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a7dd1e2 Jun 16, 2017
@nealwu @itsmeolivia @mrphoenix13 @jihobak @aselle
260 lines (207 sloc) 9.8 KB
# Copyright 2015 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ==============================================================================
"""Routine for decoding the CIFAR-10 binary file format."""
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
import os
from six.moves import xrange # pylint: disable=redefined-builtin
import tensorflow as tf
# Process images of this size. Note that this differs from the original CIFAR
# image size of 32 x 32. If one alters this number, then the entire model
# architecture will change and any model would need to be retrained.
IMAGE_SIZE = 24
# Global constants describing the CIFAR-10 data set.
NUM_CLASSES = 10
NUM_EXAMPLES_PER_EPOCH_FOR_TRAIN = 50000
NUM_EXAMPLES_PER_EPOCH_FOR_EVAL = 10000
def read_cifar10(filename_queue):
"""Reads and parses examples from CIFAR10 data files.
Recommendation: if you want N-way read parallelism, call this function
N times. This will give you N independent Readers reading different
files & positions within those files, which will give better mixing of
examples.
Args:
filename_queue: A queue of strings with the filenames to read from.
Returns:
An object representing a single example, with the following fields:
height: number of rows in the result (32)
width: number of columns in the result (32)
depth: number of color channels in the result (3)
key: a scalar string Tensor describing the filename & record number
for this example.
label: an int32 Tensor with the label in the range 0..9.
uint8image: a [height, width, depth] uint8 Tensor with the image data
"""
class CIFAR10Record(object):
pass
result = CIFAR10Record()
# Dimensions of the images in the CIFAR-10 dataset.
# See http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~kriz/cifar.html for a description of the
# input format.
label_bytes = 1 # 2 for CIFAR-100
result.height = 32
result.width = 32
result.depth = 3
image_bytes = result.height * result.width * result.depth
# Every record consists of a label followed by the image, with a
# fixed number of bytes for each.
record_bytes = label_bytes + image_bytes
# Read a record, getting filenames from the filename_queue. No
# header or footer in the CIFAR-10 format, so we leave header_bytes
# and footer_bytes at their default of 0.
reader = tf.FixedLengthRecordReader(record_bytes=record_bytes)
result.key, value = reader.read(filename_queue)
# Convert from a string to a vector of uint8 that is record_bytes long.
record_bytes = tf.decode_raw(value, tf.uint8)
# The first bytes represent the label, which we convert from uint8->int32.
result.label = tf.cast(
tf.strided_slice(record_bytes, [0], [label_bytes]), tf.int32)
# The remaining bytes after the label represent the image, which we reshape
# from [depth * height * width] to [depth, height, width].
depth_major = tf.reshape(
tf.strided_slice(record_bytes, [label_bytes],
[label_bytes + image_bytes]),
[result.depth, result.height, result.width])
# Convert from [depth, height, width] to [height, width, depth].
result.uint8image = tf.transpose(depth_major, [1, 2, 0])
return result
def _generate_image_and_label_batch(image, label, min_queue_examples,
batch_size, shuffle):
"""Construct a queued batch of images and labels.
Args:
image: 3-D Tensor of [height, width, 3] of type.float32.
label: 1-D Tensor of type.int32
min_queue_examples: int32, minimum number of samples to retain
in the queue that provides of batches of examples.
batch_size: Number of images per batch.
shuffle: boolean indicating whether to use a shuffling queue.
Returns:
images: Images. 4D tensor of [batch_size, height, width, 3] size.
labels: Labels. 1D tensor of [batch_size] size.
"""
# Create a queue that shuffles the examples, and then
# read 'batch_size' images + labels from the example queue.
num_preprocess_threads = 16
if shuffle:
images, label_batch = tf.train.shuffle_batch(
[image, label],
batch_size=batch_size,
num_threads=num_preprocess_threads,
capacity=min_queue_examples + 3 * batch_size,
min_after_dequeue=min_queue_examples)
else:
images, label_batch = tf.train.batch(
[image, label],
batch_size=batch_size,
num_threads=num_preprocess_threads,
capacity=min_queue_examples + 3 * batch_size)
# Display the training images in the visualizer.
tf.summary.image('images', images)
return images, tf.reshape(label_batch, [batch_size])
def distorted_inputs(data_dir, batch_size):
"""Construct distorted input for CIFAR training using the Reader ops.
