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Simple evented I/O for Ruby (but please check out Celluloid::IO instead)
tag: 0.3.1

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README.textile

Rev

Rev is an event library for Ruby, built on the libev event library which
provides a cross-platform interface to high performance system calls . This
includes the epoll system call for Linux, the kqueue system call for BSDs and
OS X, and the completion ports interface for Solaris.

Rev also binds asynchronous wrappers to Ruby’s core socket classes so you can
use them in conjunction with Rev to build asynchronous event-driven
applications.

You can include Rev in your programs with:

require 'rubygems'
require 'rev'

For more information, consult the RubyForge page:

http://rev.rubyforge.org

http://rubyforge.org/projects/rev

Questions? Sign up for the mailing list at:

http://rubyforge.org/mailman/listinfo/rev-talk

The latest development code is available via github at:

git://github.com/tarcieri/rev.git

Anatomy

Rev builds on two core classes which bind to the libev API:

  • Rev::Loop – This class represents an event loop which uses underlying high
    performance system calls to wait for events.
  • Rev::Watcher – This is the base class for event observers. Once you attach
    an event observer to a loop and start running it, you will begin receiving
    callbacks to particlar methods when events occur.

Watchers

There are presently two types of watchers:

  • Rev::IOWatcher – This class waits for an IO object to become readable,
    writable, or both.
  • Rev::TimerWatcher – This class waits for a specified duration then fires
    an event. You can also configure it to fire an event at specified intervals.

Using Watchers

Watchers have five important methods:

  • attach(loop) – This binds a watcher to the specified event loop. If the
    watcher is already bound to a loop it will be detached first, then attached
    to the new one.
  • detach – This completely unbinds a watcher from an event loop.
  • disable – This stops the watcher from receiving events but does not unbind
    it from the loop. If you are trying to toggle a watcher on and off, it’s
    best to use this method (and enable) as it performs better than completely
    removing the watcher from the event loop.
  • enable – This re-enables a watcher which has been disabled in the past.
    The watcher must still be bound to an event loop.
  • evloop – This returns the Rev::Loop object which the watcher is currently
    bound to.

Asynchronous Wrappers

Several classes which provide asynchronous event-driven wrappers for Ruby’s
core socket classes are also provided. Among these are:

  • Rev::TCPSocket – A buffered wrapper to core Ruby’s Socket class for use with
    TCP sockets. You can asynchronously create outgoing TCP connections using
    its Rev::TCPSocket.connect method. Rev::TCPSocket provides write buffering
    to ensure that writing never blocks, and has asynchronous callbacks for
    several events, including when the connection is opened (or failed), when
    data is received, when the write buffer has been written out completely,
    and when the connection closes.
  • Rev::TCPServer – A wrapper for TCPServer which creates new instances of
    Rev::TCPSocket (or any subclass you wish to provide) whenever an incoming
    connection is received.
  • Rev::HttpClient – An HTTP/1.1 client with support for chunked encoding
    and streaming response processing through asynchronous callbacks.

Example Program

Below is an example of how to write an echo server:

require 'rev'
HOST = 'localhost'
PORT = 4321

class EchoServerConnection < Rev::TCPSocket
  def on_connect
    puts "#{remote_addr}:#{remote_port} connected"
  end

  def on_close
    puts "#{remote_addr}:#{remote_port} disconnected"
  end

  def on_read(data)
    write data
  end
end

server = Rev::TCPServer.new(HOST, PORT, EchoServerConnection)
server.attach(Rev::Loop.default)

puts "Echo server listening on #{HOST}:#{PORT}"
Rev::Loop.default.run

Here a new observer type (EchoServerConnection) is made by subclassing an
existing one and adding new implementations to existing event handlers.

A new event loop is created, and a new Rev::TCPServer (whose base class is
Rev::Watcher) is created and attached to the event loop.

Once this is done, the event loop is started with event_loop.run. This method
will block until there are no active watchers for the loop or the loop is
stopped explicitly with event_loop.stop.

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