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# Copyright 2015 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ==============================================================================
r"""Converts checkpoint variables into Const ops in a standalone GraphDef file.
This script is designed to take a GraphDef proto, a SaverDef proto, and a set of
variable values stored in a checkpoint file, and output a GraphDef with all of
the variable ops converted into const ops containing the values of the
variables.
It's useful to do this when we need to load a single file in C++, especially in
environments like mobile or embedded where we may not have access to the
RestoreTensor ops and file loading calls that they rely on.
An example of command-line usage is:
bazel build tensorflow/python/tools:freeze_graph && \
bazel-bin/tensorflow/python/tools/freeze_graph \
--input_graph=some_graph_def.pb \
--input_checkpoint=model.ckpt-8361242 \
--output_graph=/tmp/frozen_graph.pb --output_node_names=softmax
You can also look at freeze_graph_test.py for an example of how to use it.
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
import argparse
import re
import sys
from google.protobuf import text_format
from tensorflow.core.framework import graph_pb2
from tensorflow.core.protobuf import saver_pb2
from tensorflow.core.protobuf.meta_graph_pb2 import MetaGraphDef
from tensorflow.python import pywrap_tensorflow
from tensorflow.python.client import session
from tensorflow.python.framework import graph_util
from tensorflow.python.framework import importer
from tensorflow.python.platform import app
from tensorflow.python.platform import gfile
from tensorflow.python.saved_model import loader
from tensorflow.python.saved_model import tag_constants
from tensorflow.python.tools import saved_model_utils
from tensorflow.python.training import checkpoint_management
from tensorflow.python.training import saver as saver_lib
def _has_no_variables(sess):
"""Determines if the graph has any variables.
Args:
sess: TensorFlow Session.
Returns:
Bool.
"""
for op in sess.graph.get_operations():
if op.type.startswith("Variable") or op.type.endswith("VariableOp"):
return False
return True
def freeze_graph_with_def_protos(input_graph_def,
input_saver_def,
input_checkpoint,
output_node_names,
restore_op_name,
filename_tensor_name,
output_graph,
clear_devices,
initializer_nodes,
variable_names_whitelist="",
variable_names_blacklist="",
input_meta_graph_def=None,
input_saved_model_dir=None,
saved_model_tags=None,
checkpoint_version=saver_pb2.SaverDef.V2):
"""Converts all variables in a graph and checkpoint into constants.
Args:
input_graph_def: A `GraphDef`.
input_saver_def: A `SaverDef` (optional).
input_checkpoint: The prefix of a V1 or V2 checkpoint, with V2 taking
priority. Typically the result of `Saver.save()` or that of
`tf.train.latest_checkpoint()`, regardless of sharded/non-sharded or
V1/V2.
output_node_names: The name(s) of the output nodes, comma separated.
restore_op_name: Unused.
filename_tensor_name: Unused.
output_graph: String where to write the frozen `GraphDef`.
clear_devices: A Bool whether to remove device specifications.
initializer_nodes: Comma separated string of initializer nodes to run before
freezing.
variable_names_whitelist: The set of variable names to convert (optional, by
default, all variables are converted).
variable_names_blacklist: The set of variable names to omit converting
to constants (optional).
input_meta_graph_def: A `MetaGraphDef` (optional),
input_saved_model_dir: Path to the dir with TensorFlow 'SavedModel' file
and variables (optional).
saved_model_tags: Group of comma separated tag(s) of the MetaGraphDef to
load, in string format (optional).
checkpoint_version: Tensorflow variable file format (saver_pb2.SaverDef.V1
or saver_pb2.SaverDef.V2)
Returns:
Location of the output_graph_def.
"""
del restore_op_name, filename_tensor_name # Unused by updated loading code.
