Skip to content

Latest commit



365 lines (273 loc) · 15.6 KB

File metadata and controls

365 lines (273 loc) · 15.6 KB

Contributing guidelines

Pull Request Checklist

Before sending your pull requests, make sure you do the following:

How to become a contributor and submit your own code

Screen Shot 2022-08-30 at 7 27 04 PM

Typical Pull Request Workflow -

1. New PR

  • As a contributor, you submit a New PR on GitHub.
  • We inspect every incoming PR and add certain labels to the PR such as size:, comp: etc. At this stage we check if the PR is valid and meets certain quality requirements. For example, we check if the CLA is signed, PR has sufficient description, if applicable unit tests are added, if it is a reasonable contribution (meaning it is not a single liner cosmetic PR).

2. Valid?

  • If the PR passes all the quality checks then we go ahead and assign a reviewer.
  • If the PR didn't meet the validation criteria, we request for additional changes to be made to PR to pass quality checks and send it back or on a rare occasion we may reject it.

3. Review

  • For a valid PR, reviewer (person familiar with the code/functionality) checks if the PR looks good or needs additional changes.
  • If all looks good, the reviewer will approve the PR.
  • If a change is needed, the contributor is requested to make the suggested change.
  • You make the change and submit it for the review again.
  • This cycle repeats itself until the PR gets approved.
  • Note: As a friendly reminder, we may reach out to you if the PR is awaiting your response for more than 2 weeks.

4. Approved

  • Once the PR is approved, it gets kokoro:force-run label applied and it initiates CI/CD tests.
  • We can't move forward if these tests fail.
  • In such situations, we may request you to make further changes to your PR for the tests to pass.
  • Once the tests pass, we now bring all the code into the internal code base, using a job called "copybara".

5. Copy to Google Internal codebase and run internal CI

  • Once the PR is in the Google codebase, we make sure it integrates well with its dependencies and the rest of the system.
  • Rarely, If the tests fail at this stage, we cannot merge the code.
  • If needed, we may come to you to make some changes. At times, it may not be you, it may be us who may have hit a snag. Please be patient while we work to fix this.
  • Once the internal tests pass, we go ahead and merge the code internally as well as externally on GitHub.

In a graphical form, the entire lifetime of a PR looks like


Contributor License Agreements

We'd love to accept your patches! Before we can take them, we have to jump a couple of legal hurdles.

Please fill out either the individual or corporate Contributor License Agreement (CLA).

  • If you are an individual writing original source code and you're sure you own the intellectual property, then you'll need to sign an individual CLA.
  • If you work for a company that wants to allow you to contribute your work, then you'll need to sign a corporate CLA.

Follow either of the two links above to access the appropriate CLA and instructions for how to sign and return it. Once we receive it, we'll be able to accept your pull requests.

NOTE: Only original source code from you and other people that have signed the CLA can be accepted into the main repository.

Contributing code

If you have improvements to TensorFlow, send us your pull requests! For those just getting started, GitHub has a how-to.

TensorFlow team members will be assigned to review your pull requests. Once the pull requests are approved and pass continuous integration checks, a TensorFlow team member will apply ready to pull label to your change. This means we are working on getting your pull request submitted to our internal repository. After the change has been submitted internally, your pull request will be merged automatically on GitHub.

If you want to contribute, start working through the TensorFlow codebase, navigate to the GitHub "issues" tab and start looking through interesting issues. If you are not sure of where to start, then start by trying one of the smaller/easier issues here i.e. issues with the "good first issue" label and then take a look at the issues with the "contributions welcome" label. These are issues that we believe are particularly well suited for outside contributions, often because we probably won't get to them right now. If you decide to start on an issue, leave a comment so that other people know that you're working on it. If you want to help out, but not alone, use the issue comment thread to coordinate.

Contribution guidelines and standards

Before sending your pull request for review, make sure your changes are consistent with the guidelines and follow the TensorFlow coding style.

General guidelines and philosophy for contribution

  • Include unit tests when you contribute new features, as they help to a) prove that your code works correctly, and b) guard against future breaking changes to lower the maintenance cost.
  • Bug fixes also generally require unit tests, because the presence of bugs usually indicates insufficient test coverage.
  • Keep API compatibility in mind when you change code in core TensorFlow, e.g., code in tensorflow/core and tensorflow/python. TensorFlow has passed version 1.0 and hence cannot make non-backward-compatible API changes without a major release. Reviewers of your pull request will comment on any API compatibility issues following API review practices.
  • When you contribute a new feature to TensorFlow, the maintenance burden is (by default) transferred to the TensorFlow team. This means that the benefit of the contribution must be compared against the cost of maintaining the feature.
  • Full new features (e.g., a new op implementing a cutting-edge algorithm) typically will live in tensorflow/addons to get some airtime before a decision is made regarding whether they are to be migrated to the core.
  • As every PR requires several CPU/GPU hours of CI testing, we discourage submitting PRs to fix one typo, one warning,etc. We recommend fixing the same issue at the file level at least (e.g.: fix all typos in a file, fix all compiler warnings in a file, etc.)
  • Tests should follow the testing best practices guide.


