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# Copyright 2015 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ==============================================================================
"""A class to store named variables and a scope operator to manage sharing."""
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
import collections as collections_lib
import copy
import enum # pylint: disable=g-bad-import-order
import functools
import sys
import threading
import traceback
import six
from six import iteritems
from six.moves import xrange # pylint: disable=redefined-builtin
from tensorflow.python import tf2
from tensorflow.python.eager import context
from tensorflow.python.framework import dtypes
from tensorflow.python.framework import ops
from tensorflow.python.framework import tensor_shape
from tensorflow.python.ops import array_ops
from tensorflow.python.ops import init_ops
from tensorflow.python.ops import resource_variable_ops
from tensorflow.python.ops import variables
from tensorflow.python.platform import tf_logging as logging
from tensorflow.python.util import deprecation
from tensorflow.python.util import function_utils
from tensorflow.python.util import tf_contextlib
from tensorflow.python.util import tf_inspect
from tensorflow.python.util.tf_export import tf_export
__all__ = [
"AUTO_REUSE", "VariableScope", "get_variable_scope", "get_variable",
"get_local_variable", "variable_scope", "variable_op_scope",
"no_regularizer", "VariableSynchronization", "VariableAggregation"
]
class _PartitionInfo(object):
"""Holds partition info used by initializer functions."""
def __init__(self, full_shape, var_offset):
"""Constructor.
Args:
full_shape: Tuple or list of `int` indicating the full combined shape of
the partitioned variables.
var_offset: Tuple or list of `int` specifying offset of this partition
with respect to the full variable for each dimension.
Raises:
TypeError: If `full_shape` or `var_offset` is not a sequence.
ValueError: If `full_shape` or `var_offset` differ in length. If
`var_offset` exceeds `full_shape` in any dimension.
"""
if not isinstance(full_shape, collections_lib.Sequence) or isinstance(
full_shape, six.string_types):
raise TypeError(
"`full_shape` must be a sequence (like tuple or list) instead of " +
type(full_shape).__name__)
if not isinstance(var_offset, collections_lib.Sequence) or isinstance(
var_offset, six.string_types):
raise TypeError(
"`var_offset` must be a sequence (like tuple or list) instead of " +
type(var_offset).__name__)
if len(var_offset) != len(full_shape):
raise ValueError(
"Expected equal length, but `var_offset` is of length {} while "
"full_shape is of length {}.".format(
len(var_offset), len(full_shape)))
for i in xrange(len(full_shape)):
offset = var_offset[i]
shape = full_shape[i]
if offset < 0 or offset >= shape:
raise ValueError(
"Expected 0 <= offset < shape but found offset={}, shape={} for "
"var_offset={}, full_shape={}".format(offset, shape, var_offset,
full_shape))
self._full_shape = full_shape
self._var_offset = var_offset
@property
def full_shape(self):
return self._full_shape
@property
def var_offset(self):
return self._var_offset
def single_offset(self, shape):
"""Returns the offset when the variable is partitioned in at most one dim.
Args:
shape: Tuple or list of `int` indicating the shape of one specific
variable partition.
Returns:
`int` representing the offset in the dimension along which the variable is
partitioned. Returns 0 if the variable is not being partitioned.
Raises:
ValueError: Depending on self.single_slice_dim().
"""
single_slice_dim = self.single_slice_dim(shape)
# If this variable is not being partitioned at all, single_slice_dim() could
# return None.
if single_slice_dim is None:
return 0
return self.var_offset[single_slice_dim]
def single_slice_dim(self, shape):
"""Returns the slice dim when the variable is partitioned only in one dim.
Args:
shape: Tuple or list of `int` indicating the shape of one specific
variable partition.
Returns:
`int` representing the dimension that the variable is partitioned in, or
`None` if the variable doesn't seem to be partitioned at all.
Raises:
TypeError: If `shape` is not a sequence.
ValueError: If `shape` is not the same length as `self.full_shape`. If
the variable is partitioned in more than one dimension.
"""
if not isinstance(shape, collections_lib.Sequence) or isinstance(
shape, six.string_types):
raise TypeError(
"`shape` must be a sequence (like tuple or list) instead of " +
type(shape).__name__)
if len(shape) != len(self.full_shape):
raise ValueError(
"Expected equal length, but received shape={} of length {} while "
"self.full_shape={} is of length {}.".format(shape, len(shape),
self.full_shape,
len(self.full_shape)))
for i in xrange(len(shape)):
if self.var_offset[i] + shape[i] > self.full_shape[i]:
raise ValueError(
"With self.var_offset={}, a partition of shape={} would exceed "
"self.full_shape={} in dimension {}.".format(
self.var_offset, shape, self.full_shape, i))
slice_dim = None
for i in xrange(len(shape)):
if shape[i] == self.full_shape[i]:
continue
if slice_dim is not None:
raise ValueError(
"Cannot use single_slice_dim() with shape={} and "
"self.full_shape={} since slice dim could be either dimension {} "
"or {}.".format(shape, self.full_shape, i, slice_dim))
slice_dim = i
return slice_dim
class _ReuseMode(enum.Enum):
"""Mode for variable access within a variable scope."""
# Indicates that variables are to be fetched if they already exist or
# otherwise created.
AUTO_REUSE = 1
# TODO(alive): For TensorFlow 2.0, Deprecate True/False/None API in favor of
# enum values.
# REUSE_FALSE = 2
# REUSE_TRUE = 3
# TODO(apassos) remove these forwarding symbols.
VariableSynchronization = variables.VariableSynchronization # pylint: disable=invalid-name
VariableAggregation = variables.VariableAggregation # pylint: disable=invalid-name
AUTO_REUSE = _ReuseMode.AUTO_REUSE
tf_export(v1=["AUTO_REUSE"]).export_constant(__name__, "AUTO_REUSE")
AUTO_REUSE.__doc__ = """
When passed in as the value for the `reuse` flag, AUTO_REUSE indicates that
get_variable() should create the requested variable if it doesn't exist or, if
it does exist, simply return it.
"""
_DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE = tf2.enabled()
@tf_export(v1=["enable_resource_variables"])
def enable_resource_variables():
"""Creates resource variables by default.
Resource variables are improved versions of TensorFlow variables with a
well-defined memory model. Accessing a resource variable reads its value, and
all ops which access a specific read value of the variable are guaranteed to
see the same value for that tensor. Writes which happen after a read (by
having a control or data dependency on the read) are guaranteed not to affect
the value of the read tensor, and similarly writes which happen before a read
are guaranteed to affect the value. No guarantees are made about unordered
read/write pairs.
Calling tf.enable_resource_variables() lets you opt-in to this TensorFlow 2.0
feature.
"""
global _DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE
_DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE = True
@tf_export(v1=["resource_variables_enabled"])
def resource_variables_enabled():
"""Returns `True` if resource variables are enabled.
Resource variables are improved versions of TensorFlow variables with a
well-defined memory model. Accessing a resource variable reads its value, and
all ops which access a specific read value of the variable are guaranteed to
see the same value for that tensor. Writes which happen after a read (by
having a control or data dependency on the read) are guaranteed not to affect
the value of the read tensor, and similarly writes which happen before a read
are guaranteed to affect the value. No guarantees are made about unordered
read/write pairs.
Calling tf.enable_resource_variables() lets you opt-in to this TensorFlow 2.0
feature.
"""
global _DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE
return _DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE
@deprecation.deprecated(
None, "non-resource variables are not supported in the long term")
@tf_export(v1=["disable_resource_variables"])
def disable_resource_variables():
"""Opts out of resource variables.
If your code needs tf.disable_resource_variables() to be called to work
properly please file a bug.
"""
global _DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE
_DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE = False
class _VariableStore(object):
"""Variable store that carries a number of named Variables.
New variable names and new variables can be created; all stored
variables are initialized with the initializer passed to __init__.
Attributes:
vars: a dictionary with string names (same as passed in GetVar) as keys and
the corresponding TensorFlow Variables as values.
"""
def __init__(self):
"""Create a variable store."""
self._vars = {} # A dictionary of the stored TensorFlow variables.
self._partitioned_vars = {} # A dict of the stored PartitionedVariables.
self._store_eager_variables = False
def get_variable(self,
name,
shape=None,
dtype=dtypes.float32,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
reuse=None,
trainable=None,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
custom_getter=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
"""Gets an existing variable with these parameters or create a new one.
If a variable with the given name is already stored, we return the stored
variable. Otherwise, we create a new one.
Set `reuse` to `True` when you only want to reuse existing Variables.
Set `reuse` to `False` when you only want to create new Variables.
Set `reuse` to None (the default) or tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE when you want
variables to be created if they don't exist or returned if they do.
If initializer is `None` (the default), the default initializer passed in
the constructor is used. If that one is `None` too, we use a new
`glorot_uniform_initializer`. If initializer is a Tensor, we use
it as a value and derive the shape from the initializer.
If a partitioner is provided, a `PartitionedVariable` is returned.
Accessing this object as a `Tensor` returns the shards concatenated along
the partition axis.
Some useful partitioners are available. See, e.g.,
`variable_axis_size_partitioner` and `min_max_variable_partitioner`.
Args:
name: The name of the new or existing variable.
shape: Shape of the new or existing variable.
dtype: Type of the new or existing variable (defaults to `DT_FLOAT`).
initializer: Initializer for the variable.
regularizer: A (Tensor -> Tensor or None) function; the result of applying
it on a newly created variable will be added to the collection
GraphKeys.REGULARIZATION_LOSSES and can be used for regularization.
reuse: a Boolean, None, or tf.AUTO_REUSE. Controls reuse or creation of
variables. When eager execution is enabled this argument is always
forced to be False.
trainable: If `True` also add the variable to the graph collection
`GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES` (see `tf.Variable`). `trainable`
defaults to `True` unless `synchronization` is set to `ON_READ`.
collections: List of graph collections keys to add the `Variable` to.
