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/*
* tkImgGIF.c --
*
* A photo image file handler for GIF files. Reads 87a and 89a GIF files.
* At present, there only is a file write function. GIF images may be
* read using the -data option of the photo image. The data may be given
* as a binary string in a Tcl_Obj or by representing the data as BASE64
* encoded ascii. Derived from the giftoppm code found in the pbmplus
* package and tkImgFmtPPM.c in the tk4.0b2 distribution.
*
* Copyright (c) Reed Wade (wade@cs.utk.edu), University of Tennessee
* Copyright (c) 1995-1997 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
* Copyright (c) 1997 Australian National University
* Copyright (c) 2005-2010 Donal K. Fellows
*
* See the file "license.terms" for information on usage and redistribution of
* this file, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL WARRANTIES.
*
* This file also contains code from the giftoppm program, which is
* copyrighted as follows:
*
* +--------------------------------------------------------------------+
* | Copyright 1990, David Koblas. |
* | Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software |
* | and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby |
* | granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all |
* | copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission |
* | notice appear in supporting documentation. This software is |
* | provided "as is" without express or implied warranty. |
* +--------------------------------------------------------------------+
*/
#include "tkInt.h"
/*
* GIF's are represented as data in either binary or base64 format. base64
* strings consist of 4 6-bit characters -> 3 8 bit bytes. A-Z, a-z, 0-9, +
* and / represent the 64 values (in order). '=' is a trailing padding char
* when the un-encoded data is not a multiple of 3 bytes. We'll ignore white
* space when encountered. Any other invalid character is treated as an EOF
*/
#define GIF_SPECIAL (256)
#define GIF_PAD (GIF_SPECIAL+1)
#define GIF_SPACE (GIF_SPECIAL+2)
#define GIF_BAD (GIF_SPECIAL+3)
#define GIF_DONE (GIF_SPECIAL+4)
/*
* structure to "mimic" FILE for Mread, so we can look like fread. The decoder
* state keeps track of which byte we are about to read, or EOF.
*/
typedef struct mFile {
unsigned char *data; /* mmencoded source string */
int c; /* bits left over from previous character */
int state; /* decoder state (0-4 or GIF_DONE) */
int length; /* Total amount of bytes in data */
} MFile;
/*
* Non-ASCII encoding support:
* Most data in a GIF image is binary and is treated as such. However, a few
* key bits are stashed in ASCII. If we try to compare those pieces to the
* char they represent, it will fail on any non-ASCII (eg, EBCDIC) system. To
* accomodate these systems, we test against the numeric value of the ASCII
* characters instead of the characters themselves. This is encoding
* independant.
*/
static const char GIF87a[] = { /* ASCII GIF87a */
0x47, 0x49, 0x46, 0x38, 0x37, 0x61, 0x00
};
static const char GIF89a[] = { /* ASCII GIF89a */
0x47, 0x49, 0x46, 0x38, 0x39, 0x61, 0x00
};
#define GIF_TERMINATOR 0x3b /* ASCII ; */
#define GIF_EXTENSION 0x21 /* ASCII ! */
#define GIF_START 0x2c /* ASCII , */
/*
* Flags used to notify that we've got inline data instead of a file to read
* from. Note that we need to figure out which type of inline data we've got
* before handing off to the GIF reading code; this is done in StringReadGIF.
*/
#define INLINE_DATA_BINARY ((const char *) 0x01)
#define INLINE_DATA_BASE64 ((const char *) 0x02)
/*
* HACK ALERT!! HACK ALERT!! HACK ALERT!!
* This code is hard-wired for reading from files. In order to read from a
* data stream, we'll trick fread so we can reuse the same code. 0==from file;
* 1==from base64 encoded data; 2==from binary data
*/
typedef struct {
const char *fromData;
unsigned char workingBuffer[280];
struct {
int bytes;
int done;
unsigned int window;
int bitsInWindow;
unsigned char *c;
} reader;
} GIFImageConfig;
/*
* Type of a function used to do the writing to a file or buffer when
* serializing in the GIF format.
*/
typedef int (WriteBytesFunc) (ClientData clientData, const char *bytes,
int byteCount);
/*
* The format record for the GIF file format:
*/
static int FileMatchGIF(Tcl_Channel chan, const char *fileName,
Tcl_Obj *format, int *widthPtr, int *heightPtr,
Tcl_Interp *interp);
static int FileReadGIF(Tcl_Interp *interp, Tcl_Channel chan,
const char *fileName, Tcl_Obj *format,
Tk_PhotoHandle imageHandle, int destX, int destY,
int width, int height, int srcX, int srcY);
static int StringMatchGIF(Tcl_Obj *dataObj, Tcl_Obj *format,
int *widthPtr, int *heightPtr, Tcl_Interp *interp);
static int StringReadGIF(Tcl_Interp *interp, Tcl_Obj *dataObj,
Tcl_Obj *format, Tk_PhotoHandle imageHandle,
int destX, int destY, int width, int height,
int srcX, int srcY);
static int FileWriteGIF(Tcl_Interp *interp, const char *filename,
Tcl_Obj *format, Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr);
static int StringWriteGIF(Tcl_Interp *interp, Tcl_Obj *format,
Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr);
static int CommonWriteGIF(Tcl_Interp *interp, ClientData clientData,
WriteBytesFunc *writeProc, Tcl_Obj *format,
Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr);
Tk_PhotoImageFormat tkImgFmtGIF = {
"gif", /* name */
FileMatchGIF, /* fileMatchProc */
StringMatchGIF, /* stringMatchProc */
FileReadGIF, /* fileReadProc */
StringReadGIF, /* stringReadProc */
FileWriteGIF, /* fileWriteProc */
StringWriteGIF, /* stringWriteProc */
NULL
};
#define INTERLACE 0x40
#define LOCALCOLORMAP 0x80
#define BitSet(byte, bit) (((byte) & (bit)) == (bit))
#define MAXCOLORMAPSIZE 256
#define CM_RED 0
#define CM_GREEN 1
#define CM_BLUE 2
#define CM_ALPHA 3
#define MAX_LWZ_BITS 12
#define LM_to_uint(a,b) (((b)<<8)|(a))
/*
* Prototypes for local functions defined in this file:
*/
static int DoExtension(GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan, int label, unsigned char *buffer,
int *transparent);
static int GetCode(Tcl_Channel chan, int code_size, int flag,
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr);
static int GetDataBlock(GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan, unsigned char *buf);
static int ReadColorMap(GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan, int number,
unsigned char buffer[MAXCOLORMAPSIZE][4]);
static int ReadGIFHeader(GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan, int *widthPtr, int *heightPtr);
static int ReadImage(GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Interp *interp, unsigned char *imagePtr,
Tcl_Channel chan, int len, int rows,
unsigned char cmap[MAXCOLORMAPSIZE][4], int srcX,
int srcY, int interlace, int transparent);
/*
* these are for the BASE64 image reader code only
*/
static int Fread(GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr, unsigned char *dst,
size_t size, size_t count, Tcl_Channel chan);
static int Mread(unsigned char *dst, size_t size, size_t count,
MFile *handle);
static int Mgetc(MFile *handle);
static int char64(int c);
static void mInit(unsigned char *string, MFile *handle,
int length);
/*
* Types, defines and variables needed to write and compress a GIF.
