 8 | b;
}
cc->frame.palette_has_changed = 1;
}
static int cdg_tile_block(CDGraphicsContext *cc, uint8_t *data, int b)
{
unsigned ci, ri;
int color;
int x, y;
int ai;
int stride = cc->frame.linesize[0];
uint8_t *buf = cc->frame.data[0];
ri = (data[2] & 0x1F) * CDG_TILE_HEIGHT + cc->vscroll;
ci = (data[3] & 0x3F) * CDG_TILE_WIDTH + cc->hscroll;
if (ri > (CDG_FULL_HEIGHT - CDG_TILE_HEIGHT))
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
if (ci > (CDG_FULL_WIDTH - CDG_TILE_WIDTH))
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
for (y = 0; y < CDG_TILE_HEIGHT; y++) {
for (x = 0; x < CDG_TILE_WIDTH; x++) {
if (!((data[4 + y] >> (5 - x)) & 0x01))
color = data[0] & 0x0F;
else
color = data[1] & 0x0F;
ai = ci + x + (stride * (ri + y));
if (b)
color ^= buf[ai];
buf[ai] = color;
}
}
return 0;
}
#define UP 2
#define DOWN 1
#define LEFT 2
#define RIGHT 1
static void cdg_copy_rect_buf(int out_tl_x, int out_tl_y, uint8_t *out,
int in_tl_x, int in_tl_y, uint8_t *in,
int w, int h, int stride)
{
int y;
in += in_tl_x + in_tl_y * stride;
out += out_tl_x + out_tl_y * stride;
for (y = 0; y < h; y++)
memcpy(out + y * stride, in + y * stride, w);
}
static void cdg_fill_rect_preset(int tl_x, int tl_y, uint8_t *out,
int color, int w, int h, int stride)
{
int y;
for (y = tl_y; y < tl_y + h; y++)
memset(out + tl_x + y * stride, color, w);
}
static void cdg_fill_wrapper(int out_tl_x, int out_tl_y, uint8_t *out,
int in_tl_x, int in_tl_y, uint8_t *in,
int color, int w, int h, int stride, int roll)
{
if (roll) {
cdg_copy_rect_buf(out_tl_x, out_tl_y, out, in_tl_x, in_tl_y,
in, w, h, stride);
} else {
cdg_fill_rect_preset(out_tl_x, out_tl_y, out, color, w, h, stride);
}
}
static void cdg_scroll(CDGraphicsContext *cc, uint8_t *data,
AVFrame *new_frame, int roll_over)
{
int color;
int hscmd, h_off, hinc, vscmd, v_off, vinc;
int y;
int stride = cc->frame.linesize[0];
uint8_t *in = cc->frame.data[0];
uint8_t *out = new_frame->data[0];
color = data[0] & 0x0F;
hscmd = (data[1] & 0x30) >> 4;
vscmd = (data[2] & 0x30) >> 4;
h_off = FFMIN(data[1] & 0x07, CDG_BORDER_WIDTH - 1);
v_off = FFMIN(data[2] & 0x07, CDG_BORDER_HEIGHT - 1);
/// find the difference and save the offset for cdg_tile_block usage
hinc = h_off - cc->hscroll;
vinc = v_off - cc->vscroll;
cc->hscroll = h_off;
cc->vscroll = v_off;
if (vscmd == UP)
vinc -= 12;
if (vscmd == DOWN)
vinc += 12;
if (hscmd == LEFT)
hinc -= 6;
if (hscmd == RIGHT)
hinc += 6;
if (!hinc && !vinc)
return;
memcpy(new_frame->data[1], cc->frame.data[1], CDG_PALETTE_SIZE * 4);
for (y = FFMAX(0, vinc); y < FFMIN(CDG_FULL_HEIGHT + vinc, CDG_FULL_HEIGHT); y++)
memcpy(out + FFMAX(0, hinc) + stride * y,
in + FFMAX(0, hinc) - hinc + (y - vinc) * stride,
FFMIN(stride + hinc, stride));
if (vinc > 0)
cdg_fill_wrapper(0, 0, out,
0, CDG_FULL_HEIGHT - vinc, in, color,
stride, vinc, stride, roll_over);
else if (vinc < 0)
cdg_fill_wrapper(0, CDG_FULL_HEIGHT + vinc, out,
0, 0, in, color,
stride, -1 * vinc, stride, roll_over);
if (hinc > 0)
cdg_fill_wrapper(0, 0, out,
CDG_FULL_WIDTH - hinc, 0, in, color,
hinc, CDG_FULL_HEIGHT, stride, roll_over);
else if (hinc < 0)
cdg_fill_wrapper(CDG_FULL_WIDTH + hinc, 0, out,
0, 0, in, color,
-1 * hinc, CDG_FULL_HEIGHT, stride, roll_over);
}
static int cdg_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx,
