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[[!meta title="cdist - usable configuration management"]]
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[[!toc levels=2]]
## Introduction
cdist configures your system and is similar to
other configuration management systems like
[cfengine](http://www.cfengine.org/),
[bcfg2](http://trac.mcs.anl.gov/projects/bcfg2),
[chef](http://wiki.opscode.com/display/chef/)
and [puppet](http://www.puppetlabs.com/), but
it ticks differently:
* cdist sticks completly to the KISS (keep it simple and stupid) paradigma
* cdist's core is very small (< 1k lines of code)
* There is only one type to extend cdist called ***type***.
* One main development target: ***It must be incredible easy to add new types.***
* cdist is UNIX
* It reuses existing tools like cat, find, mv, ...
* cdist's documentation is bundled as manpages
* cdist is written in POSIX shell
* No special requirements like high level interpreters needed on server or target
### Documentation
The cdist documentation is included as manpages in the distribution.
You can [browse the documentation for the latest version online](man) as well.
### Architecture
* Push mode (server pushes configuration)
* User defines configuration in shell scripts (called ***manifests***)
* Generates internal configuration (cconfig style)
* Uses ***types*** to generate code be executed on the target
* And finally executes the code on the target / applies the configuration
### Features
* Elegant code and clean design
* Type and core cleanly seperated
* Small codebase in core
* Good documentation (man pages)
* Consistency in behaviour, naming and documentation
* Meaningful error messages
* Either standard error messages from tools or added description for clearification
* The no surprise factor
* No magic guessing of what the user wants
* Simple and well-known DSL
* Posix shell
* Easy integration into bare metal installations
* requires only ssh + sh
* Easy upgrade
* ***There is no need to update cdist on target hosts!***
* cdist only needs to be updated on the master server(s)
* Very easy to extend
* Can be done via types, which can be stacked on top of others
* Reuse of existing functionality
* sh, ssh, find, rm, mv, ...
* Very easy to debug
* Just add set -x in the scripts
### OS support
cdist was tested or is know to run on at least
* [Archlinux](http://www.archlinux.org/)
* [Debian](http://www.debian.org/)
* [Gentoo](http://www.gentoo.org/)
* [Mac OS X](http://www.apple.com/macosx/)
* [OpenBSD](http://www.openbsd.org)
* [Redhat](http://www.redhat.com/)
* [Ubuntu](http://www.ubuntu.com/)
## Requirements
### Server
* A posix like shell
* SSH-Client
### Client ("target host")
* A posix like shell
* SSH-Server
## Getting cdist
You can clone cdist from git, which gives you the advantage of having
a version control in place for development of your own stuff as well.
### Installation
To install cdist, execute the following commands:
git clone git://git.schottelius.org/cdist
cd cdist
export PATH=$PATH:$(pwd -P)/bin
# If you want the manpages (requires gmake and asciidoc to be installed)
./build.sh man
export MANPATH=$MANPATH:$(pwd -P)/doc/man
Afterwards you can run ***cdist-quickstart*** to get an impression on
how to use cdist.
### Available versions
There are at least the following branches available:
* master: the development branch
* 1.5: Focus on object orientation instead of global stage orientation
Old versions:
* 1.4: Support for redefiniton of objects (if equal)
* 1.3: Support for local and remote code execution (current stable)
* 1.2: Dependencies supported
* 1.1: __file to __file, __directory, __link migration
* 1.0: First official release
Other branches may be available for features or bugfixes, but they
may vanish at any point. To select a specific branch use
# Generic code
git checkout -b <name> origin/<name>
# Stay on a specific version
version=1.5
git checkout -b $version origin/$version
### Mirrors
* git://github.com/telmich/cdist.git ([github](https://github.com/telmich/cdist))
* git://git.sans.ethz.ch/cdist ([sans](http://git.sans.ethz.ch/?p=cdist;a=summary))
## Update
To upgrade cdist in the current branch use
git pull
# Also update the manpages
./build.sh man
export MANPATH=$MANPATH:$(pwd -P)/doc/man
If you stay on a version branche (i.e. 1.0, 1.1., ...), nothing should break.
The master branch on the other hand is the development branch and may not be
working, break your setup or eat the tree in your garden.
### Upgrading from 1.3 to 1.4
No incompatiblities.
### Upgrading from 1.2 to 1.3
Rename **gencode** of every type to **gencode-remote**.
### Upgrading from 1.1 to 1.2
No incompatiblities.
### Upgrading from 1.0 to 1.1
In 1.1 the type **\_\_file** was split into **\_\_directory**, **\_\_file** and
**\_\_link**. The parameter **--type** was removed from **\_\_file**. Thus you
need to replace **\_\_file** calls in your manifests:
* Remove --type from all \_\_file calls
* If type was symlink, use \_\_link and --type symbolic
* If type was directory, use \_\_directory
## Support
### IRC
You can join the development ***IRC channel***
[#cLinux on irc.freenode.org](irc://irc.freenode.org/#cLinux).
### Mailing list
Bug reports, questions, patches, etc. should be send to the
[cdist mailing list](http://l.schottelius.org/mailman/listinfo/cdist).
## Commercial support
You can request commercial support for cdist from
[my company](http://firma.schottelius.org/english/).
## Used by
If you're using cdist, feel free to send a report to the mailing list.
Interesting information are for instance
* Which services do you manage?
* How many machines do you manage?
* What are the pros/cons you see in cdist?
* General comments/critics
### Nico Schottelius, Systems Group ETH Zurich and privately
Yes, I'm actually eating my own dogfood and currently managing
* [plone](http://plone.org/) (cms)
* [moinmoin](http://moinmo.in/) (wiki)
* [apache](http://httpd.apache.org/) (webserver)
* [kerberos (mit)](http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/) (authentication)
* [ircd-hybrid](http://www.ircd-hybrid.org/) (chat)
* [stunnel](http://stunnel.mirt.net/) (SSL tunnel)
* [mercurial-server](http://www.lshift.net/mercurial-server.html) (version control)
* [xfce](http://www.xfce.org/) (lightweight desktop environment)
* [slim](http://slim.berlios.de/) (graphical login manager for X11)
with cdist on a total of **9** production machines of the
[Systems Group](http://www.systems.ethz.ch) at the
[ETH Zurich](http://www.ethz.ch) as well at home.
### Steven Armstrong, CBRG ETH Zurich
The CBRG is managing most of their compute clusters with cdist.
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