Args:
data_dir: Path to the CIFAR-10 data directory.
batch_size: Number of images per batch.
Returns:
images: Images. 4D tensor of [batch_size, IMAGE_SIZE, IMAGE_SIZE, 3] size.
labels: Labels. 1D tensor of [batch_size] size.
"""
filenames = [os.path.join(data_dir, 'data_batch_%d.bin' % i)
for i in xrange(1, 6)]
for f in filenames:
if not tf.gfile.Exists(f):
raise ValueError('Failed to find file: ' + f)
# Create a queue that produces the filenames to read.
filename_queue = tf.train.string_input_producer(filenames)
# Read examples from files in the filename queue.
read_input = read_cifar10(filename_queue)
reshaped_image = tf.cast(read_input.uint8image, tf.float32)
height = IMAGE_SIZE
width = IMAGE_SIZE
# Image processing for training the network. Note the many random
# distortions applied to the image.
# Randomly crop a [height, width] section of the image.
distorted_image = tf.random_crop(reshaped_image, [height, width, 3])
# Randomly flip the image horizontally.
distorted_image = tf.image.random_flip_left_right(distorted_image)
# Because these operations are not commutative, consider randomizing
# the order their operation.
# NOTE: since per_image_standardization zeros the mean and makes
# the stddev unit, this likely has no effect see tensorflow#1458.
distorted_image = tf.image.random_brightness(distorted_image,
max_delta=63)
distorted_image = tf.image.random_contrast(distorted_image,
lower=0.2, upper=1.8)
# Subtract off the mean and divide by the variance of the pixels.
float_image = tf.image.per_image_standardization(distorted_image)
# Set the shapes of tensors.
float_image.set_shape([height, width, 3])
read_input.label.set_shape([1])
# Ensure that the random shuffling has good mixing properties.
min_fraction_of_examples_in_queue = 0.4
min_queue_examples = int(NUM_EXAMPLES_PER_EPOCH_FOR_TRAIN *
min_fraction_of_examples_in_queue)
print ('Filling queue with %d CIFAR images before starting to train. '
'This will take a few minutes.' % min_queue_examples)
# Generate a batch of images and labels by building up a queue of examples.
return _generate_image_and_label_batch(float_image, read_input.label,
min_queue_examples, batch_size,
shuffle=True)
def inputs(eval_data, data_dir, batch_size):
"""Construct input for CIFAR evaluation using the Reader ops.
Args:
eval_data: bool, indicating if one should use the train or eval data set.
data_dir: Path to the CIFAR-10 data directory.
batch_size: Number of images per batch.
Returns:
images: Images. 4D tensor of [batch_size, IMAGE_SIZE, IMAGE_SIZE, 3] size.
labels: Labels. 1D tensor of [batch_size] size.
"""
if not eval_data:
filenames = [os.path.join(data_dir, 'data_batch_%d.bin' % i)
for i in xrange(1, 6)]
num_examples_per_epoch = NUM_EXAMPLES_PER_EPOCH_FOR_TRAIN
else:
filenames = [os.path.join(data_dir, 'test_batch.bin')]
num_examples_per_epoch = NUM_EXAMPLES_PER_EPOCH_FOR_EVAL
for f in filenames:
if not tf.gfile.Exists(f):
raise ValueError('Failed to find file: ' + f)
# Create a queue that produces the filenames to read.
filename_queue = tf.train.string_input_producer(filenames)
# Read examples from files in the filename queue.
read_input = read_cifar10(filename_queue)
reshaped_image = tf.cast(read_input.uint8image, tf.float32)
height = IMAGE_SIZE
width = IMAGE_SIZE
# Image processing for evaluation.
# Crop the central [height, width] of the image.
resized_image = tf.image.resize_image_with_crop_or_pad(reshaped_image,
height, width)
# Subtract off the mean and divide by the variance of the pixels.
float_image = tf.image.per_image_standardization(resized_image)
# Set the shapes of tensors.
float_image.set_shape([height, width, 3])
read_input.label.set_shape([1])
# Ensure that the random shuffling has good mixing properties.
min_fraction_of_examples_in_queue = 0.4
min_queue_examples = int(num_examples_per_epoch *
min_fraction_of_examples_in_queue)
# Generate a batch of images and labels by building up a queue of examples.
return _generate_image_and_label_batch(float_image, read_input.label,
min_queue_examples, batch_size,
shuffle=False)