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An API to expose information of locale, such as week data ( first day of a week, weekend start, weekend end), hour cycle, measurement system, commonly used calendar, etc.

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tc39/proposal-intl-locale-info

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Intl Locale Info API

Draft Spec

https://tc39.github.io/proposal-intl-locale-info

Stage

Stage 3

Entrance Criteria for Stage 1 (Proposal)

  • Identified “champion” who will advance the addition: Frank Yung-Fong Tang
  • Prose outlining the problem or need and the general shape of a solution: See this document
  • Illustrative examples of usage: See this document
  • High-level API: See this document
  • Discussion of key algorithms, abstractions and semantics
  • Identification of potential “cross-cutting” concerns and implementation challenges/complexity
  • A publicly available repository for the proposal that captures the above requirements:

Entrance Criteria for Stage 2 (Draft)

  • Above
  • Initial spec text: DONE
  • Acceptance Signifies: The committee expects the feature to be developed and eventually included in the standard

Entrance Criteria for Stage 3 (Candidate)

  • Above
  • Complete spec text
  • Designated reviewers have signed off on the current spec text
  • All ECMAScript editors have signed off on the current spec text
  • Acceptance Signifies: The solution is complete and no further work is possible without implementation experience, significant usage and external feedback.

Champion

  • Frank Tang @FrankYFTang

Designated reviewers

  • Shane Carr @sffc
  • Zibi Braniecki @zbraniecki

ECMAScript editors

  • Richard Gibson @gibson042

Implementation Status

  • V8 (UPDATE 2021-5-6:) : Behind a flag (cl/2570218 is landed into the trunk)
    • $ out/x64.release/d8 --harmony_intl_locale_info
    • Chrome - TBD
    • Edge - ???
  • FireFox - Tracking Bug
  • Safari - ???

Scope

A proposal to expose Locale information, such as week data (first day in a week, weekend start day, weekend end day, minimum day in the first week), and text direction hour cycle used in the locale ,measurement system used in the locale.

Motivation / Use Case

Locale Information is necessary for many low level operations.

  • Direction in textInfo will be needed for layout, and for localization information (bidi boundaries with placeholders etc.)
  • WeekInfo will be needed for calendar widgets and applications to display correct monthly and weekly views.

High Level Design

Add methods to Intl to get object to contains group of information:

Week Data

let he = new Intl.Locale("he")
he.getWeekInfo()
// {firstDay: 7, weekend: [5, 6], minimalDays: 1}
let af = new Intl.Locale("af")
af.getWeekInfo()
// {firstDay: 7, weekend: [6, 7], minimalDays: 1}
enGB = new Intl.Locale("en-GB")
enGB.getWeekInfo()
// {firstDay: 1, weekend: [6, 7], minimalDays: 4}

let msBN = new Intl.Locale("ms-BN")
msBN.getWeekInfo()
// {firstDay: 7, weekend: [5, 7], minimalDays: 1}  // Brunei weekend is Friday and Sunday but not Saturday 

Monday is 1 and Sunday is 7, as defined by ISO-8861 and followed by Temporal proposal

Text Information

l = new Intl.Locale("ar")
let ti = l.getTextInfo();
// { direction: "rtl" }
ti.direction
// rtl

Defaults

~/v8/v8$ out/x64.release/d8 --harmony_intl_locale_info
V8 version 9.1.0 (candidate)
d8> ar = new Intl.Locale("ar")
ar
d8> ar.getCalendars()
["gregory", "coptic", "islamic", "islamic-civil", "islamic-tbla"]
d8> ar.getCollations()
["compat", "emoji", "eor"]
d8> ar.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8> ar.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8> ar.getTimeZones()
undefined

d8> arEG = new Intl.Locale("ar-EG")
ar-EG
d8> arEG.getCalendars()
["gregory", "coptic", "islamic", "islamic-civil", "islamic-tbla"]
d8> arEG.getCollations()
["compat", "emoji", "eor"]
d8> arEG.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8> arEG.getNumberingSystems()
["arab"]
d8> arEG.getTimeZones()
["Africa/Cairo"]

d8> arSA = new Intl.Locale("ar-SA")
ar-SA
d8> arSA.getCalendars()
["islamic-umalqura", "gregory", "islamic", "islamic-rgsa"]
d8> arSA.getCollations()
["compat", "emoji", "eor"]
d8> arSA.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8> arSA.getNumberingSystems()
["arab"]
d8> arSA.getTimeZones()
timeZones: ["Asia/Riyadh"]