# 'input_checkpoint' may be a prefix if we're using Saver V2 format
if (not input_saved_model_dir and
not checkpoint_management.checkpoint_exists(input_checkpoint)):
print("Input checkpoint '" + input_checkpoint + "' doesn't exist!")
return -1
if not output_node_names:
print("You need to supply the name of a node to --output_node_names.")
return -1
# Remove all the explicit device specifications for this node. This helps to
# make the graph more portable.
if clear_devices:
if input_meta_graph_def:
for node in input_meta_graph_def.graph_def.node:
node.device = ""
elif input_graph_def:
for node in input_graph_def.node:
node.device = ""
if input_graph_def:
_ = importer.import_graph_def(input_graph_def, name="")
with session.Session() as sess:
if input_saver_def:
saver = saver_lib.Saver(
saver_def=input_saver_def, write_version=checkpoint_version)
saver.restore(sess, input_checkpoint)
elif input_meta_graph_def:
restorer = saver_lib.import_meta_graph(
input_meta_graph_def, clear_devices=True)
restorer.restore(sess, input_checkpoint)
if initializer_nodes:
sess.run(initializer_nodes.replace(" ", "").split(","))
elif input_saved_model_dir:
if saved_model_tags is None:
saved_model_tags = []
loader.load(sess, saved_model_tags, input_saved_model_dir)
else:
var_list = {}
reader = pywrap_tensorflow.NewCheckpointReader(input_checkpoint)
var_to_shape_map = reader.get_variable_to_shape_map()
# List of all partition variables. Because the condition is heuristic
# based, the list could include false positives.
all_parition_variable_names = [
tensor.name.split(":")[0]
for op in sess.graph.get_operations()
for tensor in op.values()
if re.search(r"/part_\d+/", tensor.name)
]
has_partition_var = False
for key in var_to_shape_map:
try:
tensor = sess.graph.get_tensor_by_name(key + ":0")
if any(key in name for name in all_parition_variable_names):
has_partition_var = True
except KeyError:
# This tensor doesn't exist in the graph (for example it's
# 'global_step' or a similar housekeeping element) so skip it.
continue
var_list[key] = tensor
try:
saver = saver_lib.Saver(
var_list=var_list, write_version=checkpoint_version)
except TypeError as e:
# `var_list` is required to be a map of variable names to Variable
# tensors. Partition variables are Identity tensors that cannot be
# handled by Saver.
if has_partition_var:
print("Models containing partition variables cannot be converted "
"from checkpoint files. Please pass in a SavedModel using "
"the flag --input_saved_model_dir.")
return -1
# Models that have been frozen previously do not contain Variables.
elif _has_no_variables(sess):
print("No variables were found in this model. It is likely the model "
"was frozen previously. You cannot freeze a graph twice.")
return 0
else:
raise e
saver.restore(sess, input_checkpoint)
if initializer_nodes:
sess.run(initializer_nodes.replace(" ", "").split(","))
variable_names_whitelist = (
variable_names_whitelist.replace(" ", "").split(",")
if variable_names_whitelist else None)
variable_names_blacklist = (
variable_names_blacklist.replace(" ", "").split(",")
if variable_names_blacklist else None)
if input_meta_graph_def:
output_graph_def = graph_util.convert_variables_to_constants(
sess,
input_meta_graph_def.graph_def,
output_node_names.replace(" ", "").split(","),
variable_names_whitelist=variable_names_whitelist,
variable_names_blacklist=variable_names_blacklist)
else:
output_graph_def = graph_util.convert_variables_to_constants(
sess,
input_graph_def,
output_node_names.replace(" ", "").split(","),
variable_names_whitelist=variable_names_whitelist,
variable_names_blacklist=variable_names_blacklist)
# Write GraphDef to file if output path has been given.
if output_graph:
with gfile.GFile(output_graph, "wb") as f:
f.write(output_graph_def.SerializeToString())
return output_graph_def
def _parse_input_graph_proto(input_graph, input_binary):
"""Parser input tensorflow graph into GraphDef proto."""
