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API

React Table uses React Hooks both internally and externally for almost all of its configuration and lifecycle management. Naturally, this is what allows React Table to be headless and lightweight while still having a concise and simple API.

React Table is essentially a compatible collection of custom React hooks:

Hook Usage

useTable is the primary hook used to build a React Table. It serves as the starting point for every option and every plugin hook that React Table supports. The options passed into useTable are supplied to every plugin hook after it in the order they are supplied, eventually resulting a final instance object that you can use to build your table UI and interact with the table's state.

const instance = useTable(
  {
    data: [...],
    columns: [...],
  },
  useGroupBy,
  useFilters,
  useSortBy,
  useExpanded,
  usePagination
)

The stages of a React Table

  1. useTable is called. A table instance is created.
  2. The instance.state is resolved from either a custom user state or an automatically generated one.
  3. A collection of plugin points is created at instance.hooks.
  4. Each plugin is given the opportunity to add hooks to instance.hook.
  5. As the useTable logic proceeds to run, each plugin hook type is used at a specific point in time with each individual hook function being executed the order it was registered.
  6. The final instance object is returned from useTable, which the developer then uses to construct their table.

This multi-stage process is the secret sauce that allows React Table plugin hooks to work together and compose nicely, while not stepping on each others toes.

To dive deeper into plugins, see Plugins and the Plugin Guide

Plugin Hook Order & Consistency

The order and usage of plugin hooks must follow The Laws of Hooks, just like any other custom hook. They must always be unconditionally called in the same order.

NOTE: In the event that you want to programmatically enable or disable plugin hooks, most of them provide options to disable their functionality, eg. options.disableSorting

Option Memoization

React Table relies on memoization to determine when state and side effects should update or be calculated. This means that every option you pass to useTable should be memoized either via React.useMemo (for objects) or React.useCallback (for functions).

useTable

  • Required

useTable is the root hook for React Table. To use it, pass it with an options object with at least a columns and rows value, followed by any React Table compatible hooks you want to use.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • columns: Array<Column>
    • Required
    • Must be memoized
    • The core columns configuration object for the entire table.
    • Supports nested columns arrays via the column's columns key, eg. [{ Header: 'My Group', columns: [...] }]
  • data: Array<any>
    • Required
    • Must be memoized
    • The data array that you want to display on the table.
  • state: TableStateTuple[stateObject, stateUpdater]
    • Optional
    • Must be memoized table state tuple. See useTableState for more information.
    • The state/updater pair for the table instance. You would want to override this if you plan on controlling or hoisting table state into your own code.
    • Defaults to using an internal useTableState() instance if not defined.
    • See Controlling and Hoisting Table State
  • defaultColumn: Object
    • Optional
    • Defaults to {}
    • The default column object for every column passed to React Table.
    • Column-specific properties will override the properties in this object, eg. { ...defaultColumn, ...userColumn }
    • This is particularly useful for adding global column properties. For instance, when using the useFilters plugin hook, add a default Filter renderer for every column, eg.{ Filter: MyDefaultFilterComponent }
  • initialRowStateKey: String
    • Optional
    • Defaults to initialState
    • This key is used to look for the initial state of a row when initializing the rowState for adata array.
    • If the value located at row[initialRowStateKey] is falsey, {} will be used instead.
  • getSubRows: Function(row, relativeIndex) => Rows[]
    • Optional
    • Must be memoized
    • Defaults to (row) => row.subRows || []
    • Use this function to change how React Table detects subrows. You could even use this function to generate sub rows if you want.
    • By default, it will attempt to return the subRows property on the row, or an empty array if that is not found.
  • getRowID: Function(row, relativeIndex) => string
    • Use this function to change how React Table detects unique rows and also how it constructs each row's underlying path property.
    • Optional
    • Must be memoized
    • Defaults to (row, relativeIndex) => relativeIndex
    • You may want to change this function if
    • By default, it will use the index of the row within it's original array.
  • debug: Bool
    • Optional
    • A flag to turn on debug mode.
    • Defaults to false

column Options

The following options are supported on any column object you can pass to columns.

  • accessor: String | Function
    • Required
    • This string/function is used to build the data model for your column.
    • The data returned by an accessor should be primitive and sortable.
    • If a string is passed, the column's value will be looked up on the original row via that key, eg. If your column's accessor is firstName then its value would be read from row['firstName']. You can also specify deeply nested values with accessors like info.hobbies or even address[0].street
    • If a function is passed, the column's value will be looked up on the original row using this accessor function, eg. If your column's accessor is row => row.firstName, then its value would be determined by passing the row to this function and using the resulting value.
  • id: String
    • Required if accessor is a function
    • This is the unique ID for the column. It is used by reference in things like sorting, grouping, filtering etc.
    • If a string accessor is used, it defaults as the column ID, but can be overridden if necessary.
  • columns: Array<Column>
    • Optional
    • A nested array of columns.
    • If defined, the column will act as a header group. Columns can be recursively nested as much as needed.
  • show: Boolean | Function
    • Optional
    • Defaults to true
    • If set to false, the column will be hidden.
    • If set to a function, it will be called with the current table instance and can then return true or false.
    • The data model for hidden columns is still calculated including sorting, filters, and grouping.
  • Header: String | Function | React.Component => JSX
    • Optional
    • Defaults to () => null
    • Receives the table instance and column model as props
    • Must either be a string or return valid JSX
    • If a function/component is passed, it will be used for formatting the header value, eg. You can use a Header function to dynamically format the header using any table or column state.
  • Cell: Function | React.Component => JSX
    • Optional
    • Defaults to ({ cell: { value } }) => String(value)
    • Receives the table instance and cell model as props
    • Must return valid JSX
    • This function (or component) is primarily used for formatting the column value, eg. If your column accessor returns a date object, you can use a Cell function to format that date to a readable format.

