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This place is not a place of honor... no highly esteemed deed is commemorated here... nothing valued is here.

This project is no longer maintained, and you are strongly advised against using it. In every case where it was adopted long-term in a codebase, it created more problems than it solved, causing situations that were difficult to debug and reason about. If you wish to create an extension mechanism for your code, it's recommended to develop something more structured that facilitates debugging and understanding.

This code is best left shunned and unused.

Robert Hooke

Robert Hooke provides a flexible, composable mechanism by which you can extend behaviour of functions after they've been defined. It's named after Robert Hooke FRS, a founding member of the Royal Society who made many important discoveries in the fields of Gravitation, Microscopy, and Astronomy.

Hooks can change the behaviour of the functions they wrap in many ways:

  • binding
  • conditional execution (may decide not to continue or decide to call a different function in some circumstances)
  • modify arguments
  • add side effects
  • return different value

Hooke is inspired by Emacs Lisp's defadvice and clojure.test fixtures.


(use 'robert.hooke)

(defn examine [x]
  (println x))

(defn microscope
  "The keen powers of observation enabled by Robert Hooke allow
  for a closer look at any object!"
  [f x]
  (f (.toUpperCase x)))

(defn doubler [f & args]
  (apply f args)
  (apply f args))

(defn telescope [f x]
  (f (apply str (interpose " " x))))

(add-hook #'examine #'microscope)
(add-hook #'examine #'doubler)
(add-hook #'examine #'telescope)

(examine "something")
> S O M E T H I N G
> S O M E T H I N G

Hooks are functions that wrap other functions. They receive the original function and its arguments as their arguments. Hook functions can wrap the target functions in binding, change the argument list, only run the target functions conditionally, or all sorts of other stuff.

Technically the first argument to a hook function is not always the target function; if there is more than one hook then the first hook will receive a function that is a composition of the remaining hooks. (Dare I say a continuation?) But when you're writing hooks, you should act as if it is the target function.

Adding hooks to a defmulti is discouraged as it will make it impossible to add further methods. Hooks are meant to extend functions you don't control; if you own the target function there are obviously better ways to change its behaviour.

When adding hooks it's best to use vars instead of raw functions in order to allow the code to be reloaded interactively. If you recompile a function, it will be re-added as a hook, but if you use a var it will be able to detect that it's the same thing across reloads and avoid duplication.

(add-hook #'some.ns/target-var #'hook-function)

instead of:

(add-hook #'some.ns/target-var hook-function)

Bonus Features

Most of the time you'll never need more than just add-hook. But there's more!

If you are using Hooke just to add side-effects to a function, it may be simpler to use the append or prepend macros:

(prepend print-name
  (print "The following person is awesome:"))

(print-name "Gilbert K. Chesterton")
> The following person is awesome:
> Gilbert K. Chesterton

You may also run a block of code with the hooks for a given var stripped out:

(with-hooks-disabled print-name
  (print-name "Alan Moore"))
> Alan Moore

The with-scope macro provides a scope which records any change to hooks during the dynamic scope of its body, and restores hooks to their original state on exit of the scope. Note that all threads share the scope. Using the example functions above:

(examine "something")
> something

  (add-hook #'examine #'microscope)
  (examine "something"))

(examine "something")
> something


Copyright © 2010-2012 Phil Hagelberg, Kevin Downey, and contributors.

Distributed under the Eclipse Public License, the same as Clojure.


Hooke your Clojure functions!







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