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/* Copyright 2015 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
#include <functional>
#include "tensorflow/core/lib/core/threadpool.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/platform/types.h"
namespace tensorflow {
// DEPRECATED: Prefer threadpool->ParallelFor with SchedulingStrategy, which
// allows you to specify the strategy for choosing shard sizes, including using
// a fixed shard size. Use this function only if you want to manually cap
// parallelism.
// Shards the "total" unit of work assuming each unit of work having
// roughly "cost_per_unit". Each unit of work is indexed 0, 1, ...,
// total - 1. Each shard contains 1 or more units of work and the
// total cost of each shard is roughly the same. The calling thread and the
// "workers" are used to compute each shard (calling work(start,
// limit). A common configuration is that "workers" is a thread pool
// with at least "max_parallelism" threads.
// "cost_per_unit" is an estimate of the number of CPU cycles (or nanoseconds
// if not CPU-bound) to complete a unit of work. Overestimating creates too
// many shards and CPU time will be dominated by per-shard overhead, such as
// Context creation. Underestimating may not fully make use of the specified
// parallelism.
// "work" should be a callable taking (int64, int64) arguments.
// work(start, limit) computes the work units from [start,
// limit), i.e., [start, limit) is a shard.
// Too much parallelism can also cause excessive thread switches,
// therefore, Shard() often limits the maximum parallelism. Each
// caller can provide the 1st argument max_parallelism. A thread can
// call SetMaxParallelism() so that all Shard() calls later limits the
// thread parallelism.
// REQUIRES: max_parallelism >= 0
// REQUIRES: workers != nullptr
// REQUIRES: total >= 0
// REQUIRES: cost_per_unit >= 0
void Shard(int max_parallelism, thread::ThreadPool* workers, int64 total,
int64 cost_per_unit, std::function<void(int64, int64)> work);
// Each thread has an associated option to express the desired maximum
// parallelism. Its default is a very large quantity.
// Within TF runtime, per-thread max parallelism affects Shard() and
// intra-op parallelism. E.g., if SetPerThreadMaxParallelism(1) is
// arranged to be called by a tf_compute thread, Shard() calls and
// eigen device assignment happens in that thread afterwards becomes
// single-threaded.
void SetPerThreadMaxParallelism(int max_parallelism);
int GetPerThreadMaxParallelism();
// Helper to set and unset per-thread max parallelism.
class ScopedPerThreadMaxParallelism {
ScopedPerThreadMaxParallelism(int max_parallelism)
: previous_(GetPerThreadMaxParallelism()) {
~ScopedPerThreadMaxParallelism() { SetPerThreadMaxParallelism(previous_); }
int previous_ = -1;
// Implementation details for Shard().
class Sharder {
typedef std::function<void()> Closure;
typedef std::function<void(Closure)> Runner;
typedef std::function<void(int64, int64)> Work;
// Refers to Shard()'s comment for the meaning of total,
// cost_per_unit, work, max_parallelism. runner is an interface to
// schedule a closure. Shard() uses thread::ThreadPool instead.
static void Do(int64 total, int64 cost_per_unit, const Work& work,
const Runner& runner, int max_parallelism);
} // end namespace tensorflow
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