Defaults to `[GraphKeys.GLOBAL_VARIABLES]` (see `tf.Variable`).
caching_device: Optional device string or function describing where the
Variable should be cached for reading. Defaults to the Variable's
device. If not `None`, caches on another device. Typical use is to
cache on the device where the Ops using the `Variable` reside, to
deduplicate copying through `Switch` and other conditional statements.
partitioner: Optional callable that accepts a fully defined `TensorShape`
and dtype of the `Variable` to be created, and returns a list of
partitions for each axis (currently only one axis can be partitioned).
validate_shape: If False, allows the variable to be initialized with a
value of unknown shape. If True, the default, the shape of initial_value
must be known.
use_resource: If False, creates a regular Variable. If True, creates
instead an experimental ResourceVariable which has well-defined
semantics. Defaults to False (will later change to True). When eager
execution is enabled this argument is always forced to be true.
custom_getter: Callable that takes as a first argument the true getter,
and allows overwriting the internal get_variable method. The signature
of `custom_getter` should match that of this method,
but the most future-proof version will allow for changes: `def
custom_getter(getter, *args, **kwargs)`. Direct access to
all `get_variable` parameters is also allowed: `def
custom_getter(getter, name, *args, **kwargs)`. A simple identity
custom getter that simply creates variables with modified names is:
```python
def custom_getter(getter, name, *args, **kwargs): return getter(name +
'_suffix', *args, **kwargs) ```
constraint: An optional projection function to be applied to the variable
after being updated by an `Optimizer` (e.g. used to implement norm
constraints or value constraints for layer weights). The function must
take as input the unprojected Tensor representing the value of the
variable and return the Tensor for the projected value (which must have
the same shape). Constraints are not safe to use when doing asynchronous
distributed training.
synchronization: Indicates when a distributed a variable will be
aggregated. Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableSynchronization`. By default the synchronization is set to
`AUTO` and the current `DistributionStrategy` chooses when to
synchronize. If `synchronization` is set to `ON_READ`, `trainable` must
not be set to `True`.
aggregation: Indicates how a distributed variable will be aggregated.
Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableAggregation`.
Returns:
The created or existing `Variable` (or `PartitionedVariable`, if a
partitioner was used).
Raises:
ValueError: when creating a new variable and shape is not declared,
when reusing a variable and specifying a conflicting shape,
or when violating reuse during variable creation.
RuntimeError: when eager execution is enabled and not called from an
EagerVariableStore.
"""
if custom_getter is not None and not callable(custom_getter):
raise ValueError("Passed a custom_getter which is not callable: %s" %
custom_getter)
with ops.init_scope():
if context.executing_eagerly():
# Variable creation and initialization takes place in `init_scope`s;
# as such, if an `init_scope` lifts us into the eager context, then we
# need to use `ResourceVariable`s.
use_resource = True
# Note that it's fine to reuse eager variables whose initialization was
# lifted from a function-building graph into the eager context (that's why
# the following clause is not wrapped in an `init_scope`); lifted variables
# are tracked by the graph's `VariableStore`.
if context.executing_eagerly():
if not self._store_eager_variables and reuse:
raise RuntimeError(
"When eager execution is enabled variable reuse is only supported"
" when an EagerVariableStore is active. See the documentation on"
" EagerVariableStore for example usage.")
if self._store_eager_variables:
reuse = AUTO_REUSE
# If a *_ref type is passed in an error would be triggered further down the
# stack. We prevent this using base_dtype to get a non-ref version of the
# type, before doing anything else. When _ref types are removed in favor of
# resources, this line can be removed.
try:
dtype = dtype.base_dtype
except AttributeError:
# .base_dtype not existing means that we will try and use the raw dtype
# which was passed in - this might be a NumPy type which is valid.
pass
# This is the main logic of get_variable. However, custom_getter
# may override this logic. So we save it as a callable and pass
# it to custom_getter.
# Note: the parameters of _true_getter, and their documentation, match
# *exactly* item-for-item with the docstring of this method.
def _true_getter( # pylint: disable=missing-docstring
name,
shape=None,
dtype=dtypes.float32,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
reuse=None,
trainable=None,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
is_scalar = (
shape is not None and isinstance(shape, collections_lib.Sequence) and
not shape)
# Partitioned variable case
if partitioner is not None and not is_scalar:
if not callable(partitioner):
raise ValueError("Partitioner must be callable, but received: %s" %
partitioner)
with ops.name_scope(None):
return self._get_partitioned_variable(
name=name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
reuse=reuse,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
# Special case for partitioned variable to allow reuse without having to
# specify partitioner.
if (reuse is True and partitioner is None
and name in self._partitioned_vars):
return self._get_partitioned_variable(
name=name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
reuse=reuse,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
# Single variable case
if "%s/part_0" % name in self._vars:
raise ValueError(
"No partitioner was provided, but a partitioned version of the "
"variable was found: %s/part_0. Perhaps a variable of the same "
"name was already created with partitioning?" % name)
return self._get_single_variable(
name=name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
reuse=reuse,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
synchronization, aggregation, trainable = (
variables.validate_synchronization_aggregation_trainable(
synchronization, aggregation, trainable, name))
if custom_getter is not None:
# Handle backwards compatibility with getter arguments that were added
# to the API after users started writing custom getters.
custom_getter_kwargs = {
"getter": _true_getter,
"name": name,
"shape": shape,
"dtype": dtype,
"initializer": initializer,
"regularizer": regularizer,
"reuse": reuse,
"trainable": trainable,
"collections": collections,
"caching_device": caching_device,
"partitioner": partitioner,
"validate_shape": validate_shape,
"use_resource": use_resource,
"synchronization": synchronization,
"aggregation": aggregation,
}
# `fn_args` and `has_kwargs` can handle functions, `functools.partial`,
# `lambda`.
if ("constraint" in function_utils.fn_args(custom_getter) or
function_utils.has_kwargs(custom_getter)):
custom_getter_kwargs["constraint"] = constraint
return custom_getter(**custom_getter_kwargs)
else:
return _true_getter(
name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
reuse=reuse,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
def _get_partitioned_variable(self,
name,
partitioner,
shape=None,
dtype=dtypes.float32,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
reuse=None,
trainable=None,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
"""Gets or creates a sharded variable list with these parameters.
The `partitioner` must be a callable that accepts a fully defined
`TensorShape` and returns a sequence of integers (the `partitions`).
These integers describe how to partition the given sharded `Variable`
along the given dimension. That is, `partitions[1] = 3` means split
the `Variable` into 3 shards along dimension 1. Currently, sharding along
only one axis is supported.
If the list of variables with the given name (prefix) is already stored,
we return the stored variables. Otherwise, we create a new one.
Set `reuse` to `True` when you only want to reuse existing Variables.
Set `reuse` to `False` when you only want to create new Variables.
Set `reuse` to None (the default) or tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE when you want
variables to be created if they don't exist or returned if they do.
If initializer is `None` (the default), the default initializer passed in
the constructor is used. If that one is `None` too, we use a new
`glorot_uniform_initializer`. If initializer is a Tensor, we use
it as a value and derive the shape from the initializer.
If the initializer is a callable, then it will be called for each
shard. Otherwise the initializer should match the shape of the entire
sharded Variable, and it will be sliced accordingly for each shard.
Some useful partitioners are available. See, e.g.,
`variable_axis_size_partitioner` and `min_max_variable_partitioner`.
Args:
name: the name of the new or existing sharded variable.
partitioner: Optional callable that accepts a fully defined `TensorShape`
and `dtype` of the Variable to be created, and returns a list of
partitions for each axis (currently only one axis can be partitioned).
shape: shape of the new or existing sharded variable.
dtype: type of the new or existing sharded variable (defaults to
`DT_FLOAT`).
initializer: initializer for the sharded variable.
regularizer: a (Tensor -> Tensor or None) function; the result of applying
it on a newly created variable will be added to the collection
GraphKeys.REGULARIZATION_LOSSES and can be used for regularization.
reuse: a Boolean, None, or tf.AUTO_REUSE. Controls reuse or creation of
variables.
trainable: If `True` also add the variable to the graph collection
`GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES` (see `tf.Variable`).
collections: List of graph collections keys to add the Variable to.
Defaults to `[GraphKeys.GLOBAL_VARIABLES]` (see `tf.Variable`).
caching_device: Optional device string or function describing where the
Variable should be cached for reading. Defaults to the Variable's
device. If not `None`, caches on another device. Typical use is to
cache on the device where the Ops using the Variable reside, to
deduplicate copying through `Switch` and other conditional statements.
validate_shape: If False, allows the variable to be initialized with a
value of unknown shape. If True, the default, the shape of initial_value
must be known.
use_resource: If False, creates a regular Variable. If True, creates an
experimental ResourceVariable which has well-defined semantics. Defaults
to False (will later change to True).
constraint: An optional projection function to be applied to the variable
after being updated by an `Optimizer` (e.g. used to implement norm
constraints or value constraints for layer weights). The function must
take as input the unprojected Tensor representing the value of the
variable and return the Tensor for the projected value (which must have
the same shape). Constraints are not safe to use when doing asynchronous
distributed training.
synchronization: Indicates when a distributed a variable will be
aggregated. Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableSynchronization`. By default the synchronization is set to
`AUTO` and the current `DistributionStrategy` chooses when to
synchronize. If `synchronization` is set to `ON_READ`, `trainable` must
not be set to `True`.
aggregation: Indicates how a distributed variable will be aggregated.
Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableAggregation`.
Returns:
A `PartitionedVariable` object.
Raises:
ValueError: when creating a new variable and shape is not declared,
when reusing a variable and specifying a conflicting shape,
when violating reuse during variable creation, or if an existing
sharded variable exists for the given name but with different sharding.