Instance Properties

The following properties are available on the table instance returned from useTable

  • columns: Array<Column>
    • A nested array of final column objects, similar in structure to the original columns configuration option.
    • See Column Properties for more information
  • flatColumns: Array<Column>
    • A flat array of all final column objects.
    • See Column Properties for more information
  • headerGroups: Array<HeaderGroup>
    • An array of normalized header groups, each containing a flattened array of final column objects for that row.
    • Some of these headers may be materialized as placeholders
    • See Header Group Properties for more information
  • headers: Array<Column>
    • An nested array of final header objects, similar in structure to the original columns configuration option, but rebuilt for ordering
    • Each contains the headers that are displayed underneath it.
    • Some of these headers may be materialized as placeholders
    • See Column Properties for more information
  • flatHeaders[] Array<Column>
    • A flat array of final header objects found in each header group.
    • Some of these headers may be materialized as placeholders
    • See Column Properties for more information
  • rows: Array<Row>
    • An array of materialized row objects from the original data array and columns passed into the table options
    • See Row Properties for more information
  • getTableProps: Function(?props)
    • Required
    • This function is used to resolve any props needed for your table wrapper.
    • Custom props may be passed. NOTE: Custom props will override built-in table props, so be careful!
  • prepareRow: Function(Row)
    • Required
    • This function is responsible for lazily preparing a row for rendering. Any row that you intend to render in your table needs to be passed to this function before every render.
    • Why? Since table data could potentially be very large, it can become very expensive to compute all of the necessary state for every row to be rendered regardless if it actually is rendered or not (for example if you are paginating or virtualizing the rows, you may only have a few rows visible at any given moment). This function allows only the rows you intend to display to be computed and prepped with the correct state.
  • rowPaths: Array<string>
    • An array containing the stringified path of every original row in the table. eg. If a row has a path of [0, 3, 2], its stringified path would be 0.3.2.
    • This array is used by many plugin hooks including useRowSelect to manage row selection state
    • Only rows that exist on the original data array will have a path in this array. Rows created by useGroupBy's aggregations and grouping are not included in this array, since they do not reference an original data row.
  • flatRows: Array<Row>
    • An array of all rows, including subRows which have been flattened into the order in which they were detected (depth first)
    • This can be helpful in calculating total row counts that must include subRows
  • setRowState: Function(rowPath, updater: Function | any) => void
    • This function can be used to update the internal state for any row.
    • Pass it a valid rowPath array and updater. The updater may be a value or function, similar to React.useState's usage.
    • If updater is a function, it will be passed the previous value
  • setCellState: Function(rowPath, columnID, updater: Function | any) => void
    • This function can be used to update the internal state for any cell.
    • Pass it a valid rowPath array, columnID and updater. The updater may be a value or function, similar to React.useState's usage.
    • If updater is a function, it will be passed the previous value

HeaderGroup Properties

The following additional properties are available on every headerGroup object returned by the table instance.

  • headers: Array<Column>
    • Required
    • The columns in this header group.
  • getHeaderGroupProps: Function(?props)
    • Required
    • This function is used to resolve any props needed for this header group's row.
    • You can use the getHeaderGroupProps hook to extend its functionality.
    • Custom props may be passed. NOTE: Custom props will override built-in table props, so be careful!

Column Properties

The following properties are available on every Column object returned by the table instance.

  • id: String
    • The resolved column ID from either the column's accessor or the column's hard-coded id property
  • isVisible: Boolean
    • The resolved visible state for the column, derived from the column's show property
  • render: Function(type: String | Function | Component, ?props)
    • This function is used to render content with the added context of a column.
    • The entire table instance will be passed to the renderer with the addition of a column property, containing a reference to the column
    • If type is a string, will render using the column[type] renderer. React Table ships with default Header renderers. Other renderers like Filter are available via hooks like useFilters.
    • If a function or component is passed instead of a string, it will be be passed the table instance and column model as props and is expected to return any valid JSX.
  • getHeaderProps: Function(?props)
    • Required
    • This function is used to resolve any props needed for this column's header cell.
    • You can use the getHeaderProps hook to extend its functionality.
    • Custom props may be passed. NOTE: Custom props will override built-in table props, so be careful!

Row Properties

The following additional properties are available on every row object returned by the table instance.

  • cells: Array<Cell>

    • An array of Cell objects containing properties and functions specific to the row and column it belongs to.
    • See Cell Properties for more information
  • values: Object<columnID: any>

    • A map of this row's resolved values by columnID, eg. { firstName: 'Tanner', lastName: 'Linsley' }
  • getRowProps: Function(?props)

    • Required
    • This function is used to resolve any props needed for this row.
    • You can use the getRowProps hook to extend its functionality.
    • Custom props may be passed. NOTE: Custom props will override built-in table props, so be careful!
  • index: Int

    • The index of the original row in the data array that was passed to useTable. If this row is a subRow, it is the original index within the parent row's subRows array
  • original: Object

    • The original row object from the data array that was used to materialize this row.
  • path: Array<string>

    • This array is the sequential path of indices one could use to navigate to it, eg. a row path of [3, 1, 0] would mean that it is the first subRow of a parent that is the second subRow of a parent that is the fourth row in the original data array.
    • This array is used with plugin hooks like useExpanded and useGroupBy to compute expanded states for individual rows.
  • subRows: Array<Row>

    • If subRows were detect on the original data object, this will be an array of those materialized row objects.
  • state: Object

    • The current state of the row. It's lifespan is attached to that of the original data array. When the raw data is changed, this state value is reset to the row's initial value (using the initialRowStateKey option).
    • Can be updated via instance.setRowState or the row's setState function.

Cell Properties

The following additional properties are available on every Cell object returned in an array of cells on every row object.

  • column: Column
    • The corresponding column object for this cell
  • row: Row
    • The corresponding row object for this cell
  • value: any
    • The resolved value for this cell.
    • By default, this value is displayed on the table via the default Cell renderer. To override the way a cell displays
  • getCellProps: Function(?props)
    • Required
    • This function is used to resolve any props needed for this cell.
    • You can use the getCellProps hook to extend its functionality.
    • Custom props may be passed. NOTE: Custom props will override built-in table props, so be careful!
  • render: Function(type: String | Function | Component, ?props)
    • Required
    • This function is used to render content with the added context of a cell.
    • The entire table instance will be passed to the renderer with the addition of column, row and cell properties, containing a reference to each respective item.
    • If type is a string, will render using the column[type] renderer. React Table ships with a default Cell renderer. Other renderers like Aggregated are available via hooks like useFilters.
    • If a function or component is passed instead of a string, it will be be passed the table instance and cell model as props and is expected to return any valid JSX.

Example

function App() {
  const columns = React.useMemo(
    () => [
      {
        Header: 'Name',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'First Name',
            accessor: 'firstName',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Last Name',
            accessor: 'lastName',
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
    []
  )

  const data = [
    {
      firstName: 'Tanner',
      lastName: 'Linsley',
    },
    {
      firstName: 'Shawn',
      lastName: 'Wang',
    },
    {
      firstName: 'Kent C.',
      lastName: 'Dodds',
    },
    {
      firstName: 'Ryan',
      lastName: 'Florence',
    },
  ]

  return <MyTable columns={columns} data={data} />
}

function MyTable({ columns, data }) {
  const { getTableProps, headerGroups, rows, prepareRow } = useTable({
    columns,
    data,
  })

  return (
    <table {...getTableProps()}>
      <thead>
        {headerGroups.map(headerGroup => (
          <tr {...headerGroup.getHeaderGroupProps()}>
            {headerGroup.headers.map(column => (
              <th {...column.getHeaderProps()}>{column.render('Header')}</th>
            ))}
          </tr>
        ))}
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        {rows.map(
          (row, i) =>
            prepareRow(row) || (
              <tr {...row.getRowProps()}>
                {row.cells.map(cell => {
                  return <td {...cell.getCellProps()}>{cell.render('Cell')}</td>
                })}
              </tr>
            )
        )}
      </tbody>
    </table>
  )
}

useSortBy

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useSortBy is the hook that implements row sorting. It also support multi-sort (keyboard required).

