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#!/usr/bin/python
# coding: utf-8
"""
Script for comparing two objects
Copyright (c) 2011, Red Hat Corp.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in
the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies
of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do
so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.
"""
try:
import json
except ImportError:
import simplejson as json
import sys
import logging
from optparse import OptionParser
__author__ = "Matěj Cepl"
__version__ = "1.2.9"
logging.basicConfig(format='%(levelname)s:%(funcName)s:%(message)s',
level=logging.INFO)
STYLE_MAP = {
u"_append": u"append_class",
u"_remove": u"remove_class",
u"_update": u"update_class"
}
INTERNAL_KEYS = set(STYLE_MAP.keys())
LEVEL_INDENT = u" "
out_str_template = u"""<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang='en'>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<title>%s</title>
<style>
td {
text-align: center;
}
.append_class {
color: green;
}
.remove_class {
color: red;
}
.update_class {
color: navy;
}
</style>
<body>
<h1>%s</h1>
<table>
%s
"""
def is_scalar(value):
"""
Primitive version, relying on the fact that JSON cannot
contain any more complicated data structures.
"""
return not isinstance(value, (list, tuple, dict))
class HTMLFormatter(object):
"""Special formatter to generate HTML page from diff dict.
"""
def __init__(self, diff_object):
self.diff = diff_object
def _generate_page(self, in_dict, title="json_diff result"):
"""A shell function to start recursive self._format_dict.
"""
out_str = out_str_template % (title, title,
self._format_dict(in_dict))
out_str += u"""</table>
</body>
</html>"""
return out_str
def _format_item(self, item, index, typch, level=0):
"""Function to unify formatting on the leaf node level."""
level_str = (u"<td>" + LEVEL_INDENT + u"</td>") * level
if is_scalar(item):
out_str = (u"<tr>\n %s<td class='%s'>%s = %s</td>\n </tr>\n" %
(level_str, STYLE_MAP[typch], index, unicode(item)))
elif isinstance(item, (list, tuple)):
out_str = self._format_array(item, typch, level + 1)
else:
out_str = self._format_dict(item, typch, level + 1)
return out_str.strip()
def _format_array(self, diff_array, typch, level=0):
"""Recursively generate HTML for two different arrays."""
out_str = []
for index in range(len(diff_array)):
out_str.append(self._format_item(diff_array[index], index, typch,
level))
return ("".join(out_str)).strip()
def _format_dict(self, diff_dict, typch="unknown_change", level=0):
"""Recursively generate HTML for two different dicts."""
out_str = []
# For all STYLE_MAP keys which are present in diff_dict
for typechange in set(diff_dict.keys()) & INTERNAL_KEYS:
out_str.append(self._format_dict(diff_dict[typechange],
typechange, level))
# For all other non-internal keys
for variable in set(diff_dict.keys()) - INTERNAL_KEYS:
out_str.append(self._format_item(diff_dict[variable],
variable, typch, level))
return ("".join(out_str)).strip()
def __unicode__(self):
return self._generate_page(self.diff)
class BadJSONError(ValueError):
"""Module should use its own exceptions."""
pass
class Comparator(object):
"""
Main workhorse, the object itself
"""
def __init__(self, fn1=None, fn2=None, opts=None):
self.obj1 = None
self.obj2 = None
if fn1:
try:
self.obj1 = json.load(fn1)
except (TypeError, OverflowError, ValueError), exc:
raise BadJSONError("Cannot decode object from JSON.\n%s" %
unicode(exc))
if fn2:
try:
self.obj2 = json.load(fn2)
except (TypeError, OverflowError, ValueError), exc:
raise BadJSONError("Cannot decode object from JSON\n%s" %
unicode(exc))
self.excluded_attributes = []
self.included_attributes = []
self.ignore_appended = False
if opts:
self.excluded_attributes = opts.exclude or []
self.included_attributes = opts.include or []
self.ignore_appended = opts.ignore_append or False
def _is_incex_key(self, key, value):
"""Is this key excluded or not among included ones? If yes, it should
be ignored."""
key_out = ((self.included_attributes and
(key not in self.included_attributes)) or
(key in self.excluded_attributes))
value_out = True
if isinstance(value, dict):
for change_key in value:
if isinstance(value[change_key], dict):
for key in value[change_key]:
if ((self.included_attributes and
(key in self.included_attributes)) or
(key not in self.excluded_attributes)):
value_out = False
return key_out and value_out
def _filter_results(self, result):
"""Whole -i or -x functionality. Rather than complicate logic while
going through the object’s tree we filter the result of plain
comparison.