"""
initializing_from_value = initializer is not None and isinstance(
initializer, ops.Tensor)
if name in self._vars:
raise ValueError(
"A partitioner was provided, but an unpartitioned version of the "
"variable was found: %s. Perhaps a variable of the same name was "
"already created without partitioning?" % name)
shape = tensor_shape.as_shape(shape)
if initializing_from_value:
shape = shape.merge_with(initializer.get_shape())
partitions = None
if not reuse or partitioner:
partitions = _call_partitioner(partitioner, shape, dtype)
if name in self._partitioned_vars:
if reuse is False:
raise ValueError(
"Partitioned variable with name %s already exists. Did you mean to "
"set reuse=True or reuse=tf.AUTO_REUSE in VarScope?" % name)
existing_var = self._partitioned_vars[name]
if not shape.is_compatible_with(existing_var.get_shape()):
raise ValueError(
"Trying to reuse partitioned variable %s, but specified shape %s "
"and found shape %s." % (name, shape, existing_var.get_shape()))
if not dtype.is_compatible_with(existing_var.dtype):
raise ValueError(
"Trying to reuse partitioned variable %s, but specified dtype %s "
"and found dtype %s." % (name, dtype.name, existing_var.dtype.name))
# pylint: disable=protected-access
if (partitions is not None and
existing_var._get_partitions() != partitions):
raise ValueError(
"Trying to reuse partitioned variable %s, but specified partitions "
"%s and found partitions %s." %
(name, partitions, existing_var._get_partitions()))
# pylint: enable=protected-access
return existing_var
if reuse is True:
raise ValueError("PartitionedVariable %s does not exist, or was not "
"created with tf.get_variable(). Did you mean to set "
"reuse=False or reuse=tf.AUTO_REUSE in VarScope?" % name)
slice_dim, num_slices = _get_slice_dim_and_num_slices(partitions)
if "%s/part_0" % name in self._vars:
if "%s/part_%d" % (name, num_slices - 1) not in self._vars:
raise ValueError(
"Partitioner returned a different partitioning than what was "
"already found. Partitioner returned %d shards, and shard "
"%s/part_0 was found, but %s/part_%d was not." %
(num_slices, name, name, num_slices - 1))
if "%s/part_%d" % (name, num_slices) in self._vars:
raise ValueError(
"Partitioner returned a different partitioning than what was "
"already found. Partitioner returned %d shards, and shard "
"%s/part_0 was found, but so was the extra shard %s/part_%d." %
(num_slices, name, name, num_slices))
vs = []
for i, (var_offset, var_shape) in enumerate(
_iter_slices(shape.as_list(), num_slices, slice_dim)):
partition_info = _PartitionInfo(
full_shape=shape.as_list(), var_offset=var_offset)
var_full_name = "%s/part_%d" % (name, i)
with ops.name_scope(var_full_name + "/PartitionedInitializer"):
# Create the tensor to initialize the variable with default value.
if initializer is None:
init, initializing_from_value = self._get_default_initializer(
name=name, shape=shape, dtype=dtype)
if initializing_from_value:
init_shape = None
else:
init_shape = var_shape
elif callable(initializer):
init = initializer
init_shape = var_shape
elif isinstance(initializer, ops.Tensor):
init = array_ops.slice(initializer, var_offset, var_shape)
# Use the dtype of the given tensor.
dtype = init.dtype.base_dtype
init_shape = None
else:
init = ops.convert_to_tensor(initializer, dtype=dtype)
init = array_ops.slice(init, var_offset, var_shape)
init_shape = None
with ops.name_scope(None):
var = self._get_single_variable(
name=var_full_name,
shape=init_shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=init,
partition_info=partition_info,
regularizer=regularizer,
reuse=reuse,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
# pylint: disable=protected-access
var._set_save_slice_info(
variables.Variable.SaveSliceInfo(name, shape.as_list(), var_offset,
var_shape))
vs.append(var)
# pylint: enable=protected-access
partitioned_var = variables.PartitionedVariable(
name=name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
variable_list=vs,
partitions=partitions)
if not context.executing_eagerly() or self._store_eager_variables:
self._partitioned_vars[name] = partitioned_var
return partitioned_var
def _get_single_variable(self,
name,
shape=None,
dtype=dtypes.float32,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
partition_info=None,
reuse=None,
trainable=None,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
"""Get or create a single Variable (e.g.
a shard or entire variable).
See the documentation of get_variable above (ignore partitioning components)
for details.
Args:
name: see get_variable.
shape: see get_variable.
dtype: see get_variable.
initializer: see get_variable.
regularizer: see get_variable.
partition_info: _PartitionInfo object.
reuse: see get_variable.
trainable: see get_variable.
collections: see get_variable.
caching_device: see get_variable.
validate_shape: see get_variable.
use_resource: see get_variable.
constraint: see get_variable.
synchronization: see get_variable.
aggregation: see get_variable.
Returns:
A Variable. See documentation of get_variable above.
Raises:
ValueError: See documentation of get_variable above.
"""
# Set to true if initializer is a constant.
initializing_from_value = False
if initializer is not None and not callable(initializer):
initializing_from_value = True
if shape is not None and initializing_from_value:
raise ValueError("If initializer is a constant, do not specify shape.")
dtype = dtypes.as_dtype(dtype)
shape = tensor_shape.as_shape(shape)
if name in self._vars:
# Here we handle the case when returning an existing variable.
if reuse is False:
var = self._vars[name]
err_msg = ("Variable %s already exists, disallowed."
" Did you mean to set reuse=True or "
"reuse=tf.AUTO_REUSE in VarScope?" % name)
# ResourceVariables don't have an op associated with so no traceback
if isinstance(var, resource_variable_ops.ResourceVariable):
raise ValueError(err_msg)
tb = var.op.traceback[::-1]
# Throw away internal tf entries and only take a few lines. In some
# cases the traceback can be longer (e.g. if someone uses factory
# functions to create variables) so we take more than needed in the
# default case.
tb = [x for x in tb if "tensorflow/python" not in x[0]][:5]
raise ValueError("%s Originally defined at:\n\n%s" %
(err_msg, "".join(traceback.format_list(tb))))
found_var = self._vars[name]
if not shape.is_compatible_with(found_var.get_shape()):
raise ValueError("Trying to share variable %s, but specified shape %s"
" and found shape %s." %
(name, shape, found_var.get_shape()))
if not dtype.is_compatible_with(found_var.dtype):
dtype_str = dtype.name
found_type_str = found_var.dtype.name
raise ValueError("Trying to share variable %s, but specified dtype %s"
" and found dtype %s." %
(name, dtype_str, found_type_str))
return found_var
# The code below handles only the case of creating a new variable.
if reuse is True:
raise ValueError("Variable %s does not exist, or was not created with "
"tf.get_variable(). Did you mean to set "
"reuse=tf.AUTO_REUSE in VarScope?" % name)
# Create the tensor to initialize the variable with default value.
if initializer is None:
initializer, initializing_from_value = self._get_default_initializer(
name=name, shape=shape, dtype=dtype)
# Enter an init scope when creating the initializer.
with ops.init_scope():
if initializing_from_value:
init_val = initializer
variable_dtype = None
else:
# Instantiate initializer if provided initializer is a type object.
if tf_inspect.isclass(initializer):
initializer = initializer()
if shape is not None and shape.is_fully_defined():
init_val = lambda: initializer( # pylint: disable=g-long-lambda
shape.as_list(),
dtype=dtype,
partition_info=partition_info)
variable_dtype = dtype.base_dtype
elif len(tf_inspect.getargspec(initializer).args) == len(
tf_inspect.getargspec(initializer).defaults or []):
init_val = initializer
variable_dtype = None
else:
raise ValueError("The initializer passed is not valid. It should "
"be a callable with no arguments and the "
"shape should not be provided or an instance of "
"`tf.keras.initializers.*' and `shape` should be "
"fully defined.")
# Create the variable.
if use_resource is None:
# Set the default value if unspecified.
use_resource = _DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE
v = variables.VariableV1(
initial_value=init_val,
name=name,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
dtype=variable_dtype,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
constraint=constraint,
use_resource=use_resource,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
if context.executing_eagerly() and self._store_eager_variables:
if collections:
ops.add_to_collections(collections, v)
else:
ops.add_to_collection(ops.GraphKeys.GLOBAL_VARIABLES, v)
if trainable:
ops.add_to_collection(ops.GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES, v)
if not context.executing_eagerly() or self._store_eager_variables:
# In eager mode we do not want to keep default references to Variable
# objects as this will prevent their memory from being released.
self._vars[name] = v
logging.vlog(1, "Created variable %s with shape %s and init %s", v.name,
format(shape), initializer)
# Run the regularizer if requested and save the resulting loss.
if regularizer:
with ops.colocate_with(v):
with ops.name_scope(name + "/Regularizer/"):
with ops.init_scope():
loss = regularizer(v)
if loss is not None:
if context.executing_eagerly():
v_name = "v_%s" % type(v)
loss_name = "loss_%s" % type(loss)
else:
v_name = v.name
loss_name = loss.name
logging.vlog(
1, "Applied regularizer to %s and added the result %s "
"to REGULARIZATION_LOSSES.", v_name, loss_name)
ops.add_to_collection(ops.GraphKeys.REGULARIZATION_LOSSES, loss)
return v
# Initialize variable when no initializer provided
def _get_default_initializer(self, name, shape=None, dtype=dtypes.float32):
"""Provide a default initializer and a corresponding value.
Args:
name: see get_variable.
shape: see get_variable.
dtype: see get_variable.
Returns:
initializer and initializing_from_value. See get_variable above.
Raises:
ValueError: When giving unsupported dtype.
"""
del shape
# If dtype is DT_FLOAT, provide a uniform unit scaling initializer
if dtype.is_floating:
initializer = init_ops.glorot_uniform_initializer()
initializing_from_value = False
# If dtype is DT_INT/DT_UINT, provide a default value `zero`
# If dtype is DT_BOOL, provide a default value `FALSE`
elif (dtype.is_integer or dtype.is_unsigned or dtype.is_bool or
dtype == dtypes.string):
initializer = init_ops.zeros_initializer()
initializing_from_value = False
# NOTES:Do we need to support for handling DT_STRING and DT_COMPLEX here?
else:
raise ValueError("An initializer for variable %s of %s is required" %
(name, dtype.base_dtype))
return initializer, initializing_from_value
# To stop regularization, use this regularizer
@tf_export(v1=["no_regularizer"])
def no_regularizer(_):
"""Use this function to prevent regularization of variables."""
return None
# TODO(alive): support caching devices and partitioned variables in Eager mode.
@tf_export(v1=["VariableScope"])
class VariableScope(object):
"""Variable scope object to carry defaults to provide to `get_variable`.
Many of the arguments we need for `get_variable` in a variable store are most
easily handled with a context. This object is used for the defaults.
