MemoryMon is able to detect execution of kernel memory where is not backed by any image file (kernel modules) using extended page table (EPT). It can help researchers analyze kernel mode code installs and runs code outside of an image file.
A demo video using MemoryMon against Turla rootkit can be found in Youtube:
MemoryMon is implemented on the top of HyperPlatform. See a project page for more details of HyperPlatform:
Installation and Uninstallation
Clone full source code from Github with a below command and compile it on Visual Studio.
$ git clone --recursive https://github.com/tandasat/MemoryMon.git
On the x64 platform, you have to enable test signing to install the driver. To do that, open the command prompt with the administrator privilege and type the following command, and then restart the system to activate the change:
>bcdedit /set testsigning on
To install and uninstall the driver, use the 'sc' command. For installation:
>sc create MemoryMon type= kernel binPath= C:\Users\user\Desktop\MemoryMon.sys >sc start MemoryMon
>sc stop MemoryMon >sc delete MemoryMon >bcdedit /deletevalue testsigning
Note that the system must support the Intel VT-x and EPT technology to successfully install the driver.
To install the driver on a virtual machine on VMware Workstation, see an "Using VMware Workstation" section in the HyperPlatform User Document.
All logs are printed out to DbgView and saved in C:\Windows\MemoryMon.log.
On a 64bit Windows, activities of PatchGuard are usually observed. The following are those logs seen on Windows 7 system.
08:47:07.276 INF #0 4 0 System [EXEC] *** VA = FFFFFA800194A468, PA = 000000007fe89468, Return = FFFFF80002AD8C1C, ReturnBase = FFFFF80002A5A000 08:47:07.276 INF #0 4 0 System [EXEC] *** VA = FFFFFA8003D46007, PA = 000000007db46007, Return = FFFFFA800194A4AD, ReturnBase = 0000000000000000 08:47:07.276 INF #0 4 0 System [EXEC] *** VA = FFFFFA8003D47580, PA = 000000007db47580, Return = FFFFFA8003D460B0, ReturnBase = 0000000000000000 08:47:07.291 INF #0 4 64 System [EXEC] *** VA = FFFFFA8003D4AE1C, PA = 000000007db4ae1c, Return = FFFFF80002AD7B69, ReturnBase = FFFFF80002A5A000 08:47:07.291 INF #0 4 64 System [EXEC] *** VA = FFFFFA8003D4856B, PA = 000000007db4856b, Return = 0000000000000004, ReturnBase = 0000000000000000
The first line indicates that a virtual address FFFFFA800194A468 is executed and its potential return address is FFFFF80002AD8C1C. Since execution of a non-image region is not always triggered by the CALL instruction, a reported return address can be wrong. For instance, the last line reports return address 0000000000000004.
Note that symbols names can be resolved with hyperplatform_log_parser. The above logs are parsed as followings, for example:
08:47:07.276 4: 0 executed fffffa800194a468, will return to fffff80002ad8c1c nt!KiRetireDpcList+0x1bc 08:47:07.276 4: 0 executed fffffa8003d46007, will return to fffffa800194a4ad 08:47:07.276 4: 0 executed fffffa8003d47580, will return to fffffa8003d460b0 08:47:07.291 4: 64 executed fffffa8003d4ae1c, will return to fffff80002ad7b69 nt!ExpWorkerThread+0x111 08:45:07.265 4: 64 executed fffffa8002626629, will return to 4
See a project page for more details.
- x86 and x64 Windows 7, 8.1 and 10
- The system must support the Intel VT-x and EPT technology
This software is released under the MIT License, see LICENSE.