  • Multi-sort is enabled by default
  • To sort the table via UI, attach the props generated from each column's getSortByToggleProps(), then click any of those elements.
  • To multi-sort the table via UI, hold shift while clicking on any of those same elements that have the props from getSortByToggleProps() attached.
  • To programmatically sort (or multi-sort) any column, use the toggleSortBy method located on the instance or each individual column.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].sortBy: Array<Object<id: columnID, desc: Bool>>
    • Must be memoized
    • An array of sorting objects. If there is more than one object in the array, multi-sorting will be enabled. Each sorting object should contain an id key with the corresponding column ID to sort by. An optional desc key may be set to true or false to indicated ascending or descending sorting for that column. This information is stored in state since the table is allowed to manipulate the filter through user interaction.
  • manualSorting: Bool
    • Enables sorting detection functionality, but does not automatically perform row sorting. Turn this on if you wish to implement your own sorting outside of the table (eg. server-side or manual row grouping/nesting)
  • disableSorting: Bool
    • Disables sorting for every column in the entire table.
  • disableMultiSort: Bool
    • Disables multi-sorting for the entire table.
  • isMultiSortEvent: Function
    • Allows to override default multisort behaviour(i.e. multisort applies when shift key is pressed), if this function is provided then returned boolean value from this function will make decision whether newly applied sort action will be considered as multisort or not.
    • Receives event as argument.
  • maxMultiSortColCount: Number
    • Limit on max number of columns for multisort, e.g. if set to 3, and suppose table is sorted by [A, B, C] and then clicking D for sorting should result in table sorted by [B, C , D]
  • disableSortRemove: Bool
    • If true, the un-sorted state will not be available to columns once they have been sorted.
  • disableMultiRemove: Bool
    • If true, the un-sorted state will not be available to multi-sorted columns.
  • orderByFn: Function
    • Must be memoized
    • Defaults to the built-in default orderBy function
    • This function is responsible for composing multiple sorting functions together for multi-sorting, and also handles both the directional sorting and stable-sorting tie breaking. Rarely would you want to override this function unless you have a very advanced use-case that requires it.
  • sortTypes: Object<sortKey: sortType>
    • Must be memoized
    • Allows overriding or adding additional sort types for columns to use. If a column's sort type isn't found on this object, it will default to using the built-in sort types.
    • For more information on sort types, see Sorting

Column Options

The following options are supported on any Column object passed to the columns options in useTable()

  • disableSorting: Bool
    • Optional
    • Defaults to false
    • If set to true, the sorting for this column will be disabled
  • sortDescFirst: Bool
    • Optional
    • Defaults to false
    • If set to true, the first sort direction for this column will be descending instead of ascending
  • sortInverted: Bool
    • Optional
    • Defaults to false
    • If set to true, the underlying sorting direction will be inverted, but the UI will not.
    • This may be useful in situations where positive and negative connotation is inverted, eg. a Golfing score where a lower score is considered more positive than a higher one.
  • sortType: String | Function
    • Used to compare 2 rows of data and order them correctly.
    • If a function is passed, it must be memoized
    • String options: basic, datetime, alphanumeric. Defaults to alphanumeric.
    • The resolved function from the this string/function will be used to sort the this column's data.
      • If a string is passed, the function with that name located on either the custom sortTypes option or the built-in sorting types object will be used.
      • If a function is passed, it will be used.
    • For more information on sort types, see Sorting

Instance Properties

The following values are provided to the table instance:

  • rows: Array<Row>
    • An array of sorted rows.
  • preSortedRows: Array<Row>
    • The array of rows that were originally sorted.
  • toggleSortBy: Function(ColumnID: String, descending: Bool, isMulti: Bool) => void
    • This function can be used to programmatically toggle the sorting for any specific column

Column Properties

The following properties are available on every Column object returned by the table instance.

  • canSort: Bool
    • Denotes whether a column is sortable or not depending on if it has a valid accessor/data model or is manually disabled via an option.
  • toggleSortBy: Function(descending, multi) => void
    • This function can be used to programmatically toggle the sorting for this column.
    • This function is similar to the instance-level toggleSortBy, however, passing a columnID is not required since it is located on a Column object already.
  • getSortByToggleProps: Function(props) => props
    • Required
    • This function is used to resolve any props needed for this column's UI that is responsible for toggling the sort direction when the user clicks it.
    • You can use the getSortByToggleProps hook to extend its functionality.
    • Custom props may be passed. NOTE: Custom props may override built-in sortBy props, so be careful!
  • clearSorting: Function() => void
    • This function can be used to programmatically clear the sorting for this column.
  • isSorted: Boolean
    • Denotes whether this column is currently being sorted
  • sortedIndex: Int
    • If the column is currently sorted, this integer will be the index in the sortBy array from state that corresponds to this column.
    • If this column is not sorted, the index will always be -1
  • isSortedDesc: Bool
    • If the column is currently sorted, this denotes whether the column's sort direction is descending or not.
    • If true, the column is sorted descending
    • If false, the column is sorted ascending
    • If undefined, the column is not currently being sorted.

Example

function Table({ columns, data }) {
  // Set some default sorting state
  const state = useTableState({ sortBy: [{ id: 'firstName', desc: true }] })

  const { getTableProps, headerGroups, rows, prepareRow } = useTable(
    {
      columns,
      data,
    },
    useSortBy // Use the sortBy hook
  )

  return (
    <table {...getTableProps()}>
      <thead>
        {headerGroups.map(headerGroup => (
          <tr {...headerGroup.getHeaderGroupProps()}>
            {headerGroup.headers.map(column => (
              // Add the sorting props to control sorting. For this example
              // we can add them into the header props
              <th {...column.getHeaderProps(column.getSortByToggleProps())}>
                {column.render('Header')}
                <span>
                  {/* Add a sort direction indicator */}
                  <span>
                    {column.isSorted
                      ? column.isSortedDesc
                        ? ' 🔽'
                        : ' 🔼'
                      : ''}
                  </span>
                  {/* Add a sort index indicator */}
                  <span>({column.isSorted ? column.sortedIndex + 1 : ''})</span>
                </span>
              </th>
            ))}
          </tr>
        ))}
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        {rows.map(
          (row, i) =>
            prepareRow(row) || (
              <tr {...row.getRowProps()}>
                {row.cells.map(cell => {
                  return <td {...cell.getCellProps()}>{cell.render('Cell')}</td>
                })}
              </tr>
            )
        )}
      </tbody>
    </table>
  )
}