Also clear out unused keys in result"""
out_result = {}
for change_type in result:
temp_dict = {}
for key in result[change_type]:
logging.debug("change_type = %s", change_type)
if self.ignore_appended and (change_type == "_append"):
continue
logging.debug("result[change_type] = %s, key = %s",
unicode(result[change_type]), key)
logging.debug("self._is_incex_key = %s",
self._is_incex_key(key, result[change_type][key]))
if not self._is_incex_key(key, result[change_type][key]):
temp_dict[key] = result[change_type][key]
if len(temp_dict) > 0:
out_result[change_type] = temp_dict
return out_result
def _compare_elements(self, old, new):
"""Unify decision making on the leaf node level."""
res = None
# We want to go through the tree post-order
if isinstance(old, dict):
res_dict = self.compare_dicts(old, new)
if (len(res_dict) > 0):
res = res_dict
# Now we are on the same level
# different types, new value is new
elif (type(old) != type(new)):
res = new
# recursive arrays
# we can be sure now, that both new and old are
# of the same type
elif (isinstance(old, list)):
res_arr = self._compare_arrays(old, new)
if (len(res_arr) > 0):
res = res_arr
# the only thing remaining are scalars
else:
scalar_diff = self._compare_scalars(old, new)
if scalar_diff is not None:
res = scalar_diff
return res
def _compare_scalars(self, old, new, name=None):
"""
Be careful with the result of this function. Negative answer from this
function is really None, not False, so deciding based on the return
value like in
if self._compare_scalars(...):
leads to wrong answer (it should be
if self._compare_scalars(...) is not None:)
"""
# Explicitly excluded arguments
if old != new:
return new
else:
return None
def _compare_arrays(self, old_arr, new_arr):
"""
simpler version of compare_dicts; just an internal method, because
it could never be called from outside.
We have it guaranteed that both new_arr and old_arr are of type list.
"""
inters = min(len(old_arr), len(new_arr)) # this is the smaller length
result = {
u"_append": {},
u"_remove": {},
u"_update": {}
}
for idx in range(inters):
res = self._compare_elements(old_arr[idx], new_arr[idx])
if res is not None:
result[u'_update'][idx] = res
# the rest of the larger array
if (inters == len(old_arr)):
for idx in range(inters, len(new_arr)):
result[u'_append'][idx] = new_arr[idx]
else:
for idx in range(inters, len(old_arr)):
result[u'_remove'][idx] = old_arr[idx]
# Clear out unused keys in result
out_result = {}
for key in result:
if len(result[key]) > 0:
out_result[key] = result[key]
return self._filter_results(result)
def compare_dicts(self, old_obj=None, new_obj=None):
"""
The real workhorse
"""
if not old_obj and hasattr(self, "obj1"):
old_obj = self.obj1
if not new_obj and hasattr(self, "obj2"):
new_obj = self.obj2
old_keys = set()
new_keys = set()
if old_obj and len(old_obj) > 0:
old_keys = set(old_obj.keys())
if new_obj and len(new_obj) > 0:
new_keys = set(new_obj.keys())
keys = old_keys | new_keys
result = {
"_append": {},
"_remove": {},
"_update": {}
}
for name in keys:
# old_obj is missing
if name not in old_obj:
result[u'_append'][name] = new_obj[name]
# new_obj is missing
elif name not in new_obj:
result[u'_remove'][name] = old_obj[name]
else:
res = self._compare_elements(old_obj[name], new_obj[name])
if res is not None:
result[u'_update'][name] = res
return self._filter_results(result)
def main(sys_args):
"""Main function, to process command line arguments etc."""
usage = "usage: %prog [options] old.json new.json"
parser = OptionParser(usage=usage)
parser.add_option("-x", "--exclude",
action="append", dest="exclude", metavar="ATTR", default=[],
help="attributes which should be ignored when comparing")
parser.add_option("-i", "--include",
action="append", dest="include", metavar="ATTR", default=[],
help="attributes which should be exclusively used when comparing")
parser.add_option("-a", "--ignore-append",
action="store_true", dest="ignore_append", metavar="BOOL", default=False,
help="ignore appended keys")
parser.add_option("-H", "--HTML",
action="store_true", dest="HTMLoutput", metavar="BOOL", default=False,
help="program should output to HTML report")
(options, args) = parser.parse_args(sys_args[1:])
if len(args) != 2:
parser.error("Script requires two positional arguments, " + \
"names for old and new JSON file.")
diff = Comparator(open(args[0]), open(args[1]), options)
diff_res = diff.compare_dicts()
if options.HTMLoutput:
# we want to hardcode UTF-8 here, because that's what's
# in <meta> element of the generated HTML
print(unicode(HTMLFormatter(diff_res)).encode("utf-8"))
else:
outs = json.dumps(diff_res, indent=4, ensure_ascii=False)
print(outs.encode("utf-8"))
if len(diff_res) > 0:
return 1
return 0
if __name__ == "__main__":
main_res = main(sys.argv)
sys.exit(main_res)