Skip to content
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
667 lines (581 sloc) 21.6 KB
/*
* AVI muxer
* Copyright (c) 2000 Fabrice Bellard
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "avformat.h"
#include "internal.h"
#include "avi.h"
#include "avio_internal.h"
#include "riff.h"
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/dict.h"
#include "libavutil/avassert.h"
/*
* TODO:
* - fill all fields if non streamed (nb_frames for example)
*/
typedef struct AVIIentry {
unsigned int flags, pos, len;
} AVIIentry;
#define AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE 16384
typedef struct AVIIndex {
int64_t indx_start;
int entry;
int ents_allocated;
AVIIentry** cluster;
} AVIIndex;
typedef struct {
int64_t riff_start, movi_list, odml_list;
int64_t frames_hdr_all;
int riff_id;
} AVIContext;
typedef struct {
int64_t frames_hdr_strm;
int audio_strm_length;
int packet_count;
int entry;
AVIIndex indexes;
} AVIStream ;
static inline AVIIentry* avi_get_ientry(AVIIndex* idx, int ent_id)
{
int cl = ent_id / AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE;
int id = ent_id % AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE;
return &idx->cluster[cl][id];
}
static int64_t avi_start_new_riff(AVFormatContext *s, AVIOContext *pb,
const char* riff_tag, const char* list_tag)
{
AVIContext *avi= s->priv_data;
int64_t loff;
int i;
avi->riff_id++;
for (i=0; i<s->nb_streams; i++){
AVIStream *avist= s->streams[i]->priv_data;
avist->indexes.entry = 0;
}
avi->riff_start = ff_start_tag(pb, "RIFF");
ffio_wfourcc(pb, riff_tag);
loff = ff_start_tag(pb, "LIST");
ffio_wfourcc(pb, list_tag);
return loff;
}
static char* avi_stream2fourcc(char* tag, int index, enum AVMediaType type)
{
tag[0] = '0' + index/10;
tag[1] = '0' + index%10;
if (type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
tag[2] = 'd';
tag[3] = 'c';
} else if (type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE) {
// note: this is not an official code
tag[2] = 's';
tag[3] = 'b';
} else {
tag[2] = 'w';
tag[3] = 'b';
}
tag[4] = '\0';
return tag;
}
static void avi_write_info_tag(AVIOContext *pb, const char *tag, const char *str)
{
int len = strlen(str);
if (len > 0) {
len++;
ffio_wfourcc(pb, tag);
avio_wl32(pb, len);
avio_put_str(pb, str);
if (len & 1)
avio_w8(pb, 0);
}
}
static int avi_write_counters(AVFormatContext* s, int riff_id)
{
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
AVIContext *avi = s->priv_data;
int n, au_byterate, au_ssize, au_scale, nb_frames = 0;
int64_t file_size;
AVCodecContext* stream;
file_size = avio_tell(pb);
for(n = 0; n < s->nb_streams; n++) {
AVIStream *avist= s->streams[n]->priv_data;
av_assert0(avist->frames_hdr_strm);
stream = s->streams[n]->codec;
avio_seek(pb, avist->frames_hdr_strm, SEEK_SET);
ff_parse_specific_params(stream, &au_byterate, &au_ssize, &au_scale);
if(au_ssize == 0) {
avio_wl32(pb, avist->packet_count);
} else {
avio_wl32(pb, avist->audio_strm_length / au_ssize);
}
if(stream->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
nb_frames = FFMAX(nb_frames, avist->packet_count);
}
if(riff_id == 1) {
av_assert0(avi->frames_hdr_all);
avio_seek(pb, avi->frames_hdr_all, SEEK_SET);
avio_wl32(pb, nb_frames);
}
avio_seek(pb, file_size, SEEK_SET);
return 0;
}
static int avi_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
{
AVIContext *avi = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
int bitrate, n, i, nb_frames, au_byterate, au_ssize, au_scale;
AVCodecContext *stream, *video_enc;
int64_t list1, list2, strh, strf;
AVDictionaryEntry *t = NULL;
if (s->nb_streams > AVI_MAX_STREAM_COUNT) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "AVI does not support >%d streams\n",
AVI_MAX_STREAM_COUNT);
return -1;
}
for(n=0;n<s->nb_streams;n++) {
s->streams[n]->priv_data= av_mallocz(sizeof(AVIStream));
if(!s->streams[n]->priv_data)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
}
/* header list */
avi->riff_id = 0;
list1 = avi_start_new_riff(s, pb, "AVI ", "hdrl");
/* avi header */
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "avih");
avio_wl32(pb, 14 * 4);
bitrate = 0;
video_enc = NULL;
for(n=0;n<s->nb_streams;n++) {
stream = s->streams[n]->codec;
bitrate += stream->bit_rate;
if (stream->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
video_enc = stream;
}
nb_frames = 0;
if(video_enc){
avio_wl32(pb, (uint32_t)(INT64_C(1000000) * video_enc->time_base.num / video_enc->time_base.den));