*/
#define LSB(a) ((unsigned char) (((short)(a)) & 0x00FF))
#define MSB(a) ((unsigned char) (((short)(a)) >> 8))
#define GIFBITS 12
#define HSIZE 5003 /* 80% occupancy */
#define DEFAULT_BACKGROUND_VALUE 0xD9
typedef struct {
int ssize;
int csize;
int rsize;
unsigned char *pixelOffset;
int pixelSize;
int pixelPitch;
int greenOffset;
int blueOffset;
int alphaOffset;
int num;
unsigned char mapa[MAXCOLORMAPSIZE][3];
} GifWriterState;
typedef int (* ifunptr) (GifWriterState *statePtr);
/*
* Support for compression of GIFs.
*/
#define MAXCODE(numBits) (((long) 1 << (numBits)) - 1)
#ifdef SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW
#define U(x) ((unsigned) (x))
#else
#define U(x) (x)
#endif
typedef struct {
int numBits; /* Number of bits/code. */
long maxCode; /* Maximum code, given numBits. */
int hashTable[HSIZE];
unsigned int codeTable[HSIZE];
long hSize; /* For dynamic table sizing. */
/*
* To save much memory, we overlay the table used by compress() with those
* used by decompress(). The tab_prefix table is the same size and type as
* the codeTable. The tab_suffix table needs 2**GIFBITS characters. We get
* this from the beginning of hashTable. The output stack uses the rest of
* hashTable, and contains characters. There is plenty of room for any
* possible stack (stack used to be 8000 characters).
*/
int freeEntry; /* First unused entry. */
/*
* Block compression parameters. After all codes are used up, and
* compression rate changes, start over.
*/
int clearFlag;
int offset;
unsigned int inCount; /* Length of input */
unsigned int outCount; /* # of codes output (for debugging) */
/*
* Algorithm: use open addressing double hashing (no chaining) on the
* prefix code / next character combination. We do a variant of Knuth's
* algorithm D (vol. 3, sec. 6.4) along with G. Knott's relatively-prime
* secondary probe. Here, the modular division first probe is gives way to
* a faster exclusive-or manipulation. Also do block compression with an
* adaptive reset, whereby the code table is cleared when the compression
* ratio decreases, but after the table fills. The variable-length output
* codes are re-sized at this point, and a special CLEAR code is generated
* for the decompressor. Late addition: construct the table according to
* file size for noticeable speed improvement on small files. Please
* direct questions about this implementation to ames!jaw.
*/
int initialBits;
ClientData destination;
WriteBytesFunc *writeProc;
int clearCode;
int eofCode;
unsigned long currentAccumulated;
int currentBits;
/*
* Number of characters so far in this 'packet'
*/
int accumulatedByteCount;
/*
* Define the storage for the packet accumulator
*/
unsigned char packetAccumulator[256];
} GIFState_t;
/*
* Definition of new functions to write GIFs
*/
static int ColorNumber(GifWriterState *statePtr,
int red, int green, int blue);
static void Compress(int initBits, ClientData handle,
WriteBytesFunc *writeProc, ifunptr readValue,
GifWriterState *statePtr);
static int IsNewColor(GifWriterState *statePtr,
int red, int green, int blue);
static void SaveMap(GifWriterState *statePtr,
Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr);
static int ReadValue(GifWriterState *statePtr);
static WriteBytesFunc WriteToChannel;
static WriteBytesFunc WriteToByteArray;
static void Output(GIFState_t *statePtr, long code);
static void ClearForBlock(GIFState_t *statePtr);
static void ClearHashTable(GIFState_t *statePtr, int hSize);
static void CharInit(GIFState_t *statePtr);
static void CharOut(GIFState_t *statePtr, int c);
static void FlushChar(GIFState_t *statePtr);
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* FileMatchGIF --
*
* This function is invoked by the photo image type to see if a file
* contains image data in GIF format.
*
* Results:
* The return value is 1 if the first characters in file f look like GIF
* data, and 0 otherwise.
*
* Side effects:
* The access position in f may change.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
FileMatchGIF(
Tcl_Channel chan, /* The image file, open for reading. */
const char *fileName, /* The name of the image file. */
Tcl_Obj *format, /* User-specified format object, or NULL. */
int *widthPtr, int *heightPtr,
/* The dimensions of the image are returned
* here if the file is a valid raw GIF file. */
Tcl_Interp *interp) /* not used */
{
GIFImageConfig gifConf;
memset(&gifConf, 0, sizeof(GIFImageConfig));
return ReadGIFHeader(&gifConf, chan, widthPtr, heightPtr);
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* FileReadGIF --
*
* This function is called by the photo image type to read GIF format
* data from a file and write it into a given photo image.
*
* Results:
* A standard TCL completion code. If TCL_ERROR is returned then an error
* message is left in the interp's result.
*
* Side effects:
* The access position in file f is changed, and new data is added to the
* image given by imageHandle.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
FileReadGIF(
Tcl_Interp *interp, /* Interpreter to use for reporting errors. */
Tcl_Channel chan, /* The image file, open for reading. */
const char *fileName, /* The name of the image file. */
Tcl_Obj *format, /* User-specified format object, or NULL. */
Tk_PhotoHandle imageHandle, /* The photo image to write into. */
int destX, int destY, /* Coordinates of top-left pixel in photo
* image to be written to. */
int width, int height, /* Dimensions of block of photo image to be
* written to. */
int srcX, int srcY) /* Coordinates of top-left pixel to be used in
* image being read. */
{
int fileWidth, fileHeight, imageWidth, imageHeight;
int nBytes, index = 0, argc = 0, i, result = TCL_ERROR;
Tcl_Obj **objv;
unsigned char buf[100];
unsigned char *trashBuffer = NULL;
int bitPixel;
unsigned char colorMap[MAXCOLORMAPSIZE][4];
int transparent = -1;
static const char *const optionStrings[] = {
"-index", NULL
};
GIFImageConfig gifConf, *gifConfPtr = &gifConf;
/*
* Decode the magic used to convey when we're sourcing data from a string
* source and not a file.
*/
memset(gifConfPtr, 0, sizeof(GIFImageConfig));
if (fileName == INLINE_DATA_BINARY || fileName == INLINE_DATA_BASE64) {
gifConfPtr->fromData = fileName;
fileName = "inline data";
}
/*
* Parse the format string to get options.
*/
if (format && Tcl_ListObjGetElements(interp, format,
&argc, &objv) != TCL_OK) {
return TCL_ERROR;
}
for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
if (Tcl_GetIndexFromObj(interp, objv[i], optionStrings, "option name",
0, &nBytes) != TCL_OK) {
return TCL_ERROR;
}
if (i == (argc-1)) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_ObjPrintf(
"no value given for \"%s\" option",
Tcl_GetString(objv[i])));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "OPT_VALUE", NULL);
return TCL_ERROR;
}
if (Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[++i], &index) != TCL_OK) {
return TCL_ERROR;
}
}
/*
* Read the GIF file header and check for some sanity.