d8> ja = new Intl.Locale("ja")
ja
d8> ja.getCalendars()
["gregory", "japanese"]
d8> ja.getCollations()
["unihan", "emoji", "eor"]
d8> ja.getHourCycles()
["h23"]
d8> ja.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8> ja.getTimeZones()
undefined

d8> jaJP = new Intl.Locale("ja-JP")
ja-JP
d8> jaJP.getCalendars()
["gregory", "japanese"]
d8> jaJP.getCollations()
["unihan", "emoji", "eor"]
d8> jaJP.getHourCycles()
["h23"]
d8> jaJP.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8> jaJP.getTimeZones()
["Asia/Tokyo"]}

d8> enUS = new Intl.Locale("en-US")
en-US
d8> enUS.getCalendars()
["gregory"]
d8> enUS.getCollations()
["emoji", "eor"]
d8> enUS.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8> enUS.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8> enUS.getTimeZones()
["America/Adak", "America/Anchorage", "America/Boise", "America/Chicago", "America/Denver", "America/Detroit", "America/Indiana/Knox", "America/Indiana/Marengo", "America/Indiana/Petersburg", "America/Indiana/Tell_City", "America/Indiana/Vevay", "America/Indiana/Vincennes", "America/Indiana/Winamac", "America/Indianapolis", "America/Juneau", "America/Kentucky/Monticello", "America/Los_Angeles", "America/Louisville", "America/Menominee", "America/Metlakatla", "America/New_York", "America/Nome", "America/North_Dakota/Beulah", "America/North_Dakota/Center", "America/North_Dakota/New_Salem", "America/Phoenix", "America/Sitka", "America/Yakutat", "Pacific/Honolulu"]

d8> enNZ = new Intl.Locale("en-NZ")
en-NZ
d8> enNZ.getCalendars()
["gregory"]
d8> enNZ.getCollations()
["emoji", "eor"]
d8> enNZ.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8> enNZ.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8> enNZ.getTimeZones()
["Pacific/Auckland", "Pacific/Chatham"]

d8> zh = new Intl.Locale("zh")
zh
d8> zh.getCalendars()
["gregory", "chinese"]
d8> zh.getCollations()
["pinyin", "big5han", "gb2312han", "stroke", "unihan", "zhuyin", "emoji", "eor"]
d8> zh.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8> zh.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8> zh.getTimeZones()
undefined

d8> zhTW = new Intl.Locale("zh-TW")      
zh-TW
d8>  zhTW.getCalendars()
["gregory", "roc", "chinese"]
d8>  zhTW.getCollations()
["stroke", "big5han", "gb2312han", "pinyin", "unihan", "zhuyin", "emoji", "eor"]
d8>  zhTW.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8>  zhTW.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8>  zhTW.getTimeZones()
["Asia/Taipei"]

d8> zhHK = new Intl.Locale("zh-HK")
zh-HK
d8> zhHK.getCalendars()
["gregory", "chinese"]
d8> zhHK.getCollations()
["stroke", "big5han", "gb2312han", "pinyin", "unihan", "zhuyin", "emoji", "eor"]
d8> zhHK.getHourCycles()
["h12"]
d8> zhHK.getNumberingSystems()
["latn"]
d8> zhHK.getTimeZones()
["Asia/Hong_Kong"]

d8> fa = new Intl.Locale("fa")
fa
d8> fa.getCalendars()
["persian", "gregory", "islamic", "islamic-civil", "islamic-tbla"]
d8> fa.getCollations()
["emoji", "eor"]
d8> fa.getHourCycles()
["h23"]
d8> fa.getNumberingSystems()
["arabext"]
d8> fa.getTimeZones()
undefined 

Unit Information DROPPED FEATURE

l = new Intl.Locale("ar")
let unitInfo = l.unitInfo;
// {measurementSystem: "metric"}
l.unitInfo.measurementSystem
// metric
l = new Intl.Locale("en-GB")
l.unitInfo
// {measurementSystem: "uksystem"}
l = new Intl.Locale("en-GB")
l.unitInfo
// {measurementSystem: "uksystem"}
l = new Intl.Locale("en")
l.unitInfo
// {measurementSystem: "ussystem"}

Polyfills

Polyfill Repo
@bart-krakowski/get-week-info-polyfill @bart-krakowski/get-week-info-polyfill

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An API to expose information of locale, such as week data ( first day of a week, weekend start, weekend end), hour cycle, measurement system, commonly used calendar, etc.

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