useFilters

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useFilters is the hook that implements row filtering.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].filters: Object<columnID: filterValue>
    • Must be memoized
    • An object of columnID's and their corresponding filter values. This information is stored in state since the table is allowed to manipulate the filter through user interaction.
  • defaultFilter: String | Function
    • If a function is passed, it must be memoized
    • Defaults to text
    • The function (or resolved function from the string) will be used as the default/fallback filter method for every column that has filtering enabled.
      • If a string is passed, the function with that name located on the filterTypes option object will be used.
      • If a function is passed, it will be used.
    • For more information on filter types, see Filtering
  • manualFilters: Bool
    • Enables filter detection functionality, but does not automatically perform row filtering.
    • Turn this on if you wish to implement your own row filter outside of the table (eg. server-side or manual row grouping/nesting)
  • disableFilters: Bool
    • Disables filtering for every column in the entire table.
  • filterTypes: Object<filterKey: filterType>
    • Must be memoized
    • Allows overriding or adding additional filter types for columns to use. If a column's filter type isn't found on this object, it will default to using the built-in filter types.
    • For more information on filter types, see Filtering

Column Options

The following options are supported on any Column object passed to the columns options in useTable()

  • Filter: Function | React.Component => JSX
    • Required
    • Receives the table instance and column model as props
    • Must return valid JSX
    • This function (or component) is used to render this column's filter UI, eg.
  • disableFilters: Bool
    • Optional
    • If set to true, will disable filtering for this column
  • filter: String | Function
    • Optional
    • Defaults to text
    • The resolved function from the this string/function will be used to filter the this column's data.
      • If a string is passed, the function with that name located on either the custom filterTypes option or the built-in filtering types object will be used. If
      • If a function is passed, it will be used directly.
    • For more information on filter types, see Filtering
    • If a function is passed, it must be memoized

Instance Properties

The following values are provided to the table instance:

  • rows: Array<Row>
    • An array of filtered rows.
  • preFilteredRows: Array<Row>
    • The array of rows used right before filtering.
    • Among many other use-cases, these rows are directly useful for building option lists in filters, since the resulting filtered rows do not contain every possible option.
  • setFilter: Function(columnID, filterValue) => void
    • An instance-level function used to update the filter value for a specific column.
  • setAllFilters: Function(filtersObject) => void
    • An instance-level function used to update the values for all filters on the table, all at once.

Column Properties

The following properties are available on every Column object returned by the table instance.

  • canFilter: Bool
    • Denotes whether a column is filterable or not depending on if it has a valid accessor/data model or is manually disabled via an option.
  • setFilter: Function(filterValue) => void
    • An column-level function used to update the filter value for this column
  • filterValue: any
    • The current filter value for this column, resolved from the table state's filters object
  • preFilteredColumnRows: Array<row>
    • The array of rows that were originally passed to this columns filter before they were filtered.
    • This array of rows can be useful if building faceted filter options.

Example

// A great library for fuzzy filtering/sorting items
import matchSorter from 'match-sorter'

const state = useTableState({ filters: { firstName: 'tanner' } })

const filterTypes = React.useMemo(() => ({
  // Add a new fuzzyText filter type.
  fuzzyText: (rows, id, filterValue) => {
    return matchSorter(rows, filterValue, { keys: [row => row[id] })
  },
  // Or, override the default text filter to use
  // "startWith"
  text: (rows, id, filterValue) => {
    return rows.filter(row => {
      const rowValue = row.values[id]
      return rowValue !== undefined
        ? String(rowValue)
            .toLowerCase()
            .startsWith(String(filterValue).toLowerCase())
        : true
    })
  }
}), [matchSorter])

// Override the default column filter to be our new `fuzzyText` filter type
const defaultColumn = React.useMemo(() => ({
  filter: 'fuzzyText'
}))

const { rows } = useTable(
  {
    // state[0].groupBy === ['firstName']
    state,
    manualFilters: false,
    disableFilters: false,
    // Pass our custom filter types
    filterTypes,
    defaultColumn
  },
  useFilters
)

useGroupBy

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useGroupBy is the hook that implements row grouping and aggregation.

  • Each column's getGroupByToggleProps() function can be used to generate the props needed to make a clickable UI element that will toggle the grouping on or off for a specific column.
  • Instance and column-level toggleGroupBy functions are also made available for programmatic grouping.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].groupBy: Array<String>
    • Must be memoized
    • An array of groupBy ID strings, controlling which columns are used to calculate row grouping and aggregation. This information is stored in state since the table is allowed to manipulate the groupBy through user interaction.
  • manualGroupBy: Bool
    • Enables groupBy detection and functionality, but does not automatically perform row grouping.
    • Turn this on if you wish to implement your own row grouping outside of the table (eg. server-side or manual row grouping/nesting)
  • disableGrouping: Bool
    • Disables groupBy for the entire table.
  • aggregations: Object<aggregationKey: aggregationFn>
    • Must be memoized
    • Allows overriding or adding additional aggregation functions for use when grouping/aggregating row values. If an aggregation key isn't found on this object, it will default to using the built-in aggregation functions
  • groupByFn: Function
    • Must be memoized
    • Defaults to defaultGroupByFn
    • This function is responsible for grouping rows based on the state.groupBy keys provided. It's very rare you would need to customize this function.

Column Options

The following options are supported on any Column object passed to the columns options in useTable()

  • Aggregated: Function | React.Component => JSX
    • Optional
    • Defaults to this column's Cell formatter
    • Receives the table instance and cell model as props
    • Must return valid JSX
    • This function (or component) formats this column's value when it is being grouped and aggregated, eg. If this column was showing the number of visits for a user to a website and it was currently being grouped to show an average of the values, the Aggregated function for this column could format that value to 1,000 Avg. Visits
  • disableGrouping: Boolean
    • Defaults to true
    • If true, this column is able to be grouped.

Instance Properties

The following values are provided to the table instance:

  • rows: Array<Row>
    • An array of grouped and aggregated rows.
  • preGroupedRows: Array<Row>
    • The array of rows originally used to create the grouped rows.
  • toggleGroupBy: Function(columnID: String, ?set: Bool) => void
    • This function can be used to programmatically set or toggle the groupBy state for a specific column.

Column Properties

The following properties are available on every Column object returned by the table instance.