*/
if (!ReadGIFHeader(gifConfPtr, chan, &fileWidth, &fileHeight)) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_ObjPrintf(
"couldn't read GIF header from file \"%s\"", fileName));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "HEADER", NULL);
return TCL_ERROR;
}
if ((fileWidth <= 0) || (fileHeight <= 0)) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_ObjPrintf(
"GIF image file \"%s\" has dimension(s) <= 0", fileName));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "BOGUS_SIZE", NULL);
return TCL_ERROR;
}
/*
* Get the general colormap information.
*/
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, buf, 1, 3, chan) != 3) {
return TCL_OK;
}
bitPixel = 2 << (buf[0] & 0x07);
if (BitSet(buf[0], LOCALCOLORMAP)) { /* Global Colormap */
if (!ReadColorMap(gifConfPtr, chan, bitPixel, colorMap)) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"error reading color map", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "COLOR_MAP", NULL);
return TCL_ERROR;
}
}
if ((srcX + width) > fileWidth) {
width = fileWidth - srcX;
}
if ((srcY + height) > fileHeight) {
height = fileHeight - srcY;
}
if ((width <= 0) || (height <= 0)
|| (srcX >= fileWidth) || (srcY >= fileHeight)) {
return TCL_OK;
}
/*
* Make sure we have enough space in the photo image to hold the data from
* the GIF.
*/
if (Tk_PhotoExpand(interp, imageHandle,
destX + width, destY + height) != TCL_OK) {
return TCL_ERROR;
}
/*
* Search for the frame from the GIF to display.
*/
while (1) {
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, buf, 1, 1, chan) != 1) {
/*
* Premature end of image.
*/
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"premature end of image data for this index", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "PREMATURE_END",
NULL);
goto error;
}
switch (buf[0]) {
case GIF_TERMINATOR:
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"no image data for this index", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "NO_DATA", NULL);
goto error;
case GIF_EXTENSION:
/*
* This is a GIF extension.
*/
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, buf, 1, 1, chan) != 1) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"error reading extension function code in GIF image",
-1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "BAD_EXT",
NULL);
goto error;
}
if (DoExtension(gifConfPtr, chan, buf[0],
gifConfPtr->workingBuffer, &transparent) < 0) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"error reading extension in GIF image", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "BAD_EXT",
NULL);
goto error;
}
continue;
case GIF_START:
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, buf, 1, 9, chan) != 9) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"couldn't read left/top/width/height in GIF image",
-1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "DIMENSIONS",
NULL);
goto error;
}
break;
default:
/*
* Not a valid start character; ignore it.
*/
continue;
}
/*
* We've read the header for a GIF frame. Work out what we are going
* to do about it.
*/
imageWidth = LM_to_uint(buf[4], buf[5]);
imageHeight = LM_to_uint(buf[6], buf[7]);
bitPixel = 1 << ((buf[8] & 0x07) + 1);
if (index--) {
/*
* This is not the GIF frame we want to read: skip it.
*/
if (BitSet(buf[8], LOCALCOLORMAP)) {
if (!ReadColorMap(gifConfPtr, chan, bitPixel, colorMap)) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"error reading color map", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF",
"COLOR_MAP", NULL);
goto error;
}
}
/*
* If we've not yet allocated a trash buffer, do so now.
*/
if (trashBuffer == NULL) {
nBytes = fileWidth * fileHeight * 3;
trashBuffer = ckalloc(nBytes);
}
/*
* Slurp! Process the data for this image and stuff it in a trash
* buffer.
*
* Yes, it might be more efficient here to *not* store the data
* (we're just going to throw it away later). However, I elected
* to implement it this way for good reasons. First, I wanted to
* avoid duplicating the (fairly complex) LWZ decoder in
* ReadImage. Fine, you say, why didn't you just modify it to
* allow the use of a NULL specifier for the output buffer? I
* tried that, but it negatively impacted the performance of what
* I think will be the common case: reading the first image in the
* file. Rather than marginally improve the speed of the less
* frequent case, I chose to maintain high performance for the
* common case.
*/
if (ReadImage(gifConfPtr, interp, trashBuffer, chan, imageWidth,
imageHeight, colorMap, 0, 0, 0, -1) != TCL_OK) {
goto error;
}
continue;
}
break;
}
/*
* Found the frame we want to read. Next, check for a local color map for
* this frame.
*/
if (BitSet(buf[8], LOCALCOLORMAP)) {
if (!ReadColorMap(gifConfPtr, chan, bitPixel, colorMap)) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(
"error reading color map", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "COLOR_MAP", NULL);
goto error;
}
}
/*
* Extract the location within the overall visible image to put the data
* in this frame, together with the size of this frame.
*/
index = LM_to_uint(buf[0], buf[1]);
srcX -= index;
if (srcX<0) {
destX -= srcX; width += srcX;
srcX = 0;
}
if (width > imageWidth) {
width = imageWidth;
}
index = LM_to_uint(buf[2], buf[3]);
srcY -= index;
if (index > srcY) {
destY -= srcY; height += srcY;
srcY = 0;
}
if (height > imageHeight) {
height = imageHeight;
}
if ((width > 0) && (height > 0)) {
Tk_PhotoImageBlock block;
/*
* Read the data and put it into the photo buffer for display by the
* general image machinery.
*/
block.width = width;
block.height = height;
block.pixelSize = (transparent>=0) ? 4 : 3;
block.offset[0] = 0;
block.offset[1] = 1;
block.offset[2] = 2;
block.offset[3] = (transparent>=0) ? 3 : 0;
block.pitch = block.pixelSize * imageWidth;
nBytes = block.pitch * imageHeight;
block.pixelPtr = ckalloc(nBytes);
if (ReadImage(gifConfPtr, interp, block.pixelPtr, chan, imageWidth,
imageHeight, colorMap, srcX, srcY, BitSet(buf[8], INTERLACE),
transparent) != TCL_OK) {
ckfree(block.pixelPtr);
goto error;
}
if (Tk_PhotoPutBlock(interp, imageHandle, &block, destX, destY,
width, height, TK_PHOTO_COMPOSITE_SET) != TCL_OK) {
ckfree(block.pixelPtr);
goto error;
}
ckfree(block.pixelPtr);
}
/*
* We've successfully read the GIF frame (or there was nothing to read,
* which suits as well). We're done.
*/
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(tkImgFmtGIF.name, -1));
result = TCL_OK;
error:
/*
* If a trash buffer has been allocated, free it now.
*/
if (trashBuffer != NULL) {
ckfree(trashBuffer);
}
return result;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* StringMatchGIF --
*
* This function is invoked by the photo image type to see if an object
* contains image data in GIF format.
*
* Results:
* The return value is 1 if the first characters in the data are like GIF
* data, and 0 otherwise.
