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ADR 50: Improved Trusted Peering


  • 22-10-2019: Initial draft
  • 05-11-2019: Modify maximum-dial-period to persistent-peers-max-dial-period


When max-num-inbound-peers or max-num-outbound-peers of a node is reached, the node cannot spare more slots to any peer by inbound or outbound. Therefore, after a certain period of disconnection, any important peering can be lost indefinitely because all slots are consumed by other peers, and the node stops trying to dial the peer anymore.

This is happening because of two reasons, exponential backoff and absence of unconditional peering feature for trusted peers.


We would like to suggest solving this problem by introducing two parameters in config.toml, unconditional-peer-ids and persistent-peers-max-dial-period.

  1. unconditional-peer-ids

A node operator inputs list of ids of peers which are allowed to be connected by both inbound or outbound regardless of max-num-inbound-peers or max-num-outbound-peers of user's node reached or not.

  1. persistent-peers-max-dial-period

Terms between each dial to each persistent peer will not exceed persistent-peers-max-dial-period during exponential backoff. Therefore, dial-period = min(persistent-peers-max-dial-period, exponential-backoff-dial-period)

Alternative approach

Persistent-peers is only for outbound, therefore it is not enough to cover the full utility of unconditional-peer-ids. @creamers158( suggested putting id-only items into persistent-peers to be handled as unconditional-peer-ids, but it needs very complicated struct exception for different structure of items in persistent-peers. Therefore we decided to have unconditional-peer-ids to independently cover this use-case.





A node operator can configure two new parameters in config.toml so that he/she can assure that tendermint will allow connections from/to peers in unconditional-peer-ids. Also he/she can assure that every persistent peer will be dialed at least once in every persistent-peers-max-dial-period term. It achieves more stable and persistent peering for trusted peers.


The new feature introduces two new parameters in config.toml which needs explanation for node operators.



  • two p2p feature enhancement proposal(#4053)