  • canGroupBy: Boolean
    • If true, this column is able to be grouped.
    • This is resolved from the column having a valid accessor / data model, and not being manually disabled via other useGroupBy related options
  • isGrouped: Boolean
    • If true, this column is currently being grouped
  • groupedIndex: Int
    • If this column is currently being grouped, this integer is the index of this column's ID in the table state's groupBy array.
  • toggleGroupBy: Function(?set: Bool) => void
    • This function can be used to programmatically set or toggle the groupBy state fo this column.
  • getGroupByToggleProps: Function(props) => props
    • Required
    • This function is used to resolve any props needed for this column's UI that is responsible for toggling grouping when the user clicks it.
    • You can use the getGroupByToggleProps hook to extend its functionality.
    • Custom props may be passed. NOTE: Custom props may override built-in sortBy props, so be careful!

Row Properties

The following properties are available on every Row object returned by the table instance.

  • groupByID: String
    • The column ID for which this row is being grouped.
    • Will be undefined if the row is an original row from data and not a materialized one from the grouping.
  • groupByVal: any
    • If the row is a materialized group row, this will be the grouping value that was used to create it.
  • values: Object
    • Similar to a regular row, a materialized grouping row also has a values object
    • This object contains the aggregated values for this row's sub rows
  • subRows: Array<Row>
    • If the row is a materialized group row, this property is the array of materialized subRows that were grouped inside of this row.
  • depth: Int
    • If the row is a materialized group row, this is the grouping depth at which this row was created.
  • path: Array<String|Int>
    • Similar to normal Row objects, materialized grouping rows also have a path array. The keys inside it though are not integers like nested normal rows though. Since they are not rows that can be traced back to an original data row, they are given a unique path based on their groupByVal
    • If a row is a grouping row, it will have a path like ['Single'] or ['Complicated', 'Anderson'], where Single, Complicated, and Anderson would all be derived from their row's groupByVal.
  • isAggregated: Bool
    • Will be true if the row is an aggregated row

Cell Properties

The following additional properties are available on every Cell object returned in an array of cells on every row object.

  • isGrouped: Bool
    • If true, this cell is a grouped cell, meaning it contains a grouping value and should usually display and expander.
  • isRepeatedValue: Bool
    • If true, this cell is a repeated value cell, meaning it contains a value that is already being displayed elsewhere (usually by a parent row's cell).
    • Most of the time, this cell is not required to be displayed and can safely be hidden during rendering
  • isAggregated: Bool
    • If true, this cell's value has been aggregated and should probably be rendered with the Aggregated cell renderer.

Example

function Table({ columns, data }) {
  const {
    getTableProps,
    headerGroups,
    rows,
    prepareRow,
    state: [{ groupBy, expanded }],
  } = useTable(
    {
      columns,
      data,
    },
    useGroupBy,
    useExpanded // useGroupBy would be pretty useless without useExpanded ;)
  )

  // We don't want to render all 2000 rows for this example, so cap
  // it at 20 for this use case
  const firstPageRows = rows.slice()

  return (
    <table {...getTableProps()}>
      <thead>
        {headerGroups.map(headerGroup => (
          <tr {...headerGroup.getHeaderGroupProps()}>
            {headerGroup.headers.map(column => (
              <th {...column.getHeaderProps()}>
                {column.canGroupBy ? (
                  // If the column can be grouped, let's add a toggle
                  <span {...column.getGroupByToggleProps()}>
                    {column.grouped ? '🛑' : '👊'}
                  </span>
                ) : null}
                {column.render('Header')}
              </th>
            ))}
          </tr>
        ))}
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        {firstPageRows.map(
          (row, i) =>
            prepareRow(row) || (
              <tr {...row.getRowProps()}>
                {row.cells.map(cell => {
                  return (
                    <td {...cell.getCellProps()}>
                      {cell.grouped ? (
                        // If it's a grouped cell, add an expander and row count
                        <>
                          <span
                            style={{
                              cursor: 'pointer',
                            }}
                            onClick={() => row.toggleExpanded()}
                          >
                            {row.isExpanded ? '👇' : '👉'}
                          </span>
                          {cell.render('Cell')} ({row.subRows.length})
                        </>
                      ) : cell.aggregated ? (
                        // If the cell is aggregated, use the Aggregated
                        // renderer for cell
                        cell.render('Aggregated')
                      ) : cell.repeatedValue ? null : ( // For cells with repeated values, render null
                        // Otherwise, just render the regular cell
                        cell.render('Cell')
                      )}
                    </td>
                  )
                })}
              </tr>
            )
        )}
      </tbody>
    </table>
  )
}

// This is a custom aggregator that
// takes in an array of values and
// returns the rounded median
function roundedMedian(values) {
  let min = values[0] || ''
  let max = values[0] || ''

  values.forEach(value => {
    min = Math.min(min, value)
    max = Math.max(max, value)
  })

  return Math.round((min + max) / 2)
}

function App() {
  const columns = React.useMemo(
    () => [
      {
        Header: 'Name',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'First Name',
            accessor: 'firstName',
            // Use a two-stage aggregator here to first
            // count the total rows being aggregated,
            // then sum any of those counts if they are
            // aggregated further
            aggregate: ['sum', 'count'],
            Aggregated: ({ cell: { value } }) => `${value} Names`,
          },
          {
            Header: 'Last Name',
            accessor: 'lastName',
            // Use another two-stage aggregator here to
            // first count the UNIQUE values from the rows
            // being aggregated, then sum those counts if
            // they are aggregated further
            aggregate: ['sum', 'uniqueCount'],
            Aggregated: ({ cell: { value } }) => `${value} Unique Names`,
          },
        ],
      },
      {
        Header: 'Info',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'Age',
            accessor: 'age',
            // Aggregate the average age of visitors
            aggregate: 'average',
            Aggregated: ({ cell: { value } }) => `${value} (avg)`,
          },
          {
            Header: 'Visits',
            accessor: 'visits',
            // Aggregate the sum of all visits
            aggregate: 'sum',
            Aggregated: ({ cell: { value } }) => `${value} (total)`,
          },
          {
            Header: 'Status',
            accessor: 'status',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Profile Progress',
            accessor: 'progress',
            // Use our custom roundedMedian aggregator
            aggregate: roundedMedian,
            Aggregated: ({ cell: { value } }) => `${value} (med)`,
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
    []
  )

  const data = React.useMemo(() => makeData(10000), [])

  return <Table columns={columns} data={data} />
}

useExpanded

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useExpanded is the hook that implements row expanding. It is most often used with useGroupBy to expand grouped rows or on its own with nested subRows in tree-like data sets, but is not limited to these use-cases. It supports expanding rows both via internal table state and also via a hard-coded key on the raw row model.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].expanded: Array<pathKey: String>
    • Optional
    • Must be memoized
    • An array of expanded path keys.
    • If a row's path key (row.path.join('.')) is present in this array, that row will have an expanded state. For example, if ['3'] was passed as the expanded state, the 4th row in the original data array would be expanded.
    • For nested expansion, you may join the row path with a . to expand sub rows. For example, if ['3', '3.5'] was passed as the expanded state, then the 6th subRow of the 4th row and also the 4th row of the original data array would be expanded.
    • This information is stored in state since the table is allowed to manipulate the filter through user interaction.
  • getSubRows: Function(row, relativeIndex) => Rows[]
  • manualExpandedKey: String
    • Optional
    • Defaults to expanded
    • This string is used as the key to detect manual expanded state on any given row. For example, if a raw data row like { name: 'Tanner Linsley', friends: [...], expanded: true} was detected, it would always be expanded, regardless of state.