Attributes:
name: name of the current scope, used as prefix in get_variable.
initializer: default initializer passed to get_variable.
regularizer: default regularizer passed to get_variable.
reuse: Boolean, None, or tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE, setting the reuse in
get_variable. When eager execution is enabled this argument is always
forced to be False.
caching_device: string, callable, or None: the caching device passed to
get_variable.
partitioner: callable or `None`: the partitioner passed to `get_variable`.
custom_getter: default custom getter passed to get_variable.
name_scope: The name passed to `tf.name_scope`.
dtype: default type passed to get_variable (defaults to DT_FLOAT).
use_resource: if False, create a normal Variable; if True create an
experimental ResourceVariable with well-defined semantics. Defaults to
False (will later change to True). When eager execution is enabled this
argument is always forced to be True.
constraint: An optional projection function to be applied to the variable
after being updated by an `Optimizer` (e.g. used to implement norm
constraints or value constraints for layer weights). The function must
take as input the unprojected Tensor representing the value of the
variable and return the Tensor for the projected value (which must have
the same shape). Constraints are not safe to use when doing asynchronous
distributed training.
"""
def __init__(self,
reuse,
name="",
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
custom_getter=None,
name_scope="",
dtype=dtypes.float32,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None):
"""Creates a new VariableScope with the given properties."""
self._name = name
self._initializer = initializer
self._regularizer = regularizer
self._reuse = reuse
self._caching_device = caching_device
self._partitioner = partitioner
self._custom_getter = custom_getter
self._name_scope = name_scope
self._dtype = dtype
self._use_resource = use_resource
self._constraint = constraint
if context.executing_eagerly():
if self._caching_device is not None:
raise NotImplementedError("Caching devices is not yet supported "
"when eager execution is enabled.")
self._reuse = AUTO_REUSE
self._use_resource = True
@property
def name(self):
return self._name
@property
def original_name_scope(self):
return self._name_scope
@property
def reuse(self):
return self._reuse
@property
def initializer(self):
return self._initializer
@property
def dtype(self):
return self._dtype
@property
def use_resource(self):
return self._use_resource
@property
def regularizer(self):
return self._regularizer
@property
def caching_device(self):
return self._caching_device
@property
def partitioner(self):
return self._partitioner
@property
def custom_getter(self):
return self._custom_getter
@property
def constraint(self):
return self._constraint
def reuse_variables(self):
"""Reuse variables in this scope."""
self._reuse = True
def set_initializer(self, initializer):
"""Set initializer for this scope."""
self._initializer = initializer
def set_dtype(self, dtype):
"""Set data type for this scope."""
self._dtype = dtype
def set_use_resource(self, use_resource):
"""Sets whether to use ResourceVariables for this scope."""
if context.executing_eagerly() and not use_resource:
raise ValueError("When eager execution is enabled, "
"use_resource cannot be set to false.")
self._use_resource = use_resource
def set_regularizer(self, regularizer):
"""Set regularizer for this scope."""
self._regularizer = regularizer
def set_caching_device(self, caching_device):
"""Set caching_device for this scope."""
if context.executing_eagerly():
raise NotImplementedError("Caching devices are not yet supported "
"when eager execution is enabled.")
self._caching_device = caching_device
def set_partitioner(self, partitioner):
"""Set partitioner for this scope."""
self._partitioner = partitioner
def set_custom_getter(self, custom_getter):
"""Set custom getter for this scope."""
self._custom_getter = custom_getter
def get_collection(self, name):
"""Get this scope's variables."""
scope = self._name + "/" if self._name else ""
return ops.get_collection(name, scope)
def trainable_variables(self):
"""Get this scope's trainable variables."""
return self.get_collection(ops.GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES)
def global_variables(self):
"""Get this scope's global variables."""
return self.get_collection(ops.GraphKeys.GLOBAL_VARIABLES)
def local_variables(self):
"""Get this scope's local variables."""
return self.get_collection(ops.GraphKeys.LOCAL_VARIABLES)
def get_variable(self,
var_store,
name,
shape=None,
dtype=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
reuse=None,
trainable=None,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
custom_getter=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
"""Gets an existing variable with this name or create a new one."""
if regularizer is None:
regularizer = self._regularizer
if caching_device is None:
caching_device = self._caching_device
if partitioner is None:
partitioner = self._partitioner
if custom_getter is None:
custom_getter = self._custom_getter
if context.executing_eagerly():
reuse = False
use_resource = True
else:
if reuse is None:
reuse = self._reuse
if use_resource is None:
use_resource = self._use_resource
full_name = self.name + "/" + name if self.name else name
# Variable names only depend on variable_scope (full_name here),
# not name_scope, so we reset it below for the time of variable creation.
with ops.name_scope(None):
# Check that `initializer` dtype and `dtype` are consistent before
# replacing them with defaults.
if (dtype is not None and initializer is not None and
not callable(initializer)):
init_dtype = ops.convert_to_tensor(initializer).dtype.base_dtype
if init_dtype != dtype:
raise ValueError("Initializer type '%s' and explicit dtype '%s' "
"don't match." % (init_dtype, dtype))
if initializer is None:
initializer = self._initializer
if constraint is None:
constraint = self._constraint
if dtype is None:
dtype = self._dtype
return var_store.get_variable(
full_name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
reuse=reuse,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
custom_getter=custom_getter,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
def _get_partitioned_variable(self,
var_store,
name,
shape=None,
dtype=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
trainable=None,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
"""Gets an existing variable with this name or create a new one."""
if initializer is None:
initializer = self._initializer
if regularizer is None:
regularizer = self._regularizer
if constraint is None:
constraint = self._constraint
if caching_device is None:
caching_device = self._caching_device
if partitioner is None:
partitioner = self._partitioner
if dtype is None:
dtype = self._dtype
if use_resource is None:
use_resource = self._use_resource
if self._custom_getter is not None:
raise ValueError(
"Private access to _get_partitioned_variable is not allowed when "
"a custom getter is set. Current custom getter: %s. "
"It is likely that you're using create_partitioned_variables. "
"If so, consider instead using get_variable with a non-empty "
"partitioner parameter instead." % self._custom_getter)
if partitioner is None:
raise ValueError("No partitioner was specified")
# This allows the variable scope name to be used as the variable name if
# this function is invoked with an empty name arg, for backward
# compatibility with create_partitioned_variables().
full_name_list = []
if self.name:
full_name_list.append(self.name)
if name:
full_name_list.append(name)
full_name = "/".join(full_name_list)
# Variable names only depend on variable_scope (full_name here),
# not name_scope, so we reset it below for the time of variable creation.
with ops.name_scope(None):
# pylint: disable=protected-access
return var_store._get_partitioned_variable(
full_name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
reuse=self.reuse,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
# pylint: enable=protected-access
_VARSTORE_KEY = ("__variable_store",)
_VARSCOPESTORE_KEY = ("__varscope",)
class _VariableScopeStore(threading.local):
"""A thread local store for the current variable scope and scope counts."""
def __init__(self):
super(_VariableScopeStore, self).__init__()
self.current_scope = VariableScope(False)
self.variable_scopes_count = {}
def open_variable_scope(self, scope_name):
if scope_name in self.variable_scopes_count:
self.variable_scopes_count[scope_name] += 1
else:
self.variable_scopes_count[scope_name] = 1
def close_variable_subscopes(self, scope_name):
for k in list(self.variable_scopes_count.keys()):
if scope_name is None or k.startswith(scope_name + "/"):
self.variable_scopes_count[k] = 0
def variable_scope_count(self, scope_name):
return self.variable_scopes_count.get(scope_name, 0)
def get_variable_scope_store():
"""Returns the variable scope store for current thread."""
scope_store = ops.get_collection(_VARSCOPESTORE_KEY)
if not scope_store:
scope_store = _VariableScopeStore()
ops.add_to_collection(_VARSCOPESTORE_KEY, scope_store)
else:
scope_store = scope_store[0]
return scope_store
@tf_export(v1=["get_variable_scope"])
def get_variable_scope():
"""Returns the current variable scope."""
return get_variable_scope_store().current_scope
def _get_default_variable_store():
store = ops.get_collection(_VARSTORE_KEY)
if store:
return store[0]
store = _VariableStore()
ops.add_to_collection(_VARSTORE_KEY, store)
return store
@tf_contextlib.contextmanager
def with_variable_store(store):
store_collection = ops.get_collection_ref(_VARSTORE_KEY)
old = list(store_collection)
store_collection[:] = [store]
try:
yield
finally:
store_collection[:] = old
class EagerVariableStore(object):
"""Wrapper allowing functional layers to be used with eager execution.
When eager execution is enabled Variables get deleted when they go out of
scope, and are not stored in global collections by default. A lot of code
(mostly the functional layers in tf.layers) assumes that variables are kept in
a global list.
EagerVariableStore can be used in conjunction with this code to make it
eager-friendly. For example, to create a dense layer, use:
```
container = tfe.EagerVariableStore()
for input in dataset_iterator:
with container.as_default():
x = tf.compat.v1.layers.dense(input, name="l1")
print(container.variables) # Should print the variables used in the layer.
```
"""
def __init__(self, store=None):
if store is not None:
if not store._store_eager_variables: # pylint: disable=protected-access
raise ValueError("Cannot construct EagerVariableStore from a "
"VariableStore object that does not hold eager "
"variables.")
self._store = store
else:
self._store = _VariableStore()
self._store._store_eager_variables = True # pylint: disable=protected-access
def as_default(self):
return with_variable_store(self._store)
def variables(self):
return sorted(self._store._vars.values(), key=lambda x: x.name) # pylint: disable=protected-access
def trainable_variables(self):
# pylint: disable=protected-access
return sorted([x for x in self._store._vars.values() if x.trainable],
key=lambda x: x.name)
# pylint: enable=protected-access
def non_trainable_variables(self):
# pylint: disable=protected-access
return sorted([x for x in self._store._vars.values() if not x.trainable],
key=lambda x: x.name)
# pylint: enable=protected-access
def copy(self):
"""Copy this variable store and all of its contents.
Variables contained in this store will be copied over to the new variable
store, meaning that they can be modified without affecting the variables in
this store.
Returns:
A new EagerVariableStore instance containing copied variables.
