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/*
* copyright (c) 2004 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
/**
* @file
* bitstream reader API header.
*/
#ifndef AVCODEC_GET_BITS_H
#define AVCODEC_GET_BITS_H
#include <stdint.h>
#include "libavutil/common.h"
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/log.h"
#include "libavutil/avassert.h"
#include "mathops.h"
/*
* Safe bitstream reading:
* optionally, the get_bits API can check to ensure that we
* don't read past input buffer boundaries. This is protected
* with CONFIG_SAFE_BITSTREAM_READER at the global level, and
* then below that with UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER at the per-
* decoder level. This means that decoders that check internally
* can "#define UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER 1" to disable
* overread checks.
* Boundary checking causes a minor performance penalty so for
* applications that won't want/need this, it can be disabled
* globally using "#define CONFIG_SAFE_BITSTREAM_READER 0".
*/
#ifndef UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER
#define UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER !CONFIG_SAFE_BITSTREAM_READER
#endif
typedef struct GetBitContext {
const uint8_t *buffer, *buffer_end;
int index;
int size_in_bits;
int size_in_bits_plus8;
} GetBitContext;
#define VLC_TYPE int16_t
typedef struct VLC {
int bits;
VLC_TYPE (*table)[2]; ///< code, bits
int table_size, table_allocated;
} VLC;
typedef struct RL_VLC_ELEM {
int16_t level;
int8_t len;
uint8_t run;
} RL_VLC_ELEM;
/* Bitstream reader API docs:
name
arbitrary name which is used as prefix for the internal variables
gb
getbitcontext
OPEN_READER(name, gb)
load gb into local variables
CLOSE_READER(name, gb)
store local vars in gb
UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)
refill the internal cache from the bitstream
after this call at least MIN_CACHE_BITS will be available,
GET_CACHE(name, gb)
will output the contents of the internal cache, next bit is MSB of 32 or 64 bit (FIXME 64bit)
SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num)
will return the next num bits
SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num)
will return the next num bits and do sign extension
SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)
will skip over the next num bits
note, this is equivalent to SKIP_CACHE; SKIP_COUNTER
SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)
will remove the next num bits from the cache (note SKIP_COUNTER MUST be called before UPDATE_CACHE / CLOSE_READER)
SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)
will increment the internal bit counter (see SKIP_CACHE & SKIP_BITS)
LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)
like SKIP_BITS, to be used if next call is UPDATE_CACHE or CLOSE_READER
for examples see get_bits, show_bits, skip_bits, get_vlc
*/
#ifdef LONG_BITSTREAM_READER
# define MIN_CACHE_BITS 32
#else
# define MIN_CACHE_BITS 25
#endif
#if UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER
#define OPEN_READER(name, gb) \
unsigned int name##_index = (gb)->index; \
av_unused unsigned int name##_cache
#define HAVE_BITS_REMAINING(name, gb) 1
#else
#define OPEN_READER(name, gb) \
unsigned int name##_index = (gb)->index; \
unsigned int av_unused name##_cache = 0; \
unsigned int av_unused name##_size_plus8 = \
(gb)->size_in_bits_plus8
#define HAVE_BITS_REMAINING(name, gb) \
name##_index < name##_size_plus8
#endif
#define CLOSE_READER(name, gb) (gb)->index = name##_index
#ifdef BITSTREAM_READER_LE
# ifdef LONG_BITSTREAM_READER
# define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb) name##_cache = \
AV_RL64((gb)->buffer + (name##_index >> 3)) >> (name##_index & 7)
# else
# define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb) name##_cache = \
AV_RL32((gb)->buffer + (name##_index >> 3)) >> (name##_index & 7)
# endif
# define SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num) name##_cache >>= (num)
#else
# ifdef LONG_BITSTREAM_READER
# define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb) name##_cache = \
AV_RB64((gb)->buffer + (name##_index >> 3)) >> (32 - (name##_index & 7))
# else
# define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb) name##_cache = \
AV_RB32((gb)->buffer + (name##_index >> 3)) << (name##_index & 7)
# endif
# define SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num) name##_cache <<= (num)
#endif
#if UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER
# define SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num) name##_index += (num)
#else
# define SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num) \
name##_index = FFMIN(name##_size_plus8, name##_index + (num))
#endif
#define SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num) do { \
SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num); \
SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num); \
} while (0)
#define LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num) SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)
#ifdef BITSTREAM_READER_LE
# define SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num) zero_extend(name##_cache, num)
# define SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num) sign_extend(name##_cache, num)
#else
# define SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num) NEG_USR32(name##_cache, num)
# define SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num) NEG_SSR32(name##_cache, num)
#endif
#define GET_CACHE(name, gb) ((uint32_t)name##_cache)
static inline int get_bits_count(const GetBitContext *s)
{
return s->index;
}
static inline void skip_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n){
#if UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER
s->index += n;
#else
s->index += av_clip(n, -s->index, s->size_in_bits_plus8 - s->index);
#endif
}
/**
* read mpeg1 dc style vlc (sign bit + mantisse with no MSB).
