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User-space git builds.

A work in progress. Currently depends upon a manual installation of the slug compiler.

Sokoban consists of three parts. Each is a sub-command of bin/sokoban.


Accepts incoming HTTP requests and forwards them to a receiver. Manages the life cycle of receivers and maps app names to receiver dynos. This is the only part of the app which contains secrets; the rest runs as the user performing the push. Thus it's also responsible for setting up pre-signed URLs for S3.


Accepts HTTP requests from git for a specific app. Receivers are designed to be disposable and be used for a single push. They run as an app under the account of the user doing the push.

The receiver fetches the repository and receives new commits, but it can't tell when the git push itself is complete; that's up to the git client. So in order to trigger compilation when the push is complete, the receiver installs hooks into the repository which the client triggers.


Sokoban uses the post-receive hook to trigger a compilation of the codebase being pushed. Once it's compiled, it uploads the slug and performs a POST to Heroku's release API to finish the deploy. If that succeeds, it archives the repository itself to S3 for the next push.

Standalone Usage

The bin/solo_receiver script can emit a command with signed URLs to launch a receiver for you if you want to run it without the proxy; just provide it with an S3 bucket, AWS secret key, app name, credentials, and buildpack URL. During normal usage the first two would be provided by the proxy and the latter three by the user initiating the push.

$ eval $(bin/solo_receiver myapp \

In another terminal:

$ cd ~/src/myapp && git push http://localhost:5001 master


  • ☑ Pushing straight to receiver updates local copy of repo
  • ☑ Direct receiver runs slug compilation
  • ☐ Direct receiver can post a release
  • ☐ Pushing to proxy with hard-coded receiver URL
  • ☐ Pushing to an actual dyno
  • ☐ Pushing to multiple receiver dynos tracked in redis
  • ☐ Handle all failure modes

Current Issues

  • Launching receiver often times out
  • Proxy pushes display "bad line length character: 10" error but succeed.

Failure modes

  • Auth
  • API outage
  • Redis outage
  • Git deactivated (for app or system-wide)
  • User disappears
  • Dyno launch timeout
  • Dyno disappears
  • Dyno becomes unresponsive
  • Fetch failure (repo or buildpack)
  • Compile failure (user error)
  • Stow failure (repo or slug)
  • Release failure