"""
# pylint: disable=protected-access
new_store = EagerVariableStore()
for key, var in iteritems(self._store._vars):
# Strip device out of variable name.
try:
index = var.name.index(":")
except ValueError:
stripped_var_name = var.name
else:
stripped_var_name = var.name[:index]
# Create new variable with same value, name, and "trainable" flag.
new_var = resource_variable_ops.ResourceVariable(
var.read_value(), name=stripped_var_name, trainable=var.trainable)
new_store._store._vars[key] = new_var
return new_store
# pylint: enable=protected-access
# The argument list for get_variable must match arguments to get_local_variable.
# So, if you are updating the arguments, also update arguments to
# get_local_variable below.
@tf_export(v1=["get_variable"])
def get_variable(name,
shape=None,
dtype=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
trainable=None,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
custom_getter=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
return get_variable_scope().get_variable(
_get_default_variable_store(),
name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
custom_getter=custom_getter,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
get_variable_or_local_docstring = ("""%s
%sThis function prefixes the name with the current variable scope
and performs reuse checks. See the
[Variable Scope How To](https://tensorflow.org/guide/variables)
for an extensive description of how reusing works. Here is a basic example:
```python
def foo():
with tf.variable_scope("foo", reuse=tf.AUTO_REUSE):
v = tf.get_variable("v", [1])
return v
v1 = foo() # Creates v.
v2 = foo() # Gets the same, existing v.
assert v1 == v2
```
If initializer is `None` (the default), the default initializer passed in
the variable scope will be used. If that one is `None` too, a
`glorot_uniform_initializer` will be used. The initializer can also be
a Tensor, in which case the variable is initialized to this value and shape.
Similarly, if the regularizer is `None` (the default), the default regularizer
passed in the variable scope will be used (if that is `None` too,
then by default no regularization is performed).
If a partitioner is provided, a `PartitionedVariable` is returned.
Accessing this object as a `Tensor` returns the shards concatenated along
the partition axis.
Some useful partitioners are available. See, e.g.,
`variable_axis_size_partitioner` and `min_max_variable_partitioner`.
Args:
name: The name of the new or existing variable.
shape: Shape of the new or existing variable.
dtype: Type of the new or existing variable (defaults to `DT_FLOAT`).
initializer: Initializer for the variable if one is created. Can either be
an initializer object or a Tensor. If it's a Tensor, its shape must be known
unless validate_shape is False.
regularizer: A (Tensor -> Tensor or None) function; the result of
applying it on a newly created variable will be added to the collection
`tf.GraphKeys.REGULARIZATION_LOSSES` and can be used for regularization.
%scollections: List of graph collections keys to add the Variable to.
Defaults to `[%s]` (see `tf.Variable`).
caching_device: Optional device string or function describing where the
Variable should be cached for reading. Defaults to the Variable's
device. If not `None`, caches on another device. Typical use is to
cache on the device where the Ops using the Variable reside, to
deduplicate copying through `Switch` and other conditional statements.
partitioner: Optional callable that accepts a fully defined `TensorShape`
and `dtype` of the Variable to be created, and returns a list of
partitions for each axis (currently only one axis can be partitioned).
validate_shape: If False, allows the variable to be initialized with a
value of unknown shape. If True, the default, the shape of initial_value
must be known. For this to be used the initializer must be a Tensor and
not an initializer object.
use_resource: If False, creates a regular Variable. If true, creates an
experimental ResourceVariable instead with well-defined semantics.
Defaults to False (will later change to True). When eager execution is
enabled this argument is always forced to be True.
custom_getter: Callable that takes as a first argument the true getter, and
allows overwriting the internal get_variable method.
The signature of `custom_getter` should match that of this method,
but the most future-proof version will allow for changes:
`def custom_getter(getter, *args, **kwargs)`. Direct access to
all `get_variable` parameters is also allowed:
`def custom_getter(getter, name, *args, **kwargs)`. A simple identity
custom getter that simply creates variables with modified names is:
```python
def custom_getter(getter, name, *args, **kwargs):
return getter(name + '_suffix', *args, **kwargs)
```
constraint: An optional projection function to be applied to the variable
after being updated by an `Optimizer` (e.g. used to implement norm
constraints or value constraints for layer weights). The function must
take as input the unprojected Tensor representing the value of the
variable and return the Tensor for the projected value
(which must have the same shape). Constraints are not safe to
use when doing asynchronous distributed training.
synchronization: Indicates when a distributed a variable will be
aggregated. Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableSynchronization`. By default the synchronization is set to
`AUTO` and the current `DistributionStrategy` chooses
when to synchronize. If `synchronization` is set to `ON_READ`,
`trainable` must not be set to `True`.
aggregation: Indicates how a distributed variable will be aggregated.
Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableAggregation`.
Returns:
The created or existing `Variable` (or `PartitionedVariable`, if a
partitioner was used).
Raises:
ValueError: when creating a new variable and shape is not declared,
when violating reuse during variable creation, or when `initializer` dtype
and `dtype` don't match. Reuse is set inside `variable_scope`.
""")
get_variable.__doc__ = get_variable_or_local_docstring % (
"Gets an existing variable with these parameters or create a new one.", "",
"trainable: If `True` also add the variable to the graph collection\n"
" `GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES` (see `tf.Variable`).\n ",
"GraphKeys.GLOBAL_VARIABLES")
# The argument list for get_local_variable must match arguments to get_variable.
# So, if you are updating the arguments, also update arguments to get_variable.
@tf_export(v1=["get_local_variable"])
def get_local_variable( # pylint: disable=missing-docstring
name,
shape=None,
dtype=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
trainable=False, # pylint: disable=unused-argument
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
custom_getter=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
if collections:
collections += [ops.GraphKeys.LOCAL_VARIABLES]
else:
collections = [ops.GraphKeys.LOCAL_VARIABLES]
return get_variable(
name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
trainable=False,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation,
custom_getter=custom_getter,
constraint=constraint)
get_local_variable.__doc__ = get_variable_or_local_docstring % (
"Gets an existing *local* variable or creates a new one.",
"Behavior is the same as in `get_variable`, except that variables are\n"
"added to the `LOCAL_VARIABLES` collection and `trainable` is set to\n"
"`False`.\n", "", "GraphKeys.LOCAL_VARIABLES")
def _get_partitioned_variable(name,
shape=None,
dtype=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
trainable=True,
collections=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
validate_shape=True,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None,
synchronization=VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
aggregation=VariableAggregation.NONE):
"""Gets or creates a sharded variable list with these parameters.
The `partitioner` must be a callable that accepts a fully defined
`TensorShape` and returns a sequence of integers (the `partitions`).
These integers describe how to partition the given sharded `Variable`
along the given dimension. That is, `partitions[1] = 3` means split
the `Variable` into 3 shards along dimension 1. Currently, sharding along
only one axis is supported.
If the list of variables with the given name (prefix) is already stored,
we return the stored variables. Otherwise, we create a new one.
If initializer is `None` (the default), the default initializer passed in
the constructor is used. If that one is `None` too, we use a new
`glorot_uniform_initializer`. If initializer is a Tensor, we use
it as a value and derive the shape from the initializer.
If the initializer is a callable, then it will be called for each
shard. Otherwise the initializer should match the shape of the entire
sharded Variable, and it will be sliced accordingly for each shard.
Some useful partitioners are available. See, e.g.,
`variable_axis_size_partitioner` and `min_max_variable_partitioner`.
Args:
name: The name of the new or existing variable.
shape: Shape of the new or existing variable.
dtype: Type of the new or existing variable (defaults to `DT_FLOAT`).
initializer: Initializer for the variable if one is created.
regularizer: A (Tensor -> Tensor or None) function; the result of applying
it on a newly created variable will be added to the collection
GraphKeys.REGULARIZATION_LOSSES and can be used for regularization.
trainable: If `True` also add the variable to the graph collection
`GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES` (see `tf.Variable`).
collections: List of graph collections keys to add the Variable to. Defaults
to `[GraphKeys.GLOBAL_VARIABLES]` (see `tf.Variable`).
caching_device: Optional device string or function describing where the
Variable should be cached for reading. Defaults to the Variable's device.
If not `None`, caches on another device. Typical use is to cache on the
device where the Ops using the Variable reside, to deduplicate copying
through `Switch` and other conditional statements.
partitioner: Optional callable that accepts a fully defined `TensorShape`
and `dtype` of the Variable to be created, and returns a list of
partitions for each axis (currently only one axis can be partitioned).
validate_shape: If False, allows the variable to be initialized with a value
of unknown shape. If True, the default, the shape of initial_value must be
known.
use_resource: If False, creates a regular Variable. If True, creates an
experimental ResourceVariable instead which has well-defined semantics.
Defaults to False (will later change to True).
constraint: An optional projection function to be applied to the variable
after being updated by an `Optimizer` (e.g. used to implement norm
constraints or value constraints for layer weights). The function must
take as input the unprojected Tensor representing the value of the
variable and return the Tensor for the projected value (which must have
the same shape). Constraints are not safe to use when doing asynchronous
distributed training.
synchronization: Indicates when a distributed a variable will be aggregated.
Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableSynchronization`. By default the synchronization is set to
`AUTO` and the current `DistributionStrategy` chooses when to synchronize.
If `synchronization` is set to `ON_READ`, `trainable` must not be set to
`True`.
aggregation: Indicates how a distributed variable will be aggregated.
Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableAggregation`.
Returns:
A tuple `(shards, partitions)` where `shards` is the list of `Variable`
shards and `partitions` is the output of the partitioner on the input
shape.
Raises:
ValueError: when creating a new variable and shape is not declared,
or when violating reuse during variable creation. Reuse is set inside
`variable_scope`.
"""
# pylint: disable=protected-access
scope = get_variable_scope()
if scope.custom_getter is not None:
raise ValueError(
"Private access to _get_partitioned_variable is not allowed when "
"a custom getter is set. Current custom getter: %s. "
"It is likely that you're using create_partitioned_variables. "
"If so, consider instead using get_variable with a non-empty "
"partitioner parameter instead." % scope.custom_getter)
return scope._get_partitioned_variable(
_get_default_variable_store(),
name,
shape=shape,
dtype=dtype,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation)
# pylint: enable=protected-access
# Named like a function for compatibility with the previous
# @tf_contextlib.contextmanager definition.
class _pure_variable_scope(object): # pylint: disable=invalid-name
"""A context for the variable_scope, see `variable_scope` for docs."""
def __init__(self,
name_or_scope,
reuse=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
custom_getter=None,
old_name_scope=None,
dtype=dtypes.float32,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None):
"""Creates a context for the variable_scope, see `variable_scope` for docs.
