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TensorFlow Decision Forests (TF-DF) is a library to train, run and interpret decision forest models (e.g., Random Forests, Gradient Boosted Trees) in TensorFlow. TF-DF supports classification, regression and ranking.

TF-DF is powered by Yggdrasil Decision Forest (YDF, a library to train and use decision forests in C++, JavaScript, CLI, and Go. TF-DF models are compatible with YDF' models, and vice versa.

Tensorflow Decision Forests is available on Linux and Mac. Windows users can use the library through WSL+Linux.

Usage example

A minimal end-to-end run looks as follows:

import tensorflow_decision_forests as tfdf
import pandas as pd

# Load the dataset in a Pandas dataframe.
train_df = pd.read_csv("project/train.csv")
test_df = pd.read_csv("project/test.csv")

# Convert the dataset into a TensorFlow dataset.
train_ds = tfdf.keras.pd_dataframe_to_tf_dataset(train_df, label="my_label")
test_ds = tfdf.keras.pd_dataframe_to_tf_dataset(test_df, label="my_label")

# Train the model
model = tfdf.keras.RandomForestModel()

# Look at the model.

# Evaluate the model.

# Export to a TensorFlow SavedModel.
# Note: the model is compatible with Yggdrasil Decision Forests."project/model")

Google I/O Presentation

Documentation & Resources

The following resources are available:


To install TensorFlow Decision Forests, run:

pip3 install tensorflow_decision_forests --upgrade

See the installation page for more details, troubleshooting and alternative installation solutions.


Contributions to TensorFlow Decision Forests and Yggdrasil Decision Forests are welcome. If you want to contribute, make sure to review the developer manual and contribution guidelines.


If you us Tensorflow Decision Forests in a scientific publication, please cite the following paper: Yggdrasil Decision Forests: A Fast and Extensible Decision Forests Library.


  author       = {Mathieu Guillame{-}Bert and
                  Sebastian Bruch and
                  Richard Stotz and
                  Jan Pfeifer},
  title        = {Yggdrasil Decision Forests: {A} Fast and Extensible Decision Forests
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the 29th {ACM} {SIGKDD} Conference on Knowledge Discovery
                  and Data Mining, {KDD} 2023, Long Beach, CA, USA, August 6-10, 2023},
  pages        = {4068--4077},
  year         = {2023},
  url          = {},
  doi          = {10.1145/3580305.3599933},


Yggdrasil Decision Forests: A Fast and Extensible Decision Forests Library, Guillame-Bert et al., KDD 2023: 4068-4077. doi:10.1145/3580305.3599933


You can contact the core development team at


TensorFlow Decision Forests was developed by:

  • Mathieu Guillame-Bert (gbm AT google DOT com)
  • Jan Pfeifer (janpf AT google DOT com)
  • Richard Stotz (richardstotz AT google DOT com)
  • Sebastian Bruch (sebastian AT bruch DOT io)
  • Arvind Srinivasan (arvnd AT google DOT com)


Apache License 2.0