Instance Properties

The following properties are available on the table instance returned from useTable

  • rows: Array<Row>
    • An array of sorted rows.

Row Properties

The following additional properties are available on every row object returned by the table instance.

  • isExpanded: Bool
    • If true, this row is in an expanded state.
  • toggleExpanded: Function(?isExpanded: Bool) => void
    • This function will toggle the expanded state of a row between true and false or, if an isExpanded boolean is passed to the function, it will be set as the new isExpanded value.
    • Rows with a hard-coded manualExpandedKey (defaults to expanded) set to true are not affected by this function or the internal expanded state.

Example

function Table({ columns: userColumns, data }) {
  const {
    getTableProps,
    headerGroups,
    rows,
    prepareRow,
    state: [{ expanded }],
  } = useTable(
    {
      columns: userColumns,
      data,
    },
    useExpanded // Use the useExpanded plugin hook
  )

  return (
    <>
      <pre>
        <code>{JSON.stringify({ expanded }, null, 2)}</code>
      </pre>
      <table {...getTableProps()}>
        <thead>
          {headerGroups.map(headerGroup => (
            <tr {...headerGroup.getHeaderGroupProps()}>
              {headerGroup.headers.map(column => (
                <th {...column.getHeaderProps()}>{column.render('Header')}</th>
              ))}
            </tr>
          ))}
        </thead>
        <tbody>
          {rows.map(
            (row, i) =>
              prepareRow(row) || (
                <tr {...row.getRowProps()}>
                  {row.cells.map(cell => {
                    return (
                      <td {...cell.getCellProps()}>{cell.render('Cell')}</td>
                    )
                  })}
                </tr>
              )
          )}
        </tbody>
      </table>
      <br />
      <div>Showing the first 20 results of {rows.length} rows</div>
    </>
  )
}

function App() {
  const columns = React.useMemo(
    () => [
      {
        // Build our expander column
        Header: () => null, // No header, please
        id: 'expander', // Make sure it has an ID
        Cell: ({ row }) =>
          // Use the row.canExpand and row.getExpandedToggleProps prop getter
          // to build the toggle for expanding a row
          row.canExpand ? (
            <span
              {...row.getExpandedToggleProps({
                style: {
                  // We can even use the row.depth property
                  // and paddingLeft to indicate the depth
                  // of the row
                  paddingLeft: `${row.depth * 2}rem`,
                },
              })}
            >
              {row.isExpanded ? '👇' : '👉'}
            </span>
          ) : null,
      },
      {
        Header: 'Name',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'First Name',
            accessor: 'firstName',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Last Name',
            accessor: 'lastName',
          },
        ],
      },
      {
        Header: 'Info',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'Age',
            accessor: 'age',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Visits',
            accessor: 'visits',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Status',
            accessor: 'status',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Profile Progress',
            accessor: 'progress',
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
    []
  )

  const data = React.useMemo(() => makeData(5, 5, 5), [])

  return <Table columns={columns} data={data} />
}

usePagination

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

usePagination is the hook that implements row pagination. It can be used for both client-side pagination or server-side pagination. For more information on pagination, see Pagination

NOTE Some server-side pagination implementations do not use page index and instead use token based pagination! If that's the case, please use the useTokenPagination plugin instead.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].pageSize: Int
    • Required
    • Defaults to 10
    • Determines the amount of rows on any given page
  • state[0].pageIndex: Int
    • Required
    • Defaults to 0
    • The index of the page that should be displayed via the page instance value
  • pageCount: Int
    • Required if manualPagination is set to true
    • If manualPagination is true, then this value used to determine the amount of pages available. This amount is then used to materialize the pageOptions and also compute the canNextPage values on the table instance.
  • manualPagination: Bool
    • Enables pagination functionality, but does not automatically perform row pagination.
    • Turn this on if you wish to implement your own pagination outside of the table (eg. server-side pagination or any other manual pagination technique)
  • disablePageResetOnDataChange
    • Defaults to false
    • Normally, any changes detected to rows, state.filters, state.groupBy, or state.sortBy will trigger the pageIndex to be reset to 0
    • If set to true, the pageIndex will not be automatically set to 0 when these dependencies change.
  • paginateExpandedRows: Bool
    • Optional
    • Only applies when using the useExpanded plugin hook simultaneously
    • Defaults to true
    • If set to true, expanded rows are paginated along with normal rows. This results in stable page sizes across every page.
    • If set to false, expanded rows will be spliced in after pagination. This means that the total number of rows in a page can potentially be larger than the page size, depending on how many subrows are expanded.

Instance Properties

The following values are provided to the table instance:

  • page: Array<row>
    • An array of rows for the current page, determined by the current pageIndex value.
  • pageCount: Int
    • If manualPagination is set to false, this is the total amount of pages available in the table based on the current pageSize value
    • if manualPagination is set to true, this is merely the same pageCount option that was passed in the table options.
  • pageOptions: Array<Int>
    • An array of zero-based index integers corresponding to available pages in the table.
    • This can be useful for generating things like select interfaces for the user to select a page from a list, instead of manually paginating to the desired page.
  • canPreviousPage: Bool
    • If there are pages and the current pageIndex is greater than 0, this will be true
  • canNextPage:
    • If there are pages and the current pageIndex is less than pageCount, this will be true
  • gotoPage: Function(pageIndex)
    • This function, when called with a valid pageIndex, will set pageIndex to that value.
    • If the aginateassed index is outside of the valid pageIndex range, then this function will do nothing.
  • previousPage: Function
    • This function decreases state.pageIndex by one.
    • If there are no pages or canPreviousPage is false, this function will do nothing.
  • nextPage: Function
    • This function increases state.pageIndex by one.
    • If there are no pages or canNextPage is false, this function will do nothing.
  • setPageSize: Function(pageSize)
    • This function sets state.pageSize to the new value.
    • As a result of a pageSize change, a new state.pageIndex is also calculated. It is calculated via Math.floor(currentTopRowIndex / newPageSize)
  • pageIndex: Int
    • This is the resolved state.pageIndex value.
  • pageSize: Int
    • This is the resolved state.pageSize value.