if not gfile.Exists(input_graph):
print("Input graph file '" + input_graph + "' does not exist!")
return -1
input_graph_def = graph_pb2.GraphDef()
mode = "rb" if input_binary else "r"
with gfile.FastGFile(input_graph, mode) as f:
if input_binary:
input_graph_def.ParseFromString(f.read())
else:
text_format.Merge(f.read(), input_graph_def)
return input_graph_def
def _parse_input_meta_graph_proto(input_graph, input_binary):
"""Parser input tensorflow graph into MetaGraphDef proto."""
if not gfile.Exists(input_graph):
print("Input meta graph file '" + input_graph + "' does not exist!")
return -1
input_meta_graph_def = MetaGraphDef()
mode = "rb" if input_binary else "r"
with gfile.FastGFile(input_graph, mode) as f:
if input_binary:
input_meta_graph_def.ParseFromString(f.read())
else:
text_format.Merge(f.read(), input_meta_graph_def)
print("Loaded meta graph file '" + input_graph)
return input_meta_graph_def
def _parse_input_saver_proto(input_saver, input_binary):
"""Parser input tensorflow Saver into SaverDef proto."""
if not gfile.Exists(input_saver):
print("Input saver file '" + input_saver + "' does not exist!")
return -1
mode = "rb" if input_binary else "r"
with gfile.FastGFile(input_saver, mode) as f:
saver_def = saver_pb2.SaverDef()
if input_binary:
saver_def.ParseFromString(f.read())
else:
text_format.Merge(f.read(), saver_def)
return saver_def
def freeze_graph(input_graph,
input_saver,
input_binary,
input_checkpoint,
output_node_names,
restore_op_name,
filename_tensor_name,
output_graph,
clear_devices,
initializer_nodes,
variable_names_whitelist="",
variable_names_blacklist="",
input_meta_graph=None,
input_saved_model_dir=None,
saved_model_tags=tag_constants.SERVING,
checkpoint_version=saver_pb2.SaverDef.V2):
"""Converts all variables in a graph and checkpoint into constants.
Args:
input_graph: A `GraphDef` file to load.
input_saver: A TensorFlow Saver file.
input_binary: A Bool. True means input_graph is .pb, False indicates .pbtxt.
input_checkpoint: The prefix of a V1 or V2 checkpoint, with V2 taking
priority. Typically the result of `Saver.save()` or that of
`tf.train.latest_checkpoint()`, regardless of sharded/non-sharded or
V1/V2.
output_node_names: The name(s) of the output nodes, comma separated.
restore_op_name: Unused.
filename_tensor_name: Unused.
output_graph: String where to write the frozen `GraphDef`.
clear_devices: A Bool whether to remove device specifications.
initializer_nodes: Comma separated list of initializer nodes to run before
freezing.
variable_names_whitelist: The set of variable names to convert (optional, by
default, all variables are converted),
variable_names_blacklist: The set of variable names to omit converting
to constants (optional).
input_meta_graph: A `MetaGraphDef` file to load (optional).
input_saved_model_dir: Path to the dir with TensorFlow 'SavedModel' file and
variables (optional).
saved_model_tags: Group of comma separated tag(s) of the MetaGraphDef to
load, in string format.
checkpoint_version: Tensorflow variable file format (saver_pb2.SaverDef.V1
or saver_pb2.SaverDef.V2).
Returns:
String that is the location of frozen GraphDef.
