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/* Copyright 2017 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
==============================================================================*/
// The compiler API is used by the XLA service to generate executables that
// run on a given platform. This is a registry and abstract interface, for
// pluggability by the various platforms.
#ifndef TENSORFLOW_COMPILER_XLA_SERVICE_COMPILER_H_
#define TENSORFLOW_COMPILER_XLA_SERVICE_COMPILER_H_
#include <functional>
#include <map>
#include <memory>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include "absl/types/span.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/buffer_value.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/computation_placer.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/executable.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/hlo_instruction.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/hlo_module.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/hlo_module_config.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/hlo_module_group.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/logical_buffer.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/statusor.h"
#include "tensorflow/compiler/xla/types.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/platform/mutex.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/platform/protobuf.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/platform/stream_executor_no_cuda.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/platform/thread_annotations.h"
namespace xla {
// The following types are used for ahead of time compilation.
// Contains the object file data created as a result of ahead-of-time
// compuation.
using ObjectFileData = std::vector<char>;
// Abstract superclass describing the result of an ahead-of-time compilation.
class AotCompilationResult {
public:
AotCompilationResult(const AotCompilationResult&) = delete;
AotCompilationResult& operator=(AotCompilationResult const&) = delete;
virtual ~AotCompilationResult() = default;
protected:
AotCompilationResult() = default;
};
// Abstract superclass describing options to an ahead-of-time compilation.
class AotCompilationOptions {
public:
AotCompilationOptions(const AotCompilationOptions&) = delete;
AotCompilationOptions& operator=(AotCompilationOptions const&) = delete;
virtual ~AotCompilationOptions() = default;
// Returns the ID of the platform to which these options apply.
virtual se::Platform::Id PlatformId() const = 0;
// Optional allocator that may be used for allocating temp space on the device
// during compilation.
se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator() const {
return device_allocator_;
}
void set_device_allocator(se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator) {
device_allocator_ = device_allocator;
}
const DebugOptions& debug_options() const { return debug_options_; }
DebugOptions* mutable_debug_options() { return &debug_options_; }
bool has_static_device_assignment() const {
return static_device_assignment_.has_value();
}
const DeviceAssignment& static_device_assignment() const {
CHECK(static_device_assignment_.has_value());
return *static_device_assignment_;
}
void set_static_device_assignment(const DeviceAssignment& device_assignment) {
static_device_assignment_ = device_assignment;
}
protected:
AotCompilationOptions();
private:
se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator_ = nullptr;
DebugOptions debug_options_;
absl::optional<DeviceAssignment> static_device_assignment_;
};
// Abstract superclass describing metadata produced during ahead-of-time
// compilation.
class AotCompilationMetadata {
public:
AotCompilationMetadata(const AotCompilationMetadata&) = delete;
AotCompilationMetadata& operator=(AotCompilationMetadata const&) = delete;
virtual ~AotCompilationMetadata() = default;
protected:
AotCompilationMetadata() = default;
};
// Abstract compiler interface that is subclassed for compilation on a
// particular platform.
//
// The compiler ties together high level optimization (HLO) and low level
// optimization (LLO) / codegen (CG) to generate efficient executables for the
// target platform.
//
// The platform-based compiler singletons are registered via module initializers
// in their corresponding XLA compiler libraries, and are registered via the
// RegisterCompilerFactory API below.
//
// Thread-safety: subclasses of Compiler must be thread-safe, as multiple
// XLA clients may be requesting compilation concurrently for a given
// platform.
class Compiler {
public:
virtual ~Compiler() {}
// Returns the ID of the platform that this compiler targets.
virtual se::Platform::Id PlatformId() const = 0;
// Runs Hlo passes to optimize the given Hlo module, returns the optimized
// module.
//
// If device_allocator is not null, the compiler may use it to allocate temp
// space on the device for use during compilation. For example, the compiler
// may allocate buffers on the device and then run variants of a given
// algorithm over those buffers, to see which variant is fastest. Any space
// allocated should be deallocated before this function returns.
virtual StatusOr<std::unique_ptr<HloModule>> RunHloPasses(
std::unique_ptr<HloModule> module, se::StreamExecutor* executor,
se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator) = 0;
// Optimizes a HLO module group, a set of module which runs concurrently on
// multiple devices potentially communicating data between the modules.
virtual Status RunHloPassesOnModuleGroup(
HloModuleGroup* module_group,
absl::Span<se::StreamExecutor* const> executors,
se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator) = 0;
// Compiles the HLO module for execution on a device given by the executor,
// and returns an executable object or an error status. No HLO passes are
// applied to module. Generally a module should be passed through RunHloPasses
// prior to calling this method because some HLO passes are required for
// correctness. Takes ownership of the HLO module.