Example

function Table({ columns, data }) {
  // Use the state and functions returned from useTable to build your UI
  const {
    getTableProps,
    headerGroups,
    prepareRow,
    page, // Instead of using 'rows', we'll use page,
    // which has only the rows for the active page

    // The rest of these things are super handy, too ;)
    canPreviousPage,
    canNextPage,
    pageOptions,
    pageCount,
    gotoPage,
    nextPage,
    previousPage,
    setPageSize,
    state: [{ pageIndex, pageSize }],
  } = useTable(
    {
      columns,
      data,
    },
    usePagination
  )

  // Render the UI for your table
  return (
    <>
      <pre>
        <code>
          {JSON.stringify(
            {
              pageIndex,
              pageSize,
              pageCount,
              canNextPage,
              canPreviousPage,
            },
            null,
            2
          )}
        </code>
      </pre>
      <table {...getTableProps()}>
        <thead>
          {headerGroups.map(headerGroup => (
            <tr {...headerGroup.getHeaderGroupProps()}>
              {headerGroup.headers.map(column => (
                <th {...column.getHeaderProps()}>{column.render('Header')}</th>
              ))}
            </tr>
          ))}
        </thead>
        <tbody>
          {page.map(
            (row, i) =>
              prepareRow(row) || (
                <tr {...row.getRowProps()}>
                  {row.cells.map(cell => {
                    return (
                      <td {...cell.getCellProps()}>{cell.render('Cell')}</td>
                    )
                  })}
                </tr>
              )
          )}
        </tbody>
      </table>
      {/* 
        Pagination can be built however you'd like. 
        This is just a very basic UI implementation:
      */}
      <div className="pagination">
        <button onClick={() => gotoPage(0)} disabled={!canPreviousPage}>
          {'<<'}
        </button>{' '}
        <button onClick={() => previousPage()} disabled={!canPreviousPage}>
          {'<'}
        </button>{' '}
        <button onClick={() => nextPage()} disabled={!canNextPage}>
          {'>'}
        </button>{' '}
        <button onClick={() => gotoPage(pageCount - 1)} disabled={!canNextPage}>
          {'>>'}
        </button>{' '}
        <span>
          Page{' '}
          <strong>
            {pageIndex + 1} of {pageOptions.length}
          </strong>{' '}
        </span>
        <span>
          | Go to page:{' '}
          <input
            type="number"
            defaultValue={pageIndex + 1}
            onChange={e => {
              const page = e.target.value ? Number(e.target.value) - 1 : 0
              gotoPage(page)
            }}
            style={{ width: '100px' }}
          />
        </span> <select
          value={pageSize}
          onChange={e => {
            setPageSize(Number(e.target.value))
          }}
        >
          {[10, 20, 30, 40, 50].map(pageSize => (
            <option key={pageSize} value={pageSize}>
              Show {pageSize}
            </option>
          ))}
        </select>
      </div>
    </>
  )
}

function App() {
  const columns = React.useMemo(
    () => [
      {
        Header: 'Name',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'First Name',
            accessor: 'firstName',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Last Name',
            accessor: 'lastName',
          },
        ],
      },
      {
        Header: 'Info',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'Age',
            accessor: 'age',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Visits',
            accessor: 'visits',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Status',
            accessor: 'status',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Profile Progress',
            accessor: 'progress',
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
    []
  )

  const data = React.useMemo(() => makeData(100000), [])

  return (
    <Styles>
      <Table columns={columns} data={data} />
    </Styles>
  )
}

useTokenPagination (Coming Soon)

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useTokenPagination is the hook that aids in implementing row pagination using tokens. It is useful for server-side pagination implementations that use tokens instead of page index. For more information on pagination, see Pagination

Documentation Coming Soon...

useRowSelect

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useRowSelect is the hook that implements basic row selection. For more information on row selection, see Row Selection

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].selectedRows: Array<RowPathKey>
    • Optional
    • Defaults to []
    • If a row's path key (eg. a row path of [1, 3, 2] would have a path key of 1.3.2) is found in this array, it will have a selected state.
  • manualRowSelectedKey: String
    • Optional
    • Defaults to isSelected
    • If this key is found on the original data row, and it is true, this row will be manually selected

Instance Properties

The following values are provided to the table instance:

  • toggleRowSelected: Function(rowPath: String, ?set: Bool) => void
    • Use this function to toggle a row's selected state.
    • Optionally pass true or false to set it to that state
  • toggleRowSelectedAll: Function(?set: Bool) => void
    • Use this function to toggle all rows as select or not
    • Optionally pass true or false to set all rows to that state
  • getToggleAllRowsSelectedProps: Function(props) => props
    • Use this function to get the props needed for a select all checkbox.
    • Props:
      • onChange: Function()
      • style.cursor: 'pointer'
      • checked: Bool
      • title: 'Toggle All Rows Selected'
  • isAllRowsSelected: Bool
    • Will be true if all rows are selected.
    • If at least one row is not selected, will be false

Row Properties

The following additional properties are available on every prepared row object returned by the table instance.

  • isSelected: Bool
    • Will be true if the row is currently selected
  • toggleRowSelected: Function(?set)
    • Use this function to toggle this row's selected state.
    • Optionally pass true or false to set it to that state

Example

function Table({ columns, data }) {
  // Use the state and functions returned from useTable to build your UI
  const {
    getTableProps,
    headerGroups,
    rows,
    prepareRow,
    state: [{ selectedRows }],
  } = useTable(
    {
      columns,
      data,
    },
    useRowSelect
  )