Note: this does not create a name scope.
Args:
name_or_scope: `string` or `VariableScope`: the scope to open.
reuse: `True` or None, or tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE; if `None`, we inherit
the parent scope's reuse flag.
initializer: default initializer for variables within this scope.
regularizer: default regularizer for variables within this scope.
caching_device: default caching device for variables within this scope.
partitioner: default partitioner for variables within this scope.
custom_getter: default custom getter for variables within this scope.
old_name_scope: the original name scope when re-entering a variable scope.
dtype: type of the variables within this scope (defaults to `DT_FLOAT`).
use_resource: If False, variables in this scope will be regular Variables.
If True, experimental ResourceVariables will be creates instead, with
well-defined semantics. Defaults to False (will later change to True).
constraint: An optional projection function to be applied to the variable
after being updated by an `Optimizer` (e.g. used to implement norm
constraints or value constraints for layer weights). The function must
take as input the unprojected Tensor representing the value of the
variable and return the Tensor for the projected value (which must have
the same shape). Constraints are not safe to use when doing asynchronous
distributed training.
"""
self._name_or_scope = name_or_scope
self._reuse = reuse
self._initializer = initializer
self._regularizer = regularizer
self._caching_device = caching_device
self._partitioner = partitioner
self._custom_getter = custom_getter
self._old_name_scope = old_name_scope
self._dtype = dtype
self._use_resource = use_resource
self._constraint = constraint
self._var_store = _get_default_variable_store()
self._var_scope_store = get_variable_scope_store()
self._last_variable_scope_object = None
if isinstance(self._name_or_scope, VariableScope):
self._new_name = self._name_or_scope.name
name_scope = self._name_or_scope._name_scope # pylint: disable=protected-access
# Handler for the case when we jump to a shared scope. We create a new
# VariableScope (self._var_scope_object) that contains a copy of the
# provided shared scope, possibly with changed reuse and initializer, if
# the user requested this.
variable_scope_object = VariableScope(
self._name_or_scope.reuse if not self._reuse else self._reuse,
name=self._new_name,
initializer=self._name_or_scope.initializer,
regularizer=self._name_or_scope.regularizer,
caching_device=self._name_or_scope.caching_device,
partitioner=self._name_or_scope.partitioner,
dtype=self._name_or_scope.dtype,
custom_getter=self._name_or_scope.custom_getter,
name_scope=name_scope,
use_resource=self._name_or_scope.use_resource,
constraint=self._constraint)
if self._initializer is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_initializer(self._initializer)
if self._regularizer is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_regularizer(self._regularizer)
if self._caching_device is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_caching_device(self._caching_device)
if self._partitioner is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_partitioner(self._partitioner)
if self._custom_getter is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_custom_getter(
_maybe_wrap_custom_getter(self._custom_getter,
self._name_or_scope.custom_getter))
if self._dtype is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_dtype(self._dtype)
if self._use_resource is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_use_resource(self._use_resource)
self._cached_variable_scope_object = variable_scope_object
def __enter__(self):
"""Begins the scope block.
Returns:
A VariableScope.
Raises:
ValueError: when trying to reuse within a create scope, or create within
a reuse scope, or if reuse is not `None` or `True`.
TypeError: when the types of some arguments are not appropriate.
"""
self._old = self._var_scope_store.current_scope
if isinstance(self._name_or_scope, VariableScope):
self._var_scope_store.open_variable_scope(self._new_name)
self._old_subscopes = copy.copy(
self._var_scope_store.variable_scopes_count)
variable_scope_object = self._cached_variable_scope_object
else:
# Handler for the case when we just prolong current variable scope.
# VariableScope with name extended by the provided one, and inherited
# reuse and initializer (except if the user provided values to set).
self._new_name = (
self._old.name + "/" +
self._name_or_scope if self._old.name else self._name_or_scope)
self._reuse = (self._reuse or
self._old.reuse) # Re-using is inherited by sub-scopes.
if self._old_name_scope is None:
name_scope = self._name_or_scope
else:
name_scope = self._old_name_scope
variable_scope_object = VariableScope(
self._reuse,
name=self._new_name,
initializer=self._old.initializer,
regularizer=self._old.regularizer,
caching_device=self._old.caching_device,
partitioner=self._old.partitioner,
dtype=self._old.dtype,
use_resource=self._old.use_resource,
custom_getter=self._old.custom_getter,
name_scope=name_scope,
constraint=self._constraint)
if self._initializer is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_initializer(self._initializer)
if self._regularizer is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_regularizer(self._regularizer)
if self._caching_device is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_caching_device(self._caching_device)
if self._partitioner is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_partitioner(self._partitioner)
if self._custom_getter is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_custom_getter(
_maybe_wrap_custom_getter(self._custom_getter,
self._old.custom_getter))
if self._dtype is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_dtype(self._dtype)
if self._use_resource is not None:
variable_scope_object.set_use_resource(self._use_resource)
self._var_scope_store.open_variable_scope(self._new_name)
self._var_scope_store.current_scope = variable_scope_object
self._last_variable_scope_object = variable_scope_object
return variable_scope_object
def __exit__(self, type_arg, value_arg, traceback_arg):
if (self._var_scope_store.current_scope is
not self._last_variable_scope_object):
raise RuntimeError("Improper nesting of variable_scope.")
# If jumping out from a non-prolonged scope, restore counts.
if isinstance(self._name_or_scope, VariableScope):
self._var_scope_store.variable_scopes_count = self._old_subscopes
else:
self._var_scope_store.close_variable_subscopes(self._new_name)
self._var_scope_store.current_scope = self._old
def _maybe_wrap_custom_getter(custom_getter, old_getter):
"""Wrap a call to a custom_getter to use the old_getter internally."""
if old_getter is None:
return custom_getter
# The new custom_getter should call the old one
def wrapped_custom_getter(getter, *args, **kwargs):
# Call:
# custom_getter(
# lambda: old_getter(true_getter, ...), *args, **kwargs)
# which means custom_getter will call old_getter, which
# will call the true_getter, perform any intermediate
# processing, and return the results to the current
# getter, which will also perform additional processing.
return custom_getter(functools.partial(old_getter, getter), *args, **kwargs)
return wrapped_custom_getter
def _get_unique_variable_scope(prefix):
"""Get a name with the given prefix unique in the current variable scope."""
var_scope_store = get_variable_scope_store()
current_scope = get_variable_scope()
name = current_scope.name + "/" + prefix if current_scope.name else prefix
if var_scope_store.variable_scope_count(name) == 0:
return prefix
idx = 1
while var_scope_store.variable_scope_count(name + ("_%d" % idx)) > 0:
idx += 1
return prefix + ("_%d" % idx)
# Named like a function for backwards compatibility with the
# @tf_contextlib.contextmanager version, which was switched to a class to avoid
# some object creation overhead.
@tf_export(v1=["variable_scope"]) # pylint: disable=invalid-name
class variable_scope(object):
"""A context manager for defining ops that creates variables (layers).
This context manager validates that the (optional) `values` are from the same
graph, ensures that graph is the default graph, and pushes a name scope and a
variable scope.
If `name_or_scope` is not None, it is used as is. If `name_or_scope` is None,
then `default_name` is used. In that case, if the same name has been
previously used in the same scope, it will be made unique by appending `_N`
to it.
Variable scope allows you to create new variables and to share already created
ones while providing checks to not create or share by accident. For details,
see the [Variable Scope How To](https://tensorflow.org/guide/variables), here
we present only a few basic examples.
Simple example of how to create a new variable:
```python
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo"):
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("bar"):
v = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
assert v.name == "foo/bar/v:0"
```
Simple example of how to reenter a premade variable scope safely:
```python
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo") as vs:
pass
# Re-enter the variable scope.
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope(vs,
auxiliary_name_scope=False) as vs1:
# Restore the original name_scope.
with tf.name_scope(vs1.original_name_scope):
v = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
assert v.name == "foo/v:0"
c = tf.constant([1], name="c")
assert c.name == "foo/c:0"
```
Basic example of sharing a variable AUTO_REUSE:
```python
def foo():
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo", reuse=tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE):
v = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
return v
v1 = foo() # Creates v.
v2 = foo() # Gets the same, existing v.
assert v1 == v2
```
Basic example of sharing a variable with reuse=True:
```python
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo"):
v = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo", reuse=True):
v1 = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
assert v1 == v
```
Sharing a variable by capturing a scope and setting reuse:
```python
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo") as scope:
v = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
scope.reuse_variables()
v1 = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
assert v1 == v
```
To prevent accidental sharing of variables, we raise an exception when getting
an existing variable in a non-reusing scope.
```python
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo"):
v = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
v1 = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
# Raises ValueError("... v already exists ...").
```
Similarly, we raise an exception when trying to get a variable that does not
exist in reuse mode.
```python
with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope("foo", reuse=True):
v = tf.compat.v1.get_variable("v", [1])
# Raises ValueError("... v does not exists ...").
```
Note that the `reuse` flag is inherited: if we open a reusing scope, then all
its sub-scopes become reusing as well.
A note about name scoping: Setting `reuse` does not impact the naming of other
ops such as mult. See related discussion on
[github#6189](https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/issues/6189)
Note that up to and including version 1.0, it was allowed (though explicitly
discouraged) to pass False to the reuse argument, yielding undocumented
behaviour slightly different from None. Starting at 1.1.0 passing None and
False as reuse has exactly the same effect.
A note about using variable scopes in multi-threaded environment: Variable
scopes are thread local, so one thread will not see another thread's current
scope. Also, when using `default_name`, unique scopes names are also generated
only on a per thread basis. If the same name was used within a different
thread, that doesn't prevent a new thread from creating the same scope.
However, the underlying variable store is shared across threads (within the
same graph). As such, if another thread tries to create a new variable with
the same name as a variable created by a previous thread, it will fail unless
reuse is True.
Further, each thread starts with an empty variable scope. So if you wish to
preserve name prefixes from a scope from the main thread, you should capture
the main thread's scope and re-enter it in each thread. For e.g.