//
// The compiler may optionally specialize to the individual device
// (not just type of device) indicated by the executor.
//
// device_allocator is optional; see RunHloPasses.
virtual StatusOr<std::unique_ptr<Executable>> RunBackend(
std::unique_ptr<HloModule> module, se::StreamExecutor* executor,
se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator) = 0;
// Compiles a set of HLO modules that can run in parallel, potentially
// communicating data between the modules.
virtual StatusOr<std::vector<std::unique_ptr<Executable>>>
RunBackendOnModuleGroup(
std::unique_ptr<HloModuleGroup> module_group,
std::vector<std::vector<se::StreamExecutor*>> stream_exec,
se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator) = 0;
// Compiles a set of HLO modules that can run in parallel, potentially
// communicating data between the modules, and returns a corresponding
// sequence of executable objects.
//
// device_allocator is optional; see RunHloPasses.
//
// TODO(b/68666782): Remove this method after adding support for multiple
// modules to RunHloPasses and RunBackends.
virtual StatusOr<std::vector<std::unique_ptr<Executable>>> Compile(
std::unique_ptr<HloModuleGroup> module_group,
std::vector<std::vector<se::StreamExecutor*>> stream_exec,
se::DeviceMemoryAllocator* device_allocator) = 0;
// Returns the backend configurations that the backend will consider for the
// given HLO. Returns no configurations if the backend does not support
// configurations for the given HLO.
//
// The stream executor is passed in to provide information about the hardware
// that the backend configurations would be targeting.
virtual std::vector<std::unique_ptr<tensorflow::protobuf::Message>>
ComputeBackendConfigs(const HloInstruction& hlo,
se::StreamExecutor* executor) const;
// Returns the backend configuration that the backend chooses by default for
// the given HLO. Returns no configuration if the backend does not support
// configurations for the given HLO.
//
// The stream executor is passed in to provide information about the hardware
// that the backend configurations would be targeting.
virtual std::unique_ptr<tensorflow::protobuf::Message>
ComputeDefaultBackendConfig(const HloInstruction& hlo,
se::StreamExecutor* executor) const;
// Compiles the HLO module group for ahead-of-time execution. This is
// intended for use in static compilation.
virtual StatusOr<std::vector<std::unique_ptr<AotCompilationResult>>>
CompileAheadOfTime(std::unique_ptr<HloModuleGroup> module_group,
const AotCompilationOptions& options) = 0;
// Similar to CompileAheadOfTime above but AotCompilationMetadata
// has an argument that can be populated during compilation.
virtual StatusOr<std::vector<std::unique_ptr<AotCompilationResult>>>
CompileAheadOfTime(std::unique_ptr<HloModuleGroup> module_group,
const AotCompilationOptions& options,
std::unique_ptr<AotCompilationMetadata>* metadata);
/////
// The Compiler class also serves as a point to register compiler objects
// for the various platforms.
using CompilerFactory = std::function<std::unique_ptr<Compiler>()>;
// Registers the compiler singleton for the platform. This is assumed to
// be a singleton, so no ownership is transferred.
//
// Precondition: a platform kind must not be registered more than once.
static void RegisterCompilerFactory(se::Platform::Id platform_id,
CompilerFactory compiler_factory);
// Returns the compiler singleton pointer if it is available for the given
// platform, or an error status if it is not.
static StatusOr<Compiler*> GetForPlatform(const se::Platform* platform);
// Returns a function that computes the size in bytes of the logical
// buffer that contains a shape.
virtual HloCostAnalysis::ShapeSizeFunction ShapeSizeBytesFunction() const = 0;
// Returns a function that computes the size in bytes of a given
// logical buffer.
std::function<int64(const BufferValue&)> BufferSizeBytesFunction() {
HloCostAnalysis::ShapeSizeFunction shape_size = ShapeSizeBytesFunction();
return [shape_size](const BufferValue& buffer) {
return shape_size(buffer.shape());
};
}
private:
// Mutex that guards the platform-compiler map.
static tensorflow::mutex platform_compiler_mutex_;
// Map from platform kind to compiler factory.
static std::map<se::Platform::Id, CompilerFactory>*
GetPlatformCompilerFactories();
// Map from platform kind to compiler instance, if we made one already (based
// on the factories above).
static std::map<se::Platform::Id, std::unique_ptr<Compiler>>*
GetPlatformCompilers();
};
} // namespace xla
#endif // TENSORFLOW_COMPILER_XLA_SERVICE_COMPILER_H_
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