* if MSB not set it is negative
* @param n length in bits
*/
static inline int get_xbits(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
register int sign;
register int32_t cache;
OPEN_READER(re, s);
UPDATE_CACHE(re, s);
cache = GET_CACHE(re, s);
sign = ~cache >> 31;
LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n);
CLOSE_READER(re, s);
return (NEG_USR32(sign ^ cache, n) ^ sign) - sign;
}
static inline int get_sbits(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
register int tmp;
OPEN_READER(re, s);
av_assert2(n>0 && n<=25);
UPDATE_CACHE(re, s);
tmp = SHOW_SBITS(re, s, n);
LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n);
CLOSE_READER(re, s);
return tmp;
}
/**
* Read 1-25 bits.
*/
static inline unsigned int get_bits(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
register int tmp;
OPEN_READER(re, s);
av_assert2(n>0 && n<=25);
UPDATE_CACHE(re, s);
tmp = SHOW_UBITS(re, s, n);
LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n);
CLOSE_READER(re, s);
return tmp;
}
/**
* Show 1-25 bits.
*/
static inline unsigned int show_bits(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
register int tmp;
OPEN_READER(re, s);
av_assert2(n>0 && n<=25);
UPDATE_CACHE(re, s);
tmp = SHOW_UBITS(re, s, n);
return tmp;
}
static inline void skip_bits(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
OPEN_READER(re, s);
UPDATE_CACHE(re, s);
LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n);
CLOSE_READER(re, s);
}
static inline unsigned int get_bits1(GetBitContext *s)
{
unsigned int index = s->index;
uint8_t result = s->buffer[index>>3];
#ifdef BITSTREAM_READER_LE
result >>= index & 7;
result &= 1;
#else
result <<= index & 7;
result >>= 8 - 1;
#endif
#if !UNCHECKED_BITSTREAM_READER
if (s->index < s->size_in_bits_plus8)
#endif
index++;
s->index = index;
return result;
}
static inline unsigned int show_bits1(GetBitContext *s)
{
return show_bits(s, 1);
}
static inline void skip_bits1(GetBitContext *s)
{
skip_bits(s, 1);
}
/**
* Read 0-32 bits.
*/
static inline unsigned int get_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
if (n <= MIN_CACHE_BITS)
return get_bits(s, n);
else {
#ifdef BITSTREAM_READER_LE
int ret = get_bits(s, 16);
return ret | (get_bits(s, n-16) << 16);
#else
int ret = get_bits(s, 16) << (n-16);
return ret | get_bits(s, n-16);
#endif
}
}
/**
* Read 0-32 bits as a signed integer.
*/
static inline int get_sbits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
return sign_extend(get_bits_long(s, n), n);
}
/**
* Show 0-32 bits.
*/
static inline unsigned int show_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n)
{
if (n <= MIN_CACHE_BITS)
return show_bits(s, n);
else {
GetBitContext gb = *s;
return get_bits_long(&gb, n);
}
}
static inline int check_marker(GetBitContext *s, const char *msg)
{
int bit = get_bits1(s);
if (!bit)
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Marker bit missing %s\n", msg);
return bit;
}
/**
* Inititalize GetBitContext.
* @param buffer bitstream buffer, must be FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE bytes larger than the actual read bits
* because some optimized bitstream readers read 32 or 64 bit at once and could read over the end
* @param bit_size the size of the buffer in bits
*/
static inline void init_get_bits(GetBitContext *s, const uint8_t *buffer,
int bit_size)
{
int buffer_size = (bit_size+7)>>3;
if (buffer_size < 0 || bit_size < 0) {
buffer_size = bit_size = 0;
buffer = NULL;
}
s->buffer = buffer;
s->size_in_bits = bit_size;
s->size_in_bits_plus8 = bit_size + 8;
s->buffer_end = buffer + buffer_size;
s->index = 0;
}
static inline void align_get_bits(GetBitContext *s)
{
int n = -get_bits_count(s) & 7;
if (n) skip_bits(s, n);
}
#define init_vlc(vlc, nb_bits, nb_codes, \
bits, bits_wrap, bits_size, \
codes, codes_wrap, codes_size, \
flags) \
ff_init_vlc_sparse(vlc, nb_bits, nb_codes, \
bits, bits_wrap, bits_size, \
codes, codes_wrap, codes_size, \
NULL, 0, 0, flags)
int ff_init_vlc_sparse(VLC *vlc, int nb_bits, int nb_codes,
const void *bits, int bits_wrap, int bits_size,
const void *codes, int codes_wrap, int codes_size,
const void *symbols, int symbols_wrap, int symbols_size,
int flags);
#define INIT_VLC_LE 2
#define INIT_VLC_USE_NEW_STATIC 4
void ff_free_vlc(VLC *vlc);
#define INIT_VLC_STATIC(vlc, bits, a,b,c,d,e,f,g, static_size) do { \
static VLC_TYPE table[static_size][2]; \
(vlc)->table = table; \
(vlc)->table_allocated = static_size; \
init_vlc(vlc, bits, a,b,c,d,e,f,g, INIT_VLC_USE_NEW_STATIC); \
} while (0)
/**
* If the vlc code is invalid and max_depth=1, then no bits will be removed.
* If the vlc code is invalid and max_depth>1, then the number of bits removed
* is undefined.
*/
#define GET_VLC(code, name, gb, table, bits, max_depth) \
do { \
int n, nb_bits; \
unsigned int index; \
\
index = SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, bits); \
code = table[index][0]; \
n = table[index][1]; \
\
if (max_depth > 1 && n < 0) { \
LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, bits); \
UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb); \
\
nb_bits = -n; \
\
index = SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, nb_bits) + code; \
code = table[index][0]; \
n = table[index][1]; \
if (max_depth > 2 && n < 0) { \
LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, nb_bits); \
UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb); \
\
nb_bits = -n; \
\
index = SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, nb_bits) + code; \
code = table[index][0]; \
n = table[index][1]; \
} \
} \
SKIP_BITS(name, gb, n); \
} while (0)
#define GET_RL_VLC(level, run, name, gb, table, bits, max_depth, need_update) \
do { \
int n, nb_bits; \
unsigned int index; \
\
index = SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, bits); \
level = table[index].level; \
n = table[index].len; \
\
if (max_depth > 1 && n < 0) { \
SKIP_BITS(name, gb, bits); \
if (need_update) { \
UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb); \
} \
\
nb_bits = -n; \
\
index = SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, nb_bits) + level; \
level = table[index].level; \
n = table[index].len; \
} \
run = table[index].run; \
SKIP_BITS(name, gb, n); \
} while (0)
/**
* Parse a vlc code.
* @param bits is the number of bits which will be read at once, must be
* identical to nb_bits in init_vlc()
* @param max_depth is the number of times bits bits must be read to completely
* read the longest vlc code
* = (max_vlc_length + bits - 1) / bits
*/
static av_always_inline int get_vlc2(GetBitContext *s, VLC_TYPE (*table)[2],
int bits, int max_depth)
{
int code;
OPEN_READER(re, s);
UPDATE_CACHE(re, s);
GET_VLC(code, re, s, table, bits, max_depth);
CLOSE_READER(re, s);
return code;
}
static inline int decode012(GetBitContext *gb)
{
int n;
n = get_bits1(gb);
if (n == 0)
return 0;
else
return get_bits1(gb) + 1;
}
static inline int decode210(GetBitContext *gb)
{
if (get_bits1(gb))
return 0;
else
return 2 - get_bits1(gb);
}
static inline int get_bits_left(GetBitContext *gb)
{
return gb->size_in_bits - get_bits_count(gb);
}
//#define TRACE
#ifdef TRACE
static inline void print_bin(int bits, int n)
{
int i;
for (i = n-1; i >= 0; i--) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%d", (bits>>i)&1);
}
for (i = n; i < 24; i++)
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, " ");
}
static inline int get_bits_trace(GetBitContext *s, int n, char *file,
const char *func, int line)
{
int r = get_bits(s, n);
print_bin(r, n);
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%5d %2d %3d bit @%5d in %s %s:%d\n",
r, n, r, get_bits_count(s)-n, file, func, line);
return r;
}
static inline int get_vlc_trace(GetBitContext *s, VLC_TYPE (*table)[2],
int bits, int max_depth, char *file,
const char *func, int line)
{
int show = show_bits(s, 24);
int pos = get_bits_count(s);
int r = get_vlc2(s, table, bits, max_depth);
int len = get_bits_count(s) - pos;
int bits2 = show >> (24-len);
print_bin(bits2, len);
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%5d %2d %3d vlc @%5d in %s %s:%d\n",
bits2, len, r, pos, file, func, line);
return r;
}
static inline int get_xbits_trace(GetBitContext *s, int n, char *file,
const char *func, int line)
{
int show = show_bits(s, n);
int r = get_xbits(s, n);
print_bin(show, n);
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%5d %2d %3d xbt @%5d in %s %s:%d\n",
show, n, r, get_bits_count(s)-n, file, func, line);
return r;
}
#define get_bits(s, n) get_bits_trace(s, n, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_bits1(s) get_bits_trace(s, 1, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_xbits(s, n) get_xbits_trace(s, n, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_vlc(s, vlc) get_vlc_trace(s, (vlc)->table, (vlc)->bits, 3, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_vlc2(s, tab, bits, max) get_vlc_trace(s, tab, bits, max, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define tprintf(p, ...) av_log(p, AV_LOG_DEBUG, __VA_ARGS__)
#else //TRACE
#define tprintf(p, ...) {}
#endif
#endif /* AVCODEC_GET_BITS_H */
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