*
* Side effects:
* The size of the image is placed in widthPtr and heightPtr.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
StringMatchGIF(
Tcl_Obj *dataObj, /* the object containing the image data */
Tcl_Obj *format, /* the image format object, or NULL */
int *widthPtr, /* where to put the string width */
int *heightPtr, /* where to put the string height */
Tcl_Interp *interp) /* not used */
{
unsigned char *data, header[10];
int got, length;
MFile handle;
data = Tcl_GetByteArrayFromObj(dataObj, &length);
/*
* Header is a minimum of 10 bytes.
*/
if (length < 10) {
return 0;
}
/*
* Check whether the data is Base64 encoded.
*/
if ((strncmp(GIF87a, (char *) data, 6) != 0) &&
(strncmp(GIF89a, (char *) data, 6) != 0)) {
/*
* Try interpreting the data as Base64 encoded
*/
mInit((unsigned char *) data, &handle, length);
got = Mread(header, 10, 1, &handle);
if (got != 10 ||
((strncmp(GIF87a, (char *) header, 6) != 0)
&& (strncmp(GIF89a, (char *) header, 6) != 0))) {
return 0;
}
} else {
memcpy(header, data, 10);
}
*widthPtr = LM_to_uint(header[6], header[7]);
*heightPtr = LM_to_uint(header[8], header[9]);
return 1;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* StringReadGIF --
*
* This function is called by the photo image type to read GIF format
* data from an object, optionally base64 encoded, and give it to the
* photo image.
*
* Results:
* A standard TCL completion code. If TCL_ERROR is returned then an error
* message is left in the interp's result.
*
* Side effects:
* New data is added to the image given by imageHandle. This function
* calls FileReadGIF by redefining the operation of fprintf temporarily.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
StringReadGIF(
Tcl_Interp *interp, /* interpreter for reporting errors in */
Tcl_Obj *dataObj, /* object containing the image */
Tcl_Obj *format, /* format object, or NULL */
Tk_PhotoHandle imageHandle, /* the image to write this data into */
int destX, int destY, /* The rectangular region of the */
int width, int height, /* image to copy */
int srcX, int srcY)
{
MFile handle, *hdlPtr = &handle;
int length;
const char *xferFormat;
unsigned char *data = Tcl_GetByteArrayFromObj(dataObj, &length);
mInit(data, hdlPtr, length);
/*
* Check whether the data is Base64 encoded by doing a character-by-
* charcter comparison with the binary-format headers; BASE64-encoded
* never matches (matching the other way is harder because of potential
* padding of the BASE64 data).
*/
if (strncmp(GIF87a, (char *) data, 6)
&& strncmp(GIF89a, (char *) data, 6)) {
xferFormat = INLINE_DATA_BASE64;
} else {
xferFormat = INLINE_DATA_BINARY;
}
/*
* Fall through to the file reader now that we have a correctly-configured
* pseudo-channel to pull the data from.
*/
return FileReadGIF(interp, (Tcl_Channel) hdlPtr, xferFormat, format,
imageHandle, destX, destY, width, height, srcX, srcY);
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* ReadGIFHeader --
*
* This function reads the GIF header from the beginning of a GIF file
* and returns the dimensions of the image.
*
* Results:
* The return value is 1 if file "f" appears to start with a valid GIF
* header, 0 otherwise. If the header is valid, then *widthPtr and
* *heightPtr are modified to hold the dimensions of the image.
*
* Side effects:
* The access position in f advances.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
ReadGIFHeader(
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan, /* Image file to read the header from */
int *widthPtr, int *heightPtr)
/* The dimensions of the image are returned
* here. */
{
unsigned char buf[7];
if ((Fread(gifConfPtr, buf, 1, 6, chan) != 6)
|| ((strncmp(GIF87a, (char *) buf, 6) != 0)
&& (strncmp(GIF89a, (char *) buf, 6) != 0))) {
return 0;
}
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, buf, 1, 4, chan) != 4) {
return 0;
}
*widthPtr = LM_to_uint(buf[0], buf[1]);
*heightPtr = LM_to_uint(buf[2], buf[3]);
return 1;
}
/*
*-----------------------------------------------------------------
* The code below is copied from the giftoppm program and modified just
* slightly.
*-----------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
ReadColorMap(
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan,
int number,
unsigned char buffer[MAXCOLORMAPSIZE][4])
{
int i;
unsigned char rgb[3];
for (i = 0; i < number; ++i) {
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, rgb, sizeof(rgb), 1, chan) <= 0) {
return 0;
}
if (buffer) {
buffer[i][CM_RED] = rgb[0];
buffer[i][CM_GREEN] = rgb[1];
buffer[i][CM_BLUE] = rgb[2];
buffer[i][CM_ALPHA] = 255;
}
}
return 1;
}
static int
DoExtension(
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan,
int label,
unsigned char *buf,
int *transparent)
{
int count;
switch (label) {
case 0x01: /* Plain Text Extension */
break;
case 0xff: /* Application Extension */
break;
case 0xfe: /* Comment Extension */
do {
count = GetDataBlock(gifConfPtr, chan, buf);
} while (count > 0);
return count;
case 0xf9: /* Graphic Control Extension */
count = GetDataBlock(gifConfPtr, chan, buf);
if (count < 0) {
return 1;
}
if ((buf[0] & 0x1) != 0) {
*transparent = buf[3];
}
do {
count = GetDataBlock(gifConfPtr, chan, buf);
} while (count > 0);
return count;
}
do {
count = GetDataBlock(gifConfPtr, chan, buf);
} while (count > 0);
return count;
}
static int
GetDataBlock(
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Channel chan,
unsigned char *buf)
{
unsigned char count;
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, &count, 1, 1, chan) <= 0) {
return -1;
}
if ((count != 0) && (Fread(gifConfPtr, buf, count, 1, chan) <= 0)) {
return -1;
}
return count;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* ReadImage --
*
* Process a GIF image from a given source, with a given height, width,
* transparency, etc.
*
* This code is based on the code found in the ImageMagick GIF decoder,
* which is (c) 2000 ImageMagick Studio.
*
* Some thoughts on our implementation:
* It sure would be nice if ReadImage didn't take 11 parameters! I think
* that if we were smarter, we could avoid doing that.
*
* Possible further optimizations: we could pull the GetCode function
* directly into ReadImage, which would improve our speed.
*
* Results:
* Processes a GIF image and loads the pixel data into a memory array.
*
* Side effects:
* None.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
ReadImage(
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
Tcl_Interp *interp,
unsigned char *imagePtr,
Tcl_Channel chan,
int len, int rows,
unsigned char cmap[MAXCOLORMAPSIZE][4],
int srcX, int srcY,
int interlace,
int transparent)
{
unsigned char initialCodeSize;
int xpos = 0, ypos = 0, pass = 0, i;
register unsigned char *pixelPtr;
static const int interlaceStep[] = { 8, 8, 4, 2 };
static const int interlaceStart[] = { 0, 4, 2, 1 };
unsigned short prefix[(1 << MAX_LWZ_BITS)];
unsigned char append[(1 << MAX_LWZ_BITS)];
unsigned char stack[(1 << MAX_LWZ_BITS)*2];
register unsigned char *top;
int codeSize, clearCode, inCode, endCode, oldCode, maxCode;
int code, firstCode, v;
/*
* Initialize the decoder
*/
if (Fread(gifConfPtr, &initialCodeSize, 1, 1, chan) <= 0) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_ObjPrintf(
"error reading GIF image: %s", Tcl_PosixError(interp)));
return TCL_ERROR;
}
if (initialCodeSize > MAX_LWZ_BITS) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj("malformed image", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "MALFORMED", NULL);
return TCL_ERROR;
}
if (transparent != -1) {
cmap[transparent][CM_RED] = 0;
cmap[transparent][CM_GREEN] = 0;
cmap[transparent][CM_BLUE] = 0;
cmap[transparent][CM_ALPHA] = 0;
}
pixelPtr = imagePtr;
/*
* Initialize the decoder.
