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Fast IO buffering

tag: 0.1.3

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Octocat-spinner-32 ext
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Octocat-spinner-32 iobuffer.gemspec
README
= IO::Buffer

IO::Buffer is a fast byte queue which is primarily intended for non-blocking
I/O applications but is suitable wherever buffering is required.  IO::Buffer
is compatible with Ruby 1.8.6+ and Ruby 1.9.0+

It was conceived for two reasons: it performs non-blocking buffered I/O
completely in C which removes the performance penalties associated with
implementing buffered I/O in pure Ruby, and also to mitigate performance
problems associated with M17N strings in Ruby 1.9.

== Usage

IO::Buffer provides a subset of the methods available in Strings:

 >> buf = IO::Buffer.new
 => #<IO::Buffer:0x12fc708>
 >> buf << "foo"
 => "foo"
 >> buf << "bar"
 => "bar"
 >> buf.to_str
 => "foobar"
 >> buf.size
 => 6

The IO::Buffer#<< method is an alias for IO::Buffer#append.  A prepend method
is also available:

 >> buf = IO::Buffer.new
 => #<IO::Buffer:0x12f5250>
 >> buf.append "bar"
 => "bar"
 >> buf.prepend "foo"
 => "foo"
 >> buf.append "baz"
 => "baz"
 >> buf.to_str
 => "foobarbaz"
 
IO::Buffer#read can be used to retrieve the contents of a buffer.  You can mix
reads alongside adding more data to the buffer:

 >> buf = IO::Buffer.new
 => #<IO::Buffer:0x12fc5f0>
 >> buf << "foo"
 => "foo"
 >> buf.read 2
 => "fo"
 >> buf << "bar"
 => "bar"
 >> buf.read 2
 => "ob"
 >> buf << "baz"
 => "baz"
 >> buf.read 3
 => "arb"

Finally, IO::Buffer provides methods for performing non-blocking I/O with the
contents of the buffer.  The IO::Buffer#read_from(IO) method will read as much
data as possible from the given IO object until the read would block.

The IO::Buffer#write_to(IO) method writes the contents of the buffer to the 
given IO object until either the buffer is empty or the write would block:

 >> buf = IO::Buffer.new
 => #<IO::Buffer:0x12fc5c8>
 >> file = File.open("README")
 => #<File:README>
 >> buf.read_from(file)
 => 1713
 >> buf.to_str
 => "= IO::Buffer\n\nIO::Buffer is a fast byte queue...
 
If the file descriptor is not ready for I/O, the Errno::EAGAIN exception is
raised indicating no I/O was performed.
 
== History

IO::Buffer began its life as the buffer for Rev, a high performance event
library for Ruby.

As IO::Buffer has uses outside of Rev, it was spun off into its own Gem.
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