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The fastest and safest AV1 encoder.

Build Status


rav1e is an experimental AV1 video encoder. It is designed to eventually cover all use cases, though in its current form it is most suitable for cases where libaom (the reference encoder) is too slow.

Because AV1 is not yet frozen, it relies on an exact decoder version and configuration that is periodically updated.


  • Intra frames
  • 64x64 superblocks
  • H, V, and DC prediction modes
  • 4x4 DCT and ADST transforms
  • ~5 fps encoding @ 480p (see issue #124)


This repository uses a git submodule, to initialize it, do:

git submodule update --init

This is also required everytime you switch branch or pull code and the submodule changed.

In order to build the codec, you need two libraries: wxWidgets 3.0 and yasm. To install these on Ubuntu or Linux Mint, run:

sudo apt install libwxgtk3.0-dev libwxgtk3.0-0v5-dbg yasm

Compressing video

Input videos must be 8-bit 4:2:0, in y4m format.

cargo run --bin rav1e -- input.y4m -o output.ivf

Decompressing video

mkdir aom_test
cd aom_test
../aom_build/aom/configure --disable-av1-encoder --enable-debug --enable-experimental --disable-unit-tests --disable-aom_qm --disable-ext-intra --disable-ext_partition --disable-ext_partition_types --disable-loopfilter_level --disable-intra_edge --disable-cfl --disable-kf-ctx --disable-striped_loop_restoration --disable-max_tile --disable-ext-intra-mod --disable-frame_size --disable-simplify_tx_mode --disable-obu --disable-filter-intra --disable-ext_skip --disable-lv_map --disable-lv_map_multi --disable-horzonly_frame_superres
make -j8
./aomdec ../output.ivf -o output.y4m


  • src/ - The top level library, contains code to write headers, manage buffers, and iterate throught each superblock.
  • src/ - Low-level implementation of the entropy coder, which directly writes the bitstream.
  • src/ - High-level functions that write symbols to the bitstream, and maintain context.
  • src/ - Functions and enums to manage partitions (subdivisions of a superblock).
  • src/ - Intra prediction implementations.
  • src/ - Quantization and dequantization functions for coefficients.
  • src/ - Implementations of DCT and ADST transforms.
  • src/bin/ - rav1e command line tool.
  • src/bin/ - Command line tool for debugging.
  • aom_build/ - Local submodule of libaom. Some C functions and constants are used directly. Also used for benchmarking and testing.
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