*
* Set values for "special" numbers:
* clear code reset the decoder
* end code stop decoding
* code size size of the next code to retrieve
* max code next available table position
*/
clearCode = 1 << (int) initialCodeSize;
endCode = clearCode + 1;
codeSize = (int) initialCodeSize + 1;
maxCode = clearCode + 2;
oldCode = -1;
firstCode = -1;
memset(prefix, 0, (1 << MAX_LWZ_BITS) * sizeof(short));
memset(append, 0, (1 << MAX_LWZ_BITS) * sizeof(char));
for (i = 0; i < clearCode; i++) {
append[i] = i;
}
top = stack;
GetCode(chan, 0, 1, gifConfPtr);
/*
* Read until we finish the image
*/
for (i = 0, ypos = 0; i < rows; i++) {
for (xpos = 0; xpos < len; ) {
if (top == stack) {
/*
* Bummer - our stack is empty. Now we have to work!
*/
code = GetCode(chan, codeSize, 0, gifConfPtr);
if (code < 0) {
return TCL_OK;
}
if (code > maxCode || code == endCode) {
/*
* If we're doing things right, we should never receive a
* code that is greater than our current maximum code. If
* we do, bail, because our decoder does not yet have that
* code set up.
*
* If the code is the magic endCode value, quit.
*/
return TCL_OK;
}
if (code == clearCode) {
/*
* Reset the decoder.
*/
codeSize = initialCodeSize + 1;
maxCode = clearCode + 2;
oldCode = -1;
continue;
}
if (oldCode == -1) {
/*
* Last pass reset the decoder, so the first code we see
* must be a singleton. Seed the stack with it, and set up
* the old/first code pointers for insertion into the
* string table. We can't just roll this into the
* clearCode test above, because at that point we have not
* yet read the next code.
*/
*top++ = append[code];
oldCode = code;
firstCode = code;
continue;
}
inCode = code;
if (code == maxCode) {
/*
* maxCode is always one bigger than our highest assigned
* code. If the code we see is equal to maxCode, then we
* are about to add a new string to the table. ???
*/
*top++ = firstCode;
code = oldCode;
}
while (code > clearCode) {
/*
* Populate the stack by tracing the string in the string
* table from its tail to its head
*/
*top++ = append[code];
code = prefix[code];
}
firstCode = append[code];
/*
* If there's no more room in our string table, quit.
* Otherwise, add a new string to the table
*/
if (maxCode >= (1 << MAX_LWZ_BITS)) {
return TCL_OK;
}
/*
* Push the head of the string onto the stack.
*/
*top++ = firstCode;
/*
* Add a new string to the string table
*/
prefix[maxCode] = oldCode;
append[maxCode] = firstCode;
maxCode++;
/*
* maxCode tells us the maximum code value we can accept. If
* we see that we need more bits to represent it than we are
* requesting from the unpacker, we need to increase the
* number we ask for.
*/
if ((maxCode >= (1 << codeSize))
&& (maxCode < (1<<MAX_LWZ_BITS))) {
codeSize++;
}
oldCode = inCode;
}
/*
* Pop the next color index off the stack.
*/
v = *(--top);
if (v < 0) {
return TCL_OK;
}
/*
* If pixelPtr is null, we're skipping this image (presumably
* there are more in the file and we will be called to read one of
* them later)
*/
*pixelPtr++ = cmap[v][CM_RED];
*pixelPtr++ = cmap[v][CM_GREEN];
*pixelPtr++ = cmap[v][CM_BLUE];
if (transparent >= 0) {
*pixelPtr++ = cmap[v][CM_ALPHA];
}
xpos++;
}
/*
* If interlacing, the next ypos is not just +1.
*/
if (interlace) {
ypos += interlaceStep[pass];
while (ypos >= rows) {
pass++;
if (pass > 3) {
return TCL_OK;
}
ypos = interlaceStart[pass];
}
} else {
ypos++;
}
pixelPtr = imagePtr + (ypos) * len * ((transparent>=0)?4:3);
}
return TCL_OK;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* GetCode --
*
* Extract the next compression code from the file. In GIF's, the
* compression codes are between 3 and 12 bits long and are then packed
* into 8 bit bytes, left to right, for example:
* bbbaaaaa
* dcccccbb
* eeeedddd
* ...
* We use a byte buffer read from the file and a sliding window to unpack
* the bytes. Thanks to ImageMagick for the sliding window idea.
* args: chan the channel to read from
* code_size size of the code to extract
* flag boolean indicating whether the extractor should be
* reset or not
*
* Results:
* code the next compression code
*
* Side effects:
* May consume more input from chan.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
GetCode(
Tcl_Channel chan,
int code_size,
int flag,
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr)
{
int ret;
if (flag) {
/*
* Initialize the decoder.
*/
gifConfPtr->reader.bitsInWindow = 0;
gifConfPtr->reader.bytes = 0;
gifConfPtr->reader.window = 0;
gifConfPtr->reader.done = 0;
gifConfPtr->reader.c = NULL;
return 0;
}
while (gifConfPtr->reader.bitsInWindow < code_size) {
/*
* Not enough bits in our window to cover the request.
*/
if (gifConfPtr->reader.done) {
return -1;
}
if (gifConfPtr->reader.bytes == 0) {
/*
* Not enough bytes in our buffer to add to the window.
*/
gifConfPtr->reader.bytes =
GetDataBlock(gifConfPtr, chan, gifConfPtr->workingBuffer);
gifConfPtr->reader.c = gifConfPtr->workingBuffer;
if (gifConfPtr->reader.bytes <= 0) {
gifConfPtr->reader.done = 1;
break;
}
}
/*
* Tack another byte onto the window, see if that's enough.
*/
gifConfPtr->reader.window +=
(*gifConfPtr->reader.c) << gifConfPtr->reader.bitsInWindow;
gifConfPtr->reader.c++;
gifConfPtr->reader.bitsInWindow += 8;
gifConfPtr->reader.bytes--;
}
/*
* The next code will always be the last code_size bits of the window.
*/
ret = gifConfPtr->reader.window & ((1 << code_size) - 1);
/*
* Shift data in the window to put the next code at the end.