```
main_thread_scope = variable_scope.get_variable_scope()
# Thread's target function:
def thread_target_fn(captured_scope):
with variable_scope.variable_scope(captured_scope):
# .... regular code for this thread
thread = threading.Thread(target=thread_target_fn, args=(main_thread_scope,))
```
"""
def __init__(self,
name_or_scope,
default_name=None,
values=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
custom_getter=None,
reuse=None,
dtype=None,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None,
auxiliary_name_scope=True):
"""Initialize the context manager.
Args:
name_or_scope: `string` or `VariableScope`: the scope to open.
default_name: The default name to use if the `name_or_scope` argument is
`None`, this name will be uniquified. If name_or_scope is provided it
won't be used and therefore it is not required and can be None.
values: The list of `Tensor` arguments that are passed to the op function.
initializer: default initializer for variables within this scope.
regularizer: default regularizer for variables within this scope.
caching_device: default caching device for variables within this scope.
partitioner: default partitioner for variables within this scope.
custom_getter: default custom getter for variables within this scope.
reuse: `True`, None, or tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE; if `True`, we go into
reuse mode for this scope as well as all sub-scopes; if
tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE, we create variables if they do not exist, and
return them otherwise; if None, we inherit the parent scope's reuse
flag. When eager execution is enabled, new variables are always created
unless an EagerVariableStore or template is currently active.
dtype: type of variables created in this scope (defaults to the type in
the passed scope, or inherited from parent scope).
use_resource: If False, all variables will be regular Variables. If True,
experimental ResourceVariables with well-defined semantics will be used
instead. Defaults to False (will later change to True). When eager
execution is enabled this argument is always forced to be True.
constraint: An optional projection function to be applied to the variable
after being updated by an `Optimizer` (e.g. used to implement norm
constraints or value constraints for layer weights). The function must
take as input the unprojected Tensor representing the value of the
variable and return the Tensor for the projected value (which must have
the same shape). Constraints are not safe to use when doing asynchronous
distributed training.
auxiliary_name_scope: If `True`, we create an auxiliary name scope with
the scope. If `False`, we don't create it. Note that the argument is not
inherited, and it only takes effect for once when creating. You should
only use it for re-entering a premade variable scope.
Returns:
A scope that can be captured and reused.
Raises:
ValueError: when trying to reuse within a create scope, or create within
a reuse scope.
TypeError: when the types of some arguments are not appropriate.
"""
self._name_or_scope = name_or_scope
self._default_name = default_name
self._values = values
self._initializer = initializer
self._regularizer = regularizer
self._caching_device = caching_device
self._partitioner = partitioner
self._custom_getter = custom_getter
self._reuse = reuse
self._dtype = dtype
self._use_resource = use_resource
self._constraint = constraint
if self._default_name is None and self._name_or_scope is None:
raise TypeError("If default_name is None then name_or_scope is required")
if self._reuse is False:
# We don't allow non-inheriting scopes, False = None here.
self._reuse = None
if not (self._reuse is True
or self._reuse is None
or self._reuse is AUTO_REUSE):
raise ValueError("The reuse parameter must be True or False or None.")
if self._values is None:
self._values = []
self._in_graph_mode = not context.executing_eagerly()
if self._in_graph_mode:
self._graph = ops._get_graph_from_inputs(self._values) # pylint: disable=protected-access
self._cached_pure_variable_scope = None
self._current_name_scope = None
if not isinstance(auxiliary_name_scope, bool):
raise TypeError("The auxiliary_name_scope must be `True` or `False`, "
"while get {}".format(auxiliary_name_scope))
self._auxiliary_name_scope = auxiliary_name_scope
def __enter__(self):
# If the default graph is building a function, then we should not replace it
# with the cached graph.
if ops.get_default_graph().building_function:
self._building_function = True
else:
self._building_function = False
if self._in_graph_mode and not self._building_function:
self._graph_context_manager = self._graph.as_default()
self._graph_context_manager.__enter__()
if self._cached_pure_variable_scope is not None:
# Fast path for re-entering variable_scopes. We've held on to the pure
# variable scope from a previous successful __enter__, so we avoid some
# overhead by re-using that object.
if self._current_name_scope is not None:
self._current_name_scope.__enter__()
return self._cached_pure_variable_scope.__enter__()
try:
return self._enter_scope_uncached()
finally:
if (self._in_graph_mode and not self._building_function and
self._graph_context_manager is not None):
self._graph_context_manager.__exit__(*sys.exc_info())
def _enter_scope_uncached(self):
"""Enters the context manager when there is no cached scope yet.
Returns:
The entered variable scope.
Raises:
TypeError: A wrong type is passed as `scope` at __init__().
ValueError: `reuse` is incorrectly set at __init__().
"""
if self._auxiliary_name_scope:
# Create a new name scope later
current_name_scope = None
else:
# Reenter the current name scope
name_scope = ops.get_name_scope()
if name_scope:
# Hack to reenter
name_scope += "/"
current_name_scope = ops.name_scope(name_scope)
else:
# Root scope
current_name_scope = ops.name_scope(name_scope)
# IMPORTANT: Only assign to self._cached_pure_variable_scope and
# self._current_name_scope after successful __enter__() calls.
if self._name_or_scope is not None:
if not isinstance(self._name_or_scope,
(VariableScope,) + six.string_types):
raise TypeError("VariableScope: name_or_scope must be a string or "
"VariableScope.")
if isinstance(self._name_or_scope, six.string_types):
name_scope = self._name_or_scope
else:
name_scope = self._name_or_scope.name.split("/")[-1]
if name_scope or current_name_scope:
current_name_scope = current_name_scope or ops.name_scope(name_scope)
try:
current_name_scope_name = current_name_scope.__enter__()
except:
current_name_scope.__exit__(*sys.exc_info())
raise
self._current_name_scope = current_name_scope
if isinstance(self._name_or_scope, six.string_types):
old_name_scope = current_name_scope_name
else:
old_name_scope = self._name_or_scope.original_name_scope
pure_variable_scope = _pure_variable_scope(
self._name_or_scope,
reuse=self._reuse,
initializer=self._initializer,
regularizer=self._regularizer,
caching_device=self._caching_device,
partitioner=self._partitioner,
custom_getter=self._custom_getter,
old_name_scope=old_name_scope,
dtype=self._dtype,
use_resource=self._use_resource,
constraint=self._constraint)
try:
entered_pure_variable_scope = pure_variable_scope.__enter__()
except:
pure_variable_scope.__exit__(*sys.exc_info())
raise
self._cached_pure_variable_scope = pure_variable_scope
return entered_pure_variable_scope
else:
self._current_name_scope = None
# This can only happen if someone is entering the root variable scope.
pure_variable_scope = _pure_variable_scope(
self._name_or_scope,
reuse=self._reuse,
initializer=self._initializer,
regularizer=self._regularizer,
caching_device=self._caching_device,
partitioner=self._partitioner,
custom_getter=self._custom_getter,
dtype=self._dtype,
use_resource=self._use_resource,
constraint=self._constraint)
try:
entered_pure_variable_scope = pure_variable_scope.__enter__()
except:
pure_variable_scope.__exit__(*sys.exc_info())
raise
self._cached_pure_variable_scope = pure_variable_scope
return entered_pure_variable_scope
else: # Here name_or_scope is None. Using default name, but made unique.
if self._reuse:
raise ValueError("reuse=True cannot be used without a name_or_scope")
current_name_scope = current_name_scope or ops.name_scope(
self._default_name)
try:
current_name_scope_name = current_name_scope.__enter__()
except:
current_name_scope.__exit__(*sys.exc_info())
raise
self._current_name_scope = current_name_scope
unique_default_name = _get_unique_variable_scope(self._default_name)
pure_variable_scope = _pure_variable_scope(
unique_default_name,
initializer=self._initializer,
regularizer=self._regularizer,
caching_device=self._caching_device,
partitioner=self._partitioner,
custom_getter=self._custom_getter,
old_name_scope=current_name_scope_name,
dtype=self._dtype,
use_resource=self._use_resource,
constraint=self._constraint)
try:
entered_pure_variable_scope = pure_variable_scope.__enter__()
except:
pure_variable_scope.__exit__(*sys.exc_info())
raise
self._cached_pure_variable_scope = pure_variable_scope
return entered_pure_variable_scope
def __exit__(self, type_arg, value_arg, traceback_arg):
self._cached_pure_variable_scope.__exit__(type_arg, value_arg,
traceback_arg)
if self._current_name_scope:
self._current_name_scope.__exit__(type_arg, value_arg, traceback_arg)
if self._in_graph_mode and not self._building_function:
self._graph_context_manager.__exit__(type_arg, value_arg, traceback_arg)
# pylint: disable=g-doc-return-or-yield
@tf_export(v1=["variable_op_scope"])
@tf_contextlib.contextmanager
def variable_op_scope(values,
name_or_scope,
default_name=None,
initializer=None,
regularizer=None,
caching_device=None,
partitioner=None,
custom_getter=None,
reuse=None,
dtype=None,
use_resource=None,
constraint=None):
"""Deprecated: context manager for defining an op that creates variables."""
logging.warn("tf.variable_op_scope(values, name, default_name) is deprecated,"
" use tf.variable_scope(name, default_name, values)")
with variable_scope(
name_or_scope,
default_name=default_name,
values=values,
initializer=initializer,
regularizer=regularizer,
caching_device=caching_device,
partitioner=partitioner,
custom_getter=custom_getter,
reuse=reuse,
dtype=dtype,
use_resource=use_resource,
constraint=constraint) as scope:
yield scope
def _call_partitioner(partitioner, shape, dtype):
"""Call partitioner validating its inputs/output.
Args:
partitioner: a function mapping `Tensor` shape and dtype to a list of
partitions.
shape: shape of the `Tensor` to partition, must have at least two
dimensions.
dtype: dtype of the elements in the `Tensor`.
Returns:
A list with elements >=1 and exactly one >1. The index of that
element corresponds to the partitioning axis.