void *data, int *data_size, AVPacket *avpkt)
{
const uint8_t *buf = avpkt->data;
int buf_size = avpkt->size;
int ret;
uint8_t command, inst;
uint8_t cdg_data[CDG_DATA_SIZE];
AVFrame new_frame;
CDGraphicsContext *cc = avctx->priv_data;
if (buf_size < CDG_MINIMUM_PKT_SIZE) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "buffer too small for decoder\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
if (buf_size > CDG_HEADER_SIZE + CDG_DATA_SIZE) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "buffer too big for decoder\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
ret = avctx->reget_buffer(avctx, &cc->frame);
if (ret) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "reget_buffer() failed\n");
return ret;
}
command = bytestream_get_byte(&buf);
inst = bytestream_get_byte(&buf);
inst &= CDG_MASK;
buf += 2; /// skipping 2 unneeded bytes
bytestream_get_buffer(&buf, cdg_data, buf_size - CDG_HEADER_SIZE);
if ((command & CDG_MASK) == CDG_COMMAND) {
switch (inst) {
case CDG_INST_MEMORY_PRESET:
if (!(cdg_data[1] & 0x0F))
memset(cc->frame.data[0], cdg_data[0] & 0x0F,
cc->frame.linesize[0] * CDG_FULL_HEIGHT);
break;
case CDG_INST_LOAD_PAL_LO:
case CDG_INST_LOAD_PAL_HIGH:
if (buf_size - CDG_HEADER_SIZE < CDG_DATA_SIZE) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "buffer too small for loading palette\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
cdg_load_palette(cc, cdg_data, inst == CDG_INST_LOAD_PAL_LO);
break;
case CDG_INST_BORDER_PRESET:
cdg_border_preset(cc, cdg_data);
break;
case CDG_INST_TILE_BLOCK_XOR:
case CDG_INST_TILE_BLOCK:
if (buf_size - CDG_HEADER_SIZE < CDG_DATA_SIZE) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "buffer too small for drawing tile\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
ret = cdg_tile_block(cc, cdg_data, inst == CDG_INST_TILE_BLOCK_XOR);
if (ret) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "tile is out of range\n");
return ret;
}
break;
case CDG_INST_SCROLL_PRESET:
case CDG_INST_SCROLL_COPY:
if (buf_size - CDG_HEADER_SIZE < CDG_MINIMUM_SCROLL_SIZE) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "buffer too small for scrolling\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
cdg_init_frame(&new_frame);
ret = avctx->get_buffer(avctx, &new_frame);
if (ret) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "get_buffer() failed\n");
return ret;
}
cdg_scroll(cc, cdg_data, &new_frame, inst == CDG_INST_SCROLL_COPY);
avctx->release_buffer(avctx, &cc->frame);
cc->frame = new_frame;
break;
default:
break;
}
*data_size = sizeof(AVFrame);
} else {
*data_size = 0;
buf_size = 0;
}
*(AVFrame *) data = cc->frame;
return buf_size;
}
static av_cold int cdg_decode_end(AVCodecContext *avctx)
{
CDGraphicsContext *cc = avctx->priv_data;
if (cc->frame.data[0])
avctx->release_buffer(avctx, &cc->frame);
return 0;
}
AVCodec ff_cdgraphics_decoder = {
.name = "cdgraphics",
.type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
.id = AV_CODEC_ID_CDGRAPHICS,
.priv_data_size = sizeof(CDGraphicsContext),
.init = cdg_decode_init,
.close = cdg_decode_end,
.decode = cdg_decode_frame,
.capabilities = CODEC_CAP_DR1,
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("CD Graphics video"),
};
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