*/
gifConfPtr->reader.window >>= code_size;
gifConfPtr->reader.bitsInWindow -= code_size;
return ret;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Minit -- --
*
* This function initializes a base64 decoder handle
*
* Results:
* None
*
* Side effects:
* The base64 handle is initialized
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static void
mInit(
unsigned char *string, /* string containing initial mmencoded data */
MFile *handle, /* mmdecode "file" handle */
int length) /* Number of bytes in string */
{
handle->data = string;
handle->state = 0;
handle->c = 0;
handle->length = length;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Mread --
*
* This function is invoked by the GIF file reader as a temporary
* replacement for "fread", to get GIF data out of a string (using
* Mgetc).
*
* Results:
* The return value is the number of characters "read"
*
* Side effects:
* The base64 handle will change state.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
Mread(
unsigned char *dst, /* where to put the result */
size_t chunkSize, /* size of each transfer */
size_t numChunks, /* number of chunks */
MFile *handle) /* mmdecode "file" handle */
{
register int i, c;
int count = chunkSize * numChunks;
for (i=0; i<count && (c=Mgetc(handle)) != GIF_DONE; i++) {
*dst++ = c;
}
return i;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Mgetc --
*
* This function gets the next decoded character from an mmencode handle.
* This causes at least 1 character to be "read" from the encoded string.
*
* Results:
* The next byte (or GIF_DONE) is returned.
*
* Side effects:
* The base64 handle will change state.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
Mgetc(
MFile *handle) /* Handle containing decoder data and state */
{
int c;
int result = 0; /* Initialization needed only to prevent gcc
* compiler warning. */
if (handle->state == GIF_DONE) {
return GIF_DONE;
}
do {
if (handle->length-- <= 0) {
return GIF_DONE;
}
c = char64(*handle->data);
handle->data++;
} while (c == GIF_SPACE);
if (c > GIF_SPECIAL) {
handle->state = GIF_DONE;
return handle->c;
}
switch (handle->state++) {
case 0:
handle->c = c<<2;
result = Mgetc(handle);
break;
case 1:
result = handle->c | (c>>4);
handle->c = (c&0xF)<<4;
break;
case 2:
result = handle->c | (c>>2);
handle->c = (c&0x3) << 6;
break;
case 3:
result = handle->c | c;
handle->state = 0;
break;
}
return result;
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* char64 --
*
* This function converts a base64 ascii character into its binary
* equivalent. This code is a slightly modified version of the char64
* function in N. Borenstein's metamail decoder.
*
* Results:
* The binary value, or an error code.
*
* Side effects:
* None.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
char64(
int c)
{
switch(c) {
case 'A': return 0; case 'B': return 1; case 'C': return 2;
case 'D': return 3; case 'E': return 4; case 'F': return 5;
case 'G': return 6; case 'H': return 7; case 'I': return 8;
case 'J': return 9; case 'K': return 10; case 'L': return 11;
case 'M': return 12; case 'N': return 13; case 'O': return 14;
case 'P': return 15; case 'Q': return 16; case 'R': return 17;
case 'S': return 18; case 'T': return 19; case 'U': return 20;
case 'V': return 21; case 'W': return 22; case 'X': return 23;
case 'Y': return 24; case 'Z': return 25; case 'a': return 26;
case 'b': return 27; case 'c': return 28; case 'd': return 29;
case 'e': return 30; case 'f': return 31; case 'g': return 32;
case 'h': return 33; case 'i': return 34; case 'j': return 35;
case 'k': return 36; case 'l': return 37; case 'm': return 38;
case 'n': return 39; case 'o': return 40; case 'p': return 41;
case 'q': return 42; case 'r': return 43; case 's': return 44;
case 't': return 45; case 'u': return 46; case 'v': return 47;
case 'w': return 48; case 'x': return 49; case 'y': return 50;
case 'z': return 51; case '0': return 52; case '1': return 53;
case '2': return 54; case '3': return 55; case '4': return 56;
case '5': return 57; case '6': return 58; case '7': return 59;
case '8': return 60; case '9': return 61; case '+': return 62;
case '/': return 63;
case ' ': case '\t': case '\n': case '\r': case '\f':
return GIF_SPACE;
case '=':
return GIF_PAD;
case '\0':
return GIF_DONE;
default:
return GIF_BAD;
}
}
/*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Fread --
*
* This function calls either fread or Mread to read data from a file or
* a base64 encoded string.
*
* Results: - same as POSIX fread() or Tcl Tcl_Read()
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
Fread(
GIFImageConfig *gifConfPtr,
unsigned char *dst, /* where to put the result */
size_t hunk, size_t count, /* how many */
Tcl_Channel chan)
{
if (gifConfPtr->fromData == INLINE_DATA_BASE64) {
return Mread(dst, hunk, count, (MFile *) chan);
}
if (gifConfPtr->fromData == INLINE_DATA_BINARY) {
MFile *handle = (MFile *) chan;
if (handle->length <= 0 || (size_t) handle->length < hunk*count) {
return -1;
}
memcpy(dst, handle->data, (size_t) (hunk * count));
handle->data += hunk * count;
return (int)(hunk * count);
}
/*
* Otherwise we've got a real file to read.
*/
return Tcl_Read(chan, (char *) dst, (int) (hunk * count));
}
/*
* ChanWriteGIF - writes a image in GIF format.
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Author: Lolo
* Engeneering Projects Area
* Department of Mining
* University of Oviedo
* e-mail zz11425958@zeus.etsimo.uniovi.es
* lolo@pcsig22.etsimo.uniovi.es
* Date: Fri September 20 1996
*
* Modified for transparency handling (gif89a)
* by Jan Nijtmans <nijtmans@users.sourceforge.net>
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
* FileWriteGIF-
*
* This function is called by the photo image type to write GIF format
* data from a photo image into a given file
*
* Results:
* A standard TCL completion code. If TCL_ERROR is returned then an
* error message is left in the interp's result.