Include a license at the top of new files.

Bazel BUILD files also need to include a license section, e.g., BUILD example.

C++ coding style

Changes to TensorFlow C++ code should conform to Google C++ Style Guide.

Use clang-tidy to check your C/C++ changes. To install clang-tidy on ubuntu:16.04, do:

apt-get install -y clang-tidy

You can check a C/C++ file by doing:

clang-format <my_cc_file> --style=google > /tmp/
diff <my_cc_file> /tmp/

Python coding style

Changes to TensorFlow Python code should conform to Google Python Style Guide

Use pylint to check your Python changes. To install pylint and check a file with pylint against TensorFlow's custom style definition:

pip install pylint
pylint --rcfile=tensorflow/tools/ci_build/pylintrc

Note pylint --rcfile=tensorflow/tools/ci_build/pylintrc should run from the top level tensorflow directory.

Coding style for other languages

Running sanity check

If you have Docker installed on your system, you can perform a sanity check on your changes by running the command:

tensorflow/tools/ci_build/ CPU tensorflow/tools/ci_build/

This will catch most license, Python coding style and BUILD file issues that may exist in your changes.

Running unit tests

There are two ways to run TensorFlow unit tests.

  1. Using tools and libraries installed directly on your system.

    Refer to the CPU-only developer Dockerfile and GPU developer Dockerfile for the required packages. Alternatively, use the said tensorflow/build Docker images (tensorflow/tensorflow:devel and tensorflow/tensorflow:devel-gpu are no longer supported for) development. Use TF SIG Build Dockerfiles in development to avoid installing the packages directly on your system (in which case remember to change the directory from /root to /tensorflow once you get into the running container so bazel can find the tensorflow workspace).

    you can do this by using the following command. As an example-

    docker run -it --rm -v $PWD:/tmp -w /tmp tensorflow/build:2.15-python3.10

    Once you have the packages installed, you can run a specific unit test in bazel by doing as follows:

    export flags="--config=opt -k"

    If the tests are to be run on the GPU, add CUDA paths to LD_LIBRARY_PATH and add the cuda option flag

    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}:/usr/local/cuda/lib64:/usr/local/cuda/extras/CUPTI/lib64:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH"
    export flags="--config=opt --config=cuda -k"

    For example, to run all tests under tensorflow/python, do:

    bazel test ${flags} //tensorflow/python/...

    For a single component e.g. softmax op:

    bazel test ${flags} tensorflow/python/kernel_tests/nn_ops:softmax_op_test

    For a single/parameterized test e.g. test_capture_variables in tensorflow/python/saved_model/

    (Requires python>=3.7)

    bazel test ${flags} //tensorflow/python/saved_model:load_test --test_filter=*LoadTest.test_capture_variables*

    Note: You can add --test_sharding_strategy=disabled to the flags to disable the sharding so that all the test outputs are in one file. However, it may slow down the tests for not running in parallel and may cause the test to timeout but it could be useful when you need to execute a single test or more in general your filtered/selected tests have a very low execution time and the sharding could create an overhead on the test execution.

  2. Using Docker and TensorFlow's CI scripts.

    # Install Docker first, then this will build and run cpu tests
    tensorflow/tools/ci_build/ CPU bazel test //tensorflow/...

    See TensorFlow Builds for details.

Running doctest for testable docstring

There are two ways to test the code in the docstring locally:

  1. If you are only changing the docstring of a class/function/method, then you can test it by passing that file's path to For example:

    python --file=<file_path>

    This will run it using your installed version of TensorFlow. To be sure you're running the same code that you're testing:

    • Use an up to date tf-nightly pip install -U tf-nightly
    • Rebase your pull request onto a recent pull from TensorFlow's master branch.
  2. If you are changing the code and the docstring of a class/function/method, then you will need to build TensorFlow from source. Once you are setup to build from source, you can run the tests:

    bazel run //tensorflow/tools/docs:tf_doctest


    bazel run //tensorflow/tools/docs:tf_doctest -- --module=ops.array_ops

    The --module is relative to tensorflow.python.

Debug builds

When building Tensorflow, passing --config=dbg to Bazel will build with debugging information and without optimizations, allowing you to use GDB or other debuggers to debug C++ code. For example, you can build the pip package with debugging information by running:

bazel build --config=dbg //tensorflow/tools/pip_package:build_pip_package

TensorFlow kernels and TensorFlow's dependencies are still not built with debugging information with --config=dbg, as issues occur on Linux if there is too much debug info (see this GitHub issue for context). If you want to debug a kernel, you can compile specific files with -g using the --per_file_copt bazel option. For example, if you want to debug the Identity op, which are in files starting with identity_op, you can run

bazel build --config=dbg --per_file_copt=+tensorflow/core/kernels/identity_op.*@-g //tensorflow/tools/pip_package:build_pip_package

Note that the --config=dbg option is not officially supported.