Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
144 lines (114 sloc) 6.16 KB

Managed Dependencies With Leiningen

Maven (and now Leiningen) provides a capability called "Dependency Management". The idea is to provide a way to specify a version number for common library dependencies in a single location, and re-use those version numbers from other discrete maven/lein projects. This makes it easy to, e.g., update your clj-time dependency across a large number of projects without having to be mindful of every common dependency version across all of your libraries.

When using :pedantic? :abort in your projects, to ensure that you are producing a consistent and predictable build, it can be very cumbersome to play the "dependency version whack-a-mole" game that arises whenever an upstream library bumps a version of one of its dependencies. :managed-dependencies can help alleviate this issue by allowing you to keep the dependency version numbers centralized.

:managed-dependencies

The :managed-dependencies section of your project.clj file is just like the regular :dependencies section, with two exceptions:

  1. It does not actually introduce any dependencies to your project. It only says, "hey leiningen, if you encounter one of these dependencies later, here are the versions that you should fall back to if the version numbers aren't explicitly specified."
  2. It allows the version number to be omitted from the :dependencies section, for any artifact that you've listed in your :managed-dependencies section.

Here's an example:

(defproject superfun/happyslide "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
  :description "A Clojure project with managed dependencies"
  :min-lein-version  "2.7.0"
  :managed-dependencies [[clj-time "0.12.0"]
                         [me.raynes/fs "1.4.6"]
                         [ring/ring-codec "1.0.1"]]
  :dependencies [[clj-time]
                 [me.raynes/fs]])

In the example above, the final, resolved project will end up using the specified versions of clj-time and me.raynes/fs. It will not have an actual dependency on ring/ring-codec at all, since that is not mentioned in the "real" :dependencies section.

This feature is not all that useful on its own, because in the example above, we're specifying the :managed-dependencies and :dependencies sections right alongside one another, and you could just as easily include the version numbers directly in the :dependencies section. The feature becomes more powerful when your build workflow includes some other way of sharing the :managed-dependencies section across multiple projects.

A note on modifiers (:exclusions, :classifier, etc.)

The managed dependencies support in leiningen does work with modifiers such as :exclusions and :classifier. There are two legal syntaxes; you can explicitly specify a nil for the version string, or you can simply omit the version string:

(defproject superfun/happyslide "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
  :description "A Clojure project with managed dependencies"
  :min-lein-version  "2.7.0"
  :managed-dependencies [[clj-time "0.12.0"]]
  :dependencies [[clj-time :exclusions [foo]]])

or

(defproject superfun/happyslide "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
  :description "A Clojure project with managed dependencies"
  :min-lein-version  "2.7.0"
  :managed-dependencies [[clj-time "0.12.0"]]
  :dependencies [[clj-time nil :exclusions [foo]]])

Note that :classifier is actually a part of the maven coordinates for an artifact, so for :classifier artifacts you will need to specify the :classifier value in both the :managed-dependencies and the normal :dependencies section:

(defproject superfun/happyslide "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
  :description "A Clojure project with managed dependencies"
  :min-lein-version  "2.7.0"
  :managed-dependencies [[commons-math "1.2" :classifier "sources"]]
  :dependencies [[commons-math :classifier "sources"]])

Lein "parent" projects

One way of leveraging :managed-dependencies across multiple projects is to use the lein-parent plugin. This plugin will allow you to define a single "parent" project that is inherited by multiple "child" projects; e.g.:

(defproject superfun/myparent "1.0.0"
   :managed-dependencies [[clj-time "0.12.0"]
                            [me.raynes/fs "1.4.6"]
                            [ring/ring-codec "1.0.1"]])

(defproject superfun/kid-a "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
   :parent-project [:coords [superfun/myparent "1.0.0"]
                    :inherit [:managed-dependencies]]
   :dependencies [[clj-time]
                  [me.raynes/fs]])

(defproject superfun/kid-b "1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
 :parent-project [:coords [superfun/myparent "1.0.0"]
                  :inherit [:managed-dependencies]]
 :dependencies [[clj-time]
                [ring/ring-codec]])

In this example, we've consolidated the task of managing common version dependencies in the parent project, and defined two child projects that will inherit those dependency versions from the parent without needing to specify them explicitly.

This makes it easier to ensure that all of your projects are using the same versions of your common dependencies, which can help make sure that your uberjar builds are more predictable and repeatable.

Other ways to share 'managed-dependencies'

Since the defproject form is a macro, it would be possible to write other plugins that generated the value for a :managed-dependencies section dynamically. That could provide other useful ways to take advantage of the :managed-dependencies functionality without needing to explicitly populate that section in all of your project.clj files.

Future integration

It is likely that the functionality provided by the lein-parent plugin may integrated into the leiningen core in a future release; for now we have added only the :managed-dependencies functionality because it is necessary in order for the plugin to leverage it. We will be experimenting with different ideas for implementation / API in plugins and making sure that we find an API that works well before submitting for inclusion into core leiningen.

You can’t perform that action at this time.