*
*----------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
static int
FileWriteGIF(
Tcl_Interp *interp, /* Interpreter to use for reporting errors. */
const char *filename,
Tcl_Obj *format,
Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr)
{
Tcl_Channel chan = NULL;
int result;
chan = Tcl_OpenFileChannel(interp, (char *) filename, "w", 0644);
if (!chan) {
return TCL_ERROR;
}
if (Tcl_SetChannelOption(interp, chan, "-translation",
"binary") != TCL_OK) {
Tcl_Close(NULL, chan);
return TCL_ERROR;
}
result = CommonWriteGIF(interp, chan, WriteToChannel, format, blockPtr);
if (Tcl_Close(interp, chan) == TCL_ERROR) {
return TCL_ERROR;
}
return result;
}
static int
StringWriteGIF(
Tcl_Interp *interp, /* Interpreter to use for reporting errors and
* returning the GIF data. */
Tcl_Obj *format,
Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr)
{
int result;
Tcl_Obj *objPtr = Tcl_NewObj();
Tcl_IncrRefCount(objPtr);
result = CommonWriteGIF(interp, objPtr, WriteToByteArray, format,
blockPtr);
if (result == TCL_OK) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, objPtr);
}
Tcl_DecrRefCount(objPtr);
return result;
}
static int
WriteToChannel(
ClientData clientData,
const char *bytes,
int byteCount)
{
Tcl_Channel handle = clientData;
return Tcl_Write(handle, bytes, byteCount);
}
static int
WriteToByteArray(
ClientData clientData,
const char *bytes,
int byteCount)
{
Tcl_Obj *objPtr = clientData;
Tcl_Obj *tmpObj = Tcl_NewByteArrayObj((unsigned char *) bytes, byteCount);
Tcl_IncrRefCount(tmpObj);
Tcl_AppendObjToObj(objPtr, tmpObj);
Tcl_DecrRefCount(tmpObj);
return byteCount;
}
static int
CommonWriteGIF(
Tcl_Interp *interp,
ClientData handle,
WriteBytesFunc *writeProc,
Tcl_Obj *format,
Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr)
{
GifWriterState state;
int resolution;
long width, height, x;
unsigned char c;
unsigned int top, left;
top = 0;
left = 0;
memset(&state, 0, sizeof(state));
state.pixelSize = blockPtr->pixelSize;
state.greenOffset = blockPtr->offset[1]-blockPtr->offset[0];
state.blueOffset = blockPtr->offset[2]-blockPtr->offset[0];
state.alphaOffset = blockPtr->offset[0];
if (state.alphaOffset < blockPtr->offset[2]) {
state.alphaOffset = blockPtr->offset[2];
}
if (++state.alphaOffset < state.pixelSize) {
state.alphaOffset -= blockPtr->offset[0];
} else {
state.alphaOffset = 0;
}
writeProc(handle, (char *) (state.alphaOffset ? GIF89a : GIF87a), 6);
for (x = 0; x < MAXCOLORMAPSIZE ;x++) {
state.mapa[x][CM_RED] = 255;
state.mapa[x][CM_GREEN] = 255;
state.mapa[x][CM_BLUE] = 255;
}
width = blockPtr->width;
height = blockPtr->height;
state.pixelOffset = blockPtr->pixelPtr + blockPtr->offset[0];
state.pixelPitch = blockPtr->pitch;
SaveMap(&state, blockPtr);
if (state.num >= MAXCOLORMAPSIZE) {
Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj("too many colors", -1));
Tcl_SetErrorCode(interp, "TK", "IMAGE", "GIF", "COLORFUL", NULL);
return TCL_ERROR;
}
if (state.num<2) {
state.num = 2;
}
c = LSB(width);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = MSB(width);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = LSB(height);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = MSB(height);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
resolution = 0;
while (state.num >> resolution) {
resolution++;
}
c = 111 + resolution * 17;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
state.num = 1 << resolution;
/*
* Background color
*/
c = 0;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
/*
* Zero for future expansion.
*/
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
for (x = 0; x < state.num; x++) {
c = state.mapa[x][CM_RED];
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = state.mapa[x][CM_GREEN];
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = state.mapa[x][CM_BLUE];
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
}
/*
* Write out extension for transparent colour index, if necessary.
*/
if (state.alphaOffset) {
c = GIF_EXTENSION;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
writeProc(handle, "\371\4\1\0\0\0", 7);
}
c = GIF_START;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = LSB(top);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = MSB(top);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = LSB(left);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = MSB(left);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = LSB(width);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = MSB(width);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = LSB(height);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = MSB(height);
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = 0;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = resolution;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
state.ssize = state.rsize = blockPtr->width;
state.csize = blockPtr->height;
Compress(resolution+1, handle, writeProc, ReadValue, &state);
c = 0;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
c = GIF_TERMINATOR;
writeProc(handle, (char *) &c, 1);
return TCL_OK;
}
static int
ColorNumber(
GifWriterState *statePtr,
int red, int green, int blue)
{
int x = (statePtr->alphaOffset != 0);
for (; x <= MAXCOLORMAPSIZE; x++) {
if ((statePtr->mapa[x][CM_RED] == red) &&
(statePtr->mapa[x][CM_GREEN] == green) &&
(statePtr->mapa[x][CM_BLUE] == blue)) {
return x;
}
}
return -1;
}
static int
IsNewColor(
GifWriterState *statePtr,
int red, int green, int blue)
{
int x = (statePtr->alphaOffset != 0);
for (; x<=statePtr->num ; x++) {
if ((statePtr->mapa[x][CM_RED] == red) &&
(statePtr->mapa[x][CM_GREEN] == green) &&
(statePtr->mapa[x][CM_BLUE] == blue)) {
return 0;
}
}
return 1;
}
static void
SaveMap(
GifWriterState *statePtr,
Tk_PhotoImageBlock *blockPtr)
{
unsigned char *colores;
int x, y;
unsigned char red, green, blue;
if (statePtr->alphaOffset) {
statePtr->num = 0;
statePtr->mapa[0][CM_RED] = DEFAULT_BACKGROUND_VALUE;
statePtr->mapa[0][CM_GREEN] = DEFAULT_BACKGROUND_VALUE;
statePtr->mapa[0][CM_BLUE] = DEFAULT_BACKGROUND_VALUE;
} else {
statePtr->num = -1;
}
for (y=0 ; y<blockPtr->height ; y++) {
colores = blockPtr->pixelPtr + blockPtr->offset[0] + y*blockPtr->pitch;
for (x=0 ; x<blockPtr->width ; x++) {
if (!statePtr->alphaOffset || colores[statePtr->alphaOffset]!=0) {
red = colores[0];
green = colores[statePtr->greenOffset];
blue = colores[statePtr->blueOffset];
if (IsNewColor(statePtr, red, green, blue)) {
statePtr->num++;
if (statePtr->num >= MAXCOLORMAPSIZE) {
return;
}
statePtr->mapa[statePtr->num][CM_RED] = red;
statePtr->mapa[statePtr->num][CM_GREEN] = green;
statePtr->mapa[statePtr->num][CM_BLUE] = blue;
}
}
colores += statePtr->pixelSize;
}
}
}
static int
ReadValue(
GifWriterState *statePtr)
{
unsigned int col;
if (statePtr->csize == 0) {
return EOF;
}
if (statePtr->alphaOffset
&& (statePtr->pixelOffset[statePtr->alphaOffset]==0)) {
col = 0;
} else {
col = ColorNumber(statePtr, statePtr->pixelOffset[0],
statePtr->pixelOffset[statePtr->greenOffset],
statePtr->pixelOffset[statePtr->blueOffset]);
}
statePtr->pixelOffset += statePtr->pixelSize;
if (--statePtr->ssize <= 0) {
statePtr->ssize = statePtr->rsize;
statePtr->csize--;
statePtr->pixelOffset += statePtr->pixelPitch
- (statePtr->rsize * statePtr->pixelSize);
}
return col;
}
/*
* GIF Image compression - modified 'Compress'
*
* Based on: compress.c - File compression ala IEEE Computer, June 1984.
*
* By Authors: Spencer W. Thomas (decvax!harpo!utah-cs!utah-gr!thomas)
* Jim McKie (decvax!mcvax!jim)
* Steve Davies (decvax!vax135!petsd!peora!srd)
* Ken Turkowski (decvax!decwrl!turtlevax!ken)
* James A. Woods (decvax!ihnp4!ames!jaw)
* Joe Orost (decvax!vax135!petsd!joe)
*/
static void
Compress(
int initialBits,
ClientData handle,
WriteBytesFunc *writeProc,
ifunptr readValue,
GifWriterState *statePtr)
{
long fcode, ent, disp, hSize, i = 0;
int c, hshift;
GIFState_t state;
memset(&state, 0, sizeof(state));
/*
* Set up the globals: initialBits - initial number of bits
* outChannel - pointer to output file
*/
state.initialBits = initialBits;
state.destination = handle;
state.writeProc = writeProc;
/*
* Set up the necessary values.