"""
if not shape.is_fully_defined():
raise ValueError("Shape of a new partitioned variable must be "
"fully defined, but instead was %s." % (shape,))
if shape.ndims < 1:
raise ValueError("A partitioned Variable must have rank at least 1, "
"shape: %s" % shape)
slicing = partitioner(shape=shape, dtype=dtype)
if not isinstance(slicing, collections_lib.Sequence):
raise ValueError("Partitioner must return a sequence, but saw: %s" %
slicing)
if len(slicing) != shape.ndims:
raise ValueError(
"Partitioner returned a partition list that does not match the "
"Variable's rank: %s vs. %s" % (slicing, shape))
if any(p < 1 for p in slicing):
raise ValueError("Partitioner returned zero partitions for some axes: %s" %
slicing)
if sum(p > 1 for p in slicing) > 1:
raise ValueError("Can only slice a variable along one dimension: "
"shape: %s, partitioning: %s" % (shape, slicing))
return slicing
# TODO(slebedev): could be inlined, but
# `_VariableStore._get_partitioned_variable` is too complex even
# without this logic.
def _get_slice_dim_and_num_slices(slicing):
"""Get slicing dimension and number of slices from the partitioner output."""
for slice_dim, num_slices in enumerate(slicing):
if num_slices > 1:
break
else:
# Degenerate case: no partitioning applied.
slice_dim = 0
num_slices = 1
return slice_dim, num_slices
def _iter_slices(full_shape, num_slices, slice_dim):
"""Slices a given a shape along the specified dimension."""
num_slices_with_excess = full_shape[slice_dim] % num_slices
offset = [0] * len(full_shape)
min_slice_len = full_shape[slice_dim] // num_slices
for i in xrange(num_slices):
shape = full_shape[:]
shape[slice_dim] = min_slice_len + bool(i < num_slices_with_excess)
yield offset[:], shape
offset[slice_dim] += shape[slice_dim]
def default_variable_creator(next_creator=None, **kwargs):
"""Default variable creator."""
assert next_creator is None
initial_value = kwargs.get("initial_value", None)
trainable = kwargs.get("trainable", None)
collections = kwargs.get("collections", None)
validate_shape = kwargs.get("validate_shape", True)
caching_device = kwargs.get("caching_device", None)
name = kwargs.get("name", None)
variable_def = kwargs.get("variable_def", None)
dtype = kwargs.get("dtype", None)
expected_shape = kwargs.get("expected_shape", None)
import_scope = kwargs.get("import_scope", None)
constraint = kwargs.get("constraint", None)
use_resource = kwargs.get("use_resource", None)
synchronization = kwargs.get("synchronization", None)
aggregation = kwargs.get("aggregation", None)
shape = kwargs.get("shape", None)
if use_resource is None:
use_resource = get_variable_scope().use_resource
if use_resource is None:
use_resource = _DEFAULT_USE_RESOURCE
use_resource = use_resource or context.executing_eagerly()
if use_resource:
distribute_strategy = kwargs.get("distribute_strategy", None)
return resource_variable_ops.ResourceVariable(
initial_value=initial_value,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
caching_device=caching_device,
name=name,
dtype=dtype,
constraint=constraint,
variable_def=variable_def,
import_scope=import_scope,
distribute_strategy=distribute_strategy,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation,
shape=shape)
else:
return variables.RefVariable(
initial_value=initial_value,
trainable=trainable,
collections=collections,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
caching_device=caching_device,
name=name,
dtype=dtype,
constraint=constraint,
variable_def=variable_def,
expected_shape=expected_shape,
import_scope=import_scope,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation,
shape=shape)
def default_variable_creator_v2(next_creator=None, **kwargs):
"""Default variable creator."""
assert next_creator is None
initial_value = kwargs.get("initial_value", None)
trainable = kwargs.get("trainable", None)
validate_shape = kwargs.get("validate_shape", True)
caching_device = kwargs.get("caching_device", None)
name = kwargs.get("name", None)
variable_def = kwargs.get("variable_def", None)
dtype = kwargs.get("dtype", None)
import_scope = kwargs.get("import_scope", None)
constraint = kwargs.get("constraint", None)
distribute_strategy = kwargs.get("distribute_strategy", None)
synchronization = kwargs.get("synchronization", None)
aggregation = kwargs.get("aggregation", None)
shape = kwargs.get("shape", None)
return resource_variable_ops.ResourceVariable(
initial_value=initial_value,
trainable=trainable,
validate_shape=validate_shape,
caching_device=caching_device,
name=name,
dtype=dtype,
constraint=constraint,
variable_def=variable_def,
import_scope=import_scope,
distribute_strategy=distribute_strategy,
synchronization=synchronization,
aggregation=aggregation,
shape=shape)
variables.default_variable_creator = default_variable_creator
variables.default_variable_creator_v2 = default_variable_creator_v2
def _make_getter(captured_getter, captured_previous):
"""Gets around capturing loop variables in python being broken."""
return lambda **kwargs: captured_getter(captured_previous, **kwargs)
# TODO(apassos) remove forwarding symbol
variable = variables.VariableV1
@tf_export(v1=["variable_creator_scope"])
@tf_contextlib.contextmanager
def variable_creator_scope_v1(variable_creator):
"""Scope which defines a variable creation function to be used by variable().
variable_creator is expected to be a function with the following signature:
```
def variable_creator(next_creator, **kwargs)
```
The creator is supposed to eventually call the next_creator to create a
variable if it does want to create a variable and not call Variable or
ResourceVariable directly. This helps make creators composable. A creator may
choose to create multiple variables, return already existing variables, or
simply register that a variable was created and defer to the next creators in
line. Creators can also modify the keyword arguments seen by the next
creators.
Custom getters in the variable scope will eventually resolve down to these
custom creators when they do create variables.
The valid keyword arguments in kwds are:
initial_value: A `Tensor`, or Python object convertible to a `Tensor`,
which is the initial value for the Variable. The initial value must have
a shape specified unless `validate_shape` is set to False. Can also be a
callable with no argument that returns the initial value when called. In
that case, `dtype` must be specified. (Note that initializer functions
from init_ops.py must first be bound to a shape before being used here.)
trainable: If `True`, the default, also adds the variable to the graph
collection `GraphKeys.TRAINABLE_VARIABLES`. This collection is used as
the default list of variables to use by the `Optimizer` classes.
`trainable` defaults to `True` unless `synchronization` is
set to `ON_READ`.
collections: List of graph collections keys. The new variable is added to
these collections. Defaults to `[GraphKeys.GLOBAL_VARIABLES]`.
validate_shape: If `False`, allows the variable to be initialized with a
value of unknown shape. If `True`, the default, the shape of
`initial_value` must be known.
caching_device: Optional device string describing where the Variable
should be cached for reading. Defaults to the Variable's device.
If not `None`, caches on another device. Typical use is to cache
on the device where the Ops using the Variable reside, to deduplicate
copying through `Switch` and other conditional statements.
name: Optional name for the variable. Defaults to `'Variable'` and gets
uniquified automatically.
dtype: If set, initial_value will be converted to the given type.
If `None`, either the datatype will be kept (if `initial_value` is
a Tensor), or `convert_to_tensor` will decide.
constraint: A constraint function to be applied to the variable after
updates by some algorithms.
use_resource: if True, a ResourceVariable is always created.
synchronization: Indicates when a distributed a variable will be
aggregated. Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableSynchronization`. By default the synchronization is set to
`AUTO` and the current `DistributionStrategy` chooses
when to synchronize. If `synchronization` is set to `ON_READ`,
`trainable` must not be set to `True`.
aggregation: Indicates how a distributed variable will be aggregated.
Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableAggregation`.
This set may grow over time, so it's important the signature of creators is as
mentioned above.
Args:
variable_creator: the passed creator
Yields:
A scope in which the creator is active
"""
with ops.get_default_graph()._variable_creator_scope(variable_creator): # pylint: disable=protected-access
yield
# Note: only the docstrings differ between this and v1.
@tf_export("variable_creator_scope", v1=[])
@tf_contextlib.contextmanager
def variable_creator_scope(variable_creator):
"""Scope which defines a variable creation function to be used by variable().
variable_creator is expected to be a function with the following signature:
```
def variable_creator(next_creator, **kwargs)
```
The creator is supposed to eventually call the next_creator to create a
variable if it does want to create a variable and not call Variable or
ResourceVariable directly. This helps make creators composable. A creator may
choose to create multiple variables, return already existing variables, or
simply register that a variable was created and defer to the next creators in
line. Creators can also modify the keyword arguments seen by the next
creators.
Custom getters in the variable scope will eventually resolve down to these
custom creators when they do create variables.
The valid keyword arguments in kwds are:
initial_value: A `Tensor`, or Python object convertible to a `Tensor`,
which is the initial value for the Variable. The initial value must have
a shape specified unless `validate_shape` is set to False. Can also be a
callable with no argument that returns the initial value when called. In
that case, `dtype` must be specified. (Note that initializer functions
from init_ops.py must first be bound to a shape before being used here.)
trainable: If `True`, the default, GradientTapes automatically watch
uses of this Variable.
validate_shape: If `False`, allows the variable to be initialized with a
value of unknown shape. If `True`, the default, the shape of
`initial_value` must be known.
caching_device: Optional device string describing where the Variable
should be cached for reading. Defaults to the Variable's device.
If not `None`, caches on another device. Typical use is to cache
on the device where the Ops using the Variable reside, to deduplicate
copying through `Switch` and other conditional statements.
name: Optional name for the variable. Defaults to `'Variable'` and gets
uniquified automatically.
dtype: If set, initial_value will be converted to the given type.
If `None`, either the datatype will be kept (if `initial_value` is
a Tensor), or `convert_to_tensor` will decide.
constraint: A constraint function to be applied to the variable after
updates by some algorithms.
synchronization: Indicates when a distributed a variable will be
aggregated. Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableSynchronization`. By default the synchronization is set to
`AUTO` and the current `DistributionStrategy` chooses
when to synchronize. If `synchronization` is set to `ON_READ`,
`trainable` must not be set to `True`.
aggregation: Indicates how a distributed variable will be aggregated.
Accepted values are constants defined in the class
`tf.VariableAggregation`.
This set may grow over time, so it's important the signature of creators is as
mentioned above.
Args:
variable_creator: the passed creator
Yields:
A scope in which the creator is active
"""
with ops.get_default_graph()._variable_creator_scope(variable_creator): # pylint: disable=protected-access
yield
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