  // Render the UI for your table
  return (
    <>
      <table {...getTableProps()}>
        <thead>
          {headerGroups.map(headerGroup => (
            <tr {...headerGroup.getHeaderGroupProps()}>
              {headerGroup.headers.map(column => (
                <th {...column.getHeaderProps()}>{column.render('Header')}</th>
              ))}
            </tr>
          ))}
        </thead>
        <tbody>
          {rows.map(
            (row, i) =>
              prepareRow(row) || (
                <tr {...row.getRowProps()}>
                  {row.cells.map(cell => {
                    return (
                      <td {...cell.getCellProps()}>{cell.render('Cell')}</td>
                    )
                  })}
                </tr>
              )
          )}
        </tbody>
      </table>
      <p>Selected Rows: {selectedRows.length}</p>
      <pre>
        <code>{JSON.stringify({ selectedRows }, null, 2)}</code>
      </pre>
    </>
  )
}

function App() {
  const columns = React.useMemo(
    () => [
      // Let's make a column for selection
      {
        id: 'selection',
        // The header can use the table's getToggleAllRowsSelectedProps method
        // to render a checkbox
        Header: ({ getToggleAllRowsSelectedProps }) => (
          <div>
            <input type="checkbox" {...getToggleAllRowsSelectedProps()} />
          </div>
        ),
        // The cell can use the individual row's getToggleRowSelectedProps method
        // to the render a checkbox
        Cell: ({ row }) => (
          <div>
            <input type="checkbox" {...row.getToggleRowSelectedProps()} />
          </div>
        ),
      },
      {
        Header: 'Name',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'First Name',
            accessor: 'firstName',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Last Name',
            accessor: 'lastName',
          },
        ],
      },
      {
        Header: 'Info',
        columns: [
          {
            Header: 'Age',
            accessor: 'age',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Visits',
            accessor: 'visits',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Status',
            accessor: 'status',
          },
          {
            Header: 'Profile Progress',
            accessor: 'progress',
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
    []
  )

  const data = React.useMemo(() => makeData(10), [])

  return <Table columns={columns} data={data} />
}

useRowState

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useRowState is a plugin hook that implements basic state management for prepared rows and their cells.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].rowState: Object<RowPathKey:Object<any, cellState: {columnID: Object}>>
    • Optional
    • Defaults to {}
    • If a row's path key (eg. a row path of [1, 3, 2] would have a path key of 1.3.2) is found in this array, it will have the state of the value corresponding to that key.
    • Individual row states can contain anything, but they also contain a cellState key, which provides cell-level state based on column ID's to every prepared cell in the table.
  • initialRowStateAccessor: Function
    • Optional
    • This function may optionally return the initial state for a row.
    • If this function is defined, it will be passed a Row object, from which you can return a value to use as the initial state, eg. row => row.original.initialState

Instance Properties

The following values are provided to the table instance:

  • setRowState: Function(rowPath: Array<string>, updater: Function | Any) => void
    • Use this function to programmatically update the state of a row.
    • updater can be a function or value. If a function is passed, it will receive the current value and expect a new one to be returned.
  • setCellState: Function(rowPath: Array<string>, columnID: String, updater: Function | Any) => void
    • Use this function to programmatically update the cell of a row.
    • updater can be a function or value. If a function is passed, it will receive the current value and expect a new one to be returned.

Row Properties

The following additional properties are available on every prepared row object returned by the table instance.

  • state: Object
    • This is the state object for each row, pre-mapped to the row from the table state's rowState object via rowState[row.path.join('.')]
    • May also contain a cellState key/value pair, which is used to provide individual cell states to this row's cells
  • setState: Function(updater: Function | any)
    • Use this function to programmatically update the state of a row.
    • updater can be a function or value. If a function is passed, it will receive the current value and expect a new one to be returned.

Cell Properties

The following additional properties are available on every Cell object returned in an array of cells on every row object.

  • state: Object
    • This is the state object for each cell, pre-mapped to the cell from the table state's rowState object via rowState[row.path.join('.')].cellState[columnID]
  • setState: Function(updater: Function | any)
    • Use this function to programmatically update the state of a cell.
    • updater can be a function or value. If a function is passed, it will receive the current value and expect a new one to be returned.

useColumnOrder

  • Plugin Hook
  • Optional

useColumnOrder is a plugin hook that implements basic column reordering. As columns are reordered, their header groups are reverse-engineered so as to never have orphaned header groups.

Table Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • state[0].columnOrder: Array<ColumnID>
    • Optional
    • Defaults to []
    • Any column ID's not represented in this array will be naturally ordered based on their position in the original table's column structure

Instance Properties

The following values are provided to the table instance:

  • setColumnOrder: Function(updater: Function | Array<ColumnID>) => void
    • Use this function to programmatically update the columnOrder.
    • updater can be a function or value. If a function is passed, it will receive the current value and expect a new one to be returned.

useTableState

  • Optional

useTableState is a hook that allows you to hoist the table state out of the table into your own code. You should use this hook if you need to:

  • Know about the internal table state
  • React to changes to the internal table state
  • Manually control or override the internal table state

Some common use cases for this hook are:

  • Reacting to pageIndex and pageSize changes for server-side pagination to fetch new data
  • Disallowing specific states via a custom state reducer
  • Enabling parent/unrelated components to manipulate the table state

Hook Options

The following options are supported via the main options object passed to useTable(options)

  • initialState: Object
    • Optional
    • The initial state object for the table.
    • This object is merged over the defaultState object (eg. {...defaultState, ...initialState}) that React Table and its hooks use to register default state to produce the final initial state object passed to the resolved useState hook.
  • overrides: Object
    • Optional
    • Must be memoized
    • This object is merged over the current table state (eg. {...state, ...overrides}) to produce the final state object that is then passed to the useTable options
  • options: Object
    • reducer: Function(oldState, newState) => finalState
      • Optional
      • Inspired by Kent C. Dodd's State Reducer Pattern
      • With every setState call to a table state (even internally), this reducer is called and is allowed to modify the final state object for updating.
      • It is passed the oldState, the newState, and an action type.
    • useState
      • Optional
      • Defaults to React.useState
      • This function, if defined will be used as the state hook internally instead of the default React.useState. This can be useful for implementing custom state storage hooks like useLocalStorage, etc.

Output

  • tableStateTuple: [tableState, setTableState]
    • Similar in structure to the result of React.useState
    • Memoized - This tuple array will not change between renders unless the state or useTableState options change.
    • tableState: Object
      • Memoized - This object reference will not change unless the state changes.
      • This is the final state object of the table, which is the product of the initialState, overrides and the reducer options (if applicable)
    • setTableState: Function(updater, type) => void
      • Memoized - This function reference will not change unless the internal state reducer is changed
      • This function is used both internally by React Table, and optionally by you (the developer) to update the table state programmatically.
      • updater: Function
        • This function signature is almost (see next point) identical to the functional API exposed by React.setState. It is passed the previous state and is expected to return a new version of the state.
        • NOTE: updater must be a function. Passing a replacement object is not supported as it is with React.useState
      • type: String
        • The action type corresponding to what action being taken against the state.

Example

export default function MyTable({ manualPageIndex }) {
  // This is the initial state for our table
  const initialState = { pageSize: 10, pageIndex: 0 }

  // Here, we can override the pageIndex
  // regardless of the internal table state
  const overrides = React.useMemo(() => ({
    pageIndex: manualPageIndex,
  }))

  const state = useTableState(initialState, overrides)

  // You can use effects to observe changes to the state
  React.useEffect(() => {
    console.log('Page Size Changed!', initialState.pageSize)
  }, [initialState.pageSize])

  const { rows } = useTable({
    state,
  })
}
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