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# Copyright 2015 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ==============================================================================
"""Train and Eval the MNIST network.
This version is like fully_connected_feed.py but uses data converted
to a TFRecords file containing tf.train.Example protocol buffers.
See tensorflow/g3doc/how_tos/reading_data.md#reading-from-files
for context.
YOU MUST run convert_to_records before running this (but you only need to
run it once).
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
import argparse
import os.path
import sys
import time
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.examples.tutorials.mnist import mnist
# Basic model parameters as external flags.
FLAGS = None
# Constants used for dealing with the files, matches convert_to_records.
TRAIN_FILE = 'train.tfrecords'
VALIDATION_FILE = 'validation.tfrecords'
def read_and_decode(filename_queue):
reader = tf.TFRecordReader()
_, serialized_example = reader.read(filename_queue)
features = tf.parse_single_example(
serialized_example,
# Defaults are not specified since both keys are required.
features={
'image_raw': tf.FixedLenFeature([], tf.string),
'label': tf.FixedLenFeature([], tf.int64),
})
# Convert from a scalar string tensor (whose single string has
# length mnist.IMAGE_PIXELS) to a uint8 tensor with shape
# [mnist.IMAGE_PIXELS].
image = tf.decode_raw(features['image_raw'], tf.uint8)
image.set_shape([mnist.IMAGE_PIXELS])
# OPTIONAL: Could reshape into a 28x28 image and apply distortions
# here. Since we are not applying any distortions in this
# example, and the next step expects the image to be flattened
# into a vector, we don't bother.
# Convert from [0, 255] -> [-0.5, 0.5] floats.
image = tf.cast(image, tf.float32) * (1. / 255) - 0.5
# Convert label from a scalar uint8 tensor to an int32 scalar.
label = tf.cast(features['label'], tf.int32)
return image, label
def inputs(train, batch_size, num_epochs):
"""Reads input data num_epochs times.
Args:
train: Selects between the training (True) and validation (False) data.
batch_size: Number of examples per returned batch.
num_epochs: Number of times to read the input data, or 0/None to
train forever.
Returns:
A tuple (images, labels), where:
* images is a float tensor with shape [batch_size, mnist.IMAGE_PIXELS]
in the range [-0.5, 0.5].
* labels is an int32 tensor with shape [batch_size] with the true label,
a number in the range [0, mnist.NUM_CLASSES).
Note that an tf.train.QueueRunner is added to the graph, which
must be run using e.g. tf.train.start_queue_runners().
"""
if not num_epochs: num_epochs = None
filename = os.path.join(FLAGS.train_dir,
TRAIN_FILE if train else VALIDATION_FILE)
with tf.name_scope('input'):
filename_queue = tf.train.string_input_producer(
[filename], num_epochs=num_epochs)
# Even when reading in multiple threads, share the filename
# queue.
image, label = read_and_decode(filename_queue)
# Shuffle the examples and collect them into batch_size batches.
# (Internally uses a RandomShuffleQueue.)
# We run this in two threads to avoid being a bottleneck.
images, sparse_labels = tf.train.shuffle_batch(
[image, label], batch_size=batch_size, num_threads=2,
capacity=1000 + 3 * batch_size,
# Ensures a minimum amount of shuffling of examples.
min_after_dequeue=1000)
return images, sparse_labels
def run_training():
"""Train MNIST for a number of steps."""
# Tell TensorFlow that the model will be built into the default Graph.
with tf.Graph().as_default():
# Input images and labels.
images, labels = inputs(train=True, batch_size=FLAGS.batch_size,
num_epochs=FLAGS.num_epochs)
# Build a Graph that computes predictions from the inference model.
logits = mnist.inference(images,
FLAGS.hidden1,
FLAGS.hidden2)
# Add to the Graph the loss calculation.
loss = mnist.loss(logits, labels)
# Add to the Graph operations that train the model.
train_op = mnist.training(loss, FLAGS.learning_rate)
# The op for initializing the variables.
init_op = tf.group(tf.global_variables_initializer(),
tf.local_variables_initializer())
# Create a session for running operations in the Graph.
sess = tf.Session()
# Initialize the variables (the trained variables and the
# epoch counter).
sess.run(init_op)
# Start input enqueue threads.
coord = tf.train.Coordinator()
threads = tf.train.start_queue_runners(sess=sess, coord=coord)
try:
step = 0
while not coord.should_stop():
start_time = time.time()
# Run one step of the model. The return values are
# the activations from the `train_op` (which is
# discarded) and the `loss` op. To inspect the values
# of your ops or variables, you may include them in
# the list passed to sess.run() and the value tensors
# will be returned in the tuple from the call.
_, loss_value = sess.run([train_op, loss])
duration = time.time() - start_time
# Print an overview fairly often.
if step % 100 == 0:
print('Step %d: loss = %.2f (%.3f sec)' % (step, loss_value,
duration))
step += 1
except tf.errors.OutOfRangeError:
print('Done training for %d epochs, %d steps.' % (FLAGS.num_epochs, step))
finally:
# When done, ask the threads to stop.
coord.request_stop()
# Wait for threads to finish.
coord.join(threads)
sess.close()
def main(_):
run_training()
if __name__ == '__main__':
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument(
'--learning_rate',
type=float,
default=0.01,
help='Initial learning rate.'
)
parser.add_argument(
'--num_epochs',
type=int,
default=2,
help='Number of epochs to run trainer.'
)
parser.add_argument(
'--hidden1',
type=int,
default=128,
help='Number of units in hidden layer 1.'
)
parser.add_argument(
'--hidden2',
type=int,
default=32,
help='Number of units in hidden layer 2.'
)
parser.add_argument(
'--batch_size',
type=int,
default=100,
help='Batch size.'
)
parser.add_argument(
'--train_dir',
type=str,
default='/tmp/data',
help='Directory with the training data.'
)
FLAGS, unparsed = parser.parse_known_args()
tf.app.run(main=main, argv=[sys.argv[0]] + unparsed)