*/
state.offset = 0;
state.hSize = HSIZE;
state.outCount = 0;
state.clearFlag = 0;
state.inCount = 1;
state.maxCode = MAXCODE(state.numBits = state.initialBits);
state.clearCode = 1 << (initialBits - 1);
state.eofCode = state.clearCode + 1;
state.freeEntry = state.clearCode + 2;
CharInit(&state);
ent = readValue(statePtr);
hshift = 0;
for (fcode = (long) state.hSize; fcode < 65536L; fcode *= 2L) {
hshift++;
}
hshift = 8 - hshift; /* Set hash code range bound */
hSize = state.hSize;
ClearHashTable(&state, (int) hSize); /* Clear hash table */
Output(&state, (long) state.clearCode);
while (U(c = readValue(statePtr)) != U(EOF)) {
state.inCount++;
fcode = (long) (((long) c << GIFBITS) + ent);
i = ((long)c << hshift) ^ ent; /* XOR hashing */
if (state.hashTable[i] == fcode) {
ent = state.codeTable[i];
continue;
} else if ((long) state.hashTable[i] < 0) { /* Empty slot */
goto nomatch;
}
disp = hSize - i; /* Secondary hash (after G. Knott) */
if (i == 0) {
disp = 1;
}
probe:
if ((i -= disp) < 0) {
i += hSize;
}
if (state.hashTable[i] == fcode) {
ent = state.codeTable[i];
continue;
}
if ((long) state.hashTable[i] > 0) {
goto probe;
}
nomatch:
Output(&state, (long) ent);
state.outCount++;
ent = c;
if (U(state.freeEntry) < U((long)1 << GIFBITS)) {
state.codeTable[i] = state.freeEntry++; /* code -> hashtable */
state.hashTable[i] = fcode;
} else {
ClearForBlock(&state);
}
}
/*
* Put out the final code.
*/
Output(&state, (long) ent);
state.outCount++;
Output(&state, (long) state.eofCode);
}
/*****************************************************************
* Output --
* Output the given code.
*
* Inputs:
* code: A numBits-bit integer. If == -1, then EOF. This assumes that
* numBits =< (long) wordsize - 1.
* Outputs:
* Outputs code to the file.
* Assumptions:
* Chars are 8 bits long.
* Algorithm:
* Maintain a GIFBITS character long buffer (so that 8 codes will fit in
* it exactly). Use the VAX insv instruction to insert each code in turn.
* When the buffer fills up empty it and start over.
*/
static void
Output(
GIFState_t *statePtr,
long code)
{
static const unsigned long masks[] = {
0x0000,
0x0001, 0x0003, 0x0007, 0x000F,
0x001F, 0x003F, 0x007F, 0x00FF,
0x01FF, 0x03FF, 0x07FF, 0x0FFF,
0x1FFF, 0x3FFF, 0x7FFF, 0xFFFF
};
statePtr->currentAccumulated &= masks[statePtr->currentBits];
if (statePtr->currentBits > 0) {
statePtr->currentAccumulated |= ((long) code << statePtr->currentBits);
} else {
statePtr->currentAccumulated = code;
}
statePtr->currentBits += statePtr->numBits;
while (statePtr->currentBits >= 8) {
CharOut(statePtr, (unsigned) (statePtr->currentAccumulated & 0xff));
statePtr->currentAccumulated >>= 8;
statePtr->currentBits -= 8;
}
/*
* If the next entry is going to be too big for the code size, then
* increase it, if possible.
*/
if ((statePtr->freeEntry > statePtr->maxCode) || statePtr->clearFlag) {
if (statePtr->clearFlag) {
statePtr->maxCode = MAXCODE(
statePtr->numBits = statePtr->initialBits);
statePtr->clearFlag = 0;
} else {
statePtr->numBits++;
if (statePtr->numBits == GIFBITS) {
statePtr->maxCode = (long)1 << GIFBITS;
} else {
statePtr->maxCode = MAXCODE(statePtr->numBits);
}
}
}
if (code == statePtr->eofCode) {
/*
* At EOF, write the rest of the buffer.
*/
while (statePtr->currentBits > 0) {
CharOut(statePtr,
(unsigned) (statePtr->currentAccumulated & 0xff));
statePtr->currentAccumulated >>= 8;
statePtr->currentBits -= 8;
}
FlushChar(statePtr);
}
}
/*
* Clear out the hash table
*/
static void
ClearForBlock( /* Table clear for block compress. */
GIFState_t *statePtr)
{
ClearHashTable(statePtr, (int) statePtr->hSize);
statePtr->freeEntry = statePtr->clearCode + 2;
statePtr->clearFlag = 1;
Output(statePtr, (long) statePtr->clearCode);
}
static void
ClearHashTable( /* Reset code table. */
GIFState_t *statePtr,
int hSize)
{
register int *hashTablePtr = statePtr->hashTable + hSize;
register long i;
register long m1 = -1;
i = hSize - 16;
do { /* might use Sys V memset(3) here */
*(hashTablePtr-16) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-15) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-14) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-13) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-12) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-11) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-10) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-9) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-8) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-7) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-6) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-5) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-4) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-3) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-2) = m1;
*(hashTablePtr-1) = m1;
hashTablePtr -= 16;
} while ((i -= 16) >= 0);
for (i += 16; i > 0; i--) {
*--hashTablePtr = m1;
}
}
/*
*****************************************************************************
*
* GIF Specific routines
*
*****************************************************************************
*/
/*
* Set up the 'byte output' routine
*/
static void
CharInit(
GIFState_t *statePtr)
{
statePtr->accumulatedByteCount = 0;
statePtr->currentAccumulated = 0;
statePtr->currentBits = 0;
}
/*
* Add a character to the end of the current packet, and if it is 254
* characters, flush the packet to disk.
*/
static void
CharOut(
GIFState_t *statePtr,
int c)
{
statePtr->packetAccumulator[statePtr->accumulatedByteCount++] = c;
if (statePtr->accumulatedByteCount >= 254) {
FlushChar(statePtr);
}
}
/*
* Flush the packet to disk, and reset the accumulator
*/
static void
FlushChar(
GIFState_t *statePtr)
{
unsigned char c;
if (statePtr->accumulatedByteCount > 0) {
c = statePtr->accumulatedByteCount;
statePtr->writeProc(statePtr->destination, (const char *) &c, 1);
statePtr->writeProc(statePtr->destination,
(const char *) statePtr->packetAccumulator,
statePtr->accumulatedByteCount);
statePtr->accumulatedByteCount = 0;
}
}
/* The End */
/*
* Local Variables:
* mode: c
* c-basic-offset: 4
* fill-column: 78
* End:
*/
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