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This module is designed provide a facade for Zend\Permissions\Acl that will ease its usage with modules and applications. By default, it provides simple setup via config files or by using Zend\Db or Doctrine ORM. This module also comes with out-of-the-box support for and integration with ZfcUser.


Optionally, you can also use ZfcUserDoctrineORM and use doctrine to fetch roles for your users.



php composer.phar require bjyoungblood/bjy-authorize

And type dev-master when asked for a version to pick.

Git Submodule

  1. Install ZfcUser (follow it's installation docs)
  2. Clone this project into your ./vendor/ directory
cd vendor;
git clone git://;


  1. Ensure that this module and it's dependencies are enabled in your application.config.php file in the following order:
    • ZfcBase
    • ZfcUser
    • BjyAuthorize
  2. Import the SQL schema located in ./vendor/BjyAuthorize/data/schema.sql.
  3. Copy ./vendor/BjyAuthorize/config/module.config.php to ./config/autoload/
  4. Fill in the required configuration variable values in ./config/autoload/

Here is an annotated sample configuration file:


return array(
    'bjyauthorize' => array(

        // set the 'guest' role as default (must be defined in a role provider)
        'default_role' => 'guest',

        /* this module uses a meta-role that inherits from any roles that should
         * be applied to the active user. the identity provider tells us which
         * roles the "identity role" should inherit from.
         * for ZfcUser, this will be your default identity provider
        'identity_provider' => 'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Identity\ZfcUserZendDb',
        /* If you only have a default role and an authenticated role, you can
         * use the 'AuthenticationIdentityProvider' to allow/restrict access
         * with the guards based on the state 'logged in' and 'not logged in'.
         * 'default_role'       => 'guest',         // not authenticated
         * 'authenticated_role' => 'user',          // authenticated
         * 'identity_provider'  => 'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Identity\AuthenticationIdentityProvider',

        /* role providers simply provide a list of roles that should be inserted
         * into the Zend\Acl instance. the module comes with two providers, one
         * to specify roles in a config file and one to load roles using a
         * Zend\Db adapter.
        'role_providers' => array(

            /* here, 'guest' and 'user are defined as top-level roles, with
             * 'admin' inheriting from user
            'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Role\Config' => array(
                'guest' => array(),
                'user'  => array('children' => array(
                    'admin' => array(),

            // this will load roles from the user_role table in a database
            // format: user_role(role_id(varchar), parent(varchar))
            'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Role\ZendDb' => array(
                'table'             => 'user_role',
                'role_id_field'     => 'role_id',
                'parent_role_field' => 'parent',

            // this will load roles from the 'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Role\Doctrine'
            // service
            'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Role\Doctrine' => array(),

        // resource providers provide a list of resources that will be tracked
        // in the ACL. like roles, they can be hierarchical
        'resource_providers' => array(
            'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Resource\Config' => array(
                'pants' => array(),

        /* rules can be specified here with the format:
         * array(roles (array), resource, [privilege (array|string), assertion])
         * assertions will be loaded using the service manager and must implement
         * Zend\Acl\Assertion\AssertionInterface.
         * *if you use assertions, define them using the service manager!*
        'rule_providers' => array(
            'BjyAuthorize\Provider\Rule\Config' => array(
                'allow' => array(
                    // allow guests and users (and admins, through inheritance)
                    // the "wear" privilege on the resource "pants"
                    array(array('guest', 'user'), 'pants', 'wear')

                // Don't mix allow/deny rules if you are using role inheritance.
                // There are some weird bugs.
                'deny' => array(
                    // ...

        /* Currently, only controller and route guards exist
        'guards' => array(
            /* If this guard is specified here (i.e. it is enabled), it will block
             * access to all controllers and actions unless they are specified here.
             * You may omit the 'action' index to allow access to the entire controller
            'BjyAuthorize\Guard\Controller' => array(
                array('controller' => 'index', 'action' => 'index', 'roles' => array('guest','user')),
                array('controller' => 'index', 'action' => 'stuff', 'roles' => array('user')),
                array('controller' => 'zfcuser', 'roles' => array()),
                // Below is the default index action used by the [ZendSkeletonApplication](
                // array('controller' => 'Application\Controller\Index', 'roles' => array('guest', 'user')),

            /* If this guard is specified here (i.e. it is enabled), it will block
             * access to all routes unless they are specified here.
            'BjyAuthorize\Guard\Route' => array(
                array('route' => 'zfcuser', 'roles' => array('user')),
                array('route' => 'zfcuser/logout', 'roles' => array('user')),
                array('route' => 'zfcuser/login', 'roles' => array('guest')),
                array('route' => 'zfcuser/register', 'roles' => array('guest')),
                // Below is the default index action used by the [ZendSkeletonApplication](
                array('route' => 'home', 'roles' => array('guest', 'user')),

Helpers and Plugins

There are view helpers and controller plugins registered for this module. In either a controller or a view script, you can call $this->isAllowed($resource[, $privilege]), which will query the ACL using the currently authenticated (or default) user's roles.

Whenever you need to stop processing your action you can throw an UnAuthorizedException and users will see you message on a 403 page.

function cafeAction() {
    if (!$this->isAllowed('alcohol', 'consume')) {
        throw new \BjyAuthorize\Exception\UnAuthorizedException('Grow a beard first!');

    // party on ...


Released under the MIT License. See file LICENSE included with the source code for this project for a copy of the licensing terms.