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Netscape Plugin Security
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Introduction -------------------------------- This is a NPAPI plugin intended to intercept the loading of other plugins and apply simple policy decisions. The intention is to allow enterprise administrators to deploy deprecated, unreliable or unsafe third party plugins while minimising the security exposure. The plugin works by proxying api calls from the browser to all the configured plugins and inserting small shims that verify that the administrative policy is enforced. Plugins are configured in a single global configuration file, and all the relevant information is forwarded to the browser (MIME Types, Extensions, Etc.). You can think of this as a xinetd for browser plugins. http://code.google.com/p/nssecurity Configuration -------------------------------- All configuration happens in the file /etc/nssecurity.ini, intended to be manageable by cfengine, puppet, or other similar tools. The format is described in the sample configuration file included. The most basic policy decision is a domain whitelist. For example, by creating a configuration like this: [Third Party Plugin] LoadPlugin=/usr/lib/thirdparty/plugin.so AllowDomains=*.corp.megacorp.com,*.lan Or on Apple systems, which use directory bundles called .plugin instead of shared objects: [Third Party Plugin] LoadPlugin=/Library/Third Party Plug-Ins/BrowserThing.plugin AllowDomains=*.corp.megacorp.com,*.lan Now the plugin can only be instantiated by the domains listed. By default, the plugins must be loaded over https, as this is the only way to have any confidence the domain being reported by the browser is accurate. However, you can disable the protocol checks like so if you really need it: [Third Party Plugin] LoadPlugin=/usr/lib/thirdparty/plugin.so AllowDomains=*.corp.megacorp.com,*.lan AllowInsecure=1 Currently supported directives are as follows: AllowInsecure Do not require https for domains listed in AllowDomains (not recommended). FriendlyWarning Optional message displayed to user when a plugin is disallowed, can be specified in [Global], or per-plugin LoadPlugin Filename of a plugin you want wrapped with the security wrapper. AllowedDomains List of domains you want to allow to load this plugin, these are matched using the format described in fnmatch(3). PluginDescription Description displayed by the browser when a user looks at about:plugins (Linux Only, Apple use the Contents of Info.plist) There should be one [Global] section, containing default options, followed by an arbitrary number of plugin specific sections. The name of each new section is not important, but is displayed in some debugging message, so make it meaningful. Each plugin section requires a LoadPlugin, directive. Everything else is optional. Debugging -------------------------------- I find these commands useful when debugging. $ google-chrome --user-data-dir=/tmp --plugin-launcher='xterm -e gdb -ex r --args' $ google-chrome --user-data-dir=/tmp --plugin-launcher='xterm -hold -e valgrind' $ make EXTRA_CPPFLAGS="-UNDEBUG -DENABLE_RUNTIME_TESTS" EXTRA_CFLAGS="-ggdb3 -O0"