"""
input_graph_def = None
if input_saved_model_dir:
input_graph_def = saved_model_utils.get_meta_graph_def(
input_saved_model_dir, saved_model_tags).graph_def
elif input_graph:
input_graph_def = _parse_input_graph_proto(input_graph, input_binary)
input_meta_graph_def = None
if input_meta_graph:
input_meta_graph_def = _parse_input_meta_graph_proto(
input_meta_graph, input_binary)
input_saver_def = None
if input_saver:
input_saver_def = _parse_input_saver_proto(input_saver, input_binary)
freeze_graph_with_def_protos(
input_graph_def,
input_saver_def,
input_checkpoint,
output_node_names,
restore_op_name,
filename_tensor_name,
output_graph,
clear_devices,
initializer_nodes,
variable_names_whitelist,
variable_names_blacklist,
input_meta_graph_def,
input_saved_model_dir,
saved_model_tags.replace(" ", "").split(","),
checkpoint_version=checkpoint_version)
def main(unused_args, flags):
if flags.checkpoint_version == 1:
checkpoint_version = saver_pb2.SaverDef.V1
elif flags.checkpoint_version == 2:
checkpoint_version = saver_pb2.SaverDef.V2
else:
print("Invalid checkpoint version (must be '1' or '2'): %d" %
flags.checkpoint_version)
return -1
freeze_graph(flags.input_graph, flags.input_saver, flags.input_binary,
flags.input_checkpoint, flags.output_node_names,
flags.restore_op_name, flags.filename_tensor_name,
flags.output_graph, flags.clear_devices, flags.initializer_nodes,
flags.variable_names_whitelist, flags.variable_names_blacklist,
flags.input_meta_graph, flags.input_saved_model_dir,
flags.saved_model_tags, checkpoint_version)
def run_main():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.register("type", "bool", lambda v: v.lower() == "true")
parser.add_argument(
"--input_graph",
type=str,
default="",
help="TensorFlow \'GraphDef\' file to load.")
parser.add_argument(
"--input_saver",
type=str,
default="",
help="TensorFlow saver file to load.")
parser.add_argument(
"--input_checkpoint",
type=str,
default="",
help="TensorFlow variables file to load.")
parser.add_argument(
"--checkpoint_version",
type=int,
default=2,
help="Tensorflow variable file format")
parser.add_argument(
"--output_graph",
type=str,
default="",
help="Output \'GraphDef\' file name.")
parser.add_argument(
"--input_binary",
nargs="?",
const=True,
type="bool",
default=False,
help="Whether the input files are in binary format.")
parser.add_argument(
"--output_node_names",
type=str,
default="",
help="The name of the output nodes, comma separated.")
parser.add_argument(
"--restore_op_name",
type=str,
default="save/restore_all",
help="""\
The name of the master restore operator. Deprecated, unused by updated \
loading code.
""")
parser.add_argument(
"--filename_tensor_name",
type=str,
default="save/Const:0",
help="""\
The name of the tensor holding the save path. Deprecated, unused by \
updated loading code.
""")
parser.add_argument(
"--clear_devices",
nargs="?",
const=True,
type="bool",
default=True,
help="Whether to remove device specifications.")
parser.add_argument(
"--initializer_nodes",
type=str,
default="",
help="Comma separated list of initializer nodes to run before freezing.")
parser.add_argument(
"--variable_names_whitelist",
type=str,
default="",
help="""\
Comma separated list of variables to convert to constants. If specified, \
only those variables will be converted to constants.\
""")
parser.add_argument(
"--variable_names_blacklist",
type=str,
default="",
help="""\
Comma separated list of variables to skip converting to constants.\
""")
parser.add_argument(
"--input_meta_graph",
type=str,
default="",
help="TensorFlow \'MetaGraphDef\' file to load.")
parser.add_argument(
"--input_saved_model_dir",
type=str,
default="",
help="Path to the dir with TensorFlow \'SavedModel\' file and variables.")
parser.add_argument(
"--saved_model_tags",
type=str,
default="serve",
help="""\
Group of tag(s) of the MetaGraphDef to load, in string format,\
separated by \',\'. For tag-set contains multiple tags, all tags \
must be passed in.\
""")
flags, unparsed = parser.parse_known_args()
my_main = lambda unused_args: main(unused_args, flags)
app.run(main=my_main, argv=[sys.argv[0]] + unparsed)
if __name__ == '__main__':
run_main()