} else {
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
}
avio_wl32(pb, bitrate / 8); /* XXX: not quite exact */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* padding */
if (!pb->seekable)
avio_wl32(pb, AVIF_TRUSTCKTYPE | AVIF_ISINTERLEAVED); /* flags */
else
avio_wl32(pb, AVIF_TRUSTCKTYPE | AVIF_HASINDEX | AVIF_ISINTERLEAVED); /* flags */
avi->frames_hdr_all = avio_tell(pb); /* remember this offset to fill later */
avio_wl32(pb, nb_frames); /* nb frames, filled later */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* initial frame */
avio_wl32(pb, s->nb_streams); /* nb streams */
avio_wl32(pb, 1024 * 1024); /* suggested buffer size */
if(video_enc){
avio_wl32(pb, video_enc->width);
avio_wl32(pb, video_enc->height);
} else {
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
}
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* reserved */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* reserved */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* reserved */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* reserved */
/* stream list */
for(i=0;i<n;i++) {
AVIStream *avist= s->streams[i]->priv_data;
list2 = ff_start_tag(pb, "LIST");
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "strl");
stream = s->streams[i]->codec;
/* stream generic header */
strh = ff_start_tag(pb, "strh");
switch(stream->codec_type) {
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE:
// XSUB subtitles behave like video tracks, other subtitles
// are not (yet) supported.
if (stream->codec_id != AV_CODEC_ID_XSUB) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Subtitle streams other than DivX XSUB are not supported by the AVI muxer.\n");
return AVERROR_PATCHWELCOME;
}
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO: ffio_wfourcc(pb, "vids"); break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO: ffio_wfourcc(pb, "auds"); break;
// case AVMEDIA_TYPE_TEXT : ffio_wfourcc(pb, "txts"); break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_DATA : ffio_wfourcc(pb, "dats"); break;
}
if(stream->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO ||
stream->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_XSUB)
avio_wl32(pb, stream->codec_tag);
else
avio_wl32(pb, 1);
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* flags */
avio_wl16(pb, 0); /* priority */
avio_wl16(pb, 0); /* language */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* initial frame */
ff_parse_specific_params(stream, &au_byterate, &au_ssize, &au_scale);
avpriv_set_pts_info(s->streams[i], 64, au_scale, au_byterate);
if(stream->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_XSUB)
au_scale = au_byterate = 0;
avio_wl32(pb, au_scale); /* scale */
avio_wl32(pb, au_byterate); /* rate */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* start */
avist->frames_hdr_strm = avio_tell(pb); /* remember this offset to fill later */
if (!pb->seekable)
avio_wl32(pb, AVI_MAX_RIFF_SIZE); /* FIXME: this may be broken, but who cares */
else
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* length, XXX: filled later */
/* suggested buffer size */ //FIXME set at the end to largest chunk
if(stream->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
avio_wl32(pb, 1024 * 1024);
else if(stream->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO)
avio_wl32(pb, 12 * 1024);
else
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
avio_wl32(pb, -1); /* quality */
avio_wl32(pb, au_ssize); /* sample size */
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
avio_wl16(pb, stream->width);
avio_wl16(pb, stream->height);
ff_end_tag(pb, strh);
if(stream->codec_type != AVMEDIA_TYPE_DATA){
strf = ff_start_tag(pb, "strf");
switch(stream->codec_type) {
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE:
// XSUB subtitles behave like video tracks, other subtitles
// are not (yet) supported.
if (stream->codec_id != AV_CODEC_ID_XSUB) break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO:
ff_put_bmp_header(pb, stream, ff_codec_bmp_tags, 0);
break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO:
if (ff_put_wav_header(pb, stream) < 0) {
return -1;
}
break;
default:
return -1;
}
ff_end_tag(pb, strf);
if ((t = av_dict_get(s->streams[i]->metadata, "title", NULL, 0))) {
avi_write_info_tag(s->pb, "strn", t->value);
t = NULL;
}
}
if (pb->seekable) {
unsigned char tag[5];
int j;
/* Starting to lay out AVI OpenDML master index.
* We want to make it JUNK entry for now, since we'd
* like to get away without making AVI an OpenDML one
* for compatibility reasons.
*/
avist->indexes.entry = avist->indexes.ents_allocated = 0;
avist->indexes.indx_start = ff_start_tag(pb, "JUNK");
avio_wl16(pb, 4); /* wLongsPerEntry */
avio_w8(pb, 0); /* bIndexSubType (0 == frame index) */
avio_w8(pb, 0); /* bIndexType (0 == AVI_INDEX_OF_INDEXES) */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* nEntriesInUse (will fill out later on) */
ffio_wfourcc(pb, avi_stream2fourcc(tag, i, stream->codec_type));
/* dwChunkId */
avio_wl64(pb, 0); /* dwReserved[3]
avio_wl32(pb, 0); Must be 0. */
for (j=0; j < AVI_MASTER_INDEX_SIZE * 2; j++)
avio_wl64(pb, 0);
ff_end_tag(pb, avist->indexes.indx_start);
}
if( stream->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
&& s->streams[i]->sample_aspect_ratio.num>0
&& s->streams[i]->sample_aspect_ratio.den>0){
int vprp= ff_start_tag(pb, "vprp");
AVRational dar = av_mul_q(s->streams[i]->sample_aspect_ratio,
(AVRational){stream->width, stream->height});
int num, den;
av_reduce(&num, &den, dar.num, dar.den, 0xFFFF);
avio_wl32(pb, 0); //video format = unknown
avio_wl32(pb, 0); //video standard= unknown
avio_wl32(pb, lrintf(1.0/av_q2d(stream->time_base)));
avio_wl32(pb, stream->width );
avio_wl32(pb, stream->height);
avio_wl16(pb, den);
avio_wl16(pb, num);
avio_wl32(pb, stream->width );
avio_wl32(pb, stream->height);
avio_wl32(pb, 1); //progressive FIXME
avio_wl32(pb, stream->height);
avio_wl32(pb, stream->width );
avio_wl32(pb, stream->height);
avio_wl32(pb, stream->width );
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
ff_end_tag(pb, vprp);
}
ff_end_tag(pb, list2);
}
if (pb->seekable) {
/* AVI could become an OpenDML one, if it grows beyond 2Gb range */
avi->odml_list = ff_start_tag(pb, "JUNK");
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "odml");
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "dmlh");
avio_wl32(pb, 248);
for (i = 0; i < 248; i+= 4)
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
ff_end_tag(pb, avi->odml_list);
}
ff_end_tag(pb, list1);
list2 = ff_start_tag(pb, "LIST");
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "INFO");
ff_metadata_conv(&s->metadata, ff_riff_info_conv, NULL);
for (i = 0; *ff_riff_tags[i]; i++) {
if ((t = av_dict_get(s->metadata, ff_riff_tags[i], NULL, AV_DICT_MATCH_CASE)))
avi_write_info_tag(s->pb, t->key, t->value);
}
ff_end_tag(pb, list2);
/* some padding for easier tag editing */
list2 = ff_start_tag(pb, "JUNK");
for (i = 0; i < 1016; i += 4)
avio_wl32(pb, 0);
ff_end_tag(pb, list2);
avi->movi_list = ff_start_tag(pb, "LIST");
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "movi");
avio_flush(pb);
return 0;
}
static int avi_write_ix(AVFormatContext *s)
{
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
AVIContext *avi = s->priv_data;
char tag[5];
char ix_tag[] = "ix00";
int i, j;
av_assert0(pb->seekable);
if (avi->riff_id > AVI_MASTER_INDEX_SIZE)
return -1;
for (i=0;i<s->nb_streams;i++) {
AVIStream *avist= s->streams[i]->priv_data;
int64_t ix, pos;
avi_stream2fourcc(tag, i, s->streams[i]->codec->codec_type);
ix_tag[3] = '0' + i;
/* Writing AVI OpenDML leaf index chunk */
ix = avio_tell(pb);
ffio_wfourcc(pb, ix_tag); /* ix?? */
avio_wl32(pb, avist->indexes.entry * 8 + 24);
/* chunk size */
avio_wl16(pb, 2); /* wLongsPerEntry */
avio_w8(pb, 0); /* bIndexSubType (0 == frame index) */
avio_w8(pb, 1); /* bIndexType (1 == AVI_INDEX_OF_CHUNKS) */
avio_wl32(pb, avist->indexes.entry);
/* nEntriesInUse */
ffio_wfourcc(pb, tag); /* dwChunkId */
avio_wl64(pb, avi->movi_list);/* qwBaseOffset */
avio_wl32(pb, 0); /* dwReserved_3 (must be 0) */
for (j=0; j<avist->indexes.entry; j++) {
AVIIentry* ie = avi_get_ientry(&avist->indexes, j);
avio_wl32(pb, ie->pos + 8);
avio_wl32(pb, ((uint32_t)ie->len & ~0x80000000) |
(ie->flags & 0x10 ? 0 : 0x80000000));
}
avio_flush(pb);
pos = avio_tell(pb);
/* Updating one entry in the AVI OpenDML master index */
avio_seek(pb, avist->indexes.indx_start - 8, SEEK_SET);
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "indx"); /* enabling this entry */
avio_skip(pb, 8);
avio_wl32(pb, avi->riff_id); /* nEntriesInUse */
avio_skip(pb, 16*avi->riff_id);
avio_wl64(pb, ix); /* qwOffset */
avio_wl32(pb, pos - ix); /* dwSize */
avio_wl32(pb, avist->indexes.entry); /* dwDuration */
avio_seek(pb, pos, SEEK_SET);
}
return 0;
}
static int avi_write_idx1(AVFormatContext *s)
{
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
AVIContext *avi = s->priv_data;
int64_t idx_chunk;
int i;
char tag[5];
if (pb->seekable) {
AVIStream *avist;
AVIIentry* ie = 0, *tie;
int empty, stream_id = -1;
idx_chunk = ff_start_tag(pb, "idx1");
for(i=0; i<s->nb_streams; i++){
avist= s->streams[i]->priv_data;
avist->entry=0;
}
do {
empty = 1;
for (i=0; i<s->nb_streams; i++) {
avist= s->streams[i]->priv_data;
if (avist->indexes.entry <= avist->entry)
continue;
tie = avi_get_ientry(&avist->indexes, avist->entry);
if (empty || tie->pos < ie->pos) {
ie = tie;
stream_id = i;
}
empty = 0;
}
if (!empty) {
avist= s->streams[stream_id]->priv_data;
avi_stream2fourcc(tag, stream_id,
s->streams[stream_id]->codec->codec_type);
ffio_wfourcc(pb, tag);
avio_wl32(pb, ie->flags);
avio_wl32(pb, ie->pos);
avio_wl32(pb, ie->len);
avist->entry++;
}
} while (!empty);
ff_end_tag(pb, idx_chunk);
avi_write_counters(s, avi->riff_id);
}
return 0;
}
static int avi_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
AVIContext *avi = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
unsigned char tag[5];
unsigned int flags=0;
const int stream_index= pkt->stream_index;
AVIStream *avist= s->streams[stream_index]->priv_data;
AVCodecContext *enc= s->streams[stream_index]->codec;
int size= pkt->size;
// av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%"PRId64" %d %d\n", pkt->dts, avist->packet_count, stream_index);
while(enc->block_align==0 && pkt->dts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE && pkt->dts > avist->packet_count && enc->codec_id != AV_CODEC_ID_XSUB){
AVPacket empty_packet;
if(pkt->dts - avist->packet_count > 60000){
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Too large number of skiped frames %"PRId64"\n", pkt->dts - avist->packet_count);
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
av_init_packet(&empty_packet);
empty_packet.size= 0;
empty_packet.data= NULL;
empty_packet.stream_index= stream_index;
avi_write_packet(s, &empty_packet);
// av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "dup %"PRId64" %d\n", pkt->dts, avist->packet_count);
}
avist->packet_count++;
// Make sure to put an OpenDML chunk when the file size exceeds the limits
if (pb->seekable &&
(avio_tell(pb) - avi->riff_start > AVI_MAX_RIFF_SIZE)) {
avi_write_ix(s);
ff_end_tag(pb, avi->movi_list);
if (avi->riff_id == 1)
avi_write_idx1(s);
ff_end_tag(pb, avi->riff_start);
avi->movi_list = avi_start_new_riff(s, pb, "AVIX", "movi");
}
avi_stream2fourcc(tag, stream_index, enc->codec_type);
if(pkt->flags&AV_PKT_FLAG_KEY)
flags = 0x10;
if (enc->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
avist->audio_strm_length += size;
}
if (s->pb->seekable) {
AVIIndex* idx = &avist->indexes;
int cl = idx->entry / AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE;
int id = idx->entry % AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE;
if (idx->ents_allocated <= idx->entry) {
idx->cluster = av_realloc_f(idx->cluster, sizeof(void*), cl+1);
if (!idx->cluster)
return -1;
idx->cluster[cl] = av_malloc(AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE*sizeof(AVIIentry));
if (!idx->cluster[cl])
return -1;
idx->ents_allocated += AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE;
}
idx->cluster[cl][id].flags = flags;
idx->cluster[cl][id].pos = avio_tell(pb) - avi->movi_list;
idx->cluster[cl][id].len = size;
idx->entry++;
}
avio_write(pb, tag, 4);
avio_wl32(pb, size);
avio_write(pb, pkt->data, size);
if (size & 1)
avio_w8(pb, 0);
avio_flush(pb);
return 0;
}
static int avi_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
{
AVIContext *avi = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
int res = 0;
int i, j, n, nb_frames;
int64_t file_size;
if (pb->seekable){
if (avi->riff_id == 1) {
ff_end_tag(pb, avi->movi_list);
res = avi_write_idx1(s);
ff_end_tag(pb, avi->riff_start);
} else {
avi_write_ix(s);
ff_end_tag(pb, avi->movi_list);
ff_end_tag(pb, avi->riff_start);
file_size = avio_tell(pb);
avio_seek(pb, avi->odml_list - 8, SEEK_SET);
ffio_wfourcc(pb, "LIST"); /* Making this AVI OpenDML one */
avio_skip(pb, 16);
for (n=nb_frames=0;n<s->nb_streams;n++) {
AVCodecContext *stream = s->streams[n]->codec;
AVIStream *avist= s->streams[n]->priv_data;
if (stream->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
if (nb_frames < avist->packet_count)
nb_frames = avist->packet_count;
} else {
if (stream->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MP2 || stream->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MP3) {
nb_frames += avist->packet_count;
}
}
}
avio_wl32(pb, nb_frames);
avio_seek(pb, file_size, SEEK_SET);
avi_write_counters(s, avi->riff_id);
}
}
avio_flush(pb);
for (i=0; i<s->nb_streams; i++) {
AVIStream *avist= s->streams[i]->priv_data;
for (j=0; j<avist->indexes.ents_allocated/AVI_INDEX_CLUSTER_SIZE; j++)
av_free(avist->indexes.cluster[j]);
av_freep(&avist->indexes.cluster);
avist->indexes.ents_allocated = avist->indexes.entry = 0;
}
return res;
}
AVOutputFormat ff_avi_muxer = {
.name = "avi",
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("AVI (Audio Video Interleaved)"),
.mime_type = "video/x-msvideo",
.extensions = "avi",
.priv_data_size = sizeof(AVIContext),
.audio_codec = CONFIG_LIBMP3LAME ? AV_CODEC_ID_MP3 : AV_CODEC_ID_AC3,
.video_codec = AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4,
.write_header = avi_write_header,
.write_packet = avi_write_packet,
.write_trailer = avi_write_trailer,
.codec_tag = (const AVCodecTag* const []){
ff_codec_bmp_tags, ff_codec_wav_tags, 0
},
.flags = AVFMT_